Purple Finch

(Haemorhous purpureus)

Conservation Status
Purple Finch
Photo by Luciearl
  IUCN Red List

LC - Least Concern


N5B, N5N - Secure Breeding and Nonbreeding

SNRB, SNRN - Unranked Breeding and Nonbreeding


not listed

Species in Greatest Conservation Need


Males have a red head, nape, throat, breast, and rump; reddish-brown cheek; brown and red streaked back and flanks; and a distinctly notched tail. Females are brown with no red. Their underparts are heavily streaked.




5¼ to 5 in length

10 wingspan




Similar Species


Breeding: Open coniferous and mixed forests

Migration: Open coniferous, deciduous, and mixed forests and forest edges, shrubby open areas, parks, suburban areas




Late February to late May and mid-July to late November








Insects in the spring, fruits in the summer, and seeds in the winter




Common migrant in the east, uncommon in the west; uncommon to locally common breeder; widespread winter visitor




The Minnesota Ornithologists’ Union All Seasons Species Occurrence Map

  Class Aves (birds)  


Passeriformes (perching birds)  


Fringillidae (finches, euphonias, and allies)  
  Subfamily Carduelinae  


Haemorhous (American rosefinches)  

This bird was formerly placed with the Old World finches in the genus Carpodacus.


Subordinate Taxa


Eastern Purple Finch (Haemorhous purpureus purpureus)

Western Purple Finch (Haemorhous purpureus californicus)




Carpodacus purpureus











Visitor Photos

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Ramona Abrego
  Purple Finch   Purple Finch
  Purple Finch    
  Purple Finch   Purple Finch
Laurie Wachholz
  Purple Finch    
MinnesotaSeasons.com Photos



  Purple Finch
JMC Nature Photos
  Purple Finch  
  30063 Purple Finch (Haemorhous purpureus)
Bill Keim
  30063 Purple Finch (Haemorhous purpureus)  



Visitor Videos

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Other Videos
  Purple Finch
Larry Bond

Published on Nov 6, 2014

Fairly common. Coniferous forests, mixed open woods, suburban areas, feeders in winter.

Male is a brilliant red over most of body. Striped back. White belly.

Female is very sparrow-like; dull brown and heavily streaked above and below. Similar to female House Finch and female Cassin's Finch. Told from House Finch by its distinctive ear patch and eyebrow stripe.

Song: long, loud, fast, excited, burbling warble; distinctive sharp musical "chip" given in flight.

For more information visit:

  Purple Finch vs House Finch comparison with feeder birds
Roger Tory Peterson Institute of Natural History

Published on Dec 15, 2014

Here we have a female Purple Finch (Haemorhous purpureus) feeding throughout the video along with a female House Finch (Haemorhous mexicanus) and a male House Finch later on. A Tufted Titmouse (Baeolophus bicolor) and Black-capped Chickadee (Poecile atricapillus) also make an appearance among the common feeder birds visiting this tray of sunflower seeds. Note that the female Purple Finch is larger and bulkier than her House Finch counterpart. She has more boldly defined colors in all regards with additional heavier and stronger facial and head markings. Take a watch to get a feel for it! Doesn't their identification certainly seem much easier when they are close-up, stationary and alongside one another? If only all birding were that simple.

  Purple finch : Male, female, song at the end
Annie G - Oiseaux et nature

Published on Jun 16, 2017

Purple finch : Male, female, song of the bird at the END of the vidoo

Filmed with Nikon Coolpix P900

Beach Party - Islandesque par Kevin MacLeod est protégée par une licence Creative Commons Attribution (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/)

Source : https://incompetech.com/music/royalty-free/index.html?isrc=USUAN1100613

Artiste : http://incompetech.com/




Visitor Sightings

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Ramona Abrego

Location: Becker County

Purple Finch


Location: Cass County

Purple Finch

MinnesotaSeasons.com Sightings





Created: 2/13/2019

Last Updated:

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