Canada plum

(Prunus nigra)

Conservation Status
Canada plum
 
  IUCN Red List

not listed

     
  NatureServe

N4N5 - Apparently Secure to Secure

SNR - Unranked

     
  Minnesota

not listed

     
           
Wetland Indicator Status
     
  Great Plains

FACU - Facultative upland

     
  Midwest

FACU - Facultative upland

     
  Northcentral & Northeast

FACU - Facultative upland

     
           
 
Description
 
 

Canada plum is a shrub or small tree.

There is a pair of red glands near the top of each leaf stalk. The leaf margins are bluntly toothed. Each tooth has a dark gland embedded at the tip.

It has fruit 1 to 1¼ long with a red to yellowish-red skin.

 
     
 

Height

 
 

9 to 13

 
     
 

Flower Color

 
 

White

 
     
 

Similar Species

 
  American plum (Prunus americana) leaf stalks usually do not have a pair of glands near the top. The leaves are narrower, less round. The teeth on the leaf margins are sharp and do not have embedded glands at the tip. It has smaller fruit, ¾ to 1 long, with red skin.  
     
 
Habitat
 
 

Forest edges and openings.

 
     
 
Ecology
 
 

Flowering

 
 

Early May to early June

 
     
 

Pests and Diseases

 
 

rust fungus (Tranzschelia pruni-spinosae var. americana)

 
     
 
Use
 
 

 

 
     
 
Distribution
 
 

Distribution Map

 

Sources

2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 8, 28, 29, 30.

 
  2/24/2023      
         
 

Nativity

 
 

Native

 
         
 

Occurrence

 
 

 

 
         
 
Taxonomy
 
  Kingdom Plantae (green algae and land plants)  
  Subkingdom Viridiplantae (green plants)  
  Infrakingdom Streptophyta (land plants and green algae)  
  Superdivision Embryophyta (land plants)  
  Division Tracheophyta (vascular plants)  
  Subdivision Spermatophytina (seed plants)  
  Class Magnoliopsida (flowering plants)  
  Superorder Rosanae  
 

Order

Rosales (roses, elms, figs, and allies)  
 

Family

Rosaceae (rose)  
  Subfamily Amygdaloideae  
  Tribe Amygdaleae  
 

Genus

Prunus (plums, cherries, and allies)  
  Subgenus Prunus  
  Section Prunocerasus  
       
 

Subordinate Taxa

 
 

Prunus americana var. nigra

 
       
 

Synonyms

 
 

 

 
       
 

Common Names

 
 

black plum

Canada plum

Canadian plum

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
Visitor Photos
 
           
 

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MinnesotaSeasons.com Photos
 
 

Tree

 
    Canada plum      
           
 

Leaves

 
    Canada plum      
           
 

Lenticels

 
    Canada plum      
           
 

Young Bark

 
    Canada plum   Canada plum  
           
 

Old Bark

 
    Canada plum   Canada plum  
           
 

Fruit

 
    Canada plum   Canada plum  

 

Camera

     
 
Slideshows
 
 
     
     

 

slideshow

       
 
Visitor Videos
 
       
 

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Other Videos
 
     
     
     

 

Camcorder

 
 
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MinnesotaSeasons.com Sightings
 
   

 

 

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