white baneberry

(Actaea pachypoda)

Conservation Status
white baneberry
 
  IUCN Red List

not listed

     
  NatureServe

N5 - Secure

SNR - Unranked

     
  Minnesota

not listed

     
           
Wetland Indicator Status
     
  Midwest

FACU - Facultative upland

     
  Northcentral & Northeast

UPL - Obligate upland

     
           
 
Description
 
 

White baneberry is a 18 to 36 tall, erect, perennial forb that rises from a large, thick rhizome.

The stems are erect and hairless.

The leaves are alternate. The lower leaves are on long stalks, the upper leaves on shorter stalks. They are divided into 3 segments, with each segment divided into 3 leaflets. The leaflets are egg-shaped to oblong and may be unlobed or have 1 to 3 lobes. The margins have deep, sharp, irregular teeth. The upper leaflet surface is hairless. The lower surface is usually hairless.

The inflorescence is a dense, slightly elongated cluster on a long stalk with 25 or more flowers rising at the end of the stem or from an upper leaf axil. It is ¾ to 6¾ long and usually longer than wide.

The flowers are ¼ wide. There are 4 to 10 white petals which soon fall off leaving 15 to 50 stamens.

The fruit is a white, nearly globular berry with a black dot at the tip. The berry contains several seeds. When fruiting the pedicels are bright red and stout, as thick as the stalk to which they are attached.

 
     
 

Height

 
 

18 to 36

 
     
 

Flower Color

 
 

White

 
     
 

Similar Species

 
 

Red baneberry (Actaea rubra ssp. rubra) leaflet lower surface is commonly hairy, at least with hairs along the veins. The flower clusters are ball-shaped, as wide as long. The berries are red. When fruiting the pedicels are dull green or brown and slender, thinner than the stalk to which they are attached.

The form Actaea pachypoda f. rubrocarpa has red or pink berries. It is uncommon. It may be a hybrid of Actaea pachypoda and Actaea rubra, as its fruits are sterile.

 
     
 
Habitat
 
 

Moderate moisture. Woods.

 
     
 
Biology
 
 

Flowering

 
 

May to June

 
     
 
Use
 
 

 

 
     
 
Distribution
 
 

Distribution Map

 

Sources

2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 28.

BONAP includes records in Nobles and Watonwan Counties. iNaturalist includes unverified sightings in Belatrami and Clearwater Counties. All of these (light green) are well outside the species known range, and for that reason are suspect.

 
  6/16/2021      
         
 

Nativity

 
 

Native

 
         
 

Occurrence

 
 

 

 
         
 
Taxonomy
 
  Kingdom Plantae (green algae and land plants)  
  Subkingdom Viridiplantae (green plants)  
  Infrakingdom Streptophyta (land plants and green algae)  
  Superdivision Embryophyta (land plants)  
  Division Tracheophyta (vascular plants)  
  Subdivision Spermatophytina (seed plants)  
  Class Magnoliopsida (dicots)  
  Superorder Ranunculanae  
 

Order

Ranunculales (buttercups, poppies, and allies)  
 

Family

Ranunculaceae (buttercup, crowfoot)  
  Subfamily Ranunculoideae  
  Tribe Actaeeae  
 

Genus

Actaea (baneberry)  
  Section Actaea  
       
 

Subordinate Taxa

 
       
       
 

Synonyms

 
  Actaea alba  
       
 

Common Names

 
 

baneberry

doll’s eyes

doll’s-eyes

white baneberry

 
       

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Glossary

Axil

The upper angle where the leaf stalk meets the stem.

 

Pedicel

On plants: the stalk of a single flower in a cluster of flowers. On Hymenoptera and Araneae: the narrow stalk connecting the thorax to the abdomen.

 

Rhizome

A horizontal, usually underground stem. It serves as a reproductive structure, producing roots below and shoots above at the nodes.

       
Visitor Photos
   

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Luciearl
       
  white baneberry    
       
       
MinnesotaSeasons.com Photos
   

Plant

  white baneberry   white baneberry
       
  white baneberry    
       

Leaves

  white baneberry   white baneberry
       

Infructescence

  white baneberry   white baneberry
       
  white baneberry    
       
       

 

Camera

     
Slideshows
   
  Actaea pachypoda
Butler Herbarium
 
  Actaea pachypoda  
     
  White Cohosh (Actaea alba)
Andree Reno Sanborn
 
  White Cohosh (Actaea alba)  
     
  Actaea pachypoda (White Baneberry)
Allen Chartier
 
  Actaea pachypoda (White Baneberry)  
     
  "Actaea Pachypoda"
CreepsMcPasta
 
   
 
About

Published on Jul 22, 2013

Try say the title of this before watching the video. Then you'll see the problem I had. XD

 
     

 

slideshow

       
Visitor Videos
       

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Other Videos
 
  01 Actaea pachypoda Séquence 2-Vivaces printanières 1.m4v
Jean Désorcy
 
   
 
About

Uploaded on Jan 9, 2010

L'Actée à gros pieds du printemps à l'automne. Big feet Banberrt from spring to fall. Actaea con pies larga de la primavera hasta el otoño

   
       
  Doll's-eyes (Actaea pachypoda)
colong7034
 
   
 
About

Published on Sep 1, 2014

Doll's-eyes (Actaea pachypoda) aka white baneberry. Shot April/May and August 2014 in Transylvania County, NC

   
       

 

Camcorder

         
Visitor Sightings
   

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Luciearl
5/28/2018

Location: Cass County

white baneberry


     
     
 
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