buffalo treehoppers

(Stictocephala spp.)

Overview
buffalo treehopper (Stictocephala sp.)
Photo by Alfredo Colon
 
  Stictocephala is a genus of small, jumping, true bugs known as buffalo treehoppers. There are 17 Stictocephala species in North America north of Mexico. At least 10 have been recorded in Minnesota. Most species occur only in North America and Mexico. One species, Stictocephala bisonia, also occurs across Europe. Adults feed on trees and shrubs. Nymphs may also feed on forbs and grasses. The female lays eggs in a twig and the twig usually dies beyond that point.      
           
 
Description
 
 

Adults are small, ½ (12 mm) or less in length. The exoskeletal plate covering the thorax (pronotum) is very long, extending back over the abdomen. When viewed from the side the pronotum is broadly rounded and high. The wings are held roof-like over the body when at rest. The first radial vein (R1) is short and is close to the start of the second radial vein (R2+3+4+5).

 
     
 
Distribution
 
 

Distribution Map

 

Sources

24, 27, 29, 30, 82.

 
  6/29/2020      
         
 
Taxonomy
 
 

Order

Hemiptera (true bugs, cicadas, hoppers, aphids and allies)  
 

Suborder

Auchenorrhyncha (free-living hemipterans)  
 

Infraorder

Cicadomorpha  
 

Superfamily

Membracoidea  
 

Family

Membracidae (treehoppers)  
 

Subfamily

Smiliinae  
 

Tribe

Ceresini  
       
 

Subordinate Taxa

 
 

buffalo treehopper (Stictocephala albescens)

buffalo treehopper (Stictocephala alta)

buffalo treehopper (Stictocephala basalis)

buffalo treehopper (Stictocephala bisonia)

buffalo treehopper (Stictocephala bubalis)

buffalo treehopper (Stictocephala constans)

buffalo treehopper (Stictocephala lutea)

buffalo treehopper (Stictocephala palmeri)

buffalo treehopper (Stictocephala stimulea) ?

buffalo treehopper (Stictocephala taurina)

two-horned treehopper (Stictocephala diceros)

 
       
 

Synonyms

 
 

 

 
       
 

Common Names

 
 

buffalo treehoppers

 
       

 

 

 

 

 

 

Glossary

Pronotum

The saddle-shaped, exoskeletal plate on the upper side of the first segment of the thorax of an insect.

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
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Alfredo Colon

 
    buffalo treehopper (Stictocephala sp.)   buffalo treehopper (Stictocephala sp.)  
           
 
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  Alfredo Colon
8/5/2019

Location: Woodbury, Minnesota

buffalo treehopper (Stictocephala sp.)  
           
 
MinnesotaSeasons.com Sightings
 
 

 

 

 

 

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Created: 6/29/2020

Last Updated:

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