blackberry looper

(Chlorochlamys chloroleucaria)

blackberry looper
Photo by Alfredo Colon
  Hodges #

7071

 
 
Conservation Status
  IUCN Red List

not listed

     
  NatureServe

NNR - Unranked

     
  Minnesota

not listed

     
           
 
Description
 
 

Blackberry looper is a small, widespread, and very common emerald moth. It occurs in the United States east of the Rocky Mountains, in adjacent Canadian provinces, and in Mexico. It is very common in Minnesota. It is found in woodlands, fields, and other open areas. There are two generations each year. Adults fly from May to September and mature caterpillars are found from May through fall.

Adult blackberry looper moths have a wingspan of 9 16 to (14 to 23 mm). There is a wide longitudinal stripe on the upper (dorsal) side of the thorax extending to the tip of the abdomen. The wings are relatively large and grayish-green with creamy white lines and with minute, creamy white speckling that gives them a grainy appearance. The forewing has wide antemedial (AM) and postmedial (PM) lines, a wide band on the leading (costal) margin, and sometimes a thin line on the outer margin (terminal line). The fringe is creamy white. The hindwing is similar but with only a PM line. As the adult ages the green fades and the wings become more cream colored. The antennae on the male are broadly feather-like with extensions along both sides of the shaft (bipectinate). On the female the antennae are thread-like.

The caterpillar is less than 1 (2.5 cm) long. The body is pale green with minute whitish speckling. The head is brownish. There are pale, slender horns on the head and first thoracic segment that project forward. There is a pale longitudinal stripe in the middle (middorsal stripe) and on each side there is one thin pale stripe in the subdorsal area, one above the breathing pores (spiracles), one through the spiracles, and one below the spiracles. There is also a yellow band between each abdominal segment. Mature caterpillars are active from May to fall.

 
     
 

Size

 
 

Wingspan: 9 16 to (14 to 23 mm)

 
     
 

Similar Species

 
     
     
 
Habitat
 
 

Woodlands, fields, and other open areas

 
     
 
Biology
 
 

Season

 
 

Two generations per year: May to September

 
     
 

Behavior

 
 

Adults are active both day and night. They sometimes come to lights but in small numbers.

 
     
 

Life Cycle

 
 

 

 
     
 

Larva Hosts

 
 

Blackberry, raspberry, and strawberry fruits, and the flower petals of goldenrods and many other plants in the Aster (Asteraceae) family.

 
     
 

Adult Food

 
 

 

 
     
 
Distribution
 
 

Distribution Map

 

Sources

21, 24, 27, 29, 30, 71, 75.

 
  11/23/2019      
         
 

Occurrence

 
 

Widespread and very common in Minnesota

 
         
 
Taxonomy
 
 

Order

Lepidoptera (butterflies and moths)  
 

Suborder

Glossata  
 

Infraorder

Neolepidoptera  
  Parvorder Heteroneura  
  No Rank Ditrysia  
  No Rank Obtectomera  
 

Superfamily

Geometroidea (inchworm moths)  
 

Family

Geometridae (geometer moths)  
 

Subfamily

Geometrinae (emeralds)  
 

Tribe

Hemitheini  
 

Genus

Chlorochlamys  
       
 

Synonyms

 
 

Aplodes flavilineata

Eucrostis rectilinea

Geometra desolataria

Nemoria chloroleucaria

Nemoria densaria

Nemoria indiscriminata

Thassodes deprivata

 
       
 

Common Names

 
 

blackberry looper

blackberry looper moth

 
       

 

 

 

 

 

Glossary

Antemedial line

A thin line separating the basal area and the median area of the forewing of Lepidoptera.

 

Costal margin

The leading edge of the forewing of insects.

 

Spiracle

A small opening on the surface of an insect through which the insect breathes.

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
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Alfredo Colon

 
    blackberry looper   blackberry looper  
           
 
MinnesotaSeasons.com Photos
 
 

 

 
           
           

 

Camera

     
 
Slideshows
 
Blackberry Looper - Hodges#7071 (Chlorochlamys chloroleucaria)
Andree Reno Sanborn
  Blackberry Looper - Hodges#7071 (Chlorochlamys chloroleucaria)  
     

 

slideshow

       
 
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Other Videos
 
  Blackberry Looper Moth (Geometridae: Chlorochamys chloroleucaria) Dorsal View
Carl Barrentine
 
   
 
About

Aug 16, 2011

Photographed at the Turtle River State Park, North Dakota (16 August 2011). Thank you to Maury Heiman (@Bugguide.net) for identifying this specimen!

 
       

 

Camcorder

 
 
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  Alfredo Colon
Summer 2018

Location: Woodbury, Minnesota

blackberry looper  
           
 
MinnesotaSeasons.com Sightings
 
 

 

 

 

 

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Created: 11/23/2019

Last Updated:

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