White-Pored Chicken of the Woods

(Laetiporus cincinnatus)

Conservation Status
White-Pored Chicken of the Woods
Photo by Lori
  IUCN Red List

not listed

     
  NatureServe

not listed

     
  Minnesota

not listed

     
           
 
Description
 
 

White-Pored Chicken of the Woods is an uncommon or rare, large, fleshy, bracket (shelf-like) fungus. It appears from July through October on the ground at the base of a hardwood tree, almost always an oak. It is both saprobic and parasitic. It invades the roots of live or dead trees causing brown rot.

It is found on the ground at the base of standing, living or dead oaks, rarely on other hardwoods, never on conifers. It appears to grow on the ground but actually grows on tree roots. It usually forms a rosette of several to many overlapping caps, sometimes appears singly, rarely appears as a series of shelves at the base of a tree.

The fruiting body is annual. There is no stem. When it first appears in late summer or fall it is knob-like, but it soon becomes shelf-like. It consists of an overlapping rosette of several to many brackets. The rosette can be up to 24 wide but is usually 18 wide or less.

Each bracket is fan-shaped to semicircular in outline, sometimes irregularly lobed, more or less flat, 2″ to 6″ wide, and up to 8 deep. The surface is smooth to suede-like and radially wrinkled. On younger brackets the upper side is bright reddish-orange to bright orange, yellowish-orange, or salmon. There are often concentric bands of contrasting colors. It fades in sunlight or with age to yellowish or buff. Older brackets are whitish. The margin on younger brackets is thick, blunt, and pale.

The flesh of young brackets is thick, soft, watery, and white. As it ages the flesh becomes tough then crumbly.

The pore tubes on the underside of the bracket are yellow and up to 3 16 deep. There are 2 to 4 pores per millimeter. The spores are white.

All parts of the bracket are edible when cooked.

 
     
 

Similar Species

 
     
     
 
Habitat and Hosts
 
 

Oaks. Sometimes other hardwoods.

 
     
 
Ecology
 
 

Season

 
 

July through October

 
     
 
Distribution
 
 

Distribution Map

 

Sources

4, 24, 26, 29, 30, 77.

 
  8/11/2021      
         
 

Occurrence

 
 

Uncommon or rare

 
         
 
Taxonomy
 
  Kingdom Fungi (fungi)  
  Subkingdom Dikarya  
  Division Basidiomycota (club fungi)  
  Subdivision Agaricomycotina (jelly fungi, yeasts, and mushrooms)  
  Class Agaricomycetes (mushroom-forming fungi)  
  Subclass Agaricomycetidae  
  Order Polyporales (shelf fungi)  
  Family Laetiporaceae  
  Genus Laetiporus  
       
 

Until 1998, this species was classified as Laetiporus sulphureus. That year a study (Banik, Mark T., Harold H. Burdsall, Jr. and Thomas J. Volk. 1998) showed it to be a species complex and split it into five species. Laetiporus cincinnatus is the species that has white pores; usually grows on the soil, apparently on roots; is usually a rosette; occurs east of the Great Plains; and is always on hardwoods, almost always on oak.

The genus Laetiporus was formerly placed in the family Polyporaceae. Several DNA studies of fungi in the order Polyporales since 2005 have resulted in the reordering of the families within the order. There is no current consensus. The genus Laetiporus is variously placed in the families Polyporaceae, Laetiporaceae, and Fomitopsidaceae. Most agree that it should be separated from the order Polyporaceae.

 
       
 

Synonyms

 
 

Laetiporus sulphureus var. cincinnatus

Laetiporus sulphureus var. semialbinus

Polyporus sulphureus var. semialbinus

 
       
 

Common Names

 
 

White-Pored Chicken of the Woods

 
       

 

 

 

 

 

Glossary

Rosette

A radiating group or cluster of leaves usually on or close to the ground.

 

Saprobic

Obtaining its nutrients from non-living organic matter, such as decaying plant or animal matter.

 
 
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Anne N.

 
  Attaching pictures from different angles. This one was found at the base of a red oak.   White-Pored Chicken of the Woods  
           
    White-Pored Chicken of the Woods   White-Pored Chicken of the Woods  
 

Sidney

 
 

grows in the same spot every year

     
    White-Pored Chicken of the Woods   White-Pored Chicken of the Woods  
 

Lori

 
  Chicken of the Woods (Laetiporus cincinnatus presumably since it's a rosette on the ground)   White-Pored Chicken of the Woods  
           
           
 
MinnesotaSeasons.com Photos
 
 

 

 
           
           

 

Camera

     
 
Slideshows
 
Laetiporus cincinnatus - fungi kingdom
Nineli Lishina
   
 
About

Published on Jan 24, 2015

Laetiporus cincinnatus - fungi kingdom

 
     

 

slideshow

       
 
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Other Videos
 
  LAETIPORUS CINCINNATUS..WHITE PORED "CHICKEN OF THE WOODS"
sousaville
 
   
 
About

Published on Sep 29, 2012

A TASTE COMPARISON OF THE WHITE PORE AND YELLOW PORE "CHICKEN OF THE WOODS" WILD MUSHROOMS

   
  On The Road Hunt, Laetiporus cincinnatus
Jack Skrceny
 
   
 
About

Published on Jun 19, 2015

Road Hunting for Wild Mushrooms and found Laetiporus cincinnatus.

   
  Chicken of the woods, Laetiporus cincinnatus.
fungi ally
 
   
 
About

Published on Jul 10, 2015

We find a huge chicken of the woods and talk about identification and cooking

   
       

 

Camcorder

 
 
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  Anne N.
8/16/2021

Location: Andover, MN 55304

Attaching pictures from different angles. This one was found at the base of a red oak.

White-Pored Chicken of the Woods  
  Sidney
8/8/2021

Location: Benton County

grows in the same spot every year

White-Pored Chicken of the Woods  
  Lori
8/16/2017

Location: Just South of Albert Lea

Chicken of the Woods (Laetiporus cincinnatus presumably since it's a rosette on the ground)

White-Pored Chicken of the Woods  
           
           
 
MinnesotaSeasons.com Sightings
 
 

 

 

 

 

Binoculars


Created: 9/3/2017

Last Updated:

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