Minnesota Moths

Order Lepidoptera

Lepidoptera is the order of insects that is characterized by having four large wings; mouthparts adapting for sucking, the proboscis in the form of a long coiled tube; and wings and body completely or mostly covered by scales. The order includes butterflies, skippers, and moths.

There are about 174,250 known Lepidoptera species in 126 families worldwide, 12,423 species in 82 families in North America north of Mexico, and at least 578 species in Minnesota.

No Taxonomic Rank: Moths

Differentiating moths and butterflies is complicated because on the tree of evolution (phylogenetically) butterflies are moths. Moths is a paraphyletic group, meaning that all are descendant from a common ancestor but not all of the descendants of that ancestor are moths. The order Lepidoptera contains four suborders. The suborders Aglossata, Heterobathmiina, and Zeugloptera are all moths. The suborder Glossata contains 44 superfamilies. Two of those superfamilies are butterflies, the remaining superfamilies are moths.

Moths have feathery or or thread-like antennae without knobs at the end. When at rest, moths hold their wings roof-like over their body, curled around their body, or flat against a support. All other differences have exceptions. Most moths fly at night, are smaller, and have drab wings. Most moths have one or more bristles (frenulum) and scales (retinaculum) that hold their forewings in contact with their hindwings. No butterflies have this feature.

About 93% of Lepidoptera species are moths. According The Lepidopterist’s Society, there are about 127,600 moth species worldwide, about 10,850 species in North America. There may also be between 1,500 and 3,500 undescribed species, mostly micromoths (Microlepidoptera). There are at least 370 moth species found in Minnesota.


cecropia moth







Recent Additions

Leafy spurge hawkmoth


Leafy spurge hawkmoth (Hyles euphorbiae) is a large exotic moth. It is native to Europe and western Asia. In the 1960s it was introduced into the United States to control leafy spurge, and separately into Canada to control leafy and cypress spurges. Hawkmoth populations are never large due to predation and disease, and they are susceptible to insecticides used to control grasshoppers. While the larvae can entirely defoliate a host plant, the damage to the host plant population is never significant.

Since its introduction, leafy spurge hawkmoth has spread widely and its range continues to expand. It now occurs in the northern United States and southern Canada east of the Rocky Mountains. It is found from late May through July in disturbed meadows and other grasslands with large populations of leafy spurge. Larvae feed on the foliage of leafy spurge and other members of the Euphorbiaceae (spurge) family. Adults feed on flower nectar. They hover like a hummingbird when visiting flowers.

Leafy spurge hawkmoth is identified by its large size; pale tan forewings with a slight pinkish tinge; a squarish, olive-brown spot in the basal area and another in the median area; an olive-brown post-medial band; and black peppering in the pale areas.

  leafy spurge hawkmoth  
    Photo by Lucy Morrissey  

Armyworm moth


Armyworm moth (Mythimna unipuncta), also called true armyworm and the white speck. is a migratory wainscot moth. It is medium-sized for a moth, large for a wainscot moth. It occurs in Europe, northern Africa, Iceland, North America, Central America, and northern South America. It is common throughout the United States and Canada, common and sometimes abundant in Minnesota. It does not survive cold winters. Adults migrate south in the fall and a later generation disperses north in the spring. Adults are found in Minnesota from March to November. Caterpillars feed on leaves and sometimes seed heads of mostly grains and other grasses, but also many broadleaf plants close to their infestations. After defoliating a stand of plants, they will move as a group to a nearby stand and resume feeding. They are often a serious agricultural pest, especially on wheat and corn.

Armyworm moths are ¾ to 1 long. Their forewings are tan with dark peppering and a small but conspicuous white spot. The caterpillar is up to 2 long.

    Photo by Alfredo Colon  

American dagger moth


Dagger Moths (genus Acronicta) is a large genus with about 150 species worldwide, more than 73 species in North America north of Mexico. At least 28 species have been reported in Minnesota. The common name refers to a black, dagger-like dash on the forewings of many of the species. Most are gray with darker gray markings, and are difficult to identify.

American dagger moth (Acronicta americana) is the largest dagger moth in eastern United States. The adult is up to 1½ long and has a wingspan of up to 2½. It is gray or brownish-gray with dark markings and a black “dagger”. It is found in deciduous woodlands and forests across the United States and southern Canada. It is common and sometimes abundant east of the Great Plains, common in Minnesota.

The caterpillar is large and is covered with yellow or white hairs. It has two pairs of long black lashes near the front of the abdomen and a single thicker lash near the end. The lashes are tight groups of bristles. When the caterpillar is handled the bristles break off and embed in the skin of the handler. They contain a toxin which causes stinging and burning and can develop into a rash.

  American dagger moth  
    Photo by Alfredo Colon  

Pandorus sphinx


Pandorus sphinx (Eumorpha pandorus) is a very large, dramatically patterned, sphinx moth. It is common and widespread in eastern United States. Adults fly at dusk from May to September. They have a wingspan of 3¼ to 4½, and a pale green background with a complex pattern of dark olive-green markings.

Humans are more likely to encounter caterpillars than adults. Known as hornworms, the caterpillars are found on grape and Virginia creeper in Minnesota, and also on peppervine elsewhere. They are very large, up to 3½ long, and consume copious amounts of foliage. They can completely defoliate young grape vines, ultimately killing them. Older vines can withstand the damage.

Pandorus sphinx is similar in appearance to Achemon sphinx (Eumorpha achemon). The latter species is smaller and less common, and the adults are brown, not green.

  pandorus sphinx  
    Photo by Chad & Autumn Brekke  

Sigmoid prominent


Sigmoid prominent (Clostera albosigma) is a medium-sized, heavy-bodied, nocturnal moth. It is the most common of the four Clostera species found in Minnesota. Adult moths are found from mid-May to mid-August in deciduous woodlands and forests, and in shrubby wetlands and fields.

A sigmoid prominent adult has grayish-brown wings, a dark brown head and upper thorax, and on the male, a dark brown tuft at the end of the abdomen. The wings are crossed by four pale lines. A dark, chestnut-brown area near the end of the forewing is sharply delineated by a prominent white “S”-shaped bar. The species name albosigma means “white S” and refers to this marking. Spring individuals are darker with more highly contrasting markings. Summer individuals are paler and less conspicuously marked.

The caterpillar feeds mostly on quaking aspen, but also on poplar and willow, and sometimes on alder, birch, maple, and elm. It is a solitary feeder. During the day it curls up a leaf of a host plant and sticks it together with silk webbing, make a shelter where it can feed in safety. Adults do not feed.

  sigmoid prominent  
    Photo by Bill Reynolds  
Other Recent Additions

arge moth (Apantesis arge)

cutworms and dart moths (Subfamily Noctuinae)

half-wing (Phigalia titea)

knot-horn moths (Tribe Phycitini)

great brocade (Eurois occulta)

grapeleaf skeletonizer (Harrisina americana)

large lace-border (Scopula limboundata)

olive-shaded bird-dropping moth (Ponometia candefacta)

  olive-shaded bird-dropping moth  
    Photo by Mike Poeppe  









This list includes only moths that have been recorded in Minnesota, but not all moths found in Minnesota.

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Abbott’s sphinx (Sphecodina abbottii)


abbreviated underwing (Catocala abbreviatella)


acesias buff gem (Heliothis acesias)


achemon sphinx (Eumorpha achemon)

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afflicted dagger moth (Acronicta afflicta)

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agreeable tiger moth (Spilosoma congrua)


alfalfa webworm moth (Loxostege cereralis)


alien probole (Probole alienaria)

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American dagger moth (Acronicta americana)


American idia moth (Idia americalis)


angled metarranthis (Metarranthis angularia)


angled wave (Scopula ancellata)


angle-lined prominent (Clostera inclusa)


angulose prominent (Peridea angulosa)


Anna tiger moth (Apantesis anna)


apical prominent (Clostera apicalis)


apple sphinx (Sphinx gordius)


arched hooktip (Drepana arcuata)

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arcigera flower moth (Schinia arcigera)

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arge moth (Apantesis arge)

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armyworm moth (Mythimna unipuncta)


Arthur’s sunflower moth (Cochylichroa arthuri)

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artichoke plume moth (Platyptilia carduidactylus)


ash tip borer (Papaipema furcata)


aster eucosma moth (Eucosma parmatana)


aster leafminer moth (Leucospilapteryx venustella)


aster leafminer moth (Leucospilapteryx venustella)

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asteroid moth (Cucullia asteroides)


azalea sphinx (Darapsa choerilus)


banded quaker (Protorthodes incincta)


banded tiger moth (Apantesis vittata)

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banded tussock moth (Halysidota tessellaris)


bare-patched leafroller moth (Pseudexentera spoliana)


beet webworm moth (Loxostege sticticalis)


beggar moth (Eubaphe mendica)


belted leafroller moth (Sciota vetustella)


bent-lined carpet (Costaconvexa centrostrigaria)


bent-winged acleris moth (Acleris subnivana)

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Bethune’s pinion (Lithophane bethunei)


bicolored moth (Manulea bicolor)


bicolored woodgrain moth (Morrisonia evicta)


big poplar sphinx (Pachysphinx occidentalis)


birch tubemaker moth (Acrobasis betulella)


birch-leaf blotchminer moth (Cameraria betulivora)


black dash epinotia moth (Epinotia sotipena)


black-and-yellow lichen moth (Lycomorpha pholus)


black-banded orange moth (Epelis truncataria)

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blackberry looper (Chlorochlamys chloroleucaria)


black-crescent proteoteras moth (Proteoteras crescentana)


black-lined acleris (Acleris nigrolinea)


black-marked ancylis moth (Ancylis metamelana)


black-rimmed prominent (Pheosia rimosa)


black-spotted leafroller moth (Sciota virgatella)


black-spotted prominent (Dasylophia anguina)


blazing star borer moth (Carmenta anthracipennis)

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blinded sphinx (Paonias excaecata)


bog holomelina moth (Virbia lamae)


bog tiger moth (Apantesis speciosa)


Bower’s leafroller (Sparganothis boweri)


bracken borer (Papaipema pterisii)


briseis underwing (Catocala briseis)


bristly cutworm moth (Lacinipolia renigera)


broad-banded eulogia (Eulogia ochrifrontella)


bronzed cutworm moth (Nephelodes minians)


brown angle shades (Phlogophora periculosa)


brown pine looper moth (Caripeta angustiorata)


brown-bordered geometer moth (Eumacaria madopata)


brown-collared dart (Protolampra brunneicollis)


brown-tipped thorn (Selenia alciphearia)


buck moth (Hemileuca maia)


buff-tipped eucosma moth (Eucosma ochroterminana)


burdock borer (Papaipema cataphracta)


cabbage looper (Trichoplusia ni)


Canadian sphinx (Sphinx canadensis)


carmine snout (Peoria approximella)


Carolina sphinx (Manduca sexta)


carpet moth (Eulithis flavibrunneata)

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carrot seed moth (Sitochroa palealis)


catalpa sphinx (Ceratomia catalpae)


cattail borer moth (Bellura obliqua)

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cecropia moth (Hyalophora cecropia)


celery leaftier moth (Udea rubigalis)

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celery looper (Anagrapha falcifera)


chain-dotted geometer (Cingilia catenaria)


charming underwing (Catocala blandula)


cherry scallop shell moth (Rheumaptera prunivorata)

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chestnut-marked pondweed moth (Parapoynx badiusalis)


chevron moth (Eulithis testata)

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chickweed geometer (Haematopis grataria)


chinquapin leafminer moth (Dyseriocrania griseocapitella)


chocolate prominent (Peridea ferruginea)


cinnamon tussock moth (Dasychira cinnamomea)

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clearwing moth (Carmenta ithacae)


Clemens’ clepsis moth (Clepsis clemensiana)


Clinton’s underwing (Catocala clintonii)


clouded underwing (Catocala nebulosa)


clover looper moth (Caenurgina crassiuscula)


clymene moth (Haploa clymene)


codling moth (Cydia pomonella)


Columbia silkmoth (Hyalophora columbia)


columbine borer (Papaipema leucostigma)

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common eupithecia (Eupithecia miserulata)


common gluphisia (Gluphisia septentrionis)

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common grass-veneer (Crambus praefectellus)


common hyppa moth (Hyppa xylinoides)


common looper moth (Autographa precationis)


common lytrosis moth (Lytrosis unitaria)


common metarranthis (Metarranthis hypochraria)


common spring moth (Heliomata cycladata)

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common tan wave (Pleuroprucha insulsaria)


Comstock’s sallow (Feralia comstocki)


confused eusarca (Eusarca confusaria)


confused haploa (Haploa confusa)


connubial underwing (Catocala connubialis)


contracted datana (Datana contracta)

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copper underwing (Amphipyra pyramidoides)


corn earworm moth (Helicoverpa zea)


crambine snout moth (Eoreuma crawfordi)


cranberry fruitworm moth (Acrobasis vaccinii)


crocus geometer moth (Xanthotype sospeta)


currant clearwing borer (Synanthedon tipuliformis)


currant pug (Eupithecia assimilata)


curved-lined agonopterix moth (Agonopterix curvilineella)


cutworm or dart moth (Homorthodes reliqua)


cutworm or dart moth (Platypolia anceps)

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cutworms and dart moths (Subfamily Noctuinae)

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dark-banded owlet (Phalaenophana pyramusalis)


darker moodna moth (Moodna ostrinella)

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dark-spotted palthis (Palthis angulalis)

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darling underwing (Catocala cara)


deep yellow euchlaena moth (Euchlaena amoenaria amoenaria)


delicate cutworm moth (Feltia mollis)


delicate cycnia (Cycnia tenera)

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dingy cutworm moth (Feltia jaculifera)

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dogbane saucrobotys moth (Saucrobotys futilalis)

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dogwood borer (Synanthedon scitula)


dot-and-dash swordgrass moth (Xylena curvimacula)


Doubleday’s baileya moth (Baileya doubledayi)


double-lined prominent (Lochmaeus bilineata)


double-toothed prominent (Nerice bidentata)


doubtful apamea moth (Apamea dubitans)


drab dart (Anicla tenuescens)


dried fruit moth (Vitula edmandsii)


dull reddish dart (Xestia dilucida)


dusky clearwing moth (Paranthrene tabaniformis)


dusky raisin moth (Ephestiodes gilvescentella)


early aspen leafroller moth (Pseudexentera oregonana)


eastern black-headed budworm moth (Acleris variana)


eastern grass-veneer (Crambus laqueatellus)


eastern spruce budworm (Choristoneura fumiferana)

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eastern tent caterpillar moth (Malacosoma americanum)


effective euchlaena moth (Euchlaena effecta)


eight-spotted forester moth (Alypia octomaculata)

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elegant grass-veneer (Microcrambus elegans)


elegant prominent (Odontosia elegans)


ello sphinx (Erinnyis ello)


elm leaftier moth (Canarsia ulmiarrosorella)


elm spanworm moth (Ennomos subsignaria)


elm sphinx (Ceratomia amyntor)


epione underwing (Catocala epione)


eupatorium plume moth (Oidaematophorus eupatorii)


European corn borer moth (Ostrinia nubilalis)


European yellow underwing (Noctua pronuba)


even-lined sallow (Ipimorpha pleonectusa)


fall cankerworm moth (Alsophila pometaria)


fall webworm (Hyphantria cunea)


false crocus geometer moth (Xanthotype urticaria)


false hemlock looper moth (Nepytia canosaria)


false pinion moth (Litholomia napaea)


false wainscot (Leucania pseudargyria)


figured tiger moth (Apantesis figurata)


fir needle inchworm (Eupithecia luteata)


five-spotted hawkmoth (Manduca quinquemaculata)


flat-bodied moth (Gonioterma mistrella)


Fletcher’s larch looper (Eupithecia fletcherata)

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forage looper moth (Caenurgina erechtea)


Forbes’ dart (Anicla forbesi)

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forest tent caterpillar moth (Malacosoma disstria)


four-lined borer moth (Resapamea stipata)


friendly probole moth (Probole amicaria)


fruit-tree leafroller moth (Archips argyrospila)


funerary dagger (Acronicta funeralis)

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galium sphinx (Hyles gallii)


garden tortrix (Clepsis peritana)


geometer moth (Iridopsis sp.)


geometer moth (Spodolepis substriataria)

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geometer moth (Xanthotype spp.)

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geometer moths (Family Geometridae)


Georgian prominent (Hyperaeschra georgica)

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giant leopard moth (Hypercompe scribonia)


girlfriend underwing (Catocala amica)


glassy cutworm moth (Apamea devastator)


goat sallow (Homoglaea hircina)

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golden borer (Papaipema cerina)


goldenrod gall moth (Epiblema scudderiana)


goldenrod leaffolder moth (Agonopterix pulvipennella)


goldenrod spindle-gall moth (Gnorimoschema gallaesolidaginis)


gold-striped leaftier moth (Machimia tentoriferella)


grape leaf miner moth (Phyllocnistis vitegenella)


grape leaf miner moth (Phyllocnistis vitifoliella)


grape leaffolder moth (Desmia funeralis)


grape plume moth (Geina periscelidactylus)

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grapeleaf skeletonizer (Harrisina americana)

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grapevine epimenis (Psychomorpha epimenis)


grass-veneer (Crambus sp.)


gray copper (Lycaena dione)


gray furcula (Furcula cinerea)


gray quaker (Orthosia alurina)


gray spring moth (Lomographa glomeraria)


great ash sphinx (Sphinx chersis)

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great brocade (Eurois occulta)


great tiger moth (Arctia caja)

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greater black-letter dart (Xestia dolosa)


green arches (Anaplectoides prasina)


green cloverworm moth (Hypena scabra)


green leuconycta moth (Leuconycta diphteroides)


green pug (Pasiphila rectangulata)


Grote’s black-tipped quaker (Dichagyris grotei)


Grote’s pinion moth (Lithophane grotei)


Grote’s sallow (Copivaleria grotei)


habilis underwing (Catocala habilis)


hackberry leafroller moth (Sciota celtidella)


hairy euxoa moth (Euxoa comosa)

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half-wing (Phigalia titea)


haploa (Haploa sp.)


hawthorn underwing (Catocala crataegi)


hemlock looper moth (Lambdina fiscellaria)


heracleum stem borer moth (Papaipema harrisii)


hermit sphinx (Lintneria eremitus)


hickory leafstem borer (Acrobasis angusella)


hickory tussock moth (Lophocampa caryae)


Himmelman’s plume moth (Geina tenuidactylus)

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hitched arches (Melanchra adjuncta)


hoary pinion (Lithophane fagina)


Hoffman’s cochylid moth (Cochylichroa hoffmanana)


hollow-spotted angle (Digrammia gnophosaria)


hollow-spotted plagodis moth (Plagodis alcoolaria alcoolaria)


Hologram Moth (Diachrysia balluca)


homogenous-yellow angle (Macaria amboflava)


honeysuckle budworm (Sympistis badistriga)


honeysuckle moth (Ypsolopha dentella)


horned spanworm moth (Nematocampa resistaria)

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hummingbird clearwing (Hemaris thysbe)


ilia underwing (Catocala ilia)


Indian meal moth (Plodia interpunctella)


indigo stem borer (Papaipema baptisiae)


infant moth (Archiearis infans)


interrupted dagger (Acronicta interrupta)

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io moth (Automeris io)


iris borer moth (Macronoctua onusta)


iris rover moth (Hillia iris)

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Isabella tiger moth (Pyrrharctia isabella)


joe-pye-weed borer (Papaipema eupatorii)


Judith’s underwing (Catocala judith)


juniper looper moth (Eupithecia interruptofasciata)


Kearfott’s eucosma (Eucosma sombreana)


kidney-spotted rustic moth (Helotropha reniformis)

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knot-horn moths (Tribe Phycitini)


knot-horn moth (Interjectio niviella)


larch pug moth (Eupithecia annulata)


large gray dagger (Acronicta insita)

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large lace-border (Scopula limboundata)


large maple spanworm moth (Prochoerodes lineola)


large ruby tiger moth (Phragmatobia assimilans)

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laurel sphinx (Sphinx kalmiae)


leadplant flower moth (Schinia lucens)

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leafy spurge hawkmoth (Hyles euphorbiae)

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Leconte’s haploa (Haploa lecontei)

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lesser appleworm moth (Grapholita prunivora)


lesser black-letter dart (Xestia c-nigrum)


lesser grapevine looper moth (Eulithis diversilineata)


lesser maple leafroller (Acleris chalybeana)

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lesser maple spanworm moth (Macaria pustularia)


lesser peachtree borer (Synanthedon pictipes)


lesser vagabond sod webworm moth (Agriphila ruricolellus)


lesser viburnum clearwing moth (Synanthedon fatifera)


lettered habrosyne (Habrosyne scripta)


lettered sphinx (Deidamia inscripta)


lettered sphinx (Deidamia inscriptum)


linden looper (Erannis tiliaria)


linden prominent (Ellida caniplaga)


lined black aspen woodling (Egira dolosa)


little carpenterworm (Prionoxystus macmurtrei)


little lined underwing (Catocala lineella)


little underwing (Catocala minuta)


little virgin tiger moth (Apantesis virguncula)

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little white lichen moth (Clemensia albata)


locust leafroller moth (Sciota subcaesiella)


lost sallow (Eupsilia devia)


Louisiana aethes moth (Aethes louisiana)

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lucerne moth (Nomophila nearctica)


luna moth (Actias luna)


many-lined wainscot (Leucania multilinea)


maple bud borer moth (Proteoteras moffatiana)


maple callus borer (Synanthedon acerni)


maple spanworm moth (Ennomos magnaria magnaria)

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maple twig borer moth (Proteoteras aesculana)


maritime sunflower borer (Papaipema maritima)


Master’s dart (Feltia herilis)


meadow-rue borer (Papaipema unimoda)

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metarranthis moth (Metarranthis spp.)

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milkweed tussock moth (Euchaetes egle)


miranda moth (Proxenus miranda)


mixed dart moth (Euxoa immixta)


modest furcula (Furcula modesta)


modest sphinx (Pachysphinx modesta)


moonseed moth (Plusiodonta compressipalpis)


morning-glory plume moth (Emmelina monodactyla)


Morrison’s borer moth (Pelochrista morrisoni)


Morrison’s sallow (Eupsilia morrisoni)


Morrison’s sooty dart (Pseudohermonassa tenuicula)


mother underwing (Catocala parta)


mournful thyris (Thyris sepulchris)


nais tiger moth (Apantesis nais)


nameless pinion (Lithophane innominata)


neighbor moth (Haploa contigua)

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nessus sphinx (Amphion floridensis)


Nevada buck moth (Hemileuca nevadensis)


nondescript dagger (Acronicta spinigera)


Norman’s dart (Xestia normaniana)

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Norman’s quaker (Crocigrapha normani)


North American gypsy moth (Lymantria dispar dispar)


northern apple sphinx (Sphinx poecila)


northern burdock borer (Papaipema arctivorens)

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northern flower moth (Schinia septentrionalis)


northern pine sphinx (Lapara bombycoides)


northern variable dart (Xestia badicollis)


northern willow clearwing (Synanthedon bolteri)


noted sunflower moth (Tricholita notata)


nutmeg moth (Anarta trifolii)


oak beauty (Phaeoura quernaria)

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oak besma (Besma quercivoraria)


oak leafroller moth (Archips semiferanus)


obelisk dart (Euxoa obeliscoides)


oblique-banded leafroller moth (Choristoneura rosaceana)


oblong sedge borer moth (Globia oblonga)


obscure sphinx (Erinnyis obscura)


obscure underwing (Catocala obscura)


ochre dagger (Acronicta morula)


old man dart (Agrotis vetusta)


oldwife underwing (Catocala palaeogama)


olethreutine leafroller moth (Cydia lacustrina)


olethreutine leafroller moth (Eucosma glomerana)


olethreutine leafroller moth (Eucosma indagatricana)


olethreutine leafroller moth (Eucosma millerana)


olethreutine leafroller moth (Olethreutes atrodentana)


olethreutine leafroller moth (Olethreutes valdanum)


olethreutine leafroller moth (Pelochrista canana)


olethreutine leafroller moth (Pelochrista corosana)


olethreutine leafroller moth (Pelochrista costastriata)


olethreutine leafroller moth (Pelochrista matutina)


olivaceous eucosma moth (Eucosma olivaceana)


olive angle shades (Phlogophora iris)

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olive-shaded bird-dropping moth (Ponometia candefacta)

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omnivorous leafroller (Archips purpurana)


once-married underwing (Catocala unijuga)

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one-eyed sphinx (Smerinthus cerisyi)


one-lined sparganothis moth (Sparganothis unifasciana)


orange virbia moth (Virbia aurantiaca)


orange-headed monopis (Monopis spilotella)


orange-tipped oakworm moth (Anisota senatoria)


ordered angle (Digrammia ordinata)


Oregon cycnia (Cycnia oregonensis)


ornate moth (Utetheisa ornatrix)


painted lichen moth (Hypoprepia fucosa)


pale beauty (Campaea perlata)


pale metanema moth (Metanema inatomaria)


pale-headed eucosma moth (Eucosma ochrocephala)


pale-marked angle (Macaria signaria)


pale-winged gray (Iridopsis ephyraria)


pallid leafroller moth (Xenotemna pallorana)


palmerworm moth (Dichomeris ligulella)

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pandorus sphinx (Eumorpha pandorus)


parthenice tiger moth (Apantesis parthenice)


peachtree borer (Synanthedon exitiosa)


pearly wood-nymph (Eudryas unio)


pecan blotchminer moth (Phyllonorycter caryaealbella)


penitent underwing (Catocala piatrix)


pepper and salt geometer (Biston betularia cognataria)


phlox moth (Schinia indiana)


phragmites wainscot (Leucania phragmitidicola)


phyllira tiger moth (Apantesis phyllira)


pine barrens fan-foot (Zanclognatha martha)


pine powder moth (Eufidonia convergaria)


pink streak moth (Dargida rubripennis)

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pink underwing (Catocala concumbens)


pink-barred pseudeustrotia moth (Pseudeustrotia carneola)


Pink-patched Looper Moth (Eosphoropteryx thyatyroides)


pink-shaded fern moth (Callopistria mollissima)


pink-spotted hawkmoth (Agrius cingulata)


pink-striped oakworm moth (Anisota virginiensis)


pink-striped willow spanworm (Cabera variolaria)


pink-washed aristotelia moth (Aristotelia roseosuffusella)


pitch mass borer (Synanthedon pini)

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plume moth (Hellinsia glenni)

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polyphemus moth (Antheraea polyphemus)


pondside crambid moth (Elophila icciusalis)


poplar micromoth (Semioscopis inornata)


praeclara underwing (Catocala praeclara)


prairie bird-dropping moth (Ponometia binocula)


prairie sedge moth (Neodactria murellus)


primrose moth (Schinia florida)


promethea moth (Callosamia promethea)


pug moth (Eupithecia bowmani)


pug moth (Eupithecia columbiata)


pug moth (Eupithecia russeliata)


pug moth (Eupithecia swettii)


purple arches moth (Polia purpurissata)


purple fairy moth (Adela purpurea)


purple plagodis moth (Plagodis kuetzingi)


puta sallow (Anathix puta)


Putnam’s looper moth (Plusia putnami)


ragweed borer moth (Epiblema strenuana)


ragweed flower moth (Schinia rivulosa)


ragweed plume moth (Adaina ambrosiae)

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ragwort stem borer moth (Papaipema insulidens)


raspberry crown borer (Pennisetia marginata)


raspberry pyrausta moth (Pyrausta signatalis)


reaper dart (Euxoa messoria)


red dart (Diarsia rubifera)


red maple borer (Synanthedon acerrubri)


red twin-spot (Xanthorhoe ferrugata)


red-banded leafroller moth (Argyrotaenia velutinana)


reddish eucosma moth (Eucosma raracana)


residua underwing (Catocala residua)

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reversed haploa (Haploa reversa)


rigid sunflower borer (Papaipema rigida)

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Robin’s carpenterworm (Prionoxystus robiniae)


Robinson’s underwing (Catocala robinsonii)


Roland’s sallow (Psaphida rolandi)


rose plume moth (Cnaemidophorus rhododactyla)

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rosy maple moth (Dryocampa rubicunda)


rubbed dart (Euxoa detersa)


ruby tiger moth (Phragmatobia fuliginosa)


ruddy holomelina (Virbia rubicundaria)


ruddy metarranthis (Metarranthis duaria)


saddled prominent (Heterocampa guttivitta)


salt marsh moth (Estigmene acrea)


sandhill knot-horn (Anerastia lotella)


satyr pug moth (Eupithecia satyrata)


saw-wing (Euchlaena serrata)


scarce brindle (Apamea lateritia)


scarlet underwing (Catocala coccinata)

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Schlaeger’s fruitworm moth (Antaeotricha schlaegeri)


scribbler moth (Cladara atroliturata)


semirelict underwing (Catocala semirelicta)


sensetive fern borer (Papaipema inquaesita)


serrated eulithis moth (Eulithis serrataria)


sharp angle shades (Conservula anodonta)


sharp-angled carpet (Euphyia intermediata)


sharp-lined tussock moth (Dasychira dorsipennata)


sharp-lined yellow (Sicya macularia macularia)


shimmering gold adoxophyes moth (Adoxophyes negundana)


Sidus sallow (Eupsilia sidus)

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sigmoid prominent (Clostera albosigma)

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signate quaker (Tricholita signata)


silphius borer (Papaipema silphii)


silver-spotted fern moth (Callopistria cordata)


similar underwing (Catocala similis)

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simple wave (Scopula junctaria)


skunk twirler (Agnippe prunifoliella)


slender pug (Eupithecia tenuiata)


small bird-dropping moth (Ponometia erastrioides)


small engrailed (Ectropis crepuscularia crepuscularia)


small gamma looper moth (Syngrapha microgamma)

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small mocis (Mocis latipes)


small pine looper (Eupithecia palpata)


small-eyed sphinx (Paonias myops)

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smeared dagger (Acronicta oblinita)


Smith’s dart (Xestia smithii)


snakeweed borer moth (Pelochrista ridingsana)

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snowberry clearwing (Hemaris diffinis)


snowy geometer (Eugonobapta nivosaria)


snowy-veined apamea moth (Apamea niveivenosa)


sod webworm moth (Pediasia trisecta)


soft-lined wave (Scopula inductata)


sordid dart (Euxoa mimallonis)


sordid underwing (Catocala sordida)


southern dogface (Zerene cesonia)


sparganothis fruitworm moth (Sparganothis sulfureana)


speckle-back grass-veneer (Pediasia dorsipunctellus)

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speckled green fruitworm moth (Orthosia hibisci)


speckled rustic (Caradrina multifera)


spectacled nettle moth (Abrostola urentis)


sphinx moth (Family Sphingidae)


spiny oakworm moth (Anisota stigma)


spotted clover moth (Protoschinia nuchalis)

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spotted grass moth (Rivula propinqualis)


spring cankerworm moth (Paleacrita vernata)


spring hemlock looper (Lambdina fervidaria athasaria)


spruce coneworm moth (Dioryctria reniculelloides)

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squash vine borer (Melittia cucurbitae)


stalk borer (Papaipema nebris)

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stout spanworm moth (Lycia ursaria)


straight-toothed sallow (Eupsilia vinulenta)


straw besma (Besma endropiaria)


streaked dagger (Acronicta lithospila)


streaked ethmia moth (Ethmia longimaculella)


striped sumac leafroller moth (Sciota subfuscella)


subgothic dart (Feltia subgothica)


sun moth (Heliodines sp.)


sunflower borer (Papaipema necopina)


sunflower moth (Homoeosoma electella)


sweet clover root borer moth (Walshia miscecolorella)


sweetfern leaf casebearer (Acrobasis comptoniella)


sweetfern underwing (Catocala antinympha)


sweetheart underwing (Catocala amatrix)


tawny eupithecia (Eupithecia ravocostaliata)


tearful underwing (Catocala lacrymosa)


tersa sphinx (Xylophanes tersa)


Texas buck moth (Hemileuca maia peigleri)


the bride (Catocala neogama)


the little nymph (Catocala micronympha)


the old maid (Catocala badia coelebs)


thinker moth (Lacinipolia meditata)

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three-lined leafroller moth (Pandemis limitata)


three-staff underwing (Catocala amestris)


tick-trefoil caloptilia moth (Caloptilia violacella)


titan sphinx (Aellopos titan)


toothed brown carpet (Xanthorhoe lacustrata)

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toothed somberwing (Euclidia cuspidea)


topiary grass-veneer (Chrysoteuchia topiarius)


tortricine leafroller moth (Acleris oxycoccana)


tortricine leafroller moth (Acleris spp.)


triangle-backed pelochrista moth (Pelochrista dorsisignatana)


turtle head borer (Papaipema nepheleptena)


tussock moth (Halysidota spp.)


twiler moth (Filatima spp.)


twin-spotted sphinx (Smerinthus jamaicensis)


twirler moth (Chionodes spp.)


twirler moth (Coleotechnites quercivorella)


twirler moth (Keiferia georgei)


twirler moth (Scrobipalpula artemisiella)

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twirler moth (Scrobipalpula manierreorum)


two-lined hooktip (Drepana bilineata)


ugly-nest caterpillar moth (Archips cerasivorana)


ultronia underwing (Catocala ultronia)


umbellifer borer (Papaipema birdi)


unicorn prominent (Schizura unicornis)


Unknown Moths

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ursula wainscot (Leucania ursula)

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vagabond crambus (Agriphila vulgivagellus)


variegated cutworm moth (Peridroma saucia)


vashti sphinx (Sphinx vashti)


verbena bud moth (Endothenia hebesana)


viburnum clearwing (Synanthedon viburni)

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virgin tiger moth (Apantesis virgo)


Virginia creeper clearwing (Albuna fraxini)


Virginia creeper sphinx (Darapsa myron)

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Virginia ctenucha (Ctenucha virginica)

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Virginian tiger moth (Spilosoma virginica)


walnut caterpillar moth (Datana integerrima)


walnut sphinx (Amorpha juglandis)


wandering brocade moth (Fishia illocata)


waved sphinx (Ceratomia undulosa)


webbing coneworm moth (Dioryctria disclusa)


wedgling moth (Galgula partita)


Welsh wave moth (Venusia cambrica)


western furcula (Furcula occidentalis)

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western tent caterpillar moth (Malacosoma californicum)


wheat head armyworm (Dargida diffusa)

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white slant-line (Tetracis cachexiata)

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white underwing (Catocala relicta)


white-blotched heterocampa (Heterocampa umbrata)


white-dotted groundling (Condica videns)


white-dotted prominent (Nadata gibbosa)


white-edged phycitodes moth (Phycitodes reliquellum)

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white-lined sphinx (Hyles lineata)

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white-marked tussock moth (Orgyia leucostigma)


white-streaked prominent (Oligocentria lignicolor)

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white-striped black (Trichodezia albovittata)


Whitney“s underwing (Catocala whitneyi)


widow underwing (Catocala vidua)


wild cherry sphinx (Sphinx drupiferarum)


willow dart (Cerastis salicarum)


willow leafcone caterpillar noth (Caloptilia stigmatella)


wonderful underwing (Catocala mira)


wood-colored apamea moth (Apamea lignicolora)


woody underwing (Catocala grynea)


wormwood pug (Eupithecia absinthiata)

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xylenine sallows (Eupsilia spp.)

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yarrow plume moth (Gillmeria pallidactyla)


yellow satin veneer (Crambus perlella)


yellow slant-line (Tetracis crocallata)


yellow-banded underwing (Catocala cerogama)

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yellow-collared scape moth (Cisseps fulvicollis)

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yellow-dusted cream moth (Cabera erythemaria)


yellow-fringed dolichomia moth (Hypsopygia olinalis)


yellow-gray underwing (Catocala retecta)


yellow-shouldered leafroller (Sciota basilaris)


yellow-striped armyworm moth (Spodoptera ornithogalli)


youthful underwing (Catocala subnata)


Zimmerman pine moth (Dioryctria zimmermani)


Abrostola urentis (spectacled nettle moth)

Acleris chalybeana (lesser maple leafroller)

Acleris nigrolinea (black-lined acleris)

Acleris oxycoccana (tortricine leafroller moth)

Acleris sp. (tortricine leafroller moth)

Acleris subnivana (bent-winged acleris moth)

Acleris variana (eastern black-headed budworm moth)

Acrobasis angusella (hickory leafstem borer)

Acrobasis betulella (birch tubemaker moth)

Acrobasis comptoniella (sweetfern leaf casebearer)

Acrobasis vaccinii (cranberry fruitworm moth)

Acronicta afflicta (afflicted dagger moth)

Acronicta americana (American dagger moth)

Acronicta funeralis (funerary dagger)

Acronicta insita (large gray dagger)

Acronicta interrupta (interrupted dagger)

Acronicta lithospila (streaked dagger)

Acronicta morula (ochre dagger)

Acronicta oblinita (smeared dagger)

Acronicta spinigera (nondescript dagger)

Actias luna (luna moth)

Adaina ambrosiae (ragweed plume moth)

Adela purpurea (purple fairy moth)

Adoxophyes negundana (shimmering gold adoxophyes moth)

Aellopos titan (titan sphinx)

Aethes louisiana (Louisiana aethes moth)

Agnippe prunifoliella (skunk twirler)

Agonopterix curvilineella (curved-lined agonopterix moth)

Agonopterix pulvipennella (goldenrod leaffolder moth)

Agriphila ruricolellus (lesser vagabond sod webworm moth)

Agriphila vulgivagellus (vagabond crambus)

Agrius cingulata (pink-spotted hawkmoth)

Agrotis vetusta (old man dart)

Alsophila pometaria (fall cankerworm moth)

Alypia octomaculata (eight-spotted forester moth)

Amorpha juglandis (walnut sphinx)

Amphion floridensis (nessus sphinx)

Amphipyra pyramidoides (copper underwing)

Anagrapha falcifera (celery looper)

Anaplectoides prasina (green arches)

Anarta trifolii (nutmeg moth)

Anathix puta (puta sallow)

Ancylis metamelana (black-marked ancylis moth)

Anerastia lotella (sandhill knot-horn)

Anicla forbesi (Forbes’ dart)

Anicla tenuescens (drab dart)

Anisota senatoria (orange-tipped oakworm moth)

Anisota stigma (spiny oakworm moth)

Anisota virginiensis (pink-striped oakworm moth)

Antaeotricha schlaegeri (Schlaeger’s fruitworm moth)

Antheraea polyphemus (polyphemus moth)

Apamea devastator (glassy cutworm moth)

Apamea dubitans (doubtful apamea moth)

Apamea lateritia (scarce brindle)

Apamea lignicolora (wood-colored apamea moth)

Apamea niveivenosa (snowy-veined apamea moth)

Apantesis anna (Anna tiger moth)

Apantesis arge (arge moth)

Apantesis figurata (figured tiger moth)

Apantesis nais (nais tiger moth)

Apantesis parthenice (parthenice tiger moth)

Apantesis phyllira (phyllira tiger moth)

Apantesis speciosa (bog tiger moth)

Apantesis virgo (virgin tiger moth)

Apantesis virguncula (little virgin tiger moth)

Apantesis vittata (banded tiger moth)

Archiearis infans (infant moth)

Archips argyrospila (fruit-tree leafroller moth)

Archips cerasivorana (ugly-nest caterpillar moth)

Archips purpurana (omnivorous leafroller)

Archips semiferanus (oak leafroller moth)

Arctia caja (great tiger moth)

Argyrotaenia velutinana (red-banded leafroller moth)

Aristotelia roseosuffusella (pink-washed aristotelia moth)

Autographa precationis (common looper moth)

Automeris io (io moth)

Baileya doubledayi (Doubleday’s baileya moth)

Bellura obliqua (cattail borer moth)

Besma endropiaria (straw besma)

Besma quercivoraria (oak besma)

Biston betularia cognataria (pepper and salt geometer)

Cabera erythemaria (yellow-dusted cream moth)

Cabera variolaria (pink-striped willow spanworm)

Caenurgina crassiuscula (clover looper moth)

Caenurgina erechtea (forage looper moth)

Callopistria mollissima (pink-shaded fern moth)

Callosamia promethea (promethea moth)

Caloptilia stigmatella (willow leafcone caterpillar noth)

Caloptilia violacella (tick-trefoil caloptilia moth)

Cameraria betulivora (birch-leaf blotchminer moth)

Campaea perlata (pale beauty)

Canarsia ulmiarrosorella (elm leaftier moth)

Caradrina multifera (speckled rustic)

Caripeta angustiorata (brown pine looper moth)

Carmenta anthracipennis (blazing star borer moth)

Carmenta ithacae (clearwing moth)

Catocala abbreviatella (abbreviated underwing)

Catocala amatrix (sweetheart underwing)

Catocala amestris (three-staff underwing)

Catocala amica (girlfriend underwing)

Catocala antinympha (sweetfern underwing)

Catocala badia coelebs (the old maid)

Catocala blandula (charming underwing)

Catocala briseis (briseis underwing)

Catocala cara (darling underwing)

Catocala cerogama (yellow-banded underwing)

Catocala clintonii (Clinton’s underwing)

Catocala coccinata (scarlet underwing)

Catocala concumbens (pink underwing)

Catocala connubialis (connubial underwing)

Catocala crataegi (hawthorn underwing)

Catocala epione (epione underwing)

Catocala grynea (woody underwing)

Catocala habilis (habilis underwing)

Catocala ilia (ilia underwing)

Catocala judith (Judith’s underwing)

Catocala lacrymosa (tearful underwing)

Catocala lineella (little lined underwing)

Catocala micronympha (the little nymph)

Catocala minuta (little underwing)

Catocala mira (wonderful underwing)

Catocala nebulosa (clouded underwing)

Catocala neogama (the bride)

Catocala obscura (obscure underwing)

Catocala palaeogama (oldwife underwing)

Catocala parta (mother underwing)

Catocala piatrix (penitent underwing)

Catocala praeclara (praeclara underwing)

Catocala relicta (white underwing)

Catocala residua (residua underwing)

Catocala retecta (yellow-gray underwing)

Catocala robinsonii (Robinson’s underwing)

Catocala semirelicta (semirelict underwing)

Catocala similis (similar underwing)

Catocala sordida (sordid underwing)

Catocala subnata (youthful underwing)

Catocala ultronia (ultronia underwing)

Catocala unijuga (once-married underwing)

Catocala vidua (widow underwing)

Catocala whitneyi (Whitney“s underwing)

Cerastis salicarum (willow dart)

Ceratomia amyntor (elm sphinx)

Ceratomia catalpae (catalpa sphinx)

Ceratomia undulosa (waved sphinx)

Chionodes sp. (twirler moth)

Chlorochlamys chloroleucaria (blackberry looper)

Choristoneura fumiferana (eastern spruce budworm)

Choristoneura rosaceana (oblique-banded leafroller moth)

Chrysoteuchia topiarius (topiary grass-veneer)

Cingilia catenaria (chain-dotted geometer)

Cisseps fulvicollis (yellow-collared scape moth)

Cladara atroliturata (scribbler moth)

Clemensia albata (little white lichen moth)

Clepsis peritana (garden tortrix)

Clostera albosigma (sigmoid prominent)

Clostera apicalis (apical prominent)

Clostera inclusa (angle-lined prominent)

Cnaemidophorus rhododactyla (rose plume moth)

Cochylichroa arthuri (Arthur’s sunflower moth)

Cochylichroa hoffmanana (Hoffman’s cochylid moth)

Coleotechnites quercivorella (twirler moth)

Condica videns (white-dotted groundling)

Conservula anodonta (sharp angle shades)

Copivaleria grotei (Grote’s sallow)

Costaconvexa centrostrigaria (bent-lined carpet)

Crambus laqueatellus (eastern grass-veneer)

Crambus perlella (yellow satin veneer)

Crambus praefectellus (common grass-veneer)

Crambus sp. (grass-veneer)

Crocigrapha normani (Norman’s quaker)

Ctenucha virginica (Virginia ctenucha)

Cucullia asteroides (asteroid moth)

Cycnia oregonensis (Oregon cycnia)

Cycnia tenera (delicate cycnia)

Cydia lacustrina (olethreutine leafroller moth)

Darapsa choerilus (azalea sphinx)

Darapsa myron (Virginia creeper sphinx)

Dargida diffusa (wheat head armyworm)

Dargida rubripennis (pink streak moth)

Dasychira cinnamomea (cinnamon tussock moth)

Dasychira dorsipennata (sharp-lined tussock moth)

Dasylophia anguina (black-spotted prominent)

Datana contracta (contracted datana)

Datana integerrima (walnut caterpillar moth)

Deidamia inscripta (lettered sphinx)

Deidamia inscriptum (lettered sphinx)

Desmia funeralis (grape leaffolder moth)

Diachrysia balluca (Hologram Moth)

Diarsia rubifera (red dart)

Dichagyris grotei (Grote’s black-tipped quaker)

Dichomeris ligulella (palmerworm moth)

Digrammia gnophosaria (hollow-spotted angle)

Digrammia ordinata (ordered angle)

Dioryctria disclusa (webbing coneworm moth)

Dioryctria reniculelloides (spruce coneworm moth)

Dioryctria zimmermani (Zimmerman pine moth)

Drepana arcuata (arched hooktip)

Drepana bilineata (two-lined hooktip)

Dryocampa rubicunda (rosy maple moth)

Dyseriocrania griseocapitella (chinquapin leafminer moth)

Ectropis crepuscularia crepuscularia (small engrailed)

Egira dolosa (lined black aspen woodling)

Ellida caniplaga (linden prominent)

Elophila icciusalis (pondside crambid moth)

Emmelina monodactyla (morning-glory plume moth)

Endothenia hebesana (verbena bud moth)

Ennomos magnaria magnaria (maple spanworm moth)

Ennomos subsignaria (elm spanworm moth)

Eoreuma crawfordi (crambine snout moth)

Eosphoropteryx thyatyroides (Pink-patched Looper Moth)

Epelis truncataria (black-banded orange moth)

Ephestiodes gilvescentella (dusky raisin moth)

Epiblema scudderiana (goldenrod gall moth)

Epiblema strenuana (ragweed borer moth)

Epinotia sotipena (black dash epinotia moth)

Erannis tiliaria (linden looper)

Erinnyis ello (ello sphinx)

Erinnyis obscura (obscure sphinx)

Estigmene acrea (salt marsh moth)

Ethmia longimaculella (streaked ethmia moth)

Eubaphe mendica (beggar moth)

Euchaetes egle (milkweed tussock moth)

Euchlaena amoenaria amoenaria (deep yellow euchlaena moth)

Euchlaena effecta (effective euchlaena moth)

Euchlaena serrata (saw-wing)

Euclidia cuspidea (toothed somberwing)

Eucosma glomerana (olethreutine leafroller moth)

Eucosma indagatricana (olethreutine leafroller moth)

Eucosma ochrocephala (pale-headed eucosma moth)

Eucosma ochroterminana (buff-tipped eucosma moth)

Eucosma olivaceana (olivaceous eucosma moth)

Eucosma parmatana (aster eucosma moth)

Eucosma raracana (reddish eucosma moth)

Eucosma sombreana (Kearfott’s eucosma)

Eudryas unio (pearly wood-nymph)

Eufidonia convergaria (pine powder moth)

Eugonobapta nivosaria (snowy geometer)

Eulithis diversilineata (lesser grapevine looper moth)

Eulithis flavibrunneata (carpet moth)

Eulithis serrataria (serrated eulithis moth)

Eulithis testata (chevron moth)

Eulogia ochrifrontella (broad-banded eulogia)

Eumacaria madopata (brown-bordered geometer moth)

Eumorpha achemon (achemon sphinx)

Eumorpha pandorus (pandorus sphinx)

Euphyia intermediata (sharp-angled carpet)

Eupithecia absinthiata (wormwood pug)

Eupithecia annulata (larch pug moth)

Eupithecia assimilata (currant pug)

Eupithecia bowmani (pug moth)

Eupithecia columbiata (pug moth)

Eupithecia fletcherata (Fletcher’s larch looper)

Eupithecia interruptofasciata (juniper looper moth)

Eupithecia luteata (fir needle inchworm)

Eupithecia miserulata (common eupithecia)

Eupithecia palpata (small pine looper)

Eupithecia ravocostaliata (tawny eupithecia)

Eupithecia russeliata (pug moth)

Eupithecia satyrata (satyr pug moth)

Eupithecia swettii (pug moth)

Eupithecia tenuiata (slender pug)

Eupsilia devia (lost sallow)

Eupsilia morrisoni (Morrison’s sallow)

Eupsilia sidus (Sidus sallow)

Eupsilia spp. (xylenine sallows)

Eupsilia vinulenta (straight-toothed sallow)

Eurois occulta (great brocade)

Eusarca confusaria (confused eusarca)

Euxoa comosa (hairy euxoa moth)

Euxoa detersa (rubbed dart)

Euxoa immixta (mixed dart moth)

Euxoa messoria (reaper dart)

Euxoa mimallonis (sordid dart)

Euxoa obeliscoides (obelisk dart)

Feltia herilis (Master’s dart)

Feltia jaculifera (dingy cutworm moth)

Feltia mollis (delicate cutworm moth)

Feltia subgothica (subgothic dart)

Feralia comstocki (Comstock’s sallow)

Filatima sp. (twirler moth)

Fishia illocata (wandering brocade moth)

Furcula cinerea (gray furcula)

Furcula modesta (modest furcula)

Furcula occidentalis (western furcula)

Galgula partita (wedgling moth)

Geina periscelidactylus (grape plume moth)

Geina tenuidactylus (Himmelman’s plume moth)

Geometridae (geometer moths)

Gillmeria pallidactyla (yarrow plume moth)

Globia oblonga (oblong sedge borer moth)

Gluphisia septentrionis (common gluphisia)

Gnorimoschema gallaesolidaginis (goldenrod spindle-gall moth)

Gonioterma mistrella (flat-bodied moth)

Grapholita prunivora (lesser appleworm moth)

Habrosyne scripta (lettered habrosyne)

Haematopis grataria (chickweed geometer)

Halysidota sp. (tussock moth)

Halysidota tessellaris (banded tussock moth)

Haploa clymene (clymene moth)

Haploa confusa (confused haploa)

Haploa contigua (neighbor moth)

Haploa lecontei (Leconte’s haploa)

Haploa reversa (reversed haploa)

Haploa sp. (haploa)

Harrisina americana (grapeleaf skeletonizer)

Helicoverpa zea (corn earworm moth)

Heliodines sp. (sun moth)

Heliomata cycladata (common spring moth)

Heliothis acesias (acesias buff gem)

Hellinsia glenni (plume moth)

Helotropha reniformis (kidney-spotted rustic moth)

Hemaris diffinis (snowberry clearwing)

Hemaris thysbe (hummingbird clearwing)

Hemileuca maia (buck moth)

Hemileuca maia peigleri (Texas buck moth)

Hemileuca nevadensis (Nevada buck moth)

Heterocampa guttivitta (saddled prominent)

Heterocampa umbrata (white-blotched heterocampa)

Hillia iris (iris rover moth)

Homoeosoma electella (sunflower moth)

Homoglaea hircina (goat sallow)

Homorthodes reliqua (cutworm or dart moth)

Hyalophora cecropia (cecropia moth)

Hyalophora columbia (Columbia silkmoth)

Hyles euphorbiae (leafy spurge hawkmoth)

Hyles gallii (galium sphinx)

Hyles lineata (white-lined sphinx)

Hypena scabra (green cloverworm moth)

Hyperaeschra georgica (Georgian prominent)

Hypercompe scribonia (giant leopard moth)

Hyphantria cunea (fall webworm)

Hypoprepia fucosa (painted lichen moth)

Hyppa xylinoides (common hyppa moth)

Hypsopygia olinalis (yellow-fringed dolichomia moth)

Idia americalis (American idia moth)

Interjectio niviella (knot-horn moth)

Ipimorpha pleonectusa (even-lined sallow)

Iridopsis ephyraria (pale-winged gray)

Iridopsis sp. (geometer moth)

Keiferia georgei (twirler moth)

Lacinipolia meditata (thinker moth)

Lambdina fervidaria athasaria (spring hemlock looper)

Lambdina fiscellaria (hemlock looper moth)

Lapara bombycoides (northern pine sphinx)

Leucania multilinea (many-lined wainscot)

Leucania phragmitidicola (phragmites wainscot)

Leucania pseudargyria (false wainscot)

Leucania ursula (ursula wainscot)

Leuconycta diphteroides (green leuconycta moth)

Leucospilapteryx venustella (aster leafminer moth)

Lintneria eremitus (hermit sphinx)

Litholomia napaea (false pinion moth)

Lithophane bethunei (Bethune’s pinion)

Lithophane fagina (hoary pinion)

Lithophane grotei (Grote’s pinion moth)

Lithophane innominata (nameless pinion)

Lochmaeus bilineata (double-lined prominent)

Lomographa glomeraria (gray spring moth)

Lophocampa caryae (hickory tussock moth)

Loxostege cereralis (alfalfa webworm moth)

Loxostege sticticalis (beet webworm moth)

Lycaena dione (gray copper)

Lycia ursaria (stout spanworm moth)

Lycomorpha pholus (black-and-yellow lichen moth)

Lymantria dispar dispar (North American gypsy moth)

Lytrosis unitaria (common lytrosis moth)

Macaria amboflava (homogenous-yellow angle)

Macaria pustularia (lesser maple spanworm moth)

Macaria signaria (pale-marked angle)

Machimia tentoriferella (gold-striped leaftier moth)

Macronoctua onusta (iris borer moth)

Malacosoma americanum (eastern tent caterpillar moth)

Malacosoma californicum (western tent caterpillar moth)

Malacosoma disstria (forest tent caterpillar moth)

Manduca quinquemaculata (five-spotted hawkmoth)

Manduca sexta (Carolina sphinx)

Manulea bicolor (bicolored moth)

Melanchra adjuncta (hitched arches)

Melittia cucurbitae (squash vine borer)

Metanema inatomaria (pale metanema moth)

Metarranthis angularia (angled metarranthis)

Metarranthis duaria (ruddy metarranthis)

Metarranthis hypochraria (common metarranthis)

Metarranthis spp. (metarranthis moth)

Microcrambus elegans (elegant grass-veneer)

Mocis latipes (small mocis)

Monopis spilotella (orange-headed monopis)

Moodna ostrinella (darker moodna moth)

Morrisonia evicta (bicolored woodgrain moth)

Mythimna unipuncta (armyworm moth)

Nadata gibbosa (white-dotted prominent)

Nematocampa resistaria (horned spanworm moth)

Neodactria murellus (prairie sedge moth)

Nephelodes minians (bronzed cutworm moth)

Nepytia canosaria (false hemlock looper moth)

Nerice bidentata (double-toothed prominent)

Noctua pronuba (European yellow underwing)

Nomophila nearctica (lucerne moth)

Odontosia elegans (elegant prominent)

Oidaematophorus eupatorii (eupatorium plume moth)

Olethreutes atrodentana (olethreutine leafroller moth)

Olethreutes valdanum (olethreutine leafroller moth)

Oligocentria lignicolor (white-streaked prominent)

Orgyia leucostigma (white-marked tussock moth)

Orthosia alurina (gray quaker)

Orthosia hibisci (speckled green fruitworm moth)

Ostrinia nubilalis (European corn borer moth)

Pachysphinx modesta (modest sphinx)

Pachysphinx occidentalis (big poplar sphinx)

Paleacrita vernata (spring cankerworm moth)

Palthis angulalis (dark-spotted palthis)

Pandemis limitata (three-lined leafroller moth)

Paonias excaecata (blinded sphinx)

Paonias myops (small-eyed sphinx)

Papaipema arctivorens (northern burdock borer)

Papaipema baptisiae (indigo stem borer)

Papaipema birdi (umbellifer borer)

Papaipema cataphracta (burdock borer)

Papaipema cerina (golden borer)

Papaipema eupatorii (joe-pye-weed borer)

Papaipema furcata (ash tip borer)

Papaipema harrisii (heracleum stem borer moth)

Papaipema inquaesita (sensetive fern borer)

Papaipema insulidens (ragwort stem borer moth)

Papaipema leucostigma (columbine borer)

Papaipema maritima (maritime sunflower borer)

Papaipema nebris (stalk borer)

Papaipema necopina (sunflower borer)

Papaipema nepheleptena (turtle head borer)

Papaipema pterisii (bracken borer)

Papaipema rigida (rigid sunflower borer)

Papaipema silphii (silphius borer)

Papaipema unimoda (meadow-rue borer)

Paranthrene tabaniformis (dusky clearwing moth)

Parapoynx badiusalis (chestnut-marked pondweed moth)

Pasiphila rectangulata (green pug)

Pediasia dorsipunctellus (speckle-back grass-veneer)

Pediasia trisecta (sod webworm moth)

Pelochrista canana (olethreutine leafroller moth)

Pelochrista corosana (olethreutine leafroller moth)

Pelochrista costastriata (olethreutine leafroller moth)

Pelochrista dorsisignatana (triangle-backed pelochrista moth)

Pelochrista matutina (olethreutine leafroller moth)

Pelochrista morrisoni (Morrison’s borer moth)

Pelochrista ridingsana (snakeweed borer moth)

Pennisetia marginata (raspberry crown borer)

Peoria approximella (carmine snout)

Peridea angulosa (angulose prominent)

Peridea ferruginea (chocolate prominent)

Peridroma saucia (variegated cutworm moth)

Phaeoura quernaria (oak beauty)

Phalaenophana pyramusalis (dark-banded owlet)

Pheosia rimosa (black-rimmed prominent)

Phigalia titea (half-wing)

Phlogophora iris (olive angle shades)

Phlogophora periculosa (brown angle shades)

Phragmatobia assimilans (large ruby tiger moth)

Phragmatobia fuliginosa (ruby tiger moth)

Phycitini (knot-horn moths)

Phycitodes reliquellum (white-edged phycitodes moth)

Phyllocnistis vitegenella (grape leaf miner moth)

Phyllocnistis vitifoliella (grape leaf miner moth)

Phyllonorycter caryaealbella (pecan blotchminer moth)

Plagodis alcoolaria alcoolaria (hollow-spotted plagodis moth)

Plagodis kuetzingi (purple plagodis moth)

Platypolia anceps (cutworm or dart moth)

Platyptilia carduidactylus (artichoke plume moth)

Pleuroprucha insulsaria (common tan wave)

Plodia interpunctella (Indian meal moth)

Polia purpurissata (purple arches moth)

Ponometia binocula (prairie bird-dropping moth)

Ponometia candefacta (olive-shaded bird-dropping moth)

Ponometia erastrioides (small bird-dropping moth)

Prionoxystus macmurtrei (little carpenterworm)

Prionoxystus robiniae (Robin’s carpenterworm)

Probole alienaria (alien probole)

Probole amicaria (friendly probole moth)

Prochoerodes lineola (large maple spanworm moth)

Proteoteras aesculana (maple twig borer moth)

Proteoteras crescentana (black-crescent proteoteras moth)

Proteoteras moffatiana (maple bud borer moth)

Protolampra brunneicollis (brown-collared dart)

Protorthodes incincta (banded quaker)

Protoschinia nuchalis (spotted clover moth)

Proxenus miranda (miranda moth)

Psaphida rolandi (Roland’s sallow)

Pseudexentera oregonana (early aspen leafroller moth)

Pseudexentera spoliana (bare-patched leafroller moth)

Pseudohermonassa tenuicula (Morrison’s sooty dart)

Psychomorpha epimenis (grapevine epimenis)

Pyrausta signatalis (raspberry pyrausta moth)

Pyrrharctia isabella (Isabella tiger moth)

Rheumaptera prunivorata (cherry scallop shell moth)

Rivula propinqualis (spotted grass moth)

Saucrobotys futilalis (dogbane saucrobotys moth)

Schinia arcigera (arcigera flower moth)

Schinia florida (primrose moth)

Schinia indiana (phlox moth)

Schinia lucens (leadplant flower moth)

Schinia rivulosa (ragweed flower moth)

Schinia septentrionalis (northern flower moth)

Schizura unicornis (unicorn prominent)

Sciota basilaris (yellow-shouldered leafroller)

Sciota celtidella (hackberry leafroller moth)

Sciota subcaesiella (locust leafroller moth)

Sciota subfuscella (striped sumac leafroller moth)

Sciota virgatella (belted leafroller moth)

Sciota virgatella (black-spotted leafroller moth)

Scopula ancellata (angled wave)

Scopula inductata (soft-lined wave)

Scopula junctaria (simple wave)

Scopula limboundata (large lace-border)

Scrobipalpula artemisiella (thyme moth)

Scrobipalpula manierreorum (twirler moth)

Selenia alciphearia (brown-tipped thorn)

Semioscopis inornata (poplar micromoth)

Sicya macularia macularia (sharp-lined yellow)

Sitochroa palealis (carrot seed moth)

Smerinthus cerisyi (one-eyed sphinx)

Smerinthus jamaicensis (twin-spotted sphinx)

Sparganothis boweri (Bower’s leafroller)

Sparganothis sulfureana (sparganothis fruitworm moth)

Sparganothis unifasciana (one-lined sparganothis moth)

Sphingidae (sphinx moth)

Sphecodina abbottii (Abbott’s sphinx)

Sphinx canadensis (Canadian sphinx)

Sphinx chersis (great ash sphinx)

Sphinx drupiferarum (wild cherry sphinx)

Sphinx gordius (apple sphinx)

Sphinx kalmiae (laurel sphinx)

Sphinx poecila (northern apple sphinx)

Sphinx vashti (vashti sphinx)

Spilosoma congrua (agreeable tiger moth)

Spilosoma virginica (Virginian tiger moth)

Spodolepis substriataria (geometer moth)

Spodoptera ornithogalli (yellow-striped armyworm moth)

Sympistis badistriga (honeysuckle budworm)

Synanthedon acerni (maple callus borer)

Synanthedon acerrubri (red maple borer)

Synanthedon bolteri (northern willow clearwing)

Synanthedon exitiosa (peachtree borer)

Synanthedon fatifera (lesser viburnum clearwing moth)

Synanthedon pictipes (lesser peachtree borer)

Synanthedon pini (pitch mass borer)

Synanthedon scitula (dogwood borer)

Synanthedon tipuliformis (currant clearwing borer)

Synanthedon viburni (viburnum clearwing)

Syngrapha microgamma (small gamma looper moth)

Tetracis cachexiata (white slant-line)

Tetracis crocallata (yellow slant-line)

Thyris sepulchris (mournful thyris)

Trichodezia albovittata (white-striped black)

Tricholita notata (noted sunflower moth)

Tricholita signata (signate quaker)

Trichoplusia ni (cabbage looper)

Udea rubigalis (celery leaftier moth)

Utetheisa ornatrix (ornate moth)

Venusia cambrica (Welsh wave moth)

Virbia aurantiaca (orange virbia moth)

Virbia rubicundaria (ruddy holomelina)

Vitula edmandsii (dried fruit moth)

Walshia miscecolorella (sweet clover root borer moth)

Xanthorhoe ferrugata (red twin-spot)

Xanthorhoe lacustrata (toothed brown carpet)

Xanthotype sospeta (crocus geometer moth)

Xanthotype spp. (geometer moth)

Xanthotype urticaria (false crocus geometer moth)

Xestia badicollis (northern variable dart)

Xestia c-nigrum (lesser black-letter dart)

Xestia dilucida (dull reddish dart)

Xestia dolosa (greater black-letter dart)

Xestia normaniana (Norman’s dart)

Xestia smithii (Smith’s dart)

Xylena curvimacula (dot-and-dash swordgrass moth)

Xylophanes tersa (tersa sphinx)

Ypsolopha dentella (honeysuckle moth)

Zanclognatha martha (pine barrens fan-foot)








afflicted dagger moth

agreeable tiger moth

American dagger moth






arcigera flower moth

arge moth


asteroid moth

banded tussock moth






Bethune’s pinion










blackberry looper








blinded sphinx



























carrot seed moth

cecropia moth

celery looper


chestnut-marked pondweed moth

chickweed geometer


clearwing moth (Carmenta ithacae)










common eupithecia

common grass-veneer




common tan wave

copper underwing

cutworm or dart moth (Subfamily Noctuinae)

dark-banded owlet

dark-spotted palthis

darling underwing

dingy cutworm moth

dogbane saucrobotys moth




















eastern tent caterpillar

elegant grass-veneer
























forage looper moth

forest tent caterpillar

galium sphinx

geometer moth (Family Geometridae)

geometer moth (Xanthotype sp.)

giant leopard moth

golden borer









grapeleaf skeletonizer

grapevine epimenis




great brocade

greater black-letter dart
















hitched arches









hummingbird clearwing

io moth

Isabella tiger moth

knot-horn moth (Tribe Phycitini)

large lace-border

laurel sphinx

leafy spurge hawkmoth

Leconte’s haploa

lesser appleworm moth

lesser maple spanworm moth

















little white lichen moth

lucerne moth

maple twig borer moth

metarranthis moth (Metarranthis sp.)

milkweed tussock moth















neighbor moth

nessus sphinx

Norman’s quaker

northern flower moth

oak besma

























olive-shaded bird-dropping moth

omnivorous leafroller

one-eyed sphinx
















pandorus sphinx













pink underwing









plume moth (Hellinsia glenni)

polyphemus moth



















ragwort stem borer moth










reversed haploa

Robin’s carpenterworm

rosy maple moth












Schlaeger’s fruitworm moth












sigmoid prominent

signate quaker

simple wave

small mocis

smeared dagger

snowberry clearwing












speckled green fruitworm moth





spotted grass moth

squash vine borer

stout spanworm moth



























three-lined leafroller moth

toothed somberwing
















twirler moth (Scrobipalpula manierreorum)






ursula wainscot

vagabond crambus

virgin tiger moth

Virginia ctenucha

Virginian tiger moth




white slant-line

white underwing

white-lined sphinx

white-marked tussock moth

white-striped black





xylenine sallow (Eupsilia sp.)

yarrow plume moth

yellow slant-line

yellow-collared scape moth

yellow-dusted cream moth




No Species Page Yet?

If you do not see a linked page for an insect in the list at left, or the insect does not appear in the list, you can still upload a photo or video as an email attachment or report a sighting for that insect. Click on one of the buttons below and type in the common name and/or scientific name of the insect in your photo, video, or sighting. A new page will be created for that insect featuring your contribution.

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Capitalization of Common Names

Insect scientific names are governed by the International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature (ICZN). Vernacular (common) names are not. In an attempt to “assure the uniformity of (common) names of common insects” the Entomological Society of America (ESA) published Common Names of Insects and Related Organisms. ESA has no rule or guideline that addresses capitalization of common names. However, the database of common names published by ESA does not capitalize common names. National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) also uses uncapitalized common names. Most other sources, including ITIS, BAMONA, Odonata Central, and the Peterson Field Guides, capitalize common insect names. MinnesotaSeasons.com will adhere to the convention followed by ESA and NCBI.


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