lance-leaf coreopsis

(Coreopsis lanceolata)

Conservation Status
lance-leaf coreopsis
  IUCN Red List

not listed


N5 - Secure

SNA - Not applicable


not listed

Wetland Indicator Status
  Great Plains

FACU - Facultative upland


FACU - Facultative upland

  Northcentral & Northeast

FACU - Facultative upland


Lance-leaf coreopsis is a showy summer wildflower. It is native to eastern Canada and most of the eastern half of the United States, west to Wisconsin and eastern Texas. It was introduced in Europe, eastern Asia, South America, South Africa, Australia, and New Zealand. It is considered invasive in Japan and eastern Australia. In the United States it is widely cultivated as a garden ornamental, and is sometimes planted on roadsides. It was introduced but is not yet well established (adventive) in Minnesota. It is found in prairies, meadows, and disturbed areas. It grows under full sun in dry to moderately moist sandy soil

Lance-leaf coreopsis is a perennial forb that rises on a tuft of basal leaves and multiple flowering stems from a short, underground, horizontal stem (rhizome). It often forms clumps. Plants that have not been cultivated are 8 to 24 (10 to 60 cm) tall. Cultivated plants can be up to 36 (91 cm) tall. The hairiness of the plant is highly variable, even within the same plant.

Basal leaves are 2 to 4¾ (5 to 12 cm) long, and 516 to (8 to 15 mm) wide or slightly wider. They are on to 2 (1 to 5 cm) long or longer leaf stalks (petioles). The leaf blades are narrowly lance-shaped or lance egg-shaped. They are narrowed toward the base and taper to a usually sharp point at the tip. The blades are sometimes divided into 2 to 5 pinnate lobes or divisions. When divided, the terminal lobe or division is much longer than the lateral ones. The upper and lower surfaces may be hairless or sparsely to moderately covered with short, white, spreading hairs. The margins are untoothed.

The stems are erect, branched or unbranched, and hairless or sparsely to moderately covered with spreading hairs.

Stem leaves are opposite and are clustered on the lower one-third to one-half of the stem. On non-cultivated plants there are usually just 1 to 3 nodes, rarely up to 5 nodes. Cultivated plants may have more nodes. Lower stem leaves are on long petioles and are similar to basal leaves. The leaves become smaller, shorter stalked, and less divided as they ascend the stem.

The inflorescence is usually a solitary, showy flower head on a long stalk (peduncle) at the end of the stem and branches. The peduncles are leafless and usually 4¾ to 8 (12 to 20 cm) long, sometimes up to 13¾ (35 cm) long.

Each flower head is 2 to 3 (5 to 8 cm) in diameter and consists of a dense cluster of 60 to 150 or more tiny, fertile, disc florets surrounded by several large spreading, sterile, ray florets. Non-cultivated plants have just 8 ray florets. Cultivated plants have more ray florets, often twice that number.

At the base of the flower head there are two widely spreading series of modified leaves (bracts), each with 8 bracts. Outer bracts (calyculi) are green, lance egg-shaped to lance-linear, and 3 16 to (5 to 10 mm) long. Inner bracts (phyllaries) are yellowish-green to yellowish-brown, triangular or triangular lance-shaped, and to ½ (6 to 12 mm) long.

Ray florets are entirely yellow, are to 1316 (15 to 30 mm) long, and have 3 to 5 deep lobes or teeth at the tip. Disc florets are entirely yellow, five-lobed, and ¼ to 516 (6 to 7.5 mm) long.

The fruit is a dry, (3 to 4 mm) long seed capsule (cypsela) with conspicuous spreading wings on the margins.




8 to 24 (10 to 60 cm)


Flower Color




Similar Species


Dry to moderate moisture. Prairies, meadows, and disturbed areas. Full sun. Sandy soil.




May to August


Pests and Diseases




Garden ornamental, landscape beautification


Distribution Map



2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 24, 28, 29, 30.




Native in the eastern United States west to Wisconsin. Adventive in Minnesota.




Uncommon in Minnesota

  Kingdom Plantae (green algae and land plants)  
  Subkingdom Viridiplantae (green plants)  
  Infrakingdom Streptophyta (land plants and green algae)  
  Superdivision Embryophyta (land plants)  
  Division Tracheophyta (vascular plants)  
  Subdivision Spermatophytina (seed plants)  
  Class Magnoliopsida (flowering plants)  
  Superorder Asteranae  


Asterales (sunflowers, bellflowers, fanflowers, and allies)  


Asteraceae (sunflowers, daisies, asters, and allies)  
  Subfamily Asteroideae  
  Supertribe Helianthodae  
  Tribe Coreopsideae (coreopsis and allies)  
  Genus Coreopsis (tickseed)  
  Section Coreopsis  

Subordinate Taxa


One variety, Coreopsis lanceolata var. villosa, has been described, based on the number and length of aerial internodes below the inflorescence. It has been suggested that this may be a hybrid between C. lanceolata and C. pubescens. Other varieties have been described based on leaf dissection and pubescence. However, the hairiness is highly variable, even on the same plant. None of the varieties have been widely accepted.




Coreopsis crassifolia

Coreopsis heterogyna

Coreopsis lanceolata var. villosa


Common Names


garden coreopsis

lance coreopsis

lance-leaf coreopsis

lanceleaf tickseed

lance-leaf tickseed

lance-leaved coreopsis

long-stalk tickseed

sand coreopsis

sand tickseed













Modified leaf at the base of a flower stalk, flower cluster, or inflorescence.



A dry, one-chambered, single-seeded seed capsule, formed from a single carpel, with the seed attached to the membranous outer layer (wall) only by the seed stalk; the wall, formed from the wall of the inferior ovary and also from other tissues derived from the receptacle or hypanthium, does not split open at maturity, but relies on decay or predation to release the contents.



A whorl of bracts beneath or surrounding a flower or flower cluster.



Long, straight, and narrow, with more or less parallel sides, like a blade of grass.



The small swelling of the stem from which one or more leaves, branches, or buds originate.



On plants: The stalk of a leaf blade or a compound leaf that attaches it to the stem. On ants and wasps: The constricted first one or two segments of the rear part of the body.



In angiosperms, the stalk of a single flower or a flower cluster; in club mosses, the stalk of a strobilus or a group of strobili.



An individual bract within the involucre of a plant in the Asteraceae family.



On a compound leaf, having the leaflets arranged on opposite sides of a common stalk. On a bryophyte, having branches evenly arranged on opposite sides of a stem.



A thin, flat, membranous, usually transparent appendage on the margin of a structure.





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Flower head

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    lance-leaf coreopsis   lance-leaf coreopsis  


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Visitor Videos

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Other Videos
  Coreopsis Lanceolata
Where Flowers Bloom

Jun 30, 2022

Coreopsis lanceolata, commonly known as the lance-leaved coreopsis, is a North American species of tickseed belonging to the family Asteraceae.

  Coreopsis lanceolata

Jan 1, 2021

Coreopsis lanceolata is a late spring/early summer wildflower that is found in all but eight states in the United States. The plant grows to approximately three feet tall.

  Plant Of The Week: Lanceleaf Coreopsis (Coreopsis lanceolata)
Garden With Sufian

Jul 4, 2022

Sorry for the delay, but here is another plant of the week finally! This is Lanceleaf coreopsis, a native perennial that tends to grow in sunny areas with poor dry soil. It begins blooming in June and continues on throughout most of the growing season.




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Location: Faiview Twp, Cass County

lance-leaf coreopsis





Created: 7/15/2022

Last Updated:

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