Red-eyed Vireo

(Vireo olivaceus)

Conservation Status
Red-eyed Vireo
Photo by Bill Reynolds
  IUCN Red List

LC - Least Concern


N5B - Secure Breeding

SNRB - Unranked Breeding


not listed


Red-eyed Vireo small perching songbird is relatively large for a vireo. It is the most common and widespread vireo in Minnesota.

It is about 6 in length, has a10 wingspan, and weighs about 0.63 ounces. The upper parts are olive green. The breast, belly, and throat are white to pale gray. The flanks and undertail coverts are yellowish. The wings are not barred.

The crown is gray and is edged with black. There is a dark gray line through the eye that extends forward to the bill and a white “eyebrow” line above that. The irises of adults are dark red, though this is apparent only at close range. The cheek is olive.

The legs are bluish-gray.




6 in length

10 wingspan




The song of the male is a continuous, variable series of short phrases separated by short pauses. It sounds similar to a robin but is not as loud and is more variable.


Similar Species


Philadelphia Vireo (Vireo philadelphicus) has a yellow breast. The gray crown is not bordered with black.

Warbling Vireo (Vireo gilvus) dark eye line does not extend forward to the bill. The gray crown is not bordered with black.


Deciduous and mixed woodlands with a dense cover and a shrubby understory




Early May to mid-October




The female builds a cup-shaped nest in the crook of a tree branch. When the nest is completed and lined she lays 3 to 5 eggs. The eggs are white and are spotted at the large end. She incubates the eggs 11 to 14 days. The nest building and incubation are done without the help of the male.

After the eggs hatch both the male and the female feed the nestlings. The young leave the nest in 10 to 12 days.




Insects, especially caterpillars, and berries.




Common to abundant migrant and breeder




The Minnesota Ornithologists’ Union All Seasons Species Occurrence Map

  Class Aves (birds)  


Passeriformes (perching birds)  


Vireonidae (greenlets, vireos)  


Vireo (vireos)  










Visitor Photos
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Bill Reynolds
  Red-eyed Vireo   Red-eyed Vireo Photos



  Red-eyed Vireo (Vireo olivaceus)
Andree Reno Sanborn
  Red-eyed Vireo (Vireo olivaceus)  
  Red-eyed Vireo
Andy Reago & Chrissy McClarren
  Red-eyed Vireo  
  Red-eyed Vireo
JMC Nature Photos
  Red-eyed Vireo  
  Canto da Juruviara (Vireo olivaceus)

Published on May 11, 2013

A juruviara (Vireo olivaceus) é uma ave passeriforme da família dos vireonídeos, nativas das matas da América do Sul. Tais aves chegam a medir até 14 cm de comprimento e, ao contrário de sua variante norte-americana, possuem a íris marrom ou acinzentada. Além disso, possuem ainda uma plumagem esverdeada com píleo cinzento e sobrancelha branca margeada de negro. Também são conhecidas pelo nome de trinta-e-um.




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Other Videos
  Red-eyed Vireo (Vireonidae: Vireo olivaceus) Immature, Close-up
Carl Barrentine

Published on Sep 23, 2012

One of many Fall migrant species passing through North Dakota just now. Photographed at Grand Forks, North Dakota (23 September 2012).

  Vireo olivaceus
Hermes Diego

Published on Dec 17, 2012

Vireo ojirrojo(Vireo olivaceus) Red-Eye Vireo.

Tamaño: 14,5 cm Altitud: menor a 3.400 m.s.n.m

Cría en Norte América e inverna al sur de Texas hasta el centro de Panamá y la mayor parte de Sur América.

HISTORIA NATURAL: Habita claros con arbustos y bordes. Migratoria. Tiene poblaciones residentes y boreales. Por lo general se observan 1 o 2 individuos, hasta 3, a veces acompañados por otras aves, en la parte media y alta de los árboles, donde se alimentan de frutos e insectos, brincando algo lentamente y deliberadamente entre el follaje. A veces es bastante confiado.




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Kristen K. Oleary

Location: Bemidji, MN


Bill Reynolds

Location: St Louis Co MN

Red-eyed Vireo





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