moose

(Alces americanus)

Conservation Status
moose
Photo by Ramona Abrego
  IUCN Red List

LC - Least Concern

     
  NatureServe

N5 - Secure

SNR - Unranked

     
  Minnesota

Special Concern

The recent collapse of the northwest Minnesota population, and dramatic decline in the northeastern Minnesota population of moose, prompted the Minnesota DNR to designate moose as a species of special concern in 2013.

     
           
 
Description
 
 

 

 
     
 

Size

 
 

Total length: 94 to 110

Tail: 3 to 4

Male: 992 to 1,102 lb

Female: 750 to 926 lb

 
     
 

Sign

 
 

 

 
     
 

Similar Species

 
     
     
 
Habitat
 
 

Second-growth, mixed forest with bodies of water; forest openings; lakes; swamps and other wetlands; burned over or cut areas with successional growth. Boggy, low areas in northwestern Minnesota. Hilly, forested areas in northeastern Minnesota.

 
     
 
Biology
 
 

Behavior

 
 

 

 
     
 

Lifespan

 
 

Mostly 8 to 12 years, but up to 22 years

 
     
 

Life Cycle

 
 

 

 
     
 

Food

 
 

In the summer, new growth leaves, twigs, and bark of trees and shrubs; and aquatic plants, especially those high in sodium. In the winter, twigs of trees and shrubs.

 
     
 
Distribution
 
 

Distribution Map

 

Sources

15, 24, 29, 30, 76.

Moose occasionally stray south out of their usual range but do not set up resident populations there. Hazard15 shows town records in Polk, Beltrami, Hubbard, Pine, Hennepin, Dakota, and Le Sueur Counties. Those records are not included in the map at left.

Most moose in Minnesota are in the northeastern counties. There are far fewer moose in the northwest. An areal survey of moose is conducted each year in northeastern Minnesota by the Minnesota DNR. Based on the 2016 survey, there are an estimated 4,020 moose in the state. That is a decline of almost 55% in ten years.

 
  3/9/2021    
       
       
       
       
 

Occurrence

 
 

Locally common

 
         
 
Taxonomy
 
  Class Mammalia (mammals)  
  Subclass Theria  
  Infraclass Eutheria (placentals)  
  Magnorder Boreoeutheria  
  Superorder Laurasiatheria  
  Order Artiodactyla (whales, hippos, ruminants, pigs, camels etc.)  
  Suborder Ruminantia (ruminants)  
  Infraorder Pecora  
 

Family

Cervidae (deer)  
 

Subfamily

Capreolinae (New World deer)  
  Tribe Alceini (mooses)  
 

Genus

Alces (moose, Old World elk)  
       
 

There is some disagreement about the taxonomic classification of North American moose. Until recently, only one species, Alces alces, was recognized. Studies in 1998 and 1999 separated two species, Eurasian elk (Alces alces) and moose (Alces americanus), based on chromosomal differences (karyotype) and morphology. Older print sources and many online sources continue to recognize just one species, Alces alces. In either classification, there are four subspecies in North America and one in Minnesota.

 
       
 

Subordinate Taxa

 
 

Alaska moose (Alces americanus gigas)

eastern moose (Alces americanus americanus)

northwestern moose (Alces americanus andersoni)

Shiras moose (Alces americanus shirasi)

 
       
 

Synonyms

 
 

Alces alces

Cervus americanus

 
       
 

Common Names

 
 

eastern moose

moose

Siberian elk

 
       

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
Visitor Photos
 
           
 

Share your photo of this mammal.

 
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Attach one or more photos and, if you like, a caption.
 
 

Bobbi Johnson

 
    moose      
           
 

A moose and her calf... she was crossing the road when we were coming back from Virginia, MN.

 
    moose      
 

Ramona Abrego

 
    moose   moose  
           
 

Cow and calf feeding at Poplar Lake on the Gunflint Trail

 
    moose   moose  
           
    moose   moose  
 

Christa Rittberg

 
    moose      
           
 
MinnesotaSeasons.com Photos
 
 

 

 
           
           

 

Camera

     
 
Slideshows
 
  Moose
Andree Reno Sanborn
 
  Moose  
 
About

Alces alces

 
  Alces alces (Moose)
Allen Chartier
 
  Alces alces (Moose)  
  Moose
Dave
 
  Moose  
  Alces americana
Leon Kay
 
  Alces americana  
     

 

slideshow

       
 
Visitor Videos
 
       
 

Share your video of this mammal.

 
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Attach a video, a YouTube link, or a cloud storage link.
 
 

 

 
     
     
       
       
 
Other Videos
 
  Moose (Cervidae: Alces americanus) Antlered Male
Carl Barrentine
 
   
 
About

Uploaded on Oct 9, 2010

Photographed at the Glacial Ridge NWR, Minnesota (09 October 2010). Go here to learn more about moose in Minnesota: http://www.nrri.umn.edu/moose/

   
  October Minnesota Moose - 2015
ThomasJSpence images
 
   
 
About

Published on Oct 25, 2015

October moose in Superior National Forest, NE Minnesota.

   
  Moose Mortality Study 2014 - Michelle Carstensen
Minnesota DNR
 
   
 
About

Published on Feb 20, 2014

Minnesota DNR Wildlife Health Program Supervisor Michelle Carstensen talks about the 2014 Moose Mortality Project.

   
  Minnesota DNR Moose Research Project - 2013
Minnesota DNR
 
   
 
About

Published on Jan 29, 2013

A study to determine why Minnesota's moose population is in decline, has started. See video from the field as the first moose are captured. For more information on Minnesota's moose, go to http://www.mndnr.gov/moose.

   
  Shooting with Sparky—Moose Calling Successful! Minnesota
Sparky Stensaas
 
   
 
About

Published on Aug 24, 2013

September 26, 2012

See what happens when I imitated the call of a cow Moose!

Superior National Forest
Lake County Minnesota

Contact Sparky:
thesparkygroup@gmail.com or call him: 218.341.3350

Sparky's websites:
Blog is www.ThePhotoNaturalist.com

Galleries at www.SparkyPhotos.com His non-profit organization:
www.SaxZim.org

   
       

 

Camcorder

 
 
Visitor Sightings
 
           
 

Report a sighting of this mammal.

 
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Simply email us at info@MinnesotaSeasons.com.
Be sure to include a location.
 
  Bobbi Johnson
7/10/2021

Location: St. Louis County, MN

A moose and her calf... she was crossing the road when we were coming back from Virginia, MN.

moose

 
  Ramona Abrego
9/30/2010

Location: Gunflint Trail

moose

 
  Ramona Abrego

Location: Gunflint Trail

moose

 
           
 
MinnesotaSeasons.com Sightings
 
 

 

 

 

 

Binoculars


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