field clover

(Trifolium campestre ssp. campestre)

Conservation Status

 

No image available

 
  IUCN Red List

not listed

     
  NatureServe

NNA - No Status Rank

SNA - No Status Rank

     
  Minnesota

not listed

     
           
           
 
Description
 
 

The leaflets do not have any white markings. The lateral leaflets are unstalked or nearly unstalked and the terminal leaflet is conspicuously long stalked. The flowers are yellow. The top petal (keel) is grooved. After flowering the petals remain on the plant and become brown or nearly white and papery. The seedpod is dull brown and straight, not coiled.

 
     
 

Height

 
 

4 to 16

 
     
 

Flower Color

 
 

Yellow

 
     
 

Similar Species

 
 

Black medick (Medicago lupulina) flower heads are smaller. The top keel is smooth, not grooved. The petals drop off after flowering. The mature seedpod is black and coiled.

Golden clover (Trifolium aureum) terminal leaflet is unstalked.

 
     
 
Habitat
 
 

Moist or moderately moist. Abandoned fields, roadsides, trails, waste places. Full or partial sun.

 
     
 
Ecology
 
 

Flowering

 
 

May to August

 
     
 

Pests and Diseases

 
 

 

 
     
 
Use
 
 

 

 
     
 
Distribution
 
 

Distribution Map

 

Sources

2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 22, 28, 29, 30.

 
  4/19/2023      
         
 

Nativity

 
 

Native to Europe, western Asia, and northern Africa. Introduced and naturalized in North America

 
         
 

Occurrence

 
 

Common

 
         
 
Taxonomy
 
  Kingdom Plantae (green algae and land plants)  
  Subkingdom Viridiplantae (green plants)  
  Infrakingdom Streptophyta (land plants and green algae)  
  Superdivision Embryophyta (land plants)  
  Division Tracheophyta (vascular plants)  
  Subdivision Spermatophytina (seed plants)  
  Class Magnoliopsida (flowering plants)  
  Superorder Rosanae  
 

Order

Fabales (legumes, milkworts, and allies)  
 

Family

Fabaceae (legumes)  
  Subfamily Faboideae  
  Tribe

Trifolieae

 
  Genus Trifolium (clovers)  
  Subgenus Chronosemium  
       
 

Subordinate Taxa

 
 

One variety and one subspecies of field clover are generally recognized. The nominate taxon ssp. campestre has yellow corollas and occurs across North America. The other taxa have purplish corollas and may be restricted to their native ranges. USDA PLANTS recognizes var. minus, suggesting that it occurs in the United States, but provides no distribution information.

 
       
 

Synonyms

 
 

Trifolium procumbens

 
       
 

Common Names

 
 

big hop clover

field clover

field hop clover

great hop trefoil

hop clover

large hop clover

lesser hop clover

low hop clover

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
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