giant green foxtail

(Setaria viridis var. major)

Conservation Status
giant green foxtail
 
  IUCN Red List

not listed

     
  NatureServe

NNA - Not applicable

     
  Minnesota

not listed

     
           
           
           
 
Description
 
 

The culms are 40 to 98 tall and usually have 6 to 15 nodes. The nodes and sheaths are hairless. The blades are 6 to 15¾ long and to 1 wide.

The panicle is cylindrical and 4 to 8 long. It is erect or nodds only near the tip.

The spikelets are about 1 16 long. There are 1 to 3 bristles at the base of each spikelet. The bristles are usually green, rarely purple.

 
     
 

Height

 
 

40 to 98

 
     
 

Similar Species

 
     
     
 
Habitat
 
 

Hill slopes, roadsides.

 
     
 
Ecology
 
 

Flowering

 
 

Mid- to late-summer

 
     
 

Pests and Diseases

 
 

 

 
     
 
Use
 
 

 

 
     
 
Distribution
 
 

Distribution Map

 

Sources

4, 7, 29, 30.

 
  4/21/2023      
         
 

Nativity

 
 

Native to Northern Africa, Asia, Europe, and the Indian subcontinent. Introduced and naturalized in the United States.

 
         
 

Occurrence

 
 

 

 
         
 
Taxonomy
 
  Kingdom Plantae (green algae and land plants)  
  Subkingdom Viridiplantae (green plants)  
  Infrakingdom Streptophyta (land plants and green algae)  
  Superdivision Embryophyta (land plants)  
  Division Tracheophyta (vascular plants)  
  Subdivision Spermatophytina (seed plants)  
  Class Liliopsida (monocots)  
 

Order

Poales (grasses, sedges, cattails, and allies)  
 

Family

Poaceae (grasses)  
  Subfamily Panicoideae (bristlegrasses, bluestems, paspalums, and allies)  
  Tribe Paniceae (bristlegrasses, rosette grasses, barnyard grasses, and allies)  
  Subtribe Cenchrinae  
 

Genus

Setaria (foxtails and bristlegrasses)  
  Species Setaria viridis (green foxtail)  
       
 

Subordinate Taxa

 
 

 

 
       
 

Synonyms

 
 

Panicum viride var. major

Panicum viride var. majus

Setaria viridis var. robustaalba

Setaria viridis var. robustapurpurea

 
       
 

Common Names

 
 

bottle grass

giant green foxtail

green bristle grass

green bristlegrass

green foxtail

green foxtail millet

green millet

pigeongrass

wild foxtail millet

wild millet

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Glossary

Culm

The hollow or pithy stem of a grass, sedge, or rush.

 

Node

The small swelling of the stem from which one or more leaves, branches, or buds originate.

 

Panicle

A pyramidal inflorescence with a main stem and branches. Flowers on the lower, longer branches mature earlier than those on the shorter, upper ones.

 
 
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