barred tiger salamander

(Ambystoma mavortium)

Conservation Status


No Image Available

  IUCN Red List

not listed


N5 - Secure

SNR - Unranked


not listed


Barred tiger salamander is a very large salamander, one of the largest salamanders in North America. It is common within its range but in Minnesota that range barely extends into the westernmost counties.

It has a broad head, a stout body, and a long tail. The skin is smooth and somewhat slippery. The color pattern varies significantly across the geographic range of the species, from a grayish-black background with brownish-yellow irregular blotches, to a brownish-yellow background with grayish-black irregular blotches. There are 11 to 14 vertical grooves on the side of the body. There are four toes on each front foot.










Similar Species


Almost any habitat that includes a nearby lake, pond, stream, or pool in which to breed.




This salamander, like all salamanders, is rarely encountered. It spends the day in an rodent burrow, coming out at night to feed. It is sometimes seen in the spring or fall during or just after a heavy rain crossing a road between an upland site and a pond.






Life Cycle


Breeding takes place in the early spring, often before the ice has cleared from the surface of the pond. To initiate breeding, the male will nudge a female then deposit a sperm capsule on the pond bottom. The female picks up the sperm capsule. After fertilization the female lays up to 1,000 eggs, depositing them singly or in very small clusters on submerged vegetation.

The eggs hatch in 2 to 5 weeks. The larvae are usually about 5 long. They have large external gills and a prominent tail fin (caudal fin) that extends from just behind the head on the upper side to the belly on the underside, wrapping around the tail. Larvae may metamorphose into sexually mature adults in their first or second summer, or they may become sexually mature without metamorphosis. The sexually mature, non-metamorphosed adult is known as a waterdog.

Adults overwinter in burrows or under logs or other debris. Their lifespan is 10 to 25 years.


Larva Food


Aquatic invertebrates, plankton, and other salamander larvae.


Adult Food


Earthworms, insects, and other invertebrates; occasionally small reptiles and amphibians; other salamanders.


Distribution Map



14, 29, 73.




Common and widespread

  Class Amphibia (amphibians)  
  Superorder Batrachia (frogs and salamanders)  
  Order Caudata (salamanders)  
  Suborder Salamandroidea (advanced salamanders)  


Ambystomatidae (mole salamanders)  



Until recently, this salamander was considered a subspecies of eastern tiger salamander (Ambystoma tigrinum). Based on genetic analysis, that species was broken up and three of the subspecies were elevated to species rank, including Ambystoma mavortium. Most print resources and many online resources still classify this salamander Ambystoma tigrinum melanostictum.


Subordinate Taxa


Arizona tiger salamander (Ambystoma mavortium nebulosum)

barred tiger salamander (Ambystoma mavortium mavortium)

blotched tiger salamander (Ambystoma mavortium melanostictum)

gray tiger salamander (Ambystoma mavortium diaboli)

Sonoran tiger salamander (Ambystoma mavortium stebbinsi)




Ambystoma mavortia


Common Names


barred tiger salamander

western tiger salamander



Visitor Photos

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Ambystoma mavortium
John Clare

  Ambystoma mavortium  

Ambystoma mavortium
Jake Scott

  Ambystoma mavortium  



Visitor Videos

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Other Videos
  Neoteny in Tiger Salamander, Ambystoma mavortium/tigrinum, Neotenic
Bryan Maltais

Published on Mar 15, 2012

An excerpt from "Metamorphosis: Tale of a Wetland", The neotenic Barred Tiger Salamanders from Ft. Collins, Colorado,

  Blotched Tiger Salamander (Ambystoma tigrinum melanostictum)
Carl Barrentine

Published on Sep 7, 2013

This very large Blotched Tiger Salamander (Ambystoma tigrinum melanostictum) measures 23 cm or 9 inches in length. This salamander was captured, photographed, and released (with a smaller companion specimen, measuring 18 cm or 7 inches), this Saturday morning, 07 September 2013, at the Turtle River State Park, North Dakota.




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