Minnesota Ants, Bees, Wasps and Sawflies

Order Hymenoptera

Hymenoptera (ants, bees, wasps and sawflies) is the order of insects that is characterized by having two pairs of membranous wings and an ovipositor specialized for stinging or piercing. The order includes ants, bees, wasps, hornets, sawflies, and horntails.

There are about 125,000 known species worldwide, about 18,000 species in more than 2,000 genera in North America north of Mexico. More than 1,000 species have been collected at Cedar Creek Ecosystem Science Reserve in Anoka County, Minnesota.


yellow-legged mud-dauber



Recent Additions

Taschenberg’s long-necked ant


Taschenberg’s long-necked ant (Dolichoderus taschenbergi) is a small odorous ant. It occurs in the United States from Maine to North Dakota, south to Georgia and Louisiana, and in Canada from Nova Scotia to Manitoba. It is uncommon throughout its range but is most abundant in the north. It is found in open areas including old fields, woodland edges, and bogs. It forms huge colonies, often with multiple queens and more than 10,000 workers. It constructs igloo-shaped dome nests, 2 to 8 in height, using grasses, sphagnum mosses, spruce and pine needles, and other shredded vegetation. It the spring it can sometimes be found massed above ground warming in the sun.

Workers are uniformly colored. The overall color is sometimes interpreted as “dark brownish-black”, sometimes as “all black”, sometimes as “jet black”. The head and front part of the body are dull, the rear of the body is shiny. The last segment of the front part of the body (propodeum) is an important identifying feature. When viewed from above, the propodeum is squarish, about as long as wide. When viewed from the side, the propodeum is distinctly concave and has the appearance of a bottle opener.

  Taschenberg’s long-necked ant  
    Photo by Luciearl  

Elm leafminer


Elm leafminer (Fenusa ulmi) is a very small common sawfly. It is native to eastern Europe and Scandinavia. It was brought to North America most likely on imported elms. It now occurs in the United States from New England to the upper Midwest, in the Pacific Northwest, and in southeast Canada. Based on the scarcity of reports, it is still relatively uncommon in Minnesota. Adults are small and dark colored.

Due to the small size of the adult, elm leafminer is most often identified by the damage the larva causes to its host plant. Mines are seen from mid-May to early June on American elm and slippery elm. The larva feeds between the upper and lower surfaces of the leaf. It creates a serpentine mine at first. That soon develops into a small blotch between two lateral veins, later into a large blotch on one side if the midrib. The mines are clear and the flattened, whitish-green or yellowish-white larva can be seen when viewing the upper side of the leaf. The infected part of the leaf turns brown and eventually falls off. A heavy infestation may cause the entire tree to defoliate, but the infected tree flushes again and survives.

  elm leafminer  

Black-and-gold bumble bee


Black-and-gold bumble bee (Bombus auricomus) is common, large, colonial bumble bee. It occurs in North America east of the Rocky mountains. It is common in southern Minnesota, less common in the north. It is one of the largest bumble bees in Minnesota. Females (worker bees) are up to ¾ long. It is found in grasslands and open areas. It lives in small colonies of about 35 workers.

Black-and-gold bumble bee is identified by its large size; there is a patch of yellow hairs on the back of the head; the thorax that is yellow on the front third, black on the rear two thirds, and has a very narrow yellow band at the rear; and the abdomen is black except for the entirely yellow second and third segments.

  black-and-gold bumble bee  
    Photo by Gerry Garcia  

Nomad bee (Nomada spp.)


There are more than 850 species of nomad bee (Nomada sp.) worldwide, more than 280 species in North America. Like other cuckoo bees (subfamily Nomadinae), nomad bees do not construct nests, but lay their eggs in the nests of ground-nesting bees. One to four eggs are laid in the cell wall of the host nest. The larvae have large, outward-facing, scissor-like mandibles. The first larva to emerge destroys all the other eggs, both those of the host and those of its own siblings. It consumes the pollen provisioned by its host, and emerges as an adult the same time as the host adults emerge.

Nomad bees are usually black, black and red, or entirely red, with yellow, white, and/or red markings. Many species have red legs. The genus Nomada includes the only bees in North America that are entirely red. They have short, thin, and inconspicuous hairs on the body and no pollen-collecting hairs (scopa) on the hind legs. They look more like wasps than a bees.

  nomad bee (Nomada sp.)  
    Photo by Alfredo Colon  

Downy yellowjacket


Downy yellowjacket (Vespula flavopilosa) is an uncommon, medium-sized, predatory, social wasp. It is found in the northeastern United States from Minnesota to Maine, south to Virginia, and along the Appalachian mountains to northern Georgia. It closely resembles eastern yellowjacket. It is thought by some to be a hybrid between eastern and common yellowjackets. Others suggest that it probably arose as a hybrid but now queens mate with drones of the same species.

The overwintering queen emerges from hibernation in April or May. She builds a nest of 20 to 45 cells and cares for the grubs as they hatch. In about 30 days the workers emerge and take over nest building duties. Through spring and summer the queen produces a large number of worker wasps. In mid-summer, the nest grows exponentially, as more and more workers become available, ultimately with 3,500 to 15,000 cells. Only the new queens survive the winter, hibernating under loose tree bark, in a decaying stump, or in another sheltered location.

In eastern North America, four yellowjacket species, common, downy, eastern, and German yellowjackets, closely resemble each other, making identification difficult. Downy yellowjacket is distinguished from the others by a continuous, uninterrupted yellow band on the face below the compound eye; and by the shape and pattern of black markings on the first and second abdominal segments.

  downy yellowjacket  
    Photo by Bill Reynolds  
Other Recent Additions

field ants (Formica pallidefulva group)

ichneumonid wasp (Pimpla pedalis)

torymid wasps (Family Torymidae)

potter or mason wasp (Parazumia symmorpha)

ichneumonid wasp (Colpotrochia trifasciata)

smiling mason wasp (Ancistrocerus campestris)

crabonid wasp (Astata unicolor)

  crabonid wasp (Astata unicolor)  
    Photo by Babette Kis  









This list includes only ants, bees, wasps and sawflies that have been recorded in Minnesota, but not all of the ants, bees, wasps and sawflies found in Minnesota.

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aberrant cellophane bee (Colletes aberrans)

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acorn plum gall wasp (Amphibolips quercusjuglans)


admirable sweat bee (Lasioglossum admirandum)


agile long-horned bee (Melissodes agilis)

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alfalfa leafcutting bee (Megachile rotundata)


Allegheny mining bee (Andrena alleghaniensis)

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Allegheny mound ant (Formica exsectoides)


alternate cuckoo-leaf-cutter bee (Coelioxys alternatus)


amber-winged sweat bee (Lasioglossum succinipenne)


American ant (Myrmica americana)


American bumble bee (Bombus pensylvanicus)


American cellophane bee (Colletes americanus)

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American pelecinid wasp (Pelecinus polyturator)

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American sand wasp (Bembix americana)


Andrew’s cellophane bee (Colletes andrewsi)

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ants (Family Formicidae)

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argid sawflies (Arge spp.)


argid sawflies (Family Argidae)


articulated nomad bee (Nomada articulata)


aster cellophane bee (Colletes compactus)


augochlorine sweat bee (Augochloropsis sumptuosa)

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bald-faced hornet (Dolichovespula maculata)


bald-spot sweat bee (Lasioglossum paraforbesii)


band-footed sweat bee (Lasioglossum cinctipes)


Bank’s nomad bee (Nomada banksi)


bare dogwood miner (Andrena integra)


beach dune cellophane bee (Colletes speculiferus)


beebalm shortface (Dufourea monardae)


bees (Epifamily Anthophila)


bellflower resin bee (Megachile campanulae)


beloved vespid wasp (Odynerus dilectus)

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bicolored striped sweat bee (Agapostemon virescens)


bi-lobed cuckoo sweat bee (Sphecodes confertus)


black and red horntail (Urocerus cressoni)

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black giant ichneumonid wasp (Megarhyssa atrata)

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black-and-gold bumble bee (Bombus auricomus)


black-and-gray leaf-cutter bee (Megachile melanophaea)


black-and-green metallic sweat bee (Lasioglossum nigroviride)


black-and-white mason wasp (Euodynerus leucomelas)


black-and-yellow nomad (Nomada luteoloides)


black-headed ash sawfly (Tethida cordigera)


black-tailed long-horned bee (Eucera atriventris)


blood bees (Sphecodes spp.)


blood-red ant (Formica sanguinea)


blue orchard bee (Osmia lignaria lignaria)


blueberry cellophane bee (Colletes validus)


blue-winged wasp (Scolia dubia)


braconid wasp (Atanycolus charus)


braconid wasp (Atanycolus crassicruris)


braconid wasp (Atanycolus longicauda)


braconid wasp (Atanycolus nigropyga)


braconid wasp (Atanycolus niteofrons)


braconid wasp (Atanycolus rugosiventris)


braconid wasp (Atanycolus simplex)


braconid wasp (Atanycolus ulmicola)


braconid wasp (Macrocentrus marginator)


braconid wasps (Atanycolus spp.)

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braconid wasps (Family Braconidae)


braconid wasps (Meteorus spp.)


braconid wasps (Subfamily Agathidinae)


Bradley’s mining bee (Andrena bradleyi)


bramble mason wasp (Ancistrocerus adiabatus)


bristle sweat bee (Lasioglossum imitatum)


broad-footed cellophane bee (Colletes latitarsis)

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broad-handed leafcutting bee (Megachile latimanus)

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brown-belted bumble bee (Bombus griseocollis)


brown-headed ash sawfly (Tomostethus multicinctus)


brown-winged striped sweat bee (Agapostemon splendens)

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bumble bees (Bombus spp.)

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buttercup blood bee (Sphecodes ranunculi)

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butternut woollyworm (Eriocampa juglandis)

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California jumping gall wasp (Neuroterus saltatorius)


Canadian potter wasp (Symmorphus canadensis)


Catskill potter wasp (Ancistrocerus catskill)


cellophane bee (Colletes eulophi)

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cellophane bees (Colletes spp.)


chalcidoid wasp (Monodontomerus mexicanus)


chalcidoid wasp (Monodontomerus minor)


chalcidoid wasps (Kocourekia spp.)


chalcidoid wasps (Leucospis spp.)


chalcidoid wasps (Melittobia spp.)


chalcidoid wasps (Tetrastichus spp.)


cherry gall wasp (Cynips quercusfolii)


cinquefoil yellow-faced bee (Hylaeus basalis)

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cloudy-winged mining bee (Andrena nubecula)


club-horned cuckoo wasp (Sapyga martini)


commodius miner bee (Andrena commoda)

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common aerial yellowjacket (Dolichovespula arenaria)

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common eastern bumble bee (Bombus impatiens)


common little leaf-cutter bee (Megachile brevis)


common sawfly (Macrophya flavolineata)

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common sawflies (Family Tenthredinidae)


common sawflies (Macrophya spp.)


common sawflies (Monophadnoides spp.)


common sawflies (Periclista spp.)

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common sawfly (Macrophya epinota)


common sawfly (Macrophya fumator)

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common sawfly (Macrophya pulchella)


common sawfly (Macrophya tibiator)

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common sawfly (Macrophya trisyllaba)


common thread-waisted wasp (Ammophila procera)


common yellowjacket (Vespula alascensis)


coneflower mining bee (Andrena rudbeckiae)

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confusing bumble bee (Bombus perplexus)


confusing furrow bee (Halictus confusus)


confusing long-horned bee (Melissodes confusa)


constrained cuckoo carder bee (Stelis coarctatus)


cornfield ant (Lasius alienus)


crabonid wasp (Alysson oppositus)

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crabonid wasp (Astata unicolor)


Cresson’s sweat bee (Lasioglossum cressonii)


Cresson’s nomad bee (Nomada cressonii)


cross potter wasp (Eumenes crucifera-nearcticus)


cuckoo wasp (Chrysura smaragdula)


cuckoo wasp (Family Chrysididae)


cuckoo wasp (Hedychrum confusum)


cuckoo wasp (Muesbeckidium obsoletum)

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cuckoo wasp (Subfamily Chrysidinae)


cuckoo wasp (Trichrysis doriae)


cuckoo wasps (Elampus spp.)


cuneate nomad bee (Nomada cuneata)

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curled rose sawfly (Allantus cinctus)


cyclops cuckoo sweat bee (Sphecodes heraclei)


dark-veined longhorn bee (Melissodes trinodis)


Davis’s cuckoo sweat bee (Sphecodes davisii)


deadly cuckoo sweat bee (Sphecodes stygius)


denticulate cuckoo nomad bee (Nomada denticulata)


denticulate long-horned bee (Melissodes denticulatus)


depressed cuckoo nomad bee (Nomada depressa)


dilated-horned small-mason (Hoplitis spoliata)

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dogwood sawfly (Macremphytus tarsatus)

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dogwood sawfly (Macremphytus testaceus)

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double-banded scoliid wasp (Scolia bicincta)

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downy yellowjacket (Vespula flavopilosa)


Drury’s long-horned bee (Melissodes druriellus)


dull-breasted sweat bee (Lasioglossum pectorale)


dusky birch sawfly (Croesus latitarsus)


eastern black carpenter ant (Camponotus pennsylvanicus)


eastern carpenter bee (Xylocopa virginica)


eastern green sweat bee (Lasioglossum viridatum)


eastern miner bee (Calliopsis andreniformis)


eastern yellow-faced bee (Hylaeus affinis)

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eastern yellowjacket (Vespula maculifrons)

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eight-toothed cuckoo leaf-cutter bee (Coelioxys octodentata)

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elm leafminer (Fenusa ulmi)

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elm sawfly (Cimbex americana)


eucera cuckoo nomad bee (Triepeolus cressonii)


European paper wasp (Polistes dominula)


European pine sawfly (Neodiprion sertifer)


European tube wasp (Ancistrocerus gazella)


Fernald's cuckoo bumble bee (Bombus fernaldae)

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field ants (Formica pallidefulva group)


five-spined nomad (Nomada australis)


flat-tailed leaf-cutter bee (Megachile mendica)


Forbes’s sweat bee (Lasioglossum forbesii)


forest yellowjacket (Vespula acadica)

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four-banded stink bug hunter wasp (Bicyrtes quadrifasciatus)

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fraternal potter wasp (Eumenes fraternus)


frigid bumble bee (Bombus frigidus)


frigid leaf-cutter bee (Megachile frigida)


fusca-group field ants (Formica fusca group)


fuzzy mound ant (Formica lasioides)

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German yellowjacket (Vespula germanica)


golden northern bumble bee (Bombus fervidus)


golden sweat bee (Augochlorella aurata)


goldenrod cellophane bee (Colletes solidaginis)


goldenrod longhorn-cuckoo bee (Triepeolus pectoralis)


goldenrod long-horned bee (Melissodes menuachus)


golden-tailed leafcutter bee (Megachile relativa)


gouty oak gall wasp (Callirhytis quercus punctata)


Graenicher’s cuckoo nomad bee (Nomada graenicheri)

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great black digger wasp (Sphex pensylvanicus)

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great golden digger wasp (Sphex ichneumoneus)


Greene’s giant ichneumonid wasp (Megarhyssa greenei)


ground hornet (Vespula vidua)

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hairy-banded mining bee (Andrena hirticincta)

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half-black bumble bee (Bombus vagans)


hawthorn leafminer (Profenusa canadensis)


high noon ant (Forelius pruinosus)


homogeneous cuckoo sweat bee (Sphecodes persimilis)

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hook-spurred longhorn (Eucera hamata)


horseshoe sweat bee (Lasioglossum illinoense)


Hunt’s bumble bee (Bombus huntii)


hyaline cellophane bee (Colletes hyalinus)


ichneumonid wasp (Acroricnus stylator aequatus)


ichneumonid wasp (Arcotomus succinctus)


ichneumonid wasp (Aritranis director)

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ichneumonid wasp (Charops annulipes)

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ichneumonid wasp (Colpotrochia trifasciata)


ichneumonid wasp (Cosmoconus canadensis)


ichneumonid wasp (Cratichneumon annulatipes)


ichneumonid wasp (Cratichneumon paratus)


ichneumonid wasp (Cratichneumon pteridis)


ichneumonid wasp (Cratichneumon sublatus)


ichneumonid wasp (Cratichneumon tyloidifer)


ichneumonid wasp (Cratichneumon unifasciatorius)


ichneumonid wasp (Cratichneumon vescus)


ichneumonid wasp (Cratichneumon vinnulus)


ichneumonid wasp (Cratichneumon w-album)


ichneumonid wasp (Ephialtes macer)


ichneumonid wasp (Exochus dorsalis)

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ichneumonid wasp (Family Ichneumonidae)


ichneumonid wasp (Gelis meabilis)


ichneumonid wasp (Lissonota acrobasidis)


ichneumonid wasp (Lissonota atrimalis)


ichneumonid wasp (Lissonota brevipappus)


ichneumonid wasp (Lissonota brunnea)


ichneumonid wasp (Lissonota conferta)


ichneumonid wasp (Lissonota coracina)


ichneumonid wasp (Lissonota crevieri)


ichneumonid wasp (Lissonota cruralis)


ichneumonid wasp (Lissonota cylpeator)


ichneumonid wasp (Lissonota exigua)


ichneumonid wasp (Lissonota exilis)


ichneumonid wasp (Lissonota imitatrix)


ichneumonid wasp (Lissonota parva)


ichneumonid wasp (Lissonota punctata)


ichneumonid wasp (Lissonota rubrica)


ichneumonid wasp (Lissonota scutellaris)


ichneumonid wasp (Lissonota stenostoma)


ichneumonid wasp (Lissonota tegularis)


ichneumonid wasp (Ophionellus texanus)

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ichneumonid wasp (Pimpla pedalis)


ichneumonid wasp (Poemenia albipes)


ichneumonid wasp (Poemenia americana)


ichneumonid wasp (Polytribax pallescens)


ichneumonid wasp (Setanta compta)


ichneumonid wasp (Therion circumflexum)


ichneumonid wasp (Therion fuscipenne)


ichneumonid wasp (Therion morio)


ichneumonid wasp (Therion nigripes)


ichneumonid wasp (Therion petiolatum)


ichneumonid wasp (Therion tenuipes)


ichneumonid wasp (Therion texanum)

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ichneumonid wasp (Vulgichneumon brevicinctor)

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ichneumonid wasps (Cosmoconus spp.)

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ichneumonid wasps (Cratichneumon spp.)

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ichneumonid wasps (Lissonota spp.)

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ichneumonid wasps (Melanichneumon spp.)


ichneumonid wasps (Ophionellus spp.)


ichneumonid wasps (Sinophorus spp.)


ichneumonid wasps (Subfamily Tersilochinae)


ichneumonid wasps (Therion spp.)


icy mound ant (Formica glacialis)


Illinois cuckoo nomad bee (Nomada illinoensis)


Illinois cuckoo sweat bee (Sphecodes illinoensis?)


imbricate cuckoo nomad bee (Nomada imbricata)


impunctate cellophane bee (Colletes impunctatus)


indiscriminate cuckoo bumble bee (Bombus insularis)


introduced pine sawfly (Diprion similis)


Kincaid’s cellophane bee (Colletes kincaidii)


kindred cellophane bee (Colletes consors)


larch sawfly (Pristiphora erichsonii)

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larger empty oak apple wasp (Amphibolips quercusinanis)


leaf-cutter bee (Megachile dakotensis)


leaf-cutter bee (Megachile nivalis)

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leaf-cutter, mortar, and resin bees (Megachile spp.)


leathery sweat bee (Lasioglossum coriaceum)

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lemon cuckoo bumble bee (Bombus citrinus)

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ligated furrow bee (Halictus ligatus)


light bronze mound ant (Formica subaenescens)


little black ant (Monomorium minimum)


lobed mason wasp (Ancistrocerus antilope)

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longhorn-cuckoo bees (Triepeolus spp.)


long-horned bee (Melissodes dentiventris)


long-horned bee (Melissodes grindelliae)


long-horned bee (Melissodes wheeleri)

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longhorn bees (Melissodes spp.)

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longhorn bees (Melissodes Subgenus Eumelissodes)


long-tailed giant ichneumonid wasp (Megarhyssa macrurus)


Los Angeles leafcutter bee (Megachile angelarum)


lunate longhorn-cuckoo (Triepeolus lunatus)


Macoupin County sweat bee (Lasioglossum macoupinense)


mandibular cellophane bee (Colletes mandibularis)


maple petiole borer (Caulocampus acericaulis)


Maria miner bee (Andrena mariae)


Mary’s long-necked ant (Dolichoderus mariae)


masked bees (Hylaeus spp.)


mason bee (Osmia subarctica)

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mason wasp (Zethus spinipes spinipes)


Mesilla yellow-faced bee (Hylaeus mesillae)

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metallic bluish-green cuckoo wasp (Chrysis angolensis)


metallic epauletted-sweat bee (Augochloropsis metallica)


metallic sweat bee (Lasioglossum platyparium)


metallic sweat bee (Lasioglossum rozeni)


metallic sweat bees (Lasioglossum Subgenus Dialictus)

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Mexican grass-carrying wasp (Isodontia mexicana)


mining bee (Protandrena bancrofti)


mining bee (Pseudopanurgus albitarsis)

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mining bees (Andrena spp.)


mining bees (Andrena Subgenus Melandrena)


modest masked bee (Hylaeus modestus modestus)


mossy rose gall wasp (Diplolepis rosae)


mottled long-necked ant (Dolichoderus plagiatus)


mountain ash sawfly (Pristiphora geniculata)


Nason’s mining bee (Andrena nasonii)


neighborly nomad (Nomada vicina)


nelumbo masked bee (Hylaeus nelumbonis)


Nevada bumble bee (Bombus nevadensis)


New World mound ant (Formica neogagates)

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New York carpenter ant (Camponotus novaeboracensis)


nimble long-horned bee (Melissodes subagilis)

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nomad bees (Nomada spp.)

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northern amber bumble bee (Bombus borealis)

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northern paper wasp (Polistes fuscatus)


northern red wood ant (Formica obscuriventris)


notch-backed cellophane-cuckoo bee (Epeolus scutellaris)

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oak fig gall wasp (Trigonaspis quercusforticorne)

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oak flake gall wasp (Neuroterus floccosus)

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oak gall wasp (Amphibolips cookii)


oak gall wasp (Neuroterus exiguissimus)

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oak rough bulletgall wasp (Disholcaspis quercusmamma)


obliterated nomad (Nomada obliterata)


Ocean Grove sweat bee (Lasioglossum nymphaearum)


odorous house ant (Tapinoma sessile)


one-banded mason wasp (Ancistrocerus unifasciatus)


orange-bellied mummy wasp (Aleiodes abdominalis)


orange-legged furrow bee (Halictus rubicundus)


orange-tipped wood-digger bee (Anthophora terminalis)


ovate cuckoo nomad bee (Nomada ovata)


pale field ant (Formica pallidefulva)


pale-marked long-horned bee (Melissodes pallidisignatus)


parallel-striped sweat bee (Halictus parallelus)

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Parker’s thread-waisted wasp (Prionyx parkeri)


parsnip miner bee (Andrena thaspii)


patchwork leafcutter bee (Megachile centuncularis)


peaceful mining bee (Andrena placata)


pear sawfly (Caliroa cerasi)


petulant leaf-cutter bee (Megachile petulans)

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pigeon tremex (Tremex columba)


pitted mound ant (Formica fossaceps)


plated miner bee (Andrena platyparia)

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podzol mound ant (Formica podzolica)


potter and mason wasps (Ancistrocerus spp.)


potter and mason wasps (Euodynerus spp.)


potter and mason wasps (Leptochilus spp.)

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potter and mason wasps (Subfamily Eumeninae)


potter or mason wasp (Eumenes bollii)


potter or mason wasp (Euodynerus annulatus)


potter or mason wasp (Euodynerus boscii-molestus)


potter or mason wasp (Euodynerus crypticus)


potter or mason wasp (Euodynerus hidalgo)


potter or mason wasp (Euodynerus foraminatus)


potter or mason wasp (Leptochilus ornatus)


potter or mason wasp (Leptochilus republicanus)


potter or mason wasp (Parancistrocerus fulvipes)


potter or mason wasp (Parancistrocerus leionotus)


potter or mason wasp (Parancistrocerus pedestris)


potter or mason wasp (Parancistrocerus pensylvanicus)


potter or mason wasp (Parancistrocerus vagus)

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potter or mason wasp (Parazumia symmorpha)


potter or mason wasp (Pterocheilus quinquefasciatus)


potter or mason wasp (Stenodynerus ammonia)


potter or mason wasp (Stenodynerus anormis)

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prairie mound ant (Formica montana)


pugnacious leaf-cutter bee (Megachile pugnata)

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pure green sweat bee (Augochlora pura)


pygmy nomad bee (Nomada pygmaea)

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pyramid ant (Dorymyrmex insanus)


red-bearded mound ant (Formica neorufibarbis)

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red-belted bumble bee (Bombus rufocinctus)


red-belted plasterer bee cellophane bee (Colletes rufocinctus)


redheaded pine sawfly (Neodiprion lecontei)


red-tailed mining bee (Andrena erythrogaster)


resin bee (Heriades carinata)


Robertson’s plasterer bee (Colletes robertsonii)


robust sunflower leafcutter bee (Megachile fortis)

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roseslug (Endelomyia aethiops)


round bullet gall wasp (Disholcaspis quercusglobulus)


rudbeckia yellow-faced bee (Hylaeus rudbeckiae)


ruddy nomad bee (Nomada rubicunda)


ruddy slave-making mound ant (Formica rubicunda)


rugose-fronted resin bee (Megachile rugifrons)


rusty patched bumble bee (Bombus affinis)


sand wasp (Argogorytes nigrifrons)

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sand wasps (Gorytes spp.)


Sanderson’s bumble bee (Bombus sandersoni)


sand-loving wasp (Tachytes distinctus)


sanicle yellow-faced bee (Hylaeus saniculae)


sawflies, horntails, and wood wasps (Suborder Symphyta)


Say’s cuckoo nomad bee (Nomada sayi)

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Say’s sunflower burrowing-resin bee (Paranthidium jugatorium jugatorium)


scalloped cuckoo sweat bee (Sphecodes dichrous)


scorpionweed plasterer bee (Colletes phaceliae)


sculptured resin bee (Megachile sculpturalis)


shield-handed square-headed wasps (Crabro spp.)


short leafcutter bee (Megachile brevis)


short-horned cellophane bee (Colletes brevicornis)


short-spined ant (Myrmica brevispinosa)


short-tongued miner bee (Andrena brevipalpis)


silky striped sweat bee (Agapostemon sericeus)


silver-tailed petalcutter (Megachile montivaga)


silvery field ant (Formica argentea)


similar mason bee (Osmia simillima)


sixteen-spotted cuckoo carder bee (Stelis permaculata)


slender-faced yellow-faced bee (Hylaeus leptocephalus)

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small carpenter bees (Ceratina spp.)


smaller carpenter ant (Camponotus nearcticus)


smaller yellow ant (Lasius claviger)


small-handed leaf-cutter bee (Megachile gemula)

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smiling mason wasp (Ancistrocerus campestris)

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somewhat silky mound ant (Formica subsericea)


spider wasp (Auplopus archictectus)


spider wasp (Auplopus caerulescens)


spider wasp (Auplopus mellipes variitarsatus)


spider wasp (Auplopus nigrellus)

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spider wasp (Caliadurgus fasciatellus)

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spider wasp (Pompilidae)


spine-shouldered cellophane bee (Colletes simulans)


Spinola’s mason wasp (Ancistrocerus spinolae)

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spiny rose gall wasp (Diplolepis bicolor)

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spiny rose stem gall wasp (Diplolepis spinosa)

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spongy oak apple gall wasp (Amphibolips confluenta)


spotted nomad bee (Nomada maculata)


spurred carpenter bee (Ceratina calcarata)


square-headed wasp (Ectemnius maculosus)

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square-headed wasp (Subfamily Crabroninae)


square-headed wasp (Tribe Crabronini)


squash longhorn-cuckoo (Triepeolus remigatus)


stunning sweat bee (Lasioglossum paradmirandum)


sumac cellophane bee (Colletes nudud)

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sunflower nomia (Dieunomia heteropoda)


superb nomada (Nomada superba)


Susanna’s cellophane bee (Colletes susannae)


sweat and furrow bees (Lasioglossum spp.)


sweat bee (Sphecodes fattigi)

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sweat bee (Subfamily Halictinae)

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Taschenberg’s long-necked ant (Dolichoderus taschenbergi)

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terminal mummy wasp (Aleiodes terminalis)

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Texas leaf-cutter bee (Megachile texana)


thief ant (Solenopsis molesta)


thimbleberry stem gall wasp (Diastrophus kincaidii)


thistle long-horned bee (Melissodes desponsus)


thread-waisted wasp (Ammophila nigricans)

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thread-waisted wasp (Ammophila pictipennis)

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thread-waisted wasp (Subfamily Sphecinae)


tickseed long-horned bee (Melissodes coreopsis)


tiny crazy ant (Nylanderia parvula)


tiny-queened field ant (Lasius minutus)

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torymid wasps (Family Torymidae)


translucent oak gall wasp (Amphibolips nubilipennis)

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trefoil sawfly (Atomacera debilis)

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tricolored bumble bee (Bombus ternarius)


tufted potter wasp (Symmorphus cristatus)

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turfgrass ant (Lasius neoniger)


twig mason bee (Osmia virga)

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two-spotted bumble bee (Bombus bimaculatus)

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two-spotted longhorned bee (Melissodes bimaculatus bimaculatus)


Ulke’s ant (Formica ulkei)


unarmed leafcutter bee (Megachile inermis)


uncertain field ant (Formica incerta)


unequal cellophane bee (Colletes inaequalis)


valiant long-horned bee (Melissodes illatus)


velvet ants (Dasymutilla spp.)


vertical potter wasp (Eumenes verticalis)


vertical yellow-faced bee (Hylaeus verticalis)


very smooth sweat bee (Lasioglossum laevissimum)


Viereck’s sweat bee (Lasioglossum vierecki)


vigorous long-horned bee (Melissodes subillatus)


Walden’s potter wasp (Ancistrocerus waldenii)


wall mason wasp (Ancistrocerus parietum)


waterleaf mining bee (Andrena geranii)


water-lily sweat bee (Lasioglossum nelumbonis)

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western honey bee (Apis mellifera)


western leafcutter (Megachile perihirta)


western thatching ant (Formica obscuripes)


white cellophane bee (Colletes albescens)


white pine sawfly (Neodiprion pinetum)


white-banded potter wasp (Ancistrocerus albophaleratus)


white-bellied mason bee (Osmia albiventris)


white-horned horntail (Urocerus albicornis)


white-zoned furrow bee (Lasioglossum leucozonium)


wide-faced ant (Myrmica latifrons)


wide-footed field ant (Lasius latipes)

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wild carrot wasp (Gasteruption assectator)


Williston’s cellophane bee (Colletes willistoni)


willow leaf galls (Pontania spp.)


willow sawfly (Nematus ventralis)


Wilmatte’s plasterer bee (Colletes wilmattae)


wily field ant (Formica dolosa)


winter ant (Prenolepis imparis)


wood ants (Formica spp.)


wool-bearing gall wasp (Andricus quercuslanigera)


yellow shadow ant (Lasius aphidicola)

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yellow-banded bumble bee (Bombus terricola)


yellow-faced bee (Hylaeus bisinuatus)


yellow-faced bee (Hylaeus elliptica)


yellow-faced bee (Hylaeus fedorica)


yellow-faced bee (Hylaeus floridanus)

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yellow-faced bees (Hylaeus spp.)


yellowjackets (Vespula spp.)

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yellow-legged mud-dauber (Sceliphron caementarium)


zephyr sweat bee (Lasioglossum zephyrus)


Acroricnus stylator aequatus (ichneumonid wasp)

Agapostemon sericeus (silky striped sweat bee)

Agapostemon splendens (brown-winged striped sweat bee)

Agapostemon virescens (bicolored striped sweat bee)

Agathidinae (braconid wasps)

Aleiodes abdominalis (orange-bellied mummy wasp)

Aleiodes terminalis (terminal mummy wasp)

Allantus cinctus (curled rose sawfly)

Alysson oppositus (wasp)

Ammophila nigricans (thread-waisted wasp)

Ammophila pictipennis (thread-waisted wasp)

Ammophila procera (common thread-waisted wasp)

Amphibolips confluenta (spongy oak apple gall wasp)

Amphibolips cookii (oak gall wasp)

Amphibolips nubilipennis (translucent oak gall wasp)

Amphibolips quercusinanis (larger empty oak apple wasp)

Amphibolips quercusjuglans (acorn plum gall wasp)

Ancistrocerus adiabatus (bramble mason wasp)

Ancistrocerus albophaleratus (white-banded potter wasp)

Ancistrocerus antilope (lobed mason wasp)

Ancistrocerus campestris (smiling mason wasp)

Ancistrocerus catskill (Catskill potter wasp)

Ancistrocerus gazella (European tube wasp)

Ancistrocerus parietum (wall mason wasp)

Ancistrocerus spp. (potter and mason wasps)

Ancistrocerus spinolae (Spinola’s mason wasp)

Ancistrocerus unifasciatus (one-banded mason wasp)

Ancistrocerus waldenii (Walden’s potter wasp)

Andrena alleghaniensis (Allegheny mining bee)

Andrena bradleyi (Bradley’s mining bee)

Andrena brevipalpis (short-tongued miner bee)

Andrena commoda (commodius miner bee)

Andrena erythrogaster (red-tailed mining bee)

Andrena geranii (waterleaf mining bee)

Andrena hirticincta (hairy-banded mining bee)

Andrena integra (bare dogwood miner)

Andrena mariae (Maria miner bee)

Andrena nasonii (Nason’s mining bee)

Andrena nubecula (cloudy-winged miner bee)

Andrena placata (peaceful mining bee)

Andrena platyparia (plated miner bee)

Andrena rudbeckiae (coneflower mining bee)

Andrena spp. (mining bees)

Andrena Subgenus Melandrena (mining bees)

Andrena thaspii (parsnip miner bee)

Andricus quercuslanigera (wool-bearing gall wasp)

Anthophora terminalis (orange-tipped wood-digger bee)

Apis mellifera (western honey bee)

Arcotomus succinctus (ichneumonid wasp)

Arge spp. (argid sawflies)

Argidae (argid sawflies)

Argogorytes nigrifrons (sand wasp)

Aritranis director (ichneumonid wasp)

Astata unicolor (crabonid wasp)

Atanycolus charus (braconid wasp)

Atanycolus crassicruris (braconid wasp)

Atanycolus longicauda (braconid wasp)

Atanycolus nigropyga (braconid wasp)

Atanycolus niteofrons (braconid wasp)

Atanycolus rugosiventris (braconid wasp)

Atanycolus simplex (braconid wasp)

Atanycolus spp. (braconid wasp)

Atanycolus ulmicola (braconid wasp)

Atomacera debilis (trefoil sawfly)

Augochlora pura (pure green sweat bee)

Augochlorella aurata (golden sweat bee)

Augochloropsis metallica (metallic epauletted-sweat bee)

Augochloropsis sumptuosa (augochlorine sweat bee)

Auplopus archictectus (spider wasp)

Auplopus caerulescens (spider wasp)

Auplopus mellipes variitarsatus (spider wasp)

Auplopus nigrellus (spider wasp)

Bembix americana (American sand wasp)

Bicyrtes quadrifasciatus (four-banded stink bug hunter wasp)

Bombus affinis (rusty patched bumble bee)

Bombus auricomus (black-and-gold bumble bee)

Bombus bimaculatus (two-spotted bumble bee)

Bombus borealis (northern amber bumble bee)

Bombus citrinus (lemon cuckoo bumble bee)

Bombus fernaldae (Fernald's cuckoo bumble bee)

Bombus fervidus (golden northern bumble bee)

Bombus frigidus (frigid bumble bee)

Bombus griseocollis (brown-belted bumble bee)

Bombus huntii (Hunt’s bumble bee)

Bombus impatiens (common eastern bumble bee)

Bombus insularis (indiscriminate cuckoo bumble bee)

Bombus nevadensis (Nevada bumble bee)

Bombus pensylvanicus (American bumble bee)

Bombus perplexus (confusing bumble bee)

Bombus rufocinctus (red-belted bumble bee)

Bombus sandersoni (Sanderson’s bumble bee)

Bombus spp. (bumble bee)

Bombus ternarius (tricolored bumble bee)

Bombus terricola (yellow-banded bumble bee)

Bombus vagans (half-black bumble bee)

Braconidae (braconid wasp)

Caliadurgus fasciatellus (spider wasp)

Caliroa cerasi (pear sawfly)

Calliopsis andreniformis (eastern miner bee)

Callirhytis quercus punctata (gouty oak gall wasp)

Camponotus nearcticus (smaller carpenter ant)

Camponotus novaeboracensis (New York carpenter ant)

Camponotus pennsylvanicus (eastern black carpenter ant)

Caulocampus acericaulis (maple petiole borer)

Ceratina calcarata (spurred carpenter bee)

Ceratina spp. (small carpenter bees)

Charops annulipes (ichneumonid wasp)

Chrysididae (cuckoo wasp)

Chrysidinae (cuckoo wasp)

Chrysis angolensis (metallic bluish-green cuckoo wasp)

Chrysura smaragdula (cuckoo wasp)

Cimbex americana (elm sawfly)

Coelioxys alternatus (alternate cuckoo-leaf-cutter bee)

Coelioxys octodentata (eight-toothed cuckoo leaf-cutter bee)

Colletes aberrans (aberrant cellophane bee)

Colletes albescens (white cellophane bee)

Colletes americanus (American cellophane bee)

Colletes andrewsi (Andrew’s cellophane bee)

Colletes brevicornis (short-horned cellophane bee)

Colletes compactus (aster cellophane bee)

Colletes consors (kindred cellophane bee)

Colletes eulophi (cellophane bee)

Colletes hyalinus (hyaline cellophane bee)

Colletes impunctatus (impunctate cellophane bee)

Colletes inaequalis (unequal cellophane bee)

Colletes kincaidii (Kincaid’s cellophane bee)

Colletes latitarsis (broad-footed cellophane bee)

Colletes mandibularis (mandibular cellophane bee)

Colletes nudud (sumac cellophane bee)

Colletes phaceliae (scorpionweed plasterer bee)

Colletes robertsonii (Robertson’s plasterer bee)

Colletes rufocinctus (red-belted plasterer bee cellophane bee)

Colletes simulans (spine-shouldered cellophane bee)

Colletes solidaginis (goldenrod cellophane bee)

Colletes speculiferus (beach dune cellophane bee)

Colletes spp. (cellophane bees)

Colletes susannae (Susanna’s cellophane bee)

Colletes validus (blueberry cellophane bee)

Colletes willistoni (Williston’s cellophane bee)

Colletes wilmattae (Wilmatte’s plasterer bee)

Colpotrochia trifasciata (ichneumonid wasp)

Cosmoconus canadensis (ichneumonid wasp)

Cosmoconus spp. (ichneumonid wasp)

Crabro spp. (shield-handed square-headed wasps)

Crabroninae (square-headed wasp)

Crabronini (square-headed wasp)

Cratichneumon annulatipes (ichneumonid wasp)

Cratichneumon paratus (ichneumonid wasp)

Cratichneumon pteridis (ichneumonid wasp)

Cratichneumon spp. (ichneumonid wasp)

Cratichneumon sublatus (ichneumonid wasp)

Cratichneumon tyloidifer (ichneumonid wasp)

Cratichneumon unifasciatorius (ichneumonid wasp)

Cratichneumon vescus (ichneumonid wasp)

Cratichneumon vinnulus (ichneumonid wasp)

Cratichneumon w-album (ichneumonid wasp)

Croesus latitarsus (dusky birch sawfly)

Cynips quercusfolii (cherry gall wasp)

Dasymutilla spp. (velvet ant)

Diastrophus kincaidii (thimbleberry stem gall wasp)

Dieunomia heteropoda (sunflower nomia)

Diplolepis bicolor (spiny rose gall wasp)

Diplolepis rosae (mossy rose gall wasp)

Diplolepis spinosa (spiny rose stem gall wasp)

Diprion similis (introduced pine sawfly)

Disholcaspis quercusglobulus (round bulletgall wasp)

Disholcaspis quercusmamma (oak rough bulletgall wasp)

Dolichoderus mariae (Mary’s long-necked ant)

Dolichoderus plagiatus (mottled long-necked ant)

Dolichoderus taschenbergi (Taschenberg’s long-necked ant)

Dolichovespula arenaria (common aerial yellowjacket)

Dolichovespula maculata (bald-faced hornet)

Dorymyrmex insanus (pyramid ant)

Dufourea monardae (beebalm shortface)

Ectemnius maculosus (square-headed wasp)

Elampus spp. (cuckoo wasp)

Endelomyia aethiops (roseslug)

Epeolus scutellaris (notch-backed cellophane-cuckoo bee)

Ephialtes macer (ichneumonid wasp)

Epifamily Anthophila (bees)

Eriocampa juglandis (butternut woollyworm)

Eucera atriventris (black-tailed long-horned bee)

Eucera hamata (hook-spurred longhorn)

Eumenes bollii (potter or mason wasp)

Eumenes crucifera-nearcticus (cross potter wasp)

Eumenes fraternus (fraternal potter wasp)

Eumenes verticalis (vertical potter wasp)

Eumeninae (potter and mason wasps)

Euodynerus annulatus (potter or mason wasp)

Euodynerus boscii-molestus (potter or mason wasp)

Euodynerus crypticus (potter or mason wasp)

Euodynerus foraminatus (potter or mason wasp)

Euodynerus hidalgo (potter or mason wasp)

Euodynerus leucomelas (black-and-white mason wasp)

Euodynerus spp. (potter and mason wasps)

Exochus dorsalis (ichneumonid wasp)

Fenusa ulmi (elm leafminer)

Forelius pruinosus (high noon ant)

Formica argentea (silvery field ant)

Formica dolosa (wily field ant)

Formica exsectoides (Allegheny mound ant)

Formica fossaceps (pitted mound ant)

Formica fusca group (fusca-group field ants)

Formica glacialis (icy mound ant)

Formica incerta (uncertain field ant)

Formica lasioides (fuzzy mound ant)

Formica montana (prairie mound ant)

Formica neogagates (New World mound ant)

Formica neorufibarbis (red-bearded mound ant)

Formica obscuripes (western thatching ant)

Formica obscuriventris (northern red wood ant)

Formica pallidefulva (pale field ant)

Formica pallidefulva group (field ants)

Formica podzolica (podzol mound ant)

Formica rubicunda (ruddy slave-making mound ant)

Formica sanguinea (blood-red ant)

Formica spp. (wood ant)

Formica subaenescens (light bronze mound ant)

Formica subsericea (somewhat silky mound ant)

Formica ulkei (Ulke’s ant)

Formicidae (ants)

Gasteruption assectator (wild carrot wasp)

Gelis meabilis (ichneumonid wasp)

Gorytes spp. (sand wasp)

Halictinae (sweat bee)

Halictus confusus (confusing furrow bee)

Halictus ligatus (ligated furrow bee)

Halictus parallelus (parallel-striped sweat bee)

Halictus rubicundus (orange-legged furrow bee)

Hedychrum confusum (cuckoo wasp)

Heriades carinata (resin bee)

Hoplitis spoliata (dilated-horned small-mason)

Hylaeus affinis (eastern yellow-faced bee)

Hylaeus basalis (cinquefoil yellow-faced bee)

Hylaeus bisinuatus (yellow-faced bee)

Hylaeus elliptica (yellow-faced bee)

Hylaeus fedorica (yellow-faced bee)

Hylaeus floridanus (yellow-faced bee)

Hylaeus leptocephalus (slender-faced yellow-faced bee)

Hylaeus mesillae (Mesilla yellow-faced bee)

Hylaeus modestus modestus (modest masked bee)

Hylaeus rudbeckiae (rudbeckia yellow-faced bee)

Hylaeus saniculae (sanicle yellow-faced bee)

Hylaeus spp. (masked bee)

Hylaeus spp. (yellow-faced bee)

Hylaeus verticalis (vertical yellow-faced bee)

Ichneumonidae (ichneumonid wasp)

Isodontia mexicana (Mexican grass-carrying wasp)

Kocourekia spp. (chalcidoid wasps)

Lasioglossum admirandum (admirable sweat bee)

Lasioglossum cinctipes (band-footed sweat bee)

Lasioglossum coriaceum (leathery sweat bee)

Lasioglossum cressonii (Cresson’s sweat bee)

Lasioglossum forbesii (Forbes’s sweat bee)

Lasioglossum illinoense (horseshoe sweat bee)

Lasioglossum imitatum (bristle sweat bee)

Lasioglossum laevissimum (very smooth sweat bee)

Lasioglossum leucozonium (white-zoned furrow bee)

Lasioglossum macoupinense (Macoupin County sweat bee)

Lasioglossum nelumbonis (water-lily sweat bee)

Lasioglossum nigroviride (black-and-green metallic sweat bee)

Lasioglossum nymphaearum (Ocean Grove sweat bee)

Lasioglossum paradmirandum (stunning sweat bee)

Lasioglossum paraforbesii (bald-spot sweat bee)

Lasioglossum pectorale (dull-breasted sweat bee)

Lasioglossum platyparium (metallic sweat bee)

Lasioglossum rozeni (metallic sweat bee)

Lasioglossum spp. (sweat and furrow bees)

Lasioglossum Subgenus Dialictus (metallic sweat bees)

Lasioglossum succinipenne (amber-winged sweat bee)

Lasioglossum vierecki (Viereck’s sweat bee)

Lasioglossum viridatum (eastern green sweat bee)

Lasioglossum zephyrus (zephyr sweat bee)

Lasius alienus (cornfield ant)

Lasius aphidicola (yellow shadow ant)

Lasius claviger (smaller yellow ant)

Lasius latipes (wide-footed field ant)

Lasius minutus (tiny-queened field ant)

Lasius neoniger (turfgrass ant)

Leptochilus ornatus (potter or mason wasp)

Leptochilus republicanus (potter or mason wasp)

Leptochilus spp. (potter or mason wasp)

Leucospis spp. (chalcidoid wasps)

Lissonota acrobasidis (ichneumonid wasp)

Lissonota atrimalis (ichneumonid wasp)

Lissonota brevipappus (ichneumonid wasp)

Lissonota brunnea (ichneumonid wasp)

Lissonota conferta (ichneumonid wasp)

Lissonota coracina (ichneumonid wasp)

Lissonota crevieri (ichneumonid wasp)

Lissonota cruralis (ichneumonid wasp)

Lissonota cylpeator (ichneumonid wasp)

Lissonota exigua (ichneumonid wasp)

Lissonota exilis (ichneumonid wasp)

Lissonota imitatrix (ichneumonid wasp)

Lissonota parva (ichneumonid wasp)

Lissonota punctata (ichneumonid wasp)

Lissonota rubrica (ichneumonid wasp)

Lissonota scutellaris (ichneumonid wasp)

Lissonota spp. (ichneumonid wasp)

Lissonota stenostoma (ichneumonid wasp)

Lissonota tegularis (ichneumonid wasp)

Macremphytus tarsatus (dogwood sawfly)

Macremphytus testaceus (dogwood sawfly)

Macrocentrus marginator (braconid wasp)

Macrophya epinota (common sawfly)

Macrophya flavolineata (common sawfly)

Macrophya fumator (common sawfly)

Macrophya pulchella (common sawfly)

Macrophya spp. (common sawfly)

Macrophya tibiator (common sawfly)

Macrophya trisyllaba (common sawfly)

Megachile angelarum (Los Angeles leafcutter bee)

Megachile brevis (short leafcutter bee)

Megachile campanulae (bellflower resin bee)

Megachile centuncularis (patchwork leafcutter bee)

Megachile dakotensis (leaf-cutter bee)

Megachile fortis (robust sunflower leafcutter bee)

Megachile frigida (frigid leaf-cutter bee)

Megachile gemula (small-handed leaf-cutter bee)

Megachile inermis (unarmed leafcutter bee)

Megachile latimanus (broad-handed leafcutting bee)

Megachile melanophaea (black-and-gray leaf-cutter bee)

Megachile mendica (flat-tailed leaf-cutter bee)

Megachile montivaga (silver-tailed petalcutter)

Megachile nivalis (leaf-cutter bee)

Megachile perihirta (western leafcutter)

Megachile petulans (petulant leaf-cutter bee)

Megachile pugnata (pugnacious leaf-cutter bee)

Megachile relativa (golden-tailed leafcutter bee)

Megachile rotundata (alfalfa leafcutting bee)

Megachile rugifrons (rugose-fronted resin bee)

Megachile sculpturalis (sculptured resin bee)

Megachile spp. (leaf-cutter, mortar, and resin bees)

Megachile texana (Texas leaf-cutter bee)

Megarhyssa atrata (black giant ichneumonid wasp)

Megarhyssa greenei (Greene’s giant ichneumonid wasp)

Megarhyssa macrurus (long-tailed giant ichneumonid wasp)

Melanichneumon spp. (ichneumonid wasp)

Melissodes agilis (agile long-horned bee)

Melissodes bimaculatus bimaculatus (two-spotted longhorned bee)

Melissodes confusa (confusing long-horned bee)

Melissodes coreopsis (tickseed long-horned bee)

Melissodes denticulatus (denticulate long-horned bee)

Melissodes dentiventris (long-horned bee)

Melissodes desponsus (thistle long-horned bee)

Melissodes druriellus (Drury’s long-horned bee)

Melissodes grindelliae (long-horned bee)

Melissodes illatus (valiant long-horned bee)

Melissodes menuachus (goldenrod long-horned bee)

Melissodes pallidisignatus (pale-marked long-horned bee)

Melissodes spp. (longhorn bees)

Melissodes subagilis (nimble long-horned bee)

Melissodes Subgenus Eumelissodes (longhorn bees)

Melissodes subillatus (vigorous long-horned bee)

Melissodes trinodis (dark-veined longhorn bee)

Melissodes wheeleri (long-horned bee)

Melittobia spp. (chalcidoid wasps)

Meteorus spp. (braconid wasp)

Monodontomerus mexicanus (chalcidoid wasp)

Monodontomerus minor (chalcidoid wasp)

Monomorium minimum (little black ant)

Monophadnoides spp. (common sawfly)

Muesbeckidium obsoletum (cuckoo wasp)

Myrmica americana (American ant)

Myrmica brevispinosa (short-spined ant)

Myrmica latifrons (wide-faced ant)

Nematus ventralis (willow sawfly)

Neodiprion lecontei (redheaded pine sawfly)

Neodiprion pinetum (white pine sawfly)

Neodiprion sertifer (European pine sawfly)

Neuroterus exiguissimus (oak gall wasp)

Neuroterus floccosus (oak flake gall wasp)

Neuroterus saltatorius (California jumping gall wasp)

Nomada articulata (articulated nomad bee)

Nomada australis (five-spined nomad)

Nomada banksi (Bank’s nomad bee)

Nomada cressonii (Cresson’s nomad bee)

Nomada cuneata (cuneate nomad bee)

Nomada denticulata (denticulate cuckoo nomad bee)

Nomada depressa (depressed cuckoo nomad bee)

Nomada graenicheri (Graenicher’s cuckoo nomad bee)

Nomada illinoensis (Illinois cuckoo nomad bee)

Nomada imbricata (imbricate cuckoo nomad bee)

Nomada luteoloides (black-and-yellow nomad)

Nomada maculata (spotted nomad bee)

Nomada obliterata (obliterated nomad)

Nomada ovata (ovate cuckoo nomad bee)

Nomada pygmaea (pygmy nomad bee)

Nomada rubicunda (ruddy nomad bee)

Nomada sayi (Say’s cuckoo nomad bee)

Nomada spp. (nomad bees)

Nomada superba (superb nomada)

Nomada vicina (neighborly nomad)

Nylanderia parvula (tiny crazy ant)

Odynerus dilectus (beloved vespid wasp)

Ophionellus spp. (ichneumonid wasp)

Ophionellus texanus (ichneumonid wasp)

Osmia albiventris (white-bellied mason bee)

Osmia lignaria lignaria (blue orchard bee)

Osmia simillima (similar mason bee)

Osmia subarctica (mason bee)

Osmia virga (twig mason bee)

Parancistrocerus fulvipes (potter or mason wasp)

Parancistrocerus leionotus (potter or mason wasp)

Parancistrocerus pedestris (potter or mason wasp)

Parancistrocerus pensylvanicus (potter or mason wasp)

Parancistrocerus vagus (potter or mason wasp)

Paranthidium jugatorium jugatorium (Say’s sunflower burrowing-resin bee)

Parazumia symmorpha (potter or mason wasp)

Pelecinus polyturator (American pelecinid wasp)

Periclista spp. (common sawfly)

Pimpla pedalis (ichneumonid wasp)

Poemenia albipes (ichneumonid wasp)

Poemenia americana (ichneumonid wasp)

Polistes dominula (European paper wasp)

Polistes fuscatus (northern paper wasp)

Polytribax pallescens (ichneumonid wasp)

Pompilidae (spider wasp)

Pontania spp. (willow leaf gall)

Prenolepis imparis (winter ant)

Prionyx parkeri (Parker’s thread-waisted wasp)

Pristiphora erichsonii (larch sawfly)

Pristiphora geniculata (mountain ash sawfly)

Profenusa canadensis (hawthorn leafminer)

Protandrena bancrofti (mining bee)

Pseudopanurgus albitarsis (mining bee)

Pterocheilus quinquefasciatus (potter or mason wasp)

Sapyga martini (club-horned cuckoo wasp)

Sceliphron caementarium (black and yellow mud dauber)

Scolia bicincta (double-banded scoliid wasp)

Scolia dubia (blue-winged wasp)

Setanta compta (ichneumonid wasp)

Sinophorus spp. (ichneumonid wasp)

Solenopsis molesta (thief ant)

Sphecinae (thread-waisted wasp)

Sphecodes confertus (bi-lobed cuckoo sweat bee)

Sphecodes davisii (Davis’s cuckoo sweat bee)

Sphecodes dichrous (scalloped cuckoo sweat bee)

Sphecodes fattigi (sweat bee)

Sphecodes heraclei (cyclops cuckoo sweat bee)

Sphecodes illinoensis? (Illinois cuckoo sweat bee)

Sphecodes persimilis (homogeneous cuckoo sweat bee)

Sphecodes ranunculi (buttercup blood bee)

Sphecodes spp. (blood bees)

Sphecodes stygius (deadly cuckoo sweat bee)

Sphex ichneumoneus (great golden digger wasp)

Sphex pensylvanicus (great black digger wasp)

Stelis coarctatus (constrained cuckoo carder bee)

Stelis permaculata (sixteen-spotted cuckoo carder bee)

Stenodynerus ammonia (potter or mason wasp)

Stenodynerus anormis (potter or mason wasp)

Symmorphus canadensis (Canadian potter wasp)

Symmorphus cristatus (tufted potter wasp)

Symphyta (sawflies, horntails, and wood wasps)

Tachytes distinctus (sand-loving wasp)

Tapinoma sessile (odorous house ant)

Tenthredinidae (common sawfly)

Tersilochinae (ichneumonid wasps)

Tethida cordigera (black-headed ash sawfly)

Tetrastichus spp. (chalcidoid wasps)

Therion circumflexum (ichneumonid wasp)

Therion fuscipenne (ichneumonid wasp)

Therion morio (ichneumonid wasp)

Therion nigripes (ichneumonid wasp)

Therion petiolatum (ichneumonid wasp)

Therion spp. (ichneumonid wasp)

Therion tenuipes (ichneumonid wasp)

Therion texanum (ichneumonid wasp)

Tomostethus multicinctus (brown-headed ash sawfly)

Torymidae (torymid wasps)

Tremex columba (pigeon tremex)

Trichrysis doriae (cuckoo wasp)

Triepeolus cressonii (eucera cuckoo nomad bee)

Triepeolus lunatus (lunate longhorn-cuckoo)

Triepeolus pectoralis (goldenrod longhorn-cuckoo bee)

Triepeolus remigatus (squash longhorn-cuckoo)

Triepeolus spp. (longhorn-cuckoo bees)

Trigonaspis quercusforticorne (oak fig gall wasp)

Urocerus albicornis (white-horned horntail)

Urocerus cressoni (black and red horntail)

Vespula acadica (forest yellowjacket)

Vespula alascensis (common yellowjacket)

Vespula flavopilosa (downy yellowjacket)

Vespula germanica (German yellowjacket)

Vespula maculifrons (eastern yellowjacket)

Vespula spp. (yellowjackets)

Vespula vidua (ground hornet)

Vulgichneumon brevicinctor (ichneumonid wasp)

Zethus spinipes spinipes (mason wasp)


acorn plum gall wasp

alfalfa leafcutting bee

Allegheny mound ant

American pelecinid wasp

American sand wasp

ant (Family Formicidae)

argid sawfly (Arge sp.)

bald-faced hornet








bicolored striped sweat bee

black giant ichneumonid wasp

black-and-gold bumble bee























braconid wasp (Atanycolus sp.)

braconid wasp (Family Braconidae)

broad-handed leafcutting bee

brown-belted bumble bee

bumble bee (Bombus sp.)

buttercup blood bee

butternut woollyworm

cellophane bee (Colletes sp.)

cloudy-winged mining bee

common aerial yellowjacket

common eastern bumble bee

common sawfly (Family Tenthredinidae)

common sawfly (Macrophya epinota)

common sawfly (Macrophya pulchella)

common sawfly (Macrophya sp.)

common sawfly (Macrophya trisyllaba)

confusing bumble bee




crabonid wasp (Astata unicolor)




cuckoo wasp (Subfamily Chrysidinae)

curled rose sawfly

dark-veined longhorn bee

dogwood sawfly

dogwood sawfly (Macremphytus testaceus)

double-banded scoliid wasp

downy yellowjacket

eastern yellowjacket

eight-toothed cuckoo leaf-cutter bee

elm leafminer

elm sawfly

field ant (Formica pallidefulva group)

four-banded stink bug hunter wasp

fraternal potter wasp

German yellowjacket





great black digger wasp

great golden digger wasp

hairy-banded mining bee

half-black bumble bee

hook-spurred longhorn

ichneumonid wasp (Aritranis director)

ichneumonid wasp (Charops annulipes)

ichneumon wasp (Colpotrochia trifasciata)







ichneumonid wasp (Family Ichneumonidae)

























ichneumonid wasp (Pimpla pedalis)

ichneumonid wasp (Vulgichneumon brevicinctor)

ichneumonid wasp (Cosmoconus sp.)

ichneumonid wasp (Cratichneumon spp.)

ichneumonid wasp (Lissonota sp.)

ichneumonid wasp (Melanichneumon sp.)

ichneumonid wasp (Ophionellus sp.)

ichneumonid wasp (Therion sp.)





larger empty oak apple wasp

leaf-cutter, mortar, or resin bee (Megachile sp.)

lemon cuckoo bumble bee

ligated furrow bee

longhorn-cuckoo bee (Triepeolus sp.)

longhorn bee (Melissodes sp.)

longhorn bee (Melissodes Subgenus Eumelissodes)







mason wasp (Zethus spinipes spinipes)

metallic bluish-green cuckoo wasp

Mexican grass-carrying wasp

mining bee (Andrena sp.)







New York carpenter ant

nomad bee (Nomada sp.)

northern amber bumble bee

northern paper wasp

oak fig gall wasp

oak flake gall wasp

oak gall wasp (Amphibolips cookii)

oak rough bulletgall wasp

orange-tipped wood-digger bee

Parker’s thread-waisted wasp

pigeon tremex

podzol mound ant

potter or mason wasp (Ancistrocerus sp.)

potter wasp (Eumeninae)













potter or mason wasp (Parazumia symmorpha)

prairie mound ant

pure green sweat bee

pyramid ant

red-belted bumble bee












sand wasp (Gorytes sp.)

sand-loving wasp (Tachytes distinctus)

Say’s sunflower burrowing-resin bee








silky striped sweat bee

small carpenter bee (Ceratina sp.)

smiling mason wasp

somewhat silky mound ant

spider wasp (Caliadurgus fasciatellus)

spider wasp (Pompilidae)

spiny rose gall wasp

spiny rose stem gall wasp

spongy oak apple gall wasp

square-headed wasp

sunflower nomia

sweat bee (Subfamily Halictinae)

Taschenberg’s long-necked ant

terminal mummy wasp

Texas leaf-cutter bee

thread-waisted wasp (Ammophila pictipennis)

thread-waisted wasp (Sphecinae)

torymid wasp (Family Torymidae)

trefoil sawfly

tricolored bumble bee

turfgrass ant

two-spotted bumble bee

two-spotted longhorned bee

western honey bee













wild carrot wasp





wood ant (Formica sp.)

yellow-banded bumble bee

yellow-faced bee (Hylaeus sp.)

yellow-legged mud-dauber




No Species Page Yet?

If you do not see a linked page for an insect in the list at left, or the insect does not appear in the list, you can still upload a photo or video as an email attachment or report a sighting for that insect. Click on one of the buttons below and type in the common name and/or scientific name of the insect in your photo, video, or sighting. A new page will be created for that insect featuring your contribution.

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Capitalization of Common Names

Insect scientific names are governed by the International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature (ICZN). Vernacular (common) names are not. In an attempt to “assure the uniformity of (common) names of common insects” the Entomological Society of America (ESA) published Common Names of Insects and Related Organisms. ESA has no rule or guideline that addresses capitalization of common names. However, the database of common names published by ESA does not capitalize common names. Most other sources, including ITIS, BAMONA, Odonata Central, and the Peterson Field Guides, capitalize common insect names. MinnesotaSeasons.com will adhere to the convention followed by ESA.


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