Canada Jay

(Perisoreus canadensis)

Conservation Status
Canada Jay
Photo by Andy Witchger
  IUCN Red List

LC - Least Concern

     
  NatureServe

N5 - Secure

SNR - Unranked

     
  Minnesota

not listed

     
           
           
           
           
           
           
 
Description
 
 

 

 
     
 

Size

 
 

11 to 13 in length

18 wingspan

 
     
 

Voice

 
   
     
 

Similar Species

 
     
     
 
Habitat
 
 

Coniferous and mixed forests, bogs, fens

 
     
 
Biology
 
 

Migration

 
 

 

 
     
 

Nesting

 
 

 

 
     
 

Food

 
 

 

 
     
 
Distribution
 
 

Occurrence

 
 

Uncommon year-round resident

 
         
 

Maps

 
 

The Minnesota Ornithologists’ Union All Seasons Species Occurrence Map

 
         
 
Taxonomy
 
  Class Aves (birds)  
 

Order

Passeriformes (perching birds)  
 

Family

Corvidae (crows, jays, and magpies)  
 

Genus

Perisoreus (boreal jays)  
       
 

Subordinate Taxa

 
 

Alberta Jay (Perisoreus canadensis albescens)

Anticosti Jay (Perisoreus canadensis barbouri)

Gray Jay (Perisoreus canadensis arcus)

Gray Jay (Perisoreus canadensis bicolor)

Gray Jay (Perisoreus canadensis canadensis)

Gray Jay (Perisoreus canadensis griseus)

Labrador Jay (Perisoreus canadensis nigricapillus)

Newfoundland Jay (Perisoreus canadensis sanfordi)

Oregon Jay (Perisoreus canadensis obscurus)

Pacific Canada Jay (Perisoreus canadensis pacificus)

Rocky Mountain Jay (Perisoreus canadensis capitalis)

 
       
 

Synonyms

 
 

 

 
       
 

Common Name

 
 

This species was originally called Canada Jay, at least from 1851 to 1947. In 1947 the American Ornithological Union (AOU), which became the American Ornithological Society (AOS) when it merged with the Cooper Ornithological Society in 2016), changed the name to Gray Jay. This was to comply with a rule that a subspecies should be named for the region where it is found. It would have given the subspecies of this bird two geographical names, causing confusion. In 1957, the AOU changed that rule and Gray Jay should have been changed back to Canada Jay. That did not happen until 2018.

 
       

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
Visitor Photos
 
           
 

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Ramona Abrego

 
 

Hand feeding

 
    Canada      
 

Andy Witchger

 
    Canada      
           
 
MinnesotaSeasons.com Photos
 
 

 

 
           
           

 

Camera

 

     
 
Slideshows
 
Gray Jay
Andy Reago & Chrissy McClarren
  Gray Jay  
Gray Jay
JMC Nature Photos
  Gray Jay  
Gray Jay
jt893x
  Gray Jay  
     

 

slideshow

       
 
Visitor Videos
 
       
 

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Other Videos
 
  Gray Jays
WIld Bird Video Productions
 
   
 
About

Uploaded on Apr 21, 2011

Gray Jays from the boreal forest of Maine. © 2011 Garth McElroy

License at http://www.paya.com/videos/135199

   
  Perisoreus canadensis
wetvideocamera
 
   
 
About

Published on Jun 13, 2012

Gray Jay, Canada Jay, Camp Robber, Whiskeyjack
( Perisoreus canadensis )

   
  Martin's Cabin Part 6 The Finnicky Gray Jay
TheNorthwoodsman1
 
   
 
About

Published on Apr 8, 2012

One of Martin's Gray Jays shows its displeasure when it does not like whats on the menu.

   
  Gray Jay Nest Cam - Defending The Nest
LesleytheBirdNerd
 
   
 
About

Published on Apr 11, 2013

Check out my Facebook Page to keep up to date https://www.facebook.com/LesleytheBirdNerd?ref=hl

   
  Gray Jay Imitating Crow
LesleytheBirdNerd
 
   
 
About

Published on Jun 22, 2013

Jays are notorious for imitating the calls and sounds of predators such as hawks or crows. The jay in this video started making these sounds when a crow showed up and was nearby. This could be a way for them to warn other jays of the potential threat but it may also sometimes be used in a more mischievous way to frighten other birds or animals away from a food source so that they can get at it! Either way they're pretty good at it!

Facebook Page https://www.facebook.com/#!/LesleytheBirdNerd

   
       

 

Camcorder

 
 
Visitor Sightings
 
           
 

Report a sighting of this bird.

 
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Simply email us at info@MinnesotaSeasons.com.
Be sure to include a location.
 
  Carrie Woodley
2/26/2020

Location: Montrose, MN

   
  Julie Kadlec
2/4/2020

Location: Harris, MN

Do have a photo.

   
  Sharon
Sundberg

2/21/2019

Location: Duluth, Mn

   
  Ramona Abrego
2/19/2017

Location: Cook County Gunflint Trail

Hand feeding

Canada Jay  
  Andy Witchger
8/4/2016

Location: Sax-Zim Bog

Canada Jay  
           
 
MinnesotaSeasons.com Sightings
 
 

 

 

 

 

Binoculars


Created: 8/5/2016

Last Updated:

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