American pasqueflower

(Anemone patens var. multifida)

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List

not yet assessed

American pasqueflower


N4 - Apparently Secure

SNR - Unranked


not listed






Dry to moderate moisture. Prairies, hillsides, bluffs. Full sun.


Late March to May

Flower Color

White sepals, yellow center


4 to 16


This is an erect, perennial forb. On young plants it sends up basal leaves and a single flowering stem from a woody taproot. On older plants it sends up basal leaves and multiple flowering stems from an short, branched, ascending or vertical caudex.

There are 3 to 10, but usually 5 to 8, basal leaves. The flowering stem has a whorl of three leaves below the inflorescence. Basal leaves are on leaf stalks that are 2 to 5 long though usually no longer than 4. They are divided into 4 to 6 leaflets. Each leaflet is deeply divided into 2 more or less equal, narrow lobes. The upper surface is sparsely hairy, rarely hairless. The lower surface is densely covered with long, soft, shaggy, but unmatted hairs.

Stem leaves are similar to the basal leaves but are smaller and are attached to the stem without a leak stalk.

The inflorescence is a single flower at the end of a long, stout, stalk. The stalk is densely covered with long, soft, shaggy, but unmatted hairs.

The flowers ar large and showy, up to 3 across. They have 5 to 7 petal-like sepals. There are no petals. The sepals are white on the upper surface. The lower surface is densely hairy and purple or purplish-white, rarely white. There is a central, elongated, column-like cluster of white or purple styles surrounded by 150 to 200 yellow stamens.

The fruit is a flattened achene with a ¾ to 1 long fluffy plume.



Distribution Distribution Map   Sources: 2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 28.


Early Spring
This is the first wildflower to bloom in the spring on Minnesota prairies. The weather will determine when the first bloom appears. It has been seen in bloom in southern Minnesota as early as March 31. Dense silky hairs on the stout stem helps to trap warm air on cold spring nights. Look for it on south- or west-facing prairie hillsides.

Late Summer
Though this is a late bloomer it is not an ephemeral—it does not die back to the ground after blooming. The distinctive, low, green, mounded leaves can be seen into late summer if not hidden by dense prairie grasses and forbs. In the fall the leaves turn yellow.

State Flower
This is the state flower of South Dakota.



Ranunculaceae (buttercup)








Anemone ludoviciana

Anemone multifida

Anemone nuttalliana

Anemone patens ssp. multifida

Anemone patens var. nuttalliana

Anemone patens var. wolfgangiana

Anemone wolfgangiana

Pulsatilla hirsutissima

Pulsatilla ludoviciana

Pulsatilla multifida

Pulsatilla nuttaliana

Pulsatilla nuttaliana ssp. multifida

Pulsatilla nuttaliana ssp. nuttaliana

Pulsatilla patens ssp. asiatica

Pulsatilla patens ssp. hirsutissima

Pulsatilla patens ssp. multifida

Pulsatilla patens var. wolfgangiana


American pasqueflower


cutleaf anemone

pasque flower


prairie crocus


prairie smoke



sticky pasqueflower











A dry, one-chambered, single-seeded fruit, formed from a single carpel, with the seed attached to the membranous outer layer (wall) only by the seed stalk; the wall, formed entirely from the wall of the superior ovary, does not split open at maturity, but relies on decay or predation to release the contents.



A short, thickened, woody, persistent enlargement of the stem, at or below ground level, used for water storage.


Visitor Photos

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Young Plant

  American pasqueflower   American pasqueflower

Older Plant

  American pasqueflower   American pasqueflower
  American pasqueflower   American pasqueflower
  American pasqueflower    


  American pasqueflower   American pasqueflower
  American pasqueflower   American pasqueflower
  American pasqueflower    


  American pasqueflower    






Visitor Videos

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Other Videos

  Crocus Hunt Southwest Manitoba - May 5 2011

Uploaded on May 6, 2011

The results of the crocus hunt - near Miniota, in southwest Manitoba, Canada.

You can hear a meadowlark singing, along with the constant croaking of frogs...

The prairie crocus (anemone patens) is Manitoba's flower. Many people go on a crocus hunt each year, and when you find them blooming, it is considered the final proof that spring is here! (Even if they are blooming in the snow.)

P.S. Why isn't there a "nature" category on YouTube?

  Prairie Crocus (Pulsatilla patens)
Wandering Sole TV

Published on Apr 24, 2012

Pulsatilla patens





Visitor Sightings

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Des Moines River SNA

Felton Prairie SNA
Bicentennial Unit

Glacial Lakes State Park

Glendalough State Park

Great River Bluffs State Park

King's and Queen's Bluff SNA


Pin Oak Prairie SNA

Strandness Prairie

Upper Sioux Agency State Park

Spring Firsts

03/31/2000 Great River Bluffs State Park




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