Viscid Violet Cort

(Cortinarius iodes)

Conservation Status
Viscid Violet Cort
Photo by Honey Fae (Farah)
  IUCN Red List

not listed

 
  NatureServe

NNR - Unranked

 
  Minnesota

not listed

 
           
           
           
           
 
Description
 
 

Viscid Violet Cort is a small gilled mushroom. It occurs in Europe, eastern Asia, North America, Central America, and northern South America. In the United States it occurs east of the Great Plains and on the West Coast. It is found from July to September, usually scattered or in groups, sometimes alone. It grows on the ground under hardwoods attached to the roots of a host tree. It has a mutually beneficial relationship (mycorrhizal) with the tiny rootlets of trees, absorbing sugars and amino acids while helping the tree absorb water.

When it first appears, the cap is bell-shaped and dark lilac to purple. The upper surface is slimy and bald, with no hairs or scales. As it ages the cap expands, it develops yellowish spots, and the color fades. Mature caps are broadly convex or broadly bell-shaped, yellowish-tan or grayish-tan, and ¾ to 2 (2 to 6 cm) in diameter. The margin is not lined.

The gills are closely spaced and attached to the stalk. When young, the gills are protected with a partial veil that is cobwebby or silky in texture (cortina). They are pale purple to lilac at first, becoming grayish-cinnamon as the spores mature. Between the main gills there are one or two series of short gills that do not reach the stalk.

The stalk is solid, slimy, 1½ to 2¾ (4 to 7 cm) long, and 316to (5 to 15 mm) thick. It is club-shaped when young, enlarged near the bottom, becoming nearly equal from top to bottom at maturity. It is whitish to purplish or lilac, sometimes whitish toward the base. There is no ring but there is often a thin, fibrous, rust-colored zone near the top where the partial veil was attached to the stalk.

The flesh is whitish to lilac. It does not change color when sliced. Eating it is not recommended.

The spore print is rusty brown.

 
     
 

Similar Species

 
     
     
 
Habitat and Hosts
 
 

Hardwoods

 
     
 
Ecology
 
 

Season

 
 

July to September

 
     
 
Distribution
 
 

Distribution Map

 

Sources

4, 7, 24, 26, 29, 30, 77.

 
  1/15/2023      
         
 

Occurrence

 
 

Common

 
         
 
Taxonomy
 
  Kingdom Fungi (fungi)  
  Subkingdom Dikarya  
  Phylum Basidiomycota (club fungi)  
  Subphylum Agaricomycotina (jelly fungi, yeasts, and mushrooms)  
  Class Agaricomycetes (mushrooms, bracket fungi, puffballs, and allies)  
  Subclass Agaricomycetidae  
  Order Agaricales (common gilled mushrooms and allies)  
  Suborder Agaricineae  
  Family Cortinariaceae  
  Genus Cortinarius (webcaps)  
       
 

Synonyms

 
 

 

 
       
 

Common Names

 
 

Spotted Cort

Viscid Violet Cort

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Glossary

Cortina

On mushrooms: A thin, silky or cobwebby veil, attached to the cap and the stalk, that protects the developing gills.

 

Mycorrhizal

A symbiotic, usually beneficial relationship between a fungus and the tiny rootlets of a plant, usually a tree.

 

Partial veil

A protective covering over the gills or pores of a developing mushroom. At maturity it disappears, collapses into a ring around the stalk, or wears away into a cobwebby covering and ring zone.

 

 

 

 

 
 
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Honey Fae (Farah)

 
 

The gills were also light purple/lavender!

 
    Viscid Violet Cort      
           
 
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Other Videos
 
  Pennsylvania Purple Mushroom Discovery. (Viscid Violet Cort / Cortinarius Iodes)
Bouncer Slab & REAL NATURE
 
   
 
About

Jul 7, 2022

 
  Cortinarius Iodes | PNW Mushroom Hunting
AmateurMycologist
 
   
 
About

Nov 14, 2019

Genus: Cortinarius
Species: C. iodes
Enviornment: Grass lawn with leaves surrounded by douglas fir and oak trees.

Description:
Purple whiteish body. The gills will open up as they mature. Brownish pinkish gills. Brownish spot on middle of cap.

 
  Cortinarius Iodes
Fromdahbush
 
   
 
About

Sep 7, 2022

Edited by YouCut:https://youcutapp.page.link/BestEditor

 

 

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Visitor Sightings
 
           
 

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  Honey Fae (Farah)
9/2/2022

Location: Dakota County

The gills were also light purple/lavender!

Viscid Violet Cort

 
           
 
MinnesotaSeasons.com Sightings
 
 

 

 

 

 

Binoculars


Created: 1/15/2023

Last Updated:

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