Red-juice Tooth

(Hydnellum peckii)

Conservation Status
Red-juice Tooth
Photo by Honey Fae (Farah)
  IUCN Red List

not listed


NNR - Unranked


not listed


Red-juice Tooth is a common and widespread toothed fungus. It occurs in Europe and North America. In the United States it occurs in the east from Maine to Florida, west to eastern Minnesota and Alabama, in Colorado, and west of the Rocky Mountains from Washington to central California. It is uncommon in Minnesota, where it reaches the western extent of its eastern range. It is found in late summer and fall, in coniferous and mixed forests, alone, scattered, in groups, or in clusters. It grows on the ground under conifers. It has a mutually beneficial relationship (mycorrhizal) with the tiny rootlets of trees, absorbing sugars and amino acids while helping the tree absorb water.

Red-juice Tooth is easily recognized when young. When it first appears the fruiting body is top-shaped and white to pink. The upper surface is moist and is densely covered with felty or velvety hairs. As it ages the cap expands, becoming broadly convex to flat. It grows around whatever it touches and it is often embedded with plant stems, pine needles, or other debris. When growing in clusters, adjacent caps fuse together, making it difficult to distinguish individual fruiting bodies. The upper surface exudes droplets of bright ruby red or dark red liquid. Mature caps are 1 to 6 (2.5 to 15.0 cm) in diameter, depressed in the middle, lumpy, jagged, or ridged, and sometimes pitted. The upper surface is hairless, scaly, and brown, dark brown, or reddish-brown in the center, pale around the margins. Older caps are almost entirely a dark shade of brown.

The underside of the cap, the spore surface, is covered with short, spine-like teeth. The teeth are 132 to ¼ (1 to 6 mm) long and dull pinkish at first, soon becoming brown or purplish-brown, sometimes with pale tips. The pore surface sometimes runs down the stalk.

The stalk is solid, tough, 316 to 3 (0.5 to 7.5 cm) long, and to 1¼ (1 to 3 cm) thick. It may be connected centered or off-centered to the cap. It is colored like the cap or darker than the cap, and it is covered with fine felty or velvety hairs.

The flesh is tough, corky, and insubstantial. The taste has been described as "burning-acrid”, “very hot”, and “intensely peppery”. All of which makes this fungus inedible.

The spore print is dull brown.


Similar Species

Habitat and Hosts

Coniferous and mixed forests. Conifers.




Late summer and fall


Distribution Map



4, 24, 26, 29, 30, 77.




Uncommon in Minnesota

  Kingdom Fungi (fungi)  
  Subkingdom Dikarya  
  Phylum Basidiomycota (club fungi)  
  Subphylum Agaricomycotina (jelly fungi, yeasts, and mushrooms)  
  Class Agaricomycetes (mushrooms, bracket fungi, puffballs, and allies)  









Calodon diabolus

Calodon peckii

Hydnellum diabolus

Hydnellum rhizopes

Hydnum diabolus


Most sources, including Index Fungorum and MycoPortal, treat Hydnellum diabolus as a synonym of Hydnellum peckii. Some, including MycoBank and iNaturalist, treat it as a valid species.


Common Names


Bleeding Hydnellum

Bleeding Tooth Fungus

Devil’s Tooth

Red-juice Tooth

Strawberries and Cream












A symbiotic, usually beneficial relationship between a fungus and the tiny rootlets of a plant, usually a tree.





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Honey Fae (Farah)

    Red-juice Tooth      








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Other Videos
  Bleeding Tooth Fungus ; Hydnellum Peckii Explained
Mushroom Wonderland

Jul 24, 2021

This latest offering to the YouTube world from Mushroom Wonderland is a video explaining all the things you should know about the bleeding tooth fungus, aka the devils tooth fungi, aka strawberries and cream. This interesting can be found growing near conifer trees in the Pacific Northwest, and it has been discovered in many other places around the world.

This odd mushroom excretes a blood red guttation on its cap that can look like...well..blood. Hence the name "Bleeding tooth." The tooth part is actually because this is a 'tooth fungi' and instead of having gills, veins, or pores, it has small tooth-like projections under the cap and down the stipe.

This beautiful fungi can be used as a medicinal mushroom and has anti-coagulant properties, anti-bacterial properties, and may be used in treatment of Alzheimer's disease.

It may look delicious or maybe it looks scary to you- you will have to watch the video to find out which one it is!

Thanks please subscribe and like this video so we keep making them!

  Bleeding Tooth Fungus
Earth Titan

Jul 19, 2018

Growing among the trees is a fungus that looks like it’s bleeding, on this episode we bring you the world’s weirdest mushroom.

Going by the names strawberries and cream, bleeding hydnellum, bleeding tooth fungus, red-juice tooth and devil’s tooth this mushroom is a mycorrhizal species that forms mutually beneficial relationships with coniferous trees, growing on the ground singly, scattered, or in fused masses.

The Inedible but non toxic bleeding tooth fungus is a hydnoid species producing spores on the surface of the vertical spines or tooth like projections that hang from the undersurface of the fruit bodies. It was first described scientifically in 1913 by American mycologist Howard James Banker.

They were discovered in North America and Europe but more recently in Iran in 2008 and Korea in 2010. More commonly found in the Pacific Northwest they are present as far north as Alaska and as far east as North Carolina. In the puget sound region they are found growing among douglas fir, hemlock, lodgepole pine and fir trees. In Europe they have been documented in Germany, Italy, and Scotland. Other European countries like Czech Republic, Norway and the Netherlands once had healthy populations of the fungus but it is believed pollution is the reason they are so hard to find in these countries.

Over time the mushroom will change color from white, with the red juice obs to brown with dark patches going back to a more normal looking mushroom. When mature, the surface becomes tough, scaly, jagged and fibrous.

Featuring flesh that is marked with concentric lines that form alternating pale and darker zones, a sweetish odor that is similar to that of hickory nuts and immensely peppery taste the bleeding hydnellum can reach a height of 4 inches or 10 cm on average but has been seen as big as 8 inches or 20 cm.

  The Bleeding Tooth Fungus; It's Like Something From A Horror Movie
Papa Ray's Adventure Channel

Nov 2, 2018

Today we look at the bleeding tooth fungus. It looks like something out of a horror movie.

Filmed at Lee Pond located in the Sandhills State Forest near Patrick, SC. Patrick is located in Chesterfield County.

Science and nature.




Visitor Sightings

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Location: Sawbill Campground, BWCA

I saw a large clump on a downed rotting tree. Orangish top. Slimy thicker stalk and cap. Appearing to be bleeding. Looks like the one in your picture

  Honey Fae (Farah)

Location: Dakota County

Red-juice Tooth  






Created: 3/10/2023

Last Updated:

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