Minnesota True Bugs

Order Hemiptera

Hemiptera (true bugs) is the order of insects that is characterized by having piercing and sucking proboscis (mouthparts), and wings that are thickened at the base but membraneous (thin, flexible, and often transparent) at the end. The order includes true bugs, whiteflies, aphids, scales, mealybugs, cicadas, leafhoppers, treehoppers, planthoppers, and spittlebugs.

There are about 80,000 named Hemiptera species in 37 families worldwide, 10,200 species in about 1,600 genera in North America north of Mexico.

green stink bug



Recent Additions
Green plant bug

Plant bugs (family Miridae) is the largest family of true bugs (suborder Heteroptera). There are more than 10,000 known species worldwide, several hundred in North America. Green plant bug (Ilnacora malina) is a small, soft-bodied true bug, a medium-sized to large plant bug. It occurs in the United States east of the Great Plains, from Vermont to Minnesota south to Missouri and Virginia, and in adjacent Canadian provinces. Based on the number of reported sightings in North America, it is not very common.

Green plant bug is green with black spots on the forewings and thorax. The forewings have a black membranous section at the tip. The antennae are very long, as long as the forewings. The legs are long, delicate, and green.

Green plant bug is found from mid-June to late July in damp, shady, grassy and weedy areas. It sucks the juices from the leaves and stems of giant ragweed, goldenrod, and possibly other plants.

  green plant bug
  Photo by Alfredo Colon
Four-lined plant bug

Four-lined plant bug (Poecilocapsus lineatus) is a small, soft-bodied, colorful, true bug. It is common in northeastern and midwestern North America, including Minnesota. It is easily identified by the bright yellow or green body with four black stripes and the orange head. It can be seen from May to July in meadows, gardens, agricultural fields, and around homes.

Four-lined plant bug is considered a pest due to the damage it causes to ornamental plants. Adults and larvae feed on the leaves of herbaceous plants, especially those in the mint and aster families. Leaf damage appears as small, 1 16 or less in diameter, light or dark spots on the leaf surface. The color of the spot varies with the species of the host plant. The spots are collapsed leaf tissue which eventually falls out leaving small holes. Larvae cause more leaf damage than adults.

  four-lined plant bug
  Photo by Alfredo Colon
Citrus flatid planthopper

A planthopper is an insect in the superfamily Fulgoroidea that resembles a leaf in its environment. It often hops, like a grasshopper, for transportation, but usually walks slowly to avoid detection. There are more than 12,500 planthopper species worldwide.

Citrus flatid planthopper (Metcalfa pruinosa) is native and very common in eastern North America. It has been introduced into southern Europe and is now an invasive species of concern in orchards and vineyards there. It feeds on a wide variety of woody species including maple, elm, willow, black locust, dogwood, hawthorn, elder, grape, and raspberry.

The body of citrus flatid planthopper is flattened laterally, giving it a wedge-shaped appearance when viewed from above. The wings and body are moderately to densely covered with a mealy, bluish-white, waxy powder. When at rest, the wings are tent-like, almost vertically, over the body. There are two dark spots on the basal half of each forewing.

  citrus flatid planthopper
Masked hunter

Masked hunter (Reduvius personatus) is native to Europe and was accidentally introduced into North America. It is now common in eastern and central North America, including Minnesota, but has been reported across the continent.

Masked hunter inhabits woodlands but is often found in human homes. It eats bed bugs and other small insects, spiders, centipedes, and millipedes. It is active at night and hides during the day. If handled or trapped between clothing and skin, it can deliver a painful bite. The swelling and stinging from the bite will last up to a week.

At to in length, masked hunter is much larger than any otherwise similar assassin bugs in North America.

  masked hunter
  Photo by Bill Reynolds
Pale green assassin bug

There are five Zelus species native to North America. Pale green assassin bug (Zelus luridus) is the most common. Due to variation in body color, this species has often been misidentified in the past as Zelus exsanguis. However, that species is very rare. With the exception of a single collected specimen, all sightings of Zelus exsanguis in the United States should probably be recorded as Zelus luridus.

Pale green assassin bug is an elongated, ½ to 11 16 long, nearly parallel-sided true bug. The overall body color is usually pale green, the color of a Granny Smith apple, but may be yellowish-green, yellow, or reddish-brown. Its beak is short and curved. When at rest it is tucked into a groove between the forelegs.

Pale green assassin bug is distinguished by its color; a spine at both rear corners of the pronotum; and a band at the end of the femur that may be dark or red and conspicuous or barely visible.

  pale green assassin bug
  Photo by Bill Reynolds
Other Recent Additions

brown stink bug (Euschistus servus)

leafhopper (Penthimia americana)

leafhopper (Latalus ocellaris)

plant bug (Metriorrhynchomiris dislocatus)

black damsel bug (Nabis subcoleoptratus)

derbid planthopper (Cedusa spp.)

  black damsel bug
  Photo by Alfredo Colon





This list includes only true bugs that have been recorded in Minnesota, but not all of the true bugs found in Minnesota.

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alfalfa plant bug (Adelphocoris lineolatus)


anchor stink bug

Banasa stink bug

black damsel bug

blueberry leafhopper

brown stink bug

citrus flatid planthopper

clouded plant bug

damsel bug (Nabis roseipennis)

derbid planthopper (Cedusa sp.)

dog day cicada

dusky stink bug

eastern boxelder bug

four-lined plant bug

grape phylloxera

green plant bug

green stink bug

honeysuckle aphid

jagged ambush bug (americana)

large milkweed bug

leaf-footed bug

leafhopper (Agalliopsis ancistra)

leafhopper (Latalus ocellaris)

leafhopper (Penthimia americana)

leafhopper (Scaphytopius sp.)

masked hunter

meadow plant bug

meadow spittlebug

pale green assassin bug

plant bug (Family Miridae)

plant bug (Neurocolpus jessiae)

plant bug (Metriorrhynchomiris dislocatus)

poplar leaf-base gall







red-banded leafhopper



saddleback leafhopper















spined assassin bug

spined soldier bug

spiny assassin bug















treehopper (Atymna sp.)












twice-stabbed stink bug

two-marked treehopper

two-spotted grass bug

western conifer seed bug

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anchor stink bug (Stiretrus anchorago)


aphid (Nearctaphis crataegifoliae)


aphid (Uroleucon spp.)


balsam twig aphid (Mindarus abietinus)

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Banasa stink bug (Banasa dimiata)


birch catkin bug (Kleidocerys resedae)

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black damsel bug (Nabis subcoleoptratus)


black ground bug (Microporus nigrita)


blueberry leafhopper (Scaphytopius magdalensis)


brown marmorated stink bug (Halyomorpha halys)

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brown stink bug (Euschistus servus)


buffalo treehopper (Stictocephala spp.)


cabbage aphid (Brevicoryne brassicae)


Canadian cicada (Okanagana canadensis)


caped leafhopper (Macrosteles clavatus)

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citrus flatid planthopper (Metcalfa pruinosa)


clouded plant bug (Neurocolpus nubilus)


clover leafhopper (Ceratagallia sanguinolenta)


common damsel bug (Nabis americoferus)


coppery leafhopper (Jikradia olitoria)


damsel bug (Nabis alternatus)

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damsel bug (Nabis roseipennis)


derbid planthopper (Cedusa incisa)


derbid planthopper (Cedusa maculata)


derbid planthopper (Cedusa spp.)


derbid planthopper (Cedusa vulgaris)


dock aphid (Aphis rumicis)

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dog day cicada (Neotibicen canicularis)

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dusky stink bug (Euschistus tristigmus luridus)

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eastern boxelder bug (Boisea trivittata)


English grain aphid (Sitobion avenae)


false milkweed bug (Lygaeus turcicus)


four-humped stink bug (Brochymena quadripustulata)

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four-lined plant bug (Poecilocapsus lineatus)


four-spotted clover leafhopper (Agallia quadripunctata)


garden fleahopper (Microtechnites bractatus)


grain aphid (Acyrthosiphon dirhodum)

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grape phylloxera (Daktulosphaira vitifoliae)


green cone-headed planthopper (Acanalonia conica)

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green plant bug (Ilnacora malina)


green sharpshooter (Draeculacephala antica)

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green stink bug (Acrosternum hilare)


hackberry nipplegall maker (Pachypsylla celtidismamma)


helmeted squash bug (Euthochtha galeator)


hemlock woolly adelgid (Adelges tsugae)


hill prairie shovelhead leafhopper (Attenuipyga vanduzeei)

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honeysuckle aphid (Hyadaphis tataricae)

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jagged ambush bug (Phymata americana)


Japanese maple leafhopper (Japananus hyalinus)


juniper stink bug (Banasa euchlora)

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large milkweed bug (Oncopeltus fasciatus)

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leaf-footed bug (Acanthocephala terminalis)

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leafhopper (Agalliopsis ancistra)


leafhopper (Agalliopsis novella)


leafhopper (Colladonus montanus)


leafhopper (Colladonus waldanus)


leafhopper (Doratura stylata)


leafhopper (Gyponana subgenus Gyponana)

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leafhopper (Latalus ocellaris)

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leafhopper (Penthimia americana)


leafhopper (Scaphytopius (angustatus)


leafhopper (Scaphytopius cinereus)


leafhopper (Scaphytopius cuprescens)


leafhopper (Scaphytopius laatus)


leafhopper (Scaphytopius spp.)


lettuce root aphid (Pemphigus bursarius)


Linne’s cicada (Neotibicen linnei)


long thin plant bug (Megaloceroea recticornis)


lupine bug (Megalotomus quinquespinosus)

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masked hunter (Reduvius personatus)

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meadow plant bug (Leptopterna dolabrata)

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meadow spittlebug (Philaenus spumarius)


melon aphid (Aphis gossypii)


narrow stink bug (Mecidea major)


obscure plant bug (Plagiognathus obscurus)


oleander aphid (Aphis nerii)


one-spotted stink bug (Euschistus variolarius)

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pale green assassin bug (Zelus luridus)


pea aphid (Acyrthosiphon pisum)


phylloxera gall of hickory (Phylloxera sp.)


pine bark adelgid (Pineus strobi)


plant bug (Capsus cinctus)


plant bugs (Family Miridae)


plant bug (Ilnacora stalii)


plant bug (Leptopterna ferrugata)

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plant bug (Metriorrhynchomiris dislocatus)


plant bug (Neurocolpus jessiae)


plant bug (Phytocoris tibialis)


plant bug (Plagiognathus brevirostris)


plant bug (Sericophanes heidemanni)


plant bug (Taedia scrupea)

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poplar leaf-base gall (Pemphigus populicaulis)


poplar petiolegall aphid (Pemphigus populitransversus)


potato aphid (Macrosiphum euphorbiae)


potato mirid (Closterotomus norwegicus)


prairie cicada (Okanagana balli)


predatory stink bug (Apoecilus cynicus)


predatory stink bug (Perillus circumcinctus)


predatory stink bug (Podisus modestus)


predatory stink bug (Podisus placidus)


predatory stink bug (Podisus serieventris)


psyllid gall on Juncus (Livia maculipennis)

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red-banded leafhopper (Graphocephala coccinea quadrivittata)


red-cross shield bug (Elasmostethus cruciatus)


red-shouldered stink bug (Thyanta custator)


red-tailed leafhopper (Aflexia rubranura)


rough stink bug (Brochymena arborea)

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saddleback leafhopper (Colladonus clitellarius)


Say’s Cicada (Okanagana rimosa)


sharp-nosed leafhopper (Scaphytopius acutus)


sharpshooter (Graphocephala teliformis)


shield bug (Elasmostethus atricornis)


shield bug (Elasmucha lateralis)


shield-backed bug (Eurygaster alternata)


shield-backed bug (Homaemus aeneifrons)


shield-backed bug (Homaemus bijugis)


shield-backed bug (Phimodera binotata)


shield-backed pine seed bug (Tetyra bipunctata)


short-winged nabis (Nabis rufusculus)


six-spotted leafhopper (Macrosteles fascifrons)


small milkweed bug (Lygaeus kalmii)

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spined assassin bug (Sinea diadema)

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spined soldier bug (Podisus maculiventris)


spined stilt bug (Jalysus wickhami)


spiny assassin bug (Sinea spinipes)


squash bug (Anasa tristis)


squash vine borer (Melittia cucurbitae)


stink bug (Aelia americana)


stink bug (Chlorochroa persimilis)


stink bug (Coenus delius)


stink bug (Dendrocoris humeralis)


stink bug (Euschistus ictericus)


stink bug (Family Pentatomidae)


stink bug (Holcostethus limbolarius)


stink bug (Menecles insertus)


stink bug (Mormidea lugens)


stink bug (Neottiglossa undata)


stink bug (Trichopepla atricornis)


sumac gall aphid (Melaphis rhois)


tarnished plant bug (Lygus lineolaris)


treehopper (Atymna spp.)


treehopper (Atymna helena)


treehopper (Atymna querci)


treehopper (Cyrtolobus discoidalis)


treehopper (Cyrtolobus dixianus)


treehopper (Cyrtolobus fuliginosus)


treehopper (Cyrtolobus fuscipennis)


treehopper (Cyrtolobus griseus)


treehopper (Cyrtolobus maculifrontis)


treehopper (Cyrtolobus pallidifrontis)


treehopper (Cyrtolobus puritanus)


treehopper (Cyrtolobus vau)


turnip aphid (Lipaphis erysimi)


turtle bug (Amaurochrous brevitylus)

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twice-stabbed stink bug (Cosmopepla lintneriana)

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two-marked treehopper (Enchenopa binotata)

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two-spotted grass bug (Stenotus binotatus)


two-striped planthopper (Acanalonia bivittata)


umbrose seed bug (Atrazonotus umbrosus)


Walker’s cicada (Neotibicen pronotalis)


water strider (Limnoporus dissortis)


water strider (Family Gerridae)

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western conifer seed bug (Leptoglossus occidentalis)


western leaf-footed bug (Leptoglossus clypealis)


whitecrossed seed bug (Neacoryphus bicrucis)


yellow-faced leafhopper (Scaphytopius frontalis)






No Species Page Yet?

If you do not see a linked page for an insect in the list at left, or the insect does not appear in the list, you can still upload a photo or video as an email attachment or report a sighting for that insect. Click on one of the buttons below and type in the common name and/or scientific name of the insect in your photo, video, or sighting. A new page will be created for that insect featuring your contribution.


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Capitalization (or not) of Common Names

Insect scientific names are governed by the International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature (ICZN). Vernacular (common) names are not. In an attempt to “assure the uniformity of (common) names of common insects” the Entomological Society of America (ESA) published Common Names of Insects and Related Organisms. ESA has no rule or guideline that addresses capitalization of common names. However, the database of common names published by ESA does not capitalize common names. National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) also uses uncapitalized common names. Most other sources, including ITIS, BAMONA, Odonata Central, and the Peterson Field Guides, capitalize common insect names. MinnesotaSeasons.com will adhere to the convention followed by ESA and NCBI.









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