Ruddy Duck

(Oxyura jamaicensis)

               
Conservation Status

IUCN Red List

LC - Least Concern

 

No Image Available

NatureServe

N5B, N5N - Secure Breeding and Nonbreeding

SNRB - Unranked Breeding

Minnesota

not listed

Occurrence

Common migrant, uncommon breeder

Habitat

Breeding: Swamps, marshes, and lake edges with emergent vegetation

Migration: Lakes and rivers with open water

Size

15 to 15 in length

18½ wingspan

 
Identification

 

 
Voice

 

 
Similar
Species

 

 
Food

 

 
Nesting

 

 
Migration

Early March to mid-May and early September to mid-December

 
Comments

Subspecies
Four subspecies have been described. Andean Ruddy Duck (Oxyura jamaicensis ferruginea) is now considered a separate species, Oxyura ferruginea. Colombian Ruddy Duck (Oxyura jamaicensis andina) may be a hybrid between the North American and the Andean Ruddy Duck. The North American population, Ruddy Duck (Oxyura jamaicensis rubida), may be an invalid subspecies. Depending on which authority is consulted, there may be two, three, four, or no subspecies of North American Ruddy Duck.

 
Taxonomy

Order:

Anseriformes (ducks, geese, swans, and relatives)

  Family:

Anatidae (ducks, geese, and swans)

 

Subfamily:

Anatinae

 
Subordinate Taxa

Colombian Ruddy Duck (Oxyura jamaicensis andina)

North American Ruddy Duck (Oxyura jamaicensis jamaicensis)

Ruddy Duck (Oxyura jamaicensis rubida) (?)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

       
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Camera

 

     
Slideshows
   
  Ruddy Duck
Allen Chartier
 
  Ruddy Duck  
     
  Ruddy Duck
Andy Reago & Chrissy McClarren
 
  Ruddy Duck  
     
  Ruddy Duck
JMC Nature Photos
 
  Ruddy Duck  

 

slideshow

       
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Other Videos
 
  Ruddy Duck (Anatidae: Oxyura jamaicensis) Male
Carl Barrentine
 
   
 
About

Uploaded on May 13, 2010

Photographed at Kellys Slough NWR, North Dakota (13 May 2010).

   
       
  Ruddy Ducks, Oxyura jamaicensis. Feisty little duck with a blue bill.
Nature's Cool
 
   
 
About

Published on Sep 21, 2015

These feisty little ducks can be fun to watch. They have some unique courting behavior, and can dive to the bottom of their pond.

   
       
  Mysterious behaviors of Ruddy Ducks
TerraNaturalist
 
   
 
About

Published on Nov 12, 2012

For a male Ruddy Duck, the ability to impress one or more females determines the number of offspring he can sire. To do this, his overall size is less important than the size of his large feet and long tail. Males also go to great lengths to show off their vivid, sky blue bill, and they have the odd behavior of beating their breast and creating bubbles. In this video we propose that the color of a male's bill complements the color of the sky for a reason.

   
       
  Ruddy Ducks in Kansas
kdwpinfo
 
   
 
About

Uploaded on Mar 26, 2010

Learn about these small and colorful diving ducks in this video.

   
       
  A male Ruddy Duck in nonbreeding plumage dives for food
LabofOrnithology
 
   
 
About

Published on Jan 27, 2016

A male Ruddy Duck in nonbreeding plumage dives for food and comes back up again. Ruddy Ducks forage mostly by diving to the bottom of shallow ponds, straining mouthfuls of mud through thin plates on their bills and swallowing the prey items that are left behind. They eat aquatic insects, crustaceans, zooplankton, and other invertebrates, along with small amounts of aquatic plants and seeds. At the end of the film, a Gadwall swims by. Video recorded by Jay McGowan in New York/Macaulay Library/http://macaulaylibrary.org/video/475156. For more bird videos and sounds, explore the Macaulay Library at the Cornell Lab of Ornithology, http://macaulaylibrary.org. For additional identification and life history information visit: https://www.allaboutbirds.org/guide/Ruddy_Duck/id

   
       

 

Camcorder

         
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Tom D
10/20/2017

Location: Gull Lake- Baxter, MN

Lone female in 50 foot deep water
Following boat like it was begging

 
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