Zoned Tooth

(Hydnellum concrescens)

Conservation Status
Zoned Tooth
Photo by Honey Fae (Farah)
  IUCN Red List

not listed


NNR - Unranked


not listed


Zoned Tooth is an easily identified, medium-sized, widespread, and fairly common tooth fungus. It occurs in Europe and North America. In the United States it occurs in the east from Maine to Florida, west to Minnesota, Missouri, and Alabama. It also occurs on the West Coast in Oregon and northern California. It is found in summer and fall, alone or in groups but not clustered (gregarious), in dry deciduous forests. It grows on the ground under hardwoods, especially oaks. It has a mutually beneficial relationship (mycorrhizal) with the tiny rootlets of trees, absorbing sugars and amino acids while helping the tree absorb water. The West Coast version of this species has been recorded growing under conifers. In the U.K. it grows under conifers in the north and under hardwoods in the south. There may be two or more species that are currently recognized as Hydnellum concrescens.

When it first appears, the cap is convex above but flat below (planoconvex) and white to creamy pink. The upper surface is covered with fine, velvety, hair-like fibers. As it ages, the cap expands. The upper surface becomes pitted or coarsely knobbed and it develops ridges radiating from the center. It sometimes develops secondary caps or “elaborate outgrowths”. Mature caps are ¾ to 4 (2 to 10 cm) in diameter, flat, and depressed in the center. They are concentrically zoned in color, texture, or both, dark brown in the center, tan near the margins, with an abrupt transition between zones. The upper surface is fibrous-scaly. The margins when fresh will bruise dark brown to black. Adjacent caps usually fuse together.

The underside of the cap, the spore surface, is covered with short, spine-like teeth. The teeth are 132 to (1 to 3 mm) long and whitish at first, soon becoming pinkish-brown, ultimately turning dark purplish-brown. The pore surface runs down the stalk.

The stalk is solid, ¾ to 1½ (2 to 4 cm) long, and 316 to ¾ (0.5 to 2.0 cm) thick. It is attached to the cap off center. It is the same color as the cap and is covered with fine velvety or appressed hair-like fibers.

The flesh is fibrous, tough, and dry. It is reddish-brown or pinkish-brown and obscurely concentrically zoned. It is inedible due to its tough texture and bitter, unpleasant taste.

The spore print is dull brown.


Similar Species

Habitat and Hosts

Oaks and other hardwoods




Summer and fall


Distribution Map



4, 7, 24, 26, 29, 30, 77.





  Kingdom Fungi (fungi)  
  Subkingdom Dikarya  
  Phylum Basidiomycota (club fungi)  
  Subphylum Agaricomycotina (jelly fungi, yeasts, and mushrooms)  
  Class Agaricomycetes (mushrooms, bracket fungi, puffballs, and allies)  









Calodon fasciatum

Calodon zonatus

Hydnellum parvum

Hydnellum subsuccosum

Hydnellum zonatum

Hydnum fasciatum

Hydnum spathulatum

Hydnum vespertilio

Hydnum zonatum

Phaeodon zonatus


Common Names


Zoned Hydnellum

Zoned Tooth

Zoned Tooth Fungus












A symbiotic, usually beneficial relationship between a fungus and the tiny rootlets of a plant, usually a tree.





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Honey Fae (Farah)

    Zoned Tooth      





Hydnellum concrescens
Amadej Trnkoczy
  Hydnellum concrescens  



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  Honey Fae (Farah)

Location: Dakota County

Zoned Tooth  






Created: 3/3/2023

Last Updated:

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