citrus flatid planthopper

(Metcalfa pruinosa)

               
Conservation Status

IUCN Red List

not yet assessed

citrus flatid planthopper

NatureServe

not listed

Minnesota

not listed

Occurrence

Common and widespread

Flight/Season

May to September. One generation per year.

Habitat/Hosts

a wide variety of woody species

Size

3 16 to 5 16


Identification

This is a small, jumping insect.

Adults are 3 16 to 5 16 long and 1 16 to wide at their widest point. The body is flattened laterally. From above they appear wedge-shaped. The color is highly variable, from brown or gray. The wings and body are moderately to densely covered with a mealy, bluish-white, waxy powder.

The forewings are elongated-triangular in shape and are held at rest tent-like, almost vertically, over the body. There are two dark spots on the basal half of each forewing. The anal vein is Y-shaped. There are numerous cross veins between the leading edge of the forewing (costa) and the first longitudinal vein (subcosta). The lower (anal) veins are lumpy or knotty (nodal).

The compound eyes are yellow or orangish-yellow. The antennae are attached on the sides of the head below the eyes. They are short, bristle-like, and three-segmented. The first segment is small and collar-like.

The hind legs are 1½ times as long as the other legs. The fourth segment (tibia) of each hind leg has a 5 to 7 comb-like spines at the tip and two spines on the sides. The last part of the leg (tarsus), corresponding to a foot, has three segments.

The nymphs are flat, white, and densely covered with white, waxy powder. Waxy filaments at the end of the body usually form two appendages, but these may break off.

 
Similar
Species

 


Nymphal Food

 

 
Adult Food

It feeds on a wide variety of woody species including maple, elm, willow, black locust, dogwood, hawthorn, elder, grape, and raspberry. It has been recorded feeding on more than 200 species of plants. In North America it feeds of 34 genera of native plants in 20 families.

 
Life Cycle

The female inserts a single egg in a preexisting opening in the bark of a host plant. She sometimes excavates an opening in the bark. She will lay up to 100 eggs. The eggs overwinter and hatch in May the following year. The nymphs pass through five stages (instars) and emerge as adults between July and September.

 
Behavior

It often hops, like a grasshopper, for transportation, but usually walks slowly to avoid detection.


Distribution Distribution Map  

Sources: 7, 27, 29, 30.


Comments

 


Taxonomy

Order:

Hemiptera (true bugs, cicadas, hoppers, aphids and allies)

 

No Rank:

Euhemiptera

 

No Rank:

Clypeorrhyncha

 

Suborder:

Auchenorrhyncha (free-living hemipterans)

 

Superfamily:

Fulgoroidea (planthoppers)

 

Family:

Flatidae (flatid planthoppers)

 

Subfamily:

Flatinae

 

Tribe:

Nephesini

 
Synonyms

Flata pruinosa

Melormenis pruinosa

Ormenis pruinosa

Poeciloptera pruinosa

 
Common
Names

citrus flatid plant hopper

citrus flatid planthopper

citrus planthopper

frosted lightening hopper

mealy lantern fly


 

 

 

 

Glossary

costa

In plants: The central axis of a pinna, to which pinnules are attached. In insects: The leading edge of the forewing.

 

instar

The developmental stage of arthropods between each molt; in insects, the developmental stage of the larvae or nymph.

 

tergum

The upper (dorsal), hardened plate on a segment of the thorax or abdomen of an arthropod. Plural: terga.

 

tibia

The fourth segment of an insect leg, after the femur and before the tarsus (foot).

 

 

 

 

 

       

Visitor Photos

   
Share your photo of this insect.

       
       
       

MinnesotaSeasons.com Photos

   
  citrus flatid planthopper    
       
       
       

 

Camera

     

Slideshows

   
  Citrus Flatid Planthopper (Metcalfa pruinosus)
Bill Keim
 
  Citrus Flatid Planthopper (Metcalfa pruinosus)  

 

slideshow

     

Visitor Videos

   
Share your video of this insect.

     
     

Other Videos

 
  Citrus Flatid Planthopper (Flatidae: Metcalfa pruinosa) Lateral View
Carl Barrentine
 
   
 
About

Uploaded on Aug 10, 2011

Photographed at Fisher, Minnesota (10 August 2011). Thank you to Andy Hamilton (@Bugguide.net) for confirming the identity of this specimen!

 
     
  Metcalfa pruinosa
MICROinACTION
 
   
 
About

Published on Sep 26, 2012

The adults reach approximately 4-7 millimetres of length and can mostly encountered from mid-July until late autumn.

Gli adulti raggiungono approssimativamente i 4-7 millimetri di lunghezza e possono maggiormente essere incontrati dalla metà di Luglio fino al tardo autunno.

 
     
  Citrus Flatid Planthopper
seahue
 
   
 
About

Published on Jul 31, 2011

planthopper

 
     
  Προσβολή δένδρου λωτού από Metcalfa pruinosa (Say)
Pomology Institute
 
   
 
About

Published on Oct 20, 2015

Προσβολή δένδρου λωτού από Metcalfa pruinosa (Say).
Η Metcalfa pruinosa (Say) είναι πολυφάγο είδος και έχει μεγάλο αριθμό φυτών-ξενιστών, καλλιεργούμενων και αυτοφυών.
Προκαλεί καχεκτική εμφάνιση των προσβεβλημένων φυτών, με αποτέλεσμα την αλλοίωση της εμφάνισης και την ποιοτική υποβάθμιση των καρπών, στην περίπτωση των οπωροφόρων.
Περιοχή: Νέος Μυλότοπος Πέλλας.
Ποικιλία: Jiro.

Google translation:

Infringement lotus tree from Metcalfa pruinosa (Say).
The Metcalfa pruinosa (Say) is polyphagous species and has a large number of host plants, cultivated and wild.
Causes stunted appearance of infected plants, resulting in deterioration of appearance and quality deterioration of the fruit, where the fruit.
Area: Neos Mylotopos Pella.
Variety: Jiro.

 
     
  Metcalfa pruinosa - Amerikai lepkekabóca
Sándor Megyesi
 
   
 
About

Published on Jul 21, 2015

Metcalfa pruinosa

 
     

 

Camcorder

         

Visitor Sightings

   
Share your sighting of this insect.

     
     
 

MinnesotaSeasons.com Sightings

   


 

 

Binoculars

Last Updated:

About Us | Privacy Policy | Contact Us | © 2017 MinnesotaSeasons.com. All rights reserved.