wild ginger

wild ginger










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Asarum canadense






Understory of deciduous forests. Partial sun or full shade.


April to June

Flower Color

Reddish brown


2 to 12


This is a 2 to 12 tall, erect, perennial forb rising from shallow, horizontal rhizomes. It is usually found in colonies.

A short stem branches at the ground level into two thick, densely hairy, 2¼ to 8 long leaf stalks.

The leaves are basal, bright green, slightly hairy, and shiny on the upper surface. They are kidney-shaped to heart-shaped, deeply indented at the base, 1½ to 3 long and 3 to 5½ wide. The blade is irregularly curved, wavy, or crinkled, making it appear distinctly 3-dimensional.

A single ¾ to 1½ wide flower rises from the leaf axil on a densely-hairy, ½ to 1¼ flower stalk. It lies close to the ground and is often hidden by the leaves.

The sepals are reddish brown with a whitish center. They are fused for two-thirds of their length into a bell-shaped tube, which divides at the top into three lobes. The lobes are bent backward. Beyond their middle the lobes curve upwards and narrow gradually to the tip, with the margins rolled backward to the underside. The rolled tips are from a little less than ¼ to ¾ long.



Distribution Range Map   Sources: 2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 28.

Afton State Park

Baker Park Reserve

Banning State Park

Camden State Park

Carley State Park

Cannon River Turtle Preserve SNA

Cannon River Wilderness Area

Chamberlain Woods SNA

Charles A. Lindbergh State Park

Clear Lake SNA

Crow Wing State Park

Dodge Nature Center

Elm Creek Park Reserve

Falls Creek SNA

Flandrau State Park

Forestville/Mystery Cave State Park

Fort Ridgely State Park

Franconia Bluffs SNA

Frontenac State Park

Glendalough State Park

Great River Bluffs State Park

Hardscrabble Woods / MG Tusler Sanctuary

Hastings SNA

Hayes Lake State Park

Hyland Lake Park Reserve

Itasca Wilderness Sanctuary SNA

Jay Cooke State Park

John A. Latsch State Park

King's and Queen's Bluff SNA

Lebanon Hills Regional Park

Lutsen SNA

Mary Schmidt Crawford Woods SNA

Miesville Ravine Park Reserve

Mille Lacs Kathio State Park

Minnesota Valley NWR
Long Meadow Lake Unit
Louisville Swamp Unit

Minnesota Valley State Recreation Area
Lawrence Unit

Murphy-Hanrehan Park Reserve

Myhr Creek Ridge SNA

Myre-Big Island State Park

Nerstrand-Big Woods State Park

Partch Woods SNA

Pin Oak Prairie SNA

Prairie Creek Woods SNA

Rice Lake State Park

Ripley Esker SNA

Rushford Sand Barrens SNA

Sakatah Lake State Park

Sibley State Park

Townsend Woods SNA

Whitewater State Park

Wild River State Park

Wolsfeld Woods SNA

Wood-Rill SNA

Zumbro Falls Woods SNA



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Aristolochiaceae (birthwort)





Asarum acuminatum

Asarum ambiguum

Asarum canadense var. acuminatum

Asarum canadense var. ambiguum

Asarum canadense var. reflexum

Asarum furcatum

Asarum medium

Asarum parvifolium

Asarum reflexum

Asarum rubrocinctum


American wild ginger

Canada snakeroot

Canadian wild ginger

Canadian wildginger


wild ginger







A horizontal, usually underground stem. It serves as a reproductive structure, producing roots below and shoots above at the nodes.

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