bottle gentian

(Gentiana andrewsii var. andrewsii)

Conservation Status


No image available

  IUCN Red List

not listed


N5? - Secure

SNR - Unranked


not listed

Wetland Indicator Status
  Great Plains

FAC - Facultative


FACW - Facultative wetland

  Northcentral & Northeast

FACW - Facultative wetland


Bottle gentian ( var. andrewsii) is a 1 to 3 tall, erect, perennial forb that rises on 1 to 20 stems from a stout taproot.

The stems are erect, occasionally leaning somewhat with the tips erect. They are rarely branched and always completely hairless.

The leaves are opposite, 1¾ to 6 long, to 2 wide, and are attached to the stem without a leaf stalk. The margins are untoothed and have a fringe of bristly or prickly hairs, but are otherwise hairless. Lower leaves are small and lance-shaped to egg-shaped. Middle leaves are larger and narrower. The 3 uppermost leaves, just below the inflorescence, are whorled.

The inflorescence is 1 to 25 flowers in a cluster at the end of the stem and also smaller clusters emerging from the upper leaf axils.

The flowers are erect and often stalkless. They are bottle-shaped and 1 to 1¾ long. There is no floral scent.

The 5 petals are fused with 5 longer white membranes (plaits) into a closed tube with no opening at the top. There are folds between the petals. At the top of each petal is a small, not well developed lobe barely 1 32long. These lobes are barely visible, well surpassed by the fringed tips of the plaits.

The fruit is a 1-chambered capsule containing many seeds.




1 to 3


Flower Color


Whitish below, blue or blue-purple upwards


Similar Species


Dakota gentian (Gentiana andrewsii var. dakotica) is much rarer. The stems are usually hairless but occasionally covered with short fuzzy hairs. The lobe at the top of each petal is well developed, triangular or rounded, and about long.

Great Lakes gentian (Gentiana rubricaulis) has white flowers with scattered blue spots. The flowers are narrowly open at the top.

Narrow-leaved gentian (Gentiana linearis) flowers appear closed but are actually narrowly open. It does not occur in Minnesota.

Soapwort gentian (Gentiana saponaria) flowers appear closed but are actually narrowly open. It does not occur in Minnesota.

Yellowish gentian (Gentiana flavida) has yellowish-white or greenish-white flowers that may appear closed but, on closer inspection, have a small opening at the top.


Moderate moisture to wet. Prairies, meadows, open woods, swamps. Full to partial sun. Sandy, loamy soil.




August to October


Pests and Diseases






Distribution Map



4, 29, 30.









  Kingdom Plantae (green algae and land plants)  
  Subkingdom Viridiplantae (green plants)  
  Infrakingdom Streptophyta (land plants and green algae)  
  Superdivision Embryophyta (land plants)  
  Division Tracheophyta (vascular plants)  
  Subdivision Spermatophytina (seed plants)  
  Class Magnoliopsida (flowering plants)  
  Superorder Asteranae  


Gentianales (gentians, dogbanes, madders, and allies)  


Gentianaceae (gentian)  
  Tribe Gentianeae (gentian)  
  Subtribe Gentianinae (gentian)  


Gentiana (gentians)  
  Section Pneumonanthe  
  Species Gentiana andrewsii (bottle gentian)  

Subordinate Taxa






Dasystephana andrewsii

Pneumonanthe andrewsii


Common Names


bottle gentian

eastern closed gentian









Visitor Photos

Share your photo of this plant.

  This button not working for you?
Simply email us at
Attach one or more photos and, if you like, a caption.












Visitor Videos

Share your video of this plant.

  This button not working for you?
Simply email us at
Attach a video, a YouTube link, or a cloud storage link.


Other Videos



Visitor Sightings

Report a sighting of this plant.

  This button not working for you?
Simply email us at
Be sure to include a location.








Created 1/1/2012

Last Updated:

About Us | Privacy Policy | Contact Us | © All rights reserved.