zebra jumper

(Salticus scenicus)

Conservation Status
zebra jumper
Photo by Alfredo Colon
  IUCN Red List

not listed

     
  NatureServe

NNR - Unranked

SNR - Unranked

     
  Minnesota

not listed

     
           
           
 
Description
 
 

Zebra jumper is a small but common and easy to recognize jumping spider. It occurs across Europe and North America. It is common in Minnesota.

The female is to ¼ (4 to 6.5 mm) long not including the legs. The male is a little smaller, 3 16 to ¼ (5 to 7 mm) long. The legs are ¼ to 5 16 (6 to 8 mm) long.

The plate covering the cephalothorax (carapace) is dark brown, about 1½ times longer than wide, and moderately convex when viewed from the side. The face is vertical. The jaw-like mouthparts (chelcerae) on the male are very long and project forward and outward. At the tip of each chelcera there is a long fang that fits into a groove under the chelcera when not extended. In the groove there is a single large tooth near the base of the fang, a smaller tooth one third from the base, and an even smaller one much further down. On the female the chelcerae are vertical and are normal in size. There are four pairs of eyes arranged in what appears to be three rows occupying a little less than half of the length of the carapace. The first row of four eyes, consisting of the anterior median eyes (AMEs) and anterior lateral eyes (ALEs), is curved backward. The AMEs are the middle and forward-most pair of these. They are by far the largest of all of the eyes and can be moved. The AMEs are about twice as large as the ALEs. The second row of two eyes are the posterior median eyes (PMEs). They are very small and are barely or not at all noticeable on most photos. The third row of eyes is the posterior lateral eyes (PLEs). The PLEs are set far back on the head and are almost exactly as far apart as the ALEs. The plate on the face above the mouth (clypeus) is white. A white stripe extends along each lateral margin of the carapace from the clypeus to the rear margin. On the upper (dorsal) side, there is usually a white spot in the center just above the AMEs and a white spot behind each PLE.

The abdomen is brown and iridescent, with a white band at the base, two pairs of white oblique bands, and a little white at the tip near the spinnerets. On the female the abdomen is lighter and less iridescent.

The legs on the male are pale with many dark rings and streaks. On the female they are less prominently marked.

 
     
 

Size

 
 

Female Body Length: to ¼ (4 to 6.5 mm)

Male Body Length: to 3 16 (4 to 5.5 mm)

Legspan: ¼ to 5 16 (6 to 8 mm)

 
     
 

Similar Species

 
     
     
 
Habitat
 
 

Forests, meadows, gardens, fences, and buildings; often indoors

 
     
 
Biology
 
 

Season

 
 

 

 
     
 

Behavior

 
 

 

 
     
 

Life Cycle

 
 

 

 
     
 

Food

 
 

 

 
     
 
Distribution
 
 

Distribution Map

 

Sources

24, 29, 30.
 
  8/13/2021      
         
 

Occurrence

 
 

Common

 
         
 
Taxonomy
 
  Class Arachnida (arachnids)  
 

Order

Araneae (spiders)  
 

Suborder

Araneomorphae (true spiders)  
  Infraorder Entelegynae (eight-eyed spiders)  
 

Superfamily

Salticoidea  
 

Family

Salticidae (jumping spiders)  
 

Subfamily

Salticinae  
 

Tribe

Salticini  
 

Genus

Salticus (zebra spiders)  
       
 

Synonyms

 
 

 

 
       
 

Common Names

 
 

zebra jumper

zebra jumping spider

 
       

 

 

 

 

 

 

Glossary

Carapace

The hard, upper (dorsal), shell-like covering (exoskeleton) of the body or at least the thorax of many arthropods and of turtles and tortoises. In crustaceans, it covers the cephalothorax.

 

Cephalothorax

The front part of a spider’s body, composed of the head region and the thoracic area fused together. Eyes, legs, and antennae are attached to this part.

 

Chelicerae

The pair of stout mouthparts, corresponding to jaws, in arachnids and other arthropods in the subphylum Chelicerata.

 

Clypeus

On insects, a hardened plate on the face above the upper lip (labrum).

 

 

 
 
Visitor Photos
 
           
 

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Alfredo Colon

 
    zebra jumper   zebra jumper  
           
    zebra jumper   zebra jumper  
           
    zebra jumper   zebra jumper  
           
    zebra jumper   zebra jumper  
           
    zebra jumper   zebra jumper  
           
    zebra jumper   zebra jumper  
           
    zebra jumper   zebra jumper  
           
    zebra jumper      
 

Aseering

 
 

I have seen several of these outside my home in Tomah, WI (not far from MN).

  zebra jumper  
           
 
MinnesotaSeasons.com Photos
 
 

 

 
           
           

 

Camera

     
 
Slideshows
 
Zebra Jumper (Salticus scenicus)
Andree Reno Sanborn
  Zebra Jumper (Salticus scenicus)  
     

 

slideshow

       
 
Visitor Videos
 
       
 

Share your video of this arachnid.

 
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Simply email us at info@MinnesotaSeasons.com.
Attach a video, a YouTube link, or a cloud storage link.
 
 

 

 
     
     
       
       
 
Other Videos
 
  UK Zebra Jumping Spider ( Salticus Scenicus )
The Spiderman
 
   
 
About

Published on May 27, 2018

Salticus species are typically marked with a black and white pattern, with some featuring transverse stripes, often gaining them the popular name "zebra spiders". Mature males have very long chelicerae on which they rest their long, thin pedipalps. Females are from 3.5 to 7 mm long, males up to 5 mm

   
  Meet the Zebra spider (Salticus scenicus) Jumping spider
Tropical Discovery Workshops
 
   
 
About

Published on Jul 28, 2016

This is a male of a jumping spider specie here in the UK. They're very common, often found on walls & fences hunting small flies & other inverts like ants etc. They dont make webs to catch prey but pounce on they're victims. They as many other hunting spiders, have 6 eyes instead of 8, they have evolved 2 larger eyes at the front with binocular vision!!! I'll try & bring you a video of one hunting in the wild. :)

   
       

 

Camcorder

 
 
Visitor Sightings
 
           
 

Report a sighting of this arachnid.

 
  This button not working for you?
Simply email us at info@MinnesotaSeasons.com.
Be sure to include a location.
 
  Aseering
8/11/2021

Location: Tomah, WI

I have seen several of these outside my home in Tomah, WI (not far from MN).

zebra jumper

 
  Alfredo Colon
9/3 to 9/5/2019

Location: Woodbury, Minnesota

zebra jumper

 
  Alfredo Colon
8/28 and 8/29/2019

Location: Woodbury, Minnesota

zebra jumper

 
  Alfredo Colon
8/22/2019

Location: Woodbury, Minnesota

zebra jumper

 
  Alfredo Colon
8/21/2019

Location: Woodbury, Minnesota

zebra jumper

 
  Alfredo Colon
8/20/2019

Location: Woodbury, Minnesota

zebra jumper

 
  Alfredo Colon
8/5/2019

Location: Woodbury, Minnesota

zebra jumper

 
  Alfredo Colon
8/27/2018

Location: Woodbury, Minnesota

zebra jumper

 
           
 
MinnesotaSeasons.com Sightings
 
 

 

 

 

 

Binoculars


Created: 8/3/2019

Last Updated:

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