red hickory

(Carya ovalis)

Conservation Status
red hickory
Photo by Randy
  IUCN Red List

not listed

     
  NatureServe

N5 - Secure

     
  Minnesota

not listed

     
           
Wetland Indicator Status
     
  Great Plains

FACU - Facultative upland

     
  Midwest

FACU - Facultative upland

     
  Northcentral & Northeast

FACU - Facultative upland

     
           
 
Description
 
 

 

 
     
 

Height

 
 

60 to 80

 
     
 

Record

 
 

 

 
     
 

Flower Color

 
 

Green

 
     
 

Similar Species

 
     
     
 
Habitat
 
 

Moderately moist. Full or partial sun. Shade intolerant.

 
     
 
Biology
 
 

Flowering

 
 

Early to late May

 
     
 

Pests and Diseases

 
 

 

 
     
 
Use
 
 

 

 
     
 
Distribution
 
 

Distribution Map

 

Sources

2, 3, 24, 29, 30.

The only report of red hickory in Minnesota is in Kenwood Park in a residential neighborhood of Minneapolis.

 
  4/12/2021      
         
 

Nativity

 
 

Native to eastern North America, including Ontario and Illinois.

 
         
 

Occurrence

 
 

Not known to occur outside of cultivation in Minnesota

 
         
 
Taxonomy
 
  Kingdom Plantae (green algae and land plants)  
  Subkingdom Viridiplantae (green plants)  
  Infrakingdom Streptophyta (land plants and green algae)  
  Superdivision Embryophyta (land plants)  
  Division Tracheophyta (vascular plants)  
  Subdivision Spermatophytina (seed plants)  
  Class Magnoliopsida (flowering plants)  
  Superorder Rosanae  
 

Order

Fagales (beeches, oaks, walnuts, and allies)  
 

Family

Juglandaceae (walnut)  
  Subfamily Juglandoideae (walnut)  
  Tribe Juglandeae  
  Subtribe Caryinae  
  Genus Carya (hickory)  
  Section Carya (typical hickories)  
       
 

Red hickory was previously classified as Carya glabra var. odorata, a variety of pignut hickory. More recently, some sources consider it a synonym of Carya glabra. However, most sources now recognize it as a separate species. Some notable exceptions are ITIS, NCBI, The Plant List, and FNA.

 
       
 

Synonyms

 
 

Carya glabra var. odorata

Carya ovalis var. mollis

Carya ovalis var. obcordata

Carya ovalis var. obovalis

Carya ovalis var. odorata

Carya x ovalis var.odorata

Hicoria ovalis

 
       
 

Common Names

 
 

false shagbark hickory

red hickory

small pignut hickory

sweet pignut hickory

 
       

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

       
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Randy
       
  red hickory   red hickory
       
  red hickory    
       
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Randy
8/5/2016

Location: Kenwood Park, Minneapolis

red hickory


     
     
 
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