jumping spider

(Phidippus spp.)

Overview
jumping spider (Phidippus sp.)
Photo by Mike Poeppe
 

Phidippus is a North American genus of jumping spider. There are currently 76 described species worldwide, all of them in North America, and at least 8 species in Minnesota. Two species have been exported to Europe. A very common species, Phidippus audax, is an important predator of agricultural crop pests.

 
           
           
 
Description
 
 

Among the jumping spiders, Phidippus are medium-sized to very large. The entire body is covered with short black hairs (setae) and, to a lesser extent, longer black or gray hairs.

The front part of the body (cephalothorax) is high, convex, and wide, widest in the middle of the thoracic part. The area defined by the eyes (ocular quadrangle) occupies about two-fifths of the cephalothorax and is distinctly wider behind than in front. In most species it is one-third wider than long. Many species have iridescent green mouth parts (chelicerae).

The abdomen is egg-shaped. The pattern on the abdomen varies between species but is always a variation of a common type. Once the pattern is recognized, identification of the genus is almost certain. There are four pairs of light spots on a pair of dark longitudinal stripes. The second pair of spots is fused into a single large spot on most species. There are also four pairs of light lateral bands. The first band is usually joined with its opposite to form a continuous band around the front of the abdomen. The second band is usually a short oblique stripe. The third band is missing in most species, short in others. The fourth band is often attached to the third and/or fourth spots. The pattern may be partly of completely obscured, frequently so on males.

The first and fourth pairs of legs are longer than the second and third pairs. The first pair is heavy and very hairy. On the front pair, the fifth leg segment (tibia) has more than four spines on the underside.

 
     
 
Distribution
 
 

Distribution Map

 

Sources

24, 29, 30, 82.

 
  9/8/2021      
         
 
Taxonomy
 
  Class Arachnida (arachnids)  
 

Order

Araneae (spiders)  
 

Suborder

Araneomorphae (typical spiders)  
  Infraorder Entelegynae (eight-eyed spiders)  
 

Superfamily

Salticoidea  
 

Family

Salticidae (jumping spiders)  
 

Subfamily

Salticinae  
 

Tribe

Dendryphantini  
  Subtribe Dendryphantina  
       
 

Subordinate Taxa

 
 

Apache jumping spider (Phidippus apacheanus)

bold jumper (Phidippus audax)

boreal tufted jumping spider (Phidippus borealis)

brilliant jumping spider (Phidippus clarus)

canopy jumping spider (Phidippus otiosus)

cardinal jumper (Phidippus cardinalis)

Carolina jumping spider (Phidippus carolinensis)

desert red jumping spider (Phidippus ardens)

grayish jumping spider (Phidippus princeps)

hairy tufted jumping spider (Phidippus comatus)

Johnson’s jumping spider (Phidippus johnsoni)

jumping spider (Phidippus pius)

marbled purple jumping spider (Phidippus purpuratus)

Putnam’s jumping spider (Phidippus putnami)

regal jumper (Phidippus regius)

Whitman’s jumping spider (Phidippus whitmani)

Workman’s jumper (Phidippus workmani)

 
       
 

Synonyms

 
 

 

 
       
 

Common Names

 
 

This genus has no common name. The common name of the family Salticidae is jumping spiders, and is used here for convenience.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Glossary

Cephalothorax

The front part of the body of various arthropods, composed of the head region and the thoracic area fused together. Eyes, legs, and antennae are attached to this part.

 

Chelicerae

The pair of stout mouthparts, corresponding to jaws, in arachnids and other arthropods in the subphylum Chelicerata.

 

Seta

A stiff, hair-like process on the outer surface of an organism. In Lepidoptera: A usually rigid bristle- or hair-like outgrowth used to sense touch. In mosses: The stalk supporting a spore-bearing capsule and supplying it with nutrients. Plural: setae.

 

Tibia

The fourth segment of an insect leg, after the femur and before the tarsus (foot). The fifth segment of a spider leg or palp.

 

 

 
 
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Mike Poeppe

 
 

... after the rain today west of Houston, MN

 
    jumping spider (Phidippus sp.)      
           
 
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Other Videos
 
  Phidippus sp jumping spider building web (Salticidae)
DiegoDCvids
 
   
 
About

Jul 27, 2016

Phidippus sp jumping spider building web (Salticidae) Biodiversidade, Biodiversity, Nature videos, Vídeos de Natureza, South America, Florianópolis, Santa Catarina, Brasil

original videos filmings, 3D modelings, arts animations created and directed by Diego da Cruz Pereira © DiegoDCvids

 
  Phidippus sp.
Andrew Smith
 
   
 
About

Mar 20, 2016

 
  Phidippus sp. (Jumping Spider) webbing egg sac!
surgedtwice
 
   
 
About

May 10, 2013

 
       

 

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  Mike Poeppe
8/7/2021

Location: Houston County, MN

... after the rain today west of Houston, MN

jumping spider (Phidippus sp.)  
           
 
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Created: 9/8/2021

Last Updated:

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