prairie shooting star

(Primula meadia)

Conservation Status
prairie shooting star
 
  IUCN Red List

not listed

     
  NatureServe

NNR - Unranked

S1 - Critically Imperiled

     
  Minnesota

Endangered

     
           
Wetland Indicator Status
     
  Great Plains

FAC - Facultative

     
  Midwest

FACU - Facultative upland

     
  Northcentral & Northeast

FACU - Facultative upland

     
           
 
Description
 
 

Prairie shooting star is a 8 to 24 tall, erect, perennial forb that rises from fibrous, slightly thickened roots. The roots produce a rosette of basal leaves and one or more flowering stalks.

There is no central stem.

The leaves are all basal. They are oblong or oblong lance-shaped, 2 to 8 long, but usually no longer than 4, and ¾ to 2½ wide. They are rounded or blunt at the tip, taper gradually to the leaf stalk, and are reddish at the base and along the single, conspicuous midvein. The margins are untoothed. The upper and lower surfaces are hairless.

The inflorescence is an umbel of 4 to 25 flowers at the end of a leafless, hairless, flowering stalk (scape).

The flowers are to 1 long and hang downward at the end of 1½ long, arching flower stalks. The corolla is white, light pink, or rosy pink, rarely magenta, with a yellow band and maroon spots near the base. Most populations in the northern part of the species’ range have white flowers. Most populations in the north have flowers tinged with pink, rosy pink, or magenta. The petals are bent back strongly near the base and are held mostly erect. There are 5 stamens with anthers fused into a cone-shaped tube. There is no floral scent.

The fruit is an egg-shaped, dark reddish-brown capsule, ¼ to long, less than 3 times as long as wide, with many seeds. The wall of the capsule is thick and firm. The capsule does not split at the bottom.

 
     
 

Height

 
 

8 to 24

 
     
 

Flower Color

 
 

White, light pink, or rosy pink, rarely magenta

 
     
 

Similar Species

 
 

Jeweled shooting star (Primula fassettii) petals are mostly deep rose-purple or pink, rarely white. The wall of the capsule is thin and flexible.

 
     
 
Habitat
 
 

Dry to wet. Prairies, woods. Full sun.

 
     
 
Ecology
 
 

Flowering

 
 

April to June

 
     
 

Pests and Diseases

 
 

 

 
     
 
Use
 
 

 

 
     
 
Distribution
 
 

Distribution Map

 

Sources

2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 28, 29, 30.

The two sightings in Carver County (light green on the map) are both from the Minnesota Landscape Arboretum, where it is not “outside of cultivation.”

 
  5/29/2023      
         
 

Nativity

 
 

Native

 
         
 

Occurrence

 
 

Rare in Minnesota

 
         
 
Taxonomy
 
  Kingdom Plantae (green algae and land plants)  
  Subkingdom Viridiplantae (green plants)  
  Infrakingdom Streptophyta (land plants and green algae)  
  Superdivision Embryophyta (land plants)  
  Division Tracheophyta (vascular plants)  
  Subdivision Spermatophytina (seed plants)  
  Class Magnoliopsida (flowering plants)  
  Superorder Asteranae  
 

Order

Ericales (heathers, balsams, primroses, and allies)  
 

Family

Primulaceae (primroses)  
  Subfamily Primuloideae  
  Tribe Primuleae  
 

Genus

Primula (primroses)  
  Subgenus Auriculastrum  
  Section Dodecatheon (shooting stars)  
       
 

Species in the section Dodecatheon were formerly placed in the genus Dodecatheon. Based on morphology, on cell structure, and on molecular phylogenetic studies, the genus was transferred intact in 2007 to the genus Primula, subgenus Auriculastrum, as the new section Dodecatheon. The transfer made Primula monophyletic and valid, where it had previously been paraphyletic and invalid. The transfer has been widely but not universally accepted.

 
       
 

Subordinate Taxa

 
 

Some authorities, including USDA PLANTS and World Flora Online, recognize two subspecies. Of these, only the nominate subspecies, ssp. meadia, occurs in Minnesota. The range of the two types overlap throughout their entire range. There is so much intergradation between the separating characteristics that it is difficult or impossible to confidently assign a subspecies to most specimens. For these reasons, most authorities, including ITIS, GRIN, Flora of North America (FNA), and Plants of the World Online, do not recognize any subspecies.

 
       
 

Synonyms

 
 

Dodecatheon hugeri

Dodecatheon meadia ssp. meadia

Dodecatheon meadia var. obesum

Dodecatheon meadia var. standfieldii

 
       
 

Common Names

 
 

American cowslip

bird’s bill

common shooting star

darkthroat shooting star

eastern shooting star

prairie rooster bill

prairie shooting star

pride of Ohio

pride-of-Ohio

shooting star

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Glossary

Corolla

A collective name for all of the petals of a flower.

 

Scape

An erect, leafless stalk growing from the rootstock and supporting a flower or a flower cluster.

 

Umbel

A flat-topped or convex, umbrella-shaped cluster of flowers or buds arising from more or less a single point.

 
 
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MinnesotaSeasons.com Photos
 
 

Plant

 
    prairie shooting star      
           
 

Inflorescence

 
    prairie shooting star   prairie shooting star  
           
    prairie shooting star      

 

Camera

     
 
Slideshows
 
  Dodecatheon meadia
Susanne Wiik
 
  Dodecatheon meadia  
 
About

Flekkgudeblom, Shooting star

 
  Shooting Star
J.Steinbock
 
  Shooting Star  
  Dodecatheon meadia SHOOTING STAR
Frank Mayfield
 
  Dodecatheon meadia SHOOTING STAR  

 

slideshow

       
 
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Other Videos
 
  Jacob's Ladder (Polemonium reptans) and Midland Shooting Star (Dodecatheon meadia)
PrairieMoonNursery
 
   
 
About

Uploaded on Jun 4, 2010

http://www.priairemoon.com - It's early May at Prairie Moon Nursery and Jacob's Ladder and Midland Shooting Star are in bloom!

   
  Shooting Stars in Bloom
Ionxchange
 
   
 
About

Published on Jun 5, 2012

Earthyman views Midland Shooting Stars (Dodecatheon meadii) in bloom in Wisconsin. This prairie planting was planted by Ion Exchange, Inc several years ago. http://ionxchange.com/products/DODECATHEON-MEADII-%7C-Midland-Shooting-Star.html

   

 

Camcorder

 
 
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