Minnesota Moths

Order Lepidoptera

Lepidoptera is the order of insects that is characterized by having four large wings; mouthparts adapting for sucking, the proboscis in the form of a long coiled tube; and wings and body completely or mostly covered by scales. The order includes butterflies, skippers, and moths.

There are about 174,250 known species in 126 families worldwide, 12,423 species in 82 families in North America north of Mexico. There are at least 531 Lepidoptera species found in Minnesota.

No Taxonomic Rank: Moths

Differentiating moths and butterflies is complicated because on the tree of evolution (phylogenetically) butterflies are moths. Moths is a paraphyletic group, meaning that all are descendant from a common ancestor but not all of the descendants of that ancestor are moths. The order Lepidoptera contains four suborders. The suborders Aglossata, Heterobathmiina, and Zeugloptera are all moths. The suborder Glossata contains 44 superfamilies. Two of those superfamilies are butterflies, the remaining superfamilies are moths.

Moths have feathery or or thread-like antennae without knobs at the end. When at rest, moths hold their wings roof-like over their body, curled around their body, or flat against a support. All other differences have exceptions. Most moths fly at night, are smaller, and have drab wings. Most moths have one or more bristles (frenulum) and scales (retinaculum) that hold their forewings in contact with their hindwings. No butterflies have this feature.

About 93% of Lepidoptera species are moths. According The Lepidopterist’s Society, there are about 127,600 moth species worldwide, about 10,850 species in North America. There may also be between 1,500 and 3,500 undescribed species, mostly micromoths (Microlepidoptera). There are at least 370 moth species found in Minnesota.


cecropia moth







Recent Additions

Leafy spurge hawkmoth


Leafy spurge hawkmoth (Hyles euphorbiae) is a large exotic moth. It is native to Europe and western Asia. In the 1960s it was introduced into the United States to control leafy spurge, and separately into Canada to control leafy and cypress spurges. Hawkmoth populations are never large due to predation and disease, and they are susceptible to insecticides used to control grasshoppers. While the larvae can entirely defoliate a host plant, the damage to the host plant population is never significant.

Since its introduction, leafy spurge hawkmoth has spread widely and its range continues to expand. It now occurs in the northern United States and southern Canada east of the Rocky Mountains. It is found from late May through July in disturbed meadows and other grasslands with large populations of leafy spurge. Larvae feed on the foliage of leafy spurge and other members of the Euphorbiaceae (spurge) family. Adults feed on flower nectar. They hover like a hummingbird when visiting flowers.

Leafy spurge hawkmoth is identified by its large size; pale tan forewings with a slight pinkish tinge; a squarish, olive-brown spot in the basal area and another in the median area; an olive-brown post-medial band; and black peppering in the pale areas.

  leafy spurge hawkmoth  
    Photo by Lucy Morrissey  

Armyworm moth


Armyworm moth (Mythimna unipuncta), also called true armyworm and the white speck. is a migratory wainscot moth. It is medium-sized for a moth, large for a wainscot moth. It occurs in Europe, northern Africa, Iceland, North America, Central America, and northern South America. It is common throughout the United States and Canada, common and sometimes abundant in Minnesota. It does not survive cold winters. Adults migrate south in the fall and a later generation disperses north in the spring. Adults are found in Minnesota from March to November. Caterpillars feed on leaves and sometimes seed heads of mostly grains and other grasses, but also many broadleaf plants close to their infestations. After defoliating a stand of plants, they will move as a group to a nearby stand and resume feeding. They are often a serious agricultural pest, especially on wheat and corn.

Armyworm moths are ¾ to 1 long. Their forewings are tan with dark peppering and a small but conspicuous white spot. The caterpillar is up to 2 long.

    Photo by Alfredo Colon  

American dagger moth


Dagger Moths (genus Acronicta) is a large genus with about 150 species worldwide, more than 73 species in North America north of Mexico. At least 28 species have been reported in Minnesota. The common name refers to a black, dagger-like dash on the forewings of many of the species. Most are gray with darker gray markings, and are difficult to identify.

American dagger moth (Acronicta americana) is the largest dagger moth in eastern United States. The adult is up to 1½ long and has a wingspan of up to 2½. It is gray or brownish-gray with dark markings and a black “dagger”. It is found in deciduous woodlands and forests across the United States and southern Canada. It is common and sometimes abundant east of the Great Plains, common in Minnesota.

The caterpillar is large and is covered with yellow or white hairs. It has two pairs of long black lashes near the front of the abdomen and a single thicker lash near the end. The lashes are tight groups of bristles. When the caterpillar is handled the bristles break off and embed in the skin of the handler. They contain a toxin which causes stinging and burning and can develop into a rash.

  American dagger moth  
    Photo by Alfredo Colon  

Pandorus sphinx


Pandorus sphinx (Eumorpha pandorus) is a very large, dramatically patterned, sphinx moth. It is common and widespread in eastern United States. Adults fly at dusk from May to September. They have a wingspan of 3¼ to 4½, and a pale green background with a complex pattern of dark olive-green markings.

Humans are more likely to encounter caterpillars than adults. Known as hornworms, the caterpillars are found on grape and Virginia creeper in Minnesota, and also on peppervine elsewhere. They are very large, up to 3½ long, and consume copious amounts of foliage. They can completely defoliate young grape vines, ultimately killing them. Older vines can withstand the damage.

Pandorus sphinx is similar in appearance to Achemon sphinx (Eumorpha achemon). The latter species is smaller and less common, and the adults are brown, not green.

  pandorus sphinx  
    Photo by Chad & Autumn Brekke  

Sigmoid prominent


Sigmoid prominent (Clostera albosigma) is a medium-sized, heavy-bodied, nocturnal moth. It is the most common of the four Clostera species found in Minnesota. Adult moths are found from mid-May to mid-August in deciduous woodlands and forests, and in shrubby wetlands and fields.

A sigmoid prominent adult has grayish-brown wings, a dark brown head and upper thorax, and on the male, a dark brown tuft at the end of the abdomen. The wings are crossed by four pale lines. A dark, chestnut-brown area near the end of the forewing is sharply delineated by a prominent white “S”-shaped bar. The species name albosigma means “white S” and refers to this marking. Spring individuals are darker with more highly contrasting markings. Summer individuals are paler and less conspicuously marked.

The caterpillar feeds mostly on quaking aspen, but also on poplar and willow, and sometimes on alder, birch, maple, and elm. It is a solitary feeder. During the day it curls up a leaf of a host plant and sticks it together with silk webbing, make a shelter where it can feed in safety. Adults do not feed.

  sigmoid prominent  
    Photo by Bill Reynolds  
Other Recent Additions

knot-horn moths (Tribe Phycitini)

great brocade (Eurois occulta)

grapeleaf skeletonizer (Harrisina americana)

large lace-border (Scopula limboundata)

olive-shaded bird-dropping moth (Ponometia candefacta)

virgin tiger moth (Apantesis virgo)

  olive-shaded bird-dropping moth  
    Photo by Mike Poeppe  









This list includes only moths that have been recorded in Minnesota, but not all moths found in Minnesota.

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Unknown Moths


Abbott’s sphinx (Sphecodina abbottii)


abbreviated underwing (Catocala abbreviatella)


achemon sphinx (Eumorpha achemon)

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afflicted dagger moth (Acronicta afflicta)

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agreeable tiger moth (Spilosoma congrua)

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American dagger moth (Acronicta americana)


angled metarranthis (Metarranthis angularia)


angle-lined prominent (Clostera inclusa)


angulose prominent (Peridea angulosa)


apical prominent (Clostera apicalis)


apple sphinx (Sphinx gordius)


arched hooktip (Drepana arcuata)

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arcigera flower moth (Schinia arcigera)

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armyworm moth (Mythimna unipuncta)

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artichoke plume moth (Platyptilia carduidactylus)


aster leafminer moth (Leucospilapteryx venustella)

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asteroid moth (Cucullia asteroides)


ash tip borer (Papaipema furcata)


aster leafminer moth (Leucospilapteryx venustella)


azalea sphinx (Darapsa choerilus)


banded tiger moth (Apantesis vittata)

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banded tussock moth (Halysidota tessellaris)


belted leafroller moth (Sciota virgatella)

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Bethune’s pinion (Lithophane bethunei)


bicolored moth (Manulea bicolor)


big poplar sphinx (Pachysphinx occidentalis)


birch-leaf blotchminer moth (Cameraria betulivora)


birch tubemaker moth (Acrobasis betulella)


black-crescent proteoteras moth (Proteoteras crescentana)


black-rimmed prominent (Pheosia rimosa)


black-spotted leafroller moth (Sciota virgatella)


black-spotted prominent (Dasylophia anguina)

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blackberry looper (Chlorochlamys chloroleucaria)

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blinded sphinx (Paonias excaecata)


bracken borer (Papaipema pterisii)


briseis underwing (Catocala briseis)


broad-banded eulogia (Eulogia ochrifrontella)


buck moth (Hemileuca maia)


burdock borer (Papaipema cataphracta)


cabbage looper (Trichoplusia ni)


Canadian sphinx (Sphinx canadensis)


Carolina sphinx (Manduca sexta)

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carrot seed moth (Sitochroa palealis)


catalpa sphinx (Ceratomia catalpae)

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cecropia moth (Hyalophora cecropia)

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celery looper (Anagrapha falcifera)


charming underwing (Catocala blandula)

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chestnut-marked pondweed moth (Parapoynx badiusalis)

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chickweed geometer (Haematopis grataria)


chocolate prominent (Peridea ferruginea)

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clearwing moth (Carmenta ithacae)


Clinton’s underwing (Catocala clintonii)


clouded underwing (Catocala nebulosa)


clover looper moth (Caenurgina crassiuscula)


clymene moth (Haploa clymene)


Columbia silkmoth (Hyalophora columbia)


columbine borer (Papaipema leucostigma)

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common eupithecia (Eupithecia miserulata)


common gluphisia (Gluphisia septentrionis)

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common grass-veneer (Crambus praefectellus)


common looper moth (Autographa precationis)


common metarranthis (Metarranthis hypochraria)


common spring moth (Heliomata cycladata)

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common tan wave (Pleuroprucha insulsaria)


confused eusarca (Eusarca confusaria)


confused haploa (Haploa confusa)


connubial underwing (Catocala connubialis)


contracted datana (Datana contracta)

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copper underwing (Amphipyra pyramidoides)


corn earworm moth (Helicoverpa zea)


cranberry fruitworm moth (Acrobasis vaccinii)


crocus geometer moth (Xanthotype sospeta)


currant clearwing borer (Synanthedon tipuliformis)


currant pug (Eupithecia assimilata)

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dark-banded owlet (Phalaenophana pyramusalis)


darker moodna moth (Moodna ostrinella)

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dark-spotted palthis (Palthis angulalis)

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darling underwing (Catocala cara)


delicate cycnia (Cycnia tenera)

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dingy cutworm moth (Feltia jaculifera)

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dogbane saucrobotys moth (Saucrobotys futilalis)

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dogwood borer (Synanthedon scitula)


double-lined prominent (Lochmaeus bilineata)


double-toothed prominent (Nerice bidentata)


dried fruit moth (Vitula edmandsii)


dull reddish dart (Xestia dilucida)


dusky raisin moth (Ephestiodes gilvescentella)


eastern spruce budworm (Choristoneura fumiferana)

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eastern tent caterpillar moth (Malacosoma americanum)

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elegant grass-veneer (Microcrambus elegans)


elegant prominent (Odontosia elegans)


ello sphinx (Erinnyis ello)


elm leaftier moth (Canarsia ulmiarrosorella)


elm sphinx (Ceratomia amyntor)


epione underwing (Catocala epione)


eupatorium plume moth (Oidaematophorus eupatorii)


European yellow underwing (Noctua pronuba)


fall webworm (Hyphantria cunea)


false crocus geometer moth (Xanthotype urticaria)


fir needle inchworm (Eupithecia luteata)


five-spotted hawkmoth (Manduca quinquemaculata)


Fletcher’s larch looper (Eupithecia fletcherata)

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forage looper moth (Caenurgina erechtea)

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forest tent caterpillar moth (Malacosoma disstria)


four-lined borer moth (Resapamea stipata)

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galium sphinx (Hyles gallii)

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geometer moths (Family Geometridae)

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geometer moth (Xanthotype spp.)


Georgian prominent (Hyperaeschra georgica)

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giant leopard moth (Hypercompe scribonia)


girlfriend underwing (Catocala amica)

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golden borer (Papaipema cerina)


goldenrod spindle-gall moth (Gnorimoschema gallaesolidaginis)


grape leaf miner moth (Phyllocnistis vitegenella)


grape leaf miner moth (Phyllocnistis vitifoliella)

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grapeleaf skeletonizer (Harrisina americana)


grape plume moth (Geina periscelidactylus)

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grapevine epimenis (Psychomorpha epimenis)


gray furcula (Furcula cinerea)


great ash sphinx (Sphinx chersis)

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great brocade (Eurois occulta)

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greater black-letter dart (Xestia dolosa)


great tiger moth (Arctia caja)


green cloverworm moth (Hypena scabra)


Grote’s pinion moth (Lithophane grotei)


habilis underwing (Catocala habilis)


hackberry leafroller moth (Sciota celtidella)


half-wing (Phigalia titea)


hawthorn underwing (Catocala crataegi)


hermit sphinx (Lintneria eremitus)


hickory leafstem borer (Acrobasis angusella)


hickory tussock moth (Lophocampa caryae)


Himmelman’s plume moth (Geina tenuidactylus)

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hitched arches (Melanchra adjuncta)


horned spanworm moth (Nematocampa resistaria)

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hummingbird clearwing (Hemaris thysbe)


ilia underwing (Catocala ilia)


Indian meal moth (Plodia interpunctella)


indigo stem borer (Papaipema baptisiae)


infant moth (Archiearis infans)

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io moth (Automeris io)

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Isabella tiger moth (Pyrrharctia isabella)


joe-pye-weed borer (Papaipema eupatorii)


Judith’s underwing (Catocala judith)


juniper looper moth (Eupithecia interruptofasciata)

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knot-horn moths (Tribe Phycitini)


larch pug moth (Eupithecia annulata)

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large lace-border (Scopula limboundata)

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laurel sphinx (Sphinx kalmiae)


leadplant flower moth (Schinia lucens)

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leafy spurge hawkmoth (Hyles euphorbiae)

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Leconte’s haploa (Haploa lecontei)

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lesser appleworm moth (Grapholita prunivora)


lesser black-letter dart (Xestia c-nigrum)

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lesser maple spanworm moth (Macaria pustularia)


lesser peachtree borer (Synanthedon pictipes)


lesser viburnum clearwing moth (Synanthedon fatifera)


lettered habrosyne (Habrosyne scripta)


lettered sphinx (Deidamia inscriptum)


linden looper (Erannis tiliaria)


linden prominent (Ellida caniplaga)


little carpenterworm (Prionoxystus macmurtrei)


little underwing (Catocala minuta)

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little white lichen moth (Clemensia albata)


locust leafroller moth (Sciota subcaesiella)


lost sallow (Eupsilia devia)

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lucerne moth (Nomophila nearctica)


luna moth (Actius luna)


maple bud borer moth (Proteoteras moffatiana)


maple callus borer (Synanthedon acerni)

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maple twig borer moth (Proteoteras aesculana)


maritime sunflower borer (Papaipema maritima)


meadow-rue borer (Papaipema unimoda)

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metarranthis moth (Metarranthis spp.)

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milkweed tussock moth (Euchaetes egle)


modest furcula (Furcula modesta)


modest sphinx (Pachysphinx modesta)


moonseed moth (Plusiodonta compressipalpis)


morning-glory plume moth (Emmelina monodactyla)


Morrison’s sallow (Eupsilia morrisoni)


mother underwing (Catocala parta)


mournful thyris (Thyris sepulchris)


nais tiger moth (Apantesis nais)


neighbor moth (Haploa contigua)

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nessus sphinx (Amphion floridensis)


Nevada buck moth (Hemileuca nevadensis)


Norman’s dart (Xestia normaniana)

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Norman’s quaker (Crocigrapha normani)


North American gypsy moth (Lymantria dispar dispar)


northern apple sphinx (Sphinx poecila)


northern burdock borer (Papaipema arctivorens)

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northern flower moth (Schinia septentrionalis)


northern pine sphinx (Lapara bombycoides)


northern variable dart (Xestia badicollis)


northern willow clearwing (Synanthedon bolteri)

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oak besma (Besma quercivoraria)


obscure sphinx (Erinnyis obscura)


obscure underwing (Catocala obscura)

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olive-shaded bird-dropping moth (Ponometia candefacta)


oldwife underwing (Catocala palaeogama)

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omnivorous leafroller (Archips purpurana)


once-married underwing (Catocala unijuga)

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one-eyed sphinx (Smerinthus cerisyi)


orange-tipped oakworm moth (Anisota senatoria)


Oregon cycnia (Cycnia oregonensis)


ornate moth (Utetheisa ornatrix)

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pandorus sphinx (Eumorpha pandorus)


parthenice tiger moth (Apantesis parthenice)


peachtree borer (Synanthedon exitiosa)


penitent underwing (Catocala piatrix)


phlox moth (Schinia indiana)

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pink underwing (Catocala concumbens)


pink-spotted hawkmoth (Agrius cingulata)


pink-striped oakworm moth (Anisota virginiensis)


pink-striped willow spanworm (Cabera variolaria)


pitch mass borer (Synanthedon pini)

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plume moth (Hellinsia glenni)

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polyphemus moth (Antheraea polyphemus)


praeclara underwing (Catocala praeclara)


promethea moth (Callosamia promethea)


pug moth (Eupithecia bowmani)


pug moth (Eupithecia columbiata)


pug moth (Eupithecia swettii)


purple fairy moth (Adela purpurea)


Putnam’s looper moth (Plusia putnami)


ragweed flower moth (Schinia rivulosa)


ragweed plume moth (Adaina ambrosiae)

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ragwort stem borer moth (Papaipema insulidens)


red maple borer (Synanthedon acerrubri)


residua underwing (Catocala residua)

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reversed haploa (Haploa reversa)


rigid sunflower borer (Papaipema rigida)

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Robin’s carpenterworm (Prionoxystus robiniae)


Robinson’s underwing (Catocala robinsonii)


rose plume moth (Cnaemidophorus rhododactyla)

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rosy maple moth (Dryocampa rubicunda)


ruddy metarranthis (Metarranthis duaria)


saddled prominent (Heterocampa guttivitta)


salt marsh moth (Estigmene acrea)


satyr pug moth (Eupithecia satyrata)


scarlet underwing (Catocala coccinata)

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Schlaeger’s fruitworm moth (Antaeotricha schlaegeri)


semirelict underwing (Catocala semirelicta)


sensetive fern borer (Papaipema inquaesita)


Sidus sallow (Eupsilia sidus)

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sigmoid prominent (Clostera albosigma)

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signate quaker (Tricholita signata)


silphius borer (Papaipema silphii)


similar underwing (Catocala similis)

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simple wave (Scopula junctaria)


slender pug (Eupithecia tenuiata)


small bird-dropping moth (Ponometia erastrioides)

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small mocis (Mocis latipes)


small pine looper (Eupithecia palpata)


small-eyed sphinx (Paonias myops)

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smeared dagger (Acronicta oblinita)


Smith’s dart (Xestia smithii)

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snowberry clearwing (Hemaris diffinis)


snowy geometer (Eugonobapta nivosaria)


sordid underwing (Catocala sordida)


southern dogface (Zerene cesonia)

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speckled green fruitworm moth (Orthosia hibisci)


sphinx moth (Family Sphingidae)


spiny oakworm moth (Anisota stigma)

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spotted grass moth (Rivula propinqualis)


spruce coneworm moth (Dioryctria reniculelloides)

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squash vine borer (Melittia cucurbitae)


stalk borer (Papaipema nebris)

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stout spanworm moth (Lycia ursaria)


straight-toothed sallow (Eupsilia vinulenta)


straw besma (Besma endropiaria)


sunflower borer (Papaipema necopina)


sunflower moth (Homoeosoma electella)


sweetfern leaf casebearer (Acrobasis comptoniella)


sweetfern underwing (Catocala antinympha)


sweetheart underwing (Catocala amatrix)


tawny eupithecia (Eupithecia ravocostaliata)


tearful underwing (Catocala lacrymosa)


tersa sphinx (Xylophanes tersa)


the bride (Catocala neogama)


the little nymph (Catocala micronympha)


the old maid (Catocala badia coelebs)

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three-lined leafroller moth (Pandemis limitata)


titan sphinx (Aellopos titan)

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toothed somberwing (Euclidia cuspidea)


tortricid moth (Eucosma millerana)


turtle head borer (Papaipema nepheleptena)


twin-spotted sphinx (Smerinthus jamaicensis)


twirler moth (Scrobipalpula artemisiella)

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twirler moth (Scrobipalpula manierreorum)


two-lined hooktip (Drepana bilineata)


ultronia underwing (Catocala ultronia)


umbellifer borer (Papaipema birdi)


unicorn prominent (Schizura unicornis)

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ursula wainscot (Leucania ursula)

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vagabond crambus (Agriphila vulgivagellus)


vashti sphinx (Sphinx vashti)


viburnum clearwing (Synanthedon viburni)

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virgin tiger moth (Apantesis virgo)


Virginia creeper sphinx (Darapsa myron)

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Virginia ctenucha (Ctenucha virginica)

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Virginian tiger moth (Spilosoma virginica)


walnut caterpillar moth (Datana integerrima)


walnut sphinx (Amorpha juglandis)


waved sphinx (Ceratomia undulosa)


webbing coneworm moth (Dioryctria disclusa)


western furcula (Furcula occidentalis)

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western tent caterpillar moth (Malacosoma californicum)

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white slant-line (Tetracis cachexiata)

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white underwing (Catocala relicta)


white-blotched heterocampa (Heterocampa umbrata)


white-dotted prominent (Nadata gibbosa)


white-edged phycitodes moth (Phycitodes reliquellum)

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white-lined sphinx (Hyles lineata)

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white-marked tussock moth (Orgyia leucostigma)


white-streaked prominent (Oligocentria lignicolor)

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white-striped black (Trichodezia albovittata)


Whitney“s underwing (Catocala whitneyi)


widow underwing (Catocala vidua)


wild cherry sphinx (Sphinx drupiferarum)


willow leafcone caterpillar noth (Caloptilia stigmatella)


wonderful underwing (Catocala mira)


woody underwing (Catocala grynea)


wormwood pug (Eupithecia absinthiata)

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xylenine sallows (Eupsilia spp.)

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yarrow plume moth (Gillmeria pallidactyla)


yellow slant-line (Tetracis crocallata)


yellow-banded underwing (Catocala cerogama)

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yellow-collared scape moth (Cisseps fulvicollis)

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yellow-dusted cream moth (Cabera erythemaria)


yellow-gray underwing (Catocala retecta)


yellow-shouldered leafroller (Sciota basilaris)


yellow-striped armyworm moth (Spodoptera ornithogalli)


youthful underwing (Catocala subnata)


Zimmerman pine moth (Dioryctria zimmermani)


Acrobasis angusella (hickory leafstem borer)

Acrobasis betulella (birch tubemaker moth)

Acrobasis comptoniella (sweetfern leaf casebearer)

Acrobasis vaccinii (cranberry fruitworm moth)

Acronicta afflicta (afflicted dagger moth)

Acronicta americana (American dagger moth)

Acronicta oblinita (smeared dagger)

Actius luna (luna moth)

Adaina ambrosiae (ragweed plume moth)

Adela purpurea (purple fairy moth)

Aellopos titan (titan sphinx)

Agriphila vulgivagellus (vagabond crambus)

Agrius cingulata (pink-spotted hawkmoth)

Amorpha juglandis (walnut sphinx)

Amphion floridensis (nessus sphinx)

Amphipyra pyramidoides (copper underwing)

Anagrapha falcifera (celery looper)

Anisota senatoria (orange-tipped oakworm moth)

Anisota stigma (spiny oakworm moth)

Anisota virginiensis (pink-striped oakworm moth)

Antaeotricha schlaegeri (Schlaeger’s fruitworm moth)

Antheraea polyphemus (polyphemus moth)

Apantesis nais (nais tiger moth)

Apantesis parthenice (parthenice tiger moth)

Apantesis virgo (virgin tiger moth)

Apantesis vittata (banded tiger moth)

Archiearis infans (infant moth)

Archips purpurana (omnivorous leafroller)

Arctia caja (great tiger moth)

Autographa precationis (common looper moth)

Automeris io (io moth)

Besma endropiaria (straw besma)

Besma quercivoraria (oak besma)

Cabera erythemaria (yellow-dusted cream moth)

Cabera variolaria (pink-striped willow spanworm)

Caenurgina crassiuscula (clover looper moth)

Caenurgina erechtea (forage looper moth)

Callosamia promethea (promethea moth)

Caloptilia stigmatella (willow leafcone caterpillar noth)

Cameraria betulivora (birch-leaf blotchminer moth)

Canarsia ulmiarrosorella (elm leaftier moth)

Carmenta ithacae (clearwing moth)

Catocala abbreviatella (abbreviated underwing)

Catocala amatrix (sweetheart underwing)

Catocala amica (girlfriend underwing)

Catocala antinympha (sweetfern underwing)

Catocala badia coelebs (the old maid)

Catocala blandula (charming underwing)

Catocala briseis (briseis underwing)

Catocala cara (darling underwing)

Catocala cerogama (yellow-banded underwing)

Catocala clintonii (Clinton’s underwing)

Catocala coccinata (scarlet underwing)

Catocala concumbens (pink underwing)

Catocala connubialis (connubial underwing)

Catocala crataegi (hawthorn underwing)

Catocala epione (epione underwing)

Catocala grynea (woody underwing)

Catocala habilis (habilis underwing)

Catocala ilia (ilia underwing)

Catocala judith (Judith’s underwing)

Catocala lacrymosa (tearful underwing)

Catocala micronympha (the little nymph)

Catocala minuta (little underwing)

Catocala mira (wonderful underwing)

Catocala nebulosa (clouded underwing)

Catocala neogama (the bride)

Catocala obscura (obscure underwing)

Catocala palaeogama (oldwife underwing)

Catocala parta (mother underwing)

Catocala piatrix (penitent underwing)

Catocala praeclara (praeclara underwing)

Catocala relicta (white underwing)

Catocala residua (residua underwing)

Catocala retecta (yellow-gray underwing)

Catocala robinsonii (Robinson’s underwing)

Catocala semirelicta (semirelict underwing)

Catocala similis (similar underwing)

Catocala sordida (sordid underwing)

Catocala subnata (youthful underwing)

Catocala ultronia (ultronia underwing)

Catocala unijuga (once-married underwing)

Catocala vidua (widow underwing)

Catocala whitneyi (Whitney“s underwing)

Ceratomia amyntor (elm sphinx)

Ceratomia catalpae (catalpa sphinx)

Ceratomia undulosa (waved sphinx)

Chlorochlamys chloroleucaria (blackberry looper)

Choristoneura fumiferana (eastern spruce budworm)

Cisseps fulvicollis (yellow-collared scape moth)

Clemensia albata (little white lichen moth)

Clostera albosigma (sigmoid prominent)

Clostera apicalis (apical prominent)

Clostera inclusa (angle-lined prominent)

Cnaemidophorus rhododactyla (rose plume moth)

Crambus praefectellus (common grass-veneer)

Crocigrapha normani (Norman’s quaker)

Ctenucha virginica (Virginia ctenucha)

Cucullia asteroides (asteroid moth)

Cycnia oregonensis (Oregon cycnia)

Cycnia tenera (delicate cycnia)

Darapsa choerilus (azalea sphinx)

Darapsa myron (Virginia creeper sphinx)

Dasylophia anguina (black-spotted prominent)

Datana contracta (contracted datana)

Datana integerrima (walnut caterpillar moth)

Deidamia inscriptum (lettered sphinx)

Dioryctria disclusa (webbing coneworm moth)

Dioryctria reniculelloides (spruce coneworm moth)

Dioryctria zimmermani (Zimmerman pine moth)

Drepana arcuata (arched hooktip)

Drepana bilineata (two-lined hooktip)

Dryocampa rubicunda (rosy maple moth)

Ellida caniplaga (linden prominent)

Emmelina monodactyla (morning-glory plume moth)

Ephestiodes gilvescentella (dusky raisin moth)

Erannis tiliaria (linden looper)

Erinnyis ello (ello sphinx)

Erinnyis obscura (obscure sphinx)

Estigmene acrea (salt marsh moth)

Euchaetes egle (milkweed tussock moth)

Euclidia cuspidea (toothed somberwing)

Eucosma millerana (tortricid moth)

Eugonobapta nivosaria (snowy geometer)

Eulogia ochrifrontella (broad-banded eulogia)

Eumorpha achemon (achemon sphinx)

Eumorpha pandorus (pandorus sphinx)

Eupithecia absinthiata (wormwood pug)

Eupithecia annulata (larch pug moth)

Eupithecia assimilata (currant pug)

Eupithecia bowmani (pug moth)

Eupithecia columbiata (pug moth)

Eupithecia fletcherata (Fletcher’s larch looper)

Eupithecia interruptofasciata (juniper looper moth)

Eupithecia luteata (fir needle inchworm)

Eupithecia miserulata (common eupithecia)

Eupithecia palpata (small pine looper)

Eupithecia ravocostaliata (tawny eupithecia)

Eupithecia satyrata (satyr pug moth)

Eupithecia swettii (pug moth)

Eupithecia tenuiata (slender pug)

Eupsilia devia (lost sallow)

Eupsilia morrisoni (Morrison’s sallow)

Eupsilia sidus (Sidus sallow)

Eupsilia spp. (xylenine sallows)

Eupsilia vinulenta (straight-toothed sallow)

Eurois occulta (great brocade)

Eusarca confusaria (confused eusarca)

Feltia jaculifera (dingy cutworm moth)

Furcula cinerea (gray furcula)

Furcula modesta (modest furcula)

Furcula occidentalis (western furcula)

Geina periscelidactylus (grape plume moth)

Geina tenuidactylus (Himmelman’s plume moth)

Family Geometridae (geometer moths)

Gillmeria pallidactyla (yarrow plume moth)

Gluphisia septentrionis (common gluphisia)

Gnorimoschema gallaesolidaginis (goldenrod spindle-gall moth)

Grapholita prunivora (lesser appleworm moth)

Habrosyne scripta (lettered habrosyne)

Haematopis grataria (chickweed geometer)

Halysidota tessellaris (banded tussock moth)

Haploa clymene (clymene moth)

Haploa confusa (confused haploa)

Haploa contigua (neighbor moth)

Haploa lecontei (Leconte’s haploa)

Haploa reversa (reversed haploa)

Harrisina americana (grapeleaf skeletonizer)

Helicoverpa zea (corn earworm moth)

Heliomata cycladata (common spring moth)

Hellinsia glenni (plume moth)

Hemaris diffinis (snowberry clearwing)

Hemaris thysbe (hummingbird clearwing)

Hemileuca maia (buck moth)

Hemileuca nevadensis (Nevada buck moth)

Heterocampa guttivitta (saddled prominent)

Heterocampa umbrata (white-blotched heterocampa)

Homoeosoma electella (sunflower moth)

Hyalophora cecropia (cecropia moth)

Hyalophora columbia (Columbia silkmoth)

Hyles euphorbiae (leafy spurge hawkmoth)

Hyles gallii (galium sphinx)

Hyles lineata (white-lined sphinx)

Hypena scabra (green cloverworm moth)

Hyperaeschra georgica (Georgian prominent)

Hypercompe scribonia (giant leopard moth)

Hyphantria cunea (fall webworm)

Lapara bombycoides (northern pine sphinx)

Leucania ursula (ursula wainscot)

Leucospilapteryx venustella (aster leafminer moth)

Leucospilapteryx venustella (aster leafminer moth)

Lintneria eremitus (hermit sphinx)

Lithophane bethunei (Bethune’s pinion)

Lithophane grotei (Grote’s pinion moth)

Lochmaeus bilineata (double-lined prominent)

Lophocampa caryae (hickory tussock moth)

Lycia ursaria (stout spanworm moth)

Lymantria dispar dispar (North American gypsy moth)

Macaria pustularia (lesser maple spanworm moth)

Malacosoma americanum (eastern tent caterpillar moth)

Malacosoma californicum (western tent caterpillar moth)

Malacosoma disstria (forest tent caterpillar moth)

Manduca quinquemaculata (five-spotted hawkmoth)

Manduca sexta (Carolina sphinx)

Manulea bicolor (bicolored moth)

Melanchra adjuncta (hitched arches)

Melittia cucurbitae (squash vine borer)

Metarranthis angularia (angled metarranthis)

Metarranthis duaria (ruddy metarranthis)

Metarranthis hypochraria (common metarranthis)

Metarranthis spp. (metarranthis moth)

Microcrambus elegans (elegant grass-veneer)

Mocis latipes (small mocis)

Moodna ostrinella (darker moodna moth)

Mythimna unipuncta (armyworm moth)

Nadata gibbosa (white-dotted prominent)

Nematocampa resistaria (horned spanworm moth)

Nerice bidentata (double-toothed prominent)

Noctua pronuba (European yellow underwing)

Nomophila nearctica (lucerne moth)

Odontosia elegans (elegant prominent)

Oidaematophorus eupatorii (eupatorium plume moth)

Oligocentria lignicolor (white-streaked prominent)

Orgyia leucostigma (white-marked tussock moth)

Orthosia hibisci (speckled green fruitworm moth)

Pachysphinx modesta (modest sphinx)

Pachysphinx occidentalis (big poplar sphinx)

Palthis angulalis (dark-spotted palthis)

Pandemis limitata (three-lined leafroller moth)

Paonias excaecata (blinded sphinx)

Paonias myops (small-eyed sphinx)

Papaipema arctivorens (northern burdock borer)

Papaipema baptisiae (indigo stem borer)

Papaipema birdi (umbellifer borer)

Papaipema cataphracta (burdock borer)

Papaipema cerina (golden borer)

Papaipema eupatorii (joe-pye-weed borer)

Papaipema furcata (ash tip borer)

Papaipema inquaesita (sensetive fern borer)

Papaipema insulidens (ragwort stem borer moth)

Papaipema leucostigma (columbine borer)

Papaipema maritima (maritime sunflower borer)

Papaipema nebris (stalk borer)

Papaipema necopina (sunflower borer)

Papaipema nepheleptena (turtle head borer)

Papaipema pterisii (bracken borer)

Papaipema rigida (rigid sunflower borer)

Papaipema silphii (silphius borer)

Papaipema unimoda (meadow-rue borer)

Parapoynx badiusalis (chestnut-marked pondweed moth)

Peridea angulosa (angulose prominent)

Peridea ferruginea (chocolate prominent)

Phalaenophana pyramusalis (dark-banded owlet)

Pheosia rimosa (black-rimmed prominent)

Phigalia titea (half-wing)

Tribe Phycitini (knot-horn moths)

Phycitodes reliquellum (white-edged phycitodes moth)

Phyllocnistis vitegenella (grape leaf miner moth)

Phyllocnistis vitifoliella (grape leaf miner moth)

Platyptilia carduidactylus (artichoke plume moth)

Pleuroprucha insulsaria (common tan wave)

Plodia interpunctella (Indian meal moth)

Plusia putnami (Putnam’s looper moth)

Plusiodonta compressipalpis (moonseed moth)

Ponometia candefacta (olive-shaded bird-dropping moth)

Ponometia erastrioides (small bird-dropping moth)

Prionoxystus macmurtrei (little carpenterworm)

Prionoxystus robiniae (Robin’s carpenterworm)

Proteoteras aesculana (maple twig borer moth)

Proteoteras crescentana (black-crescent proteoteras moth)

Proteoteras moffatiana (maple bud borer moth)

Psychomorpha epimenis (grapevine epimenis)

Pyrrharctia isabella (Isabella tiger moth)

Resapamea stipata (four-lined borer moth)

Rivula propinqualis (spotted grass moth)

Saucrobotys futilalis (dogbane saucrobotys moth)

Schinia arcigera (arcigera flower moth)

Schinia indiana (phlox moth)

Schinia lucens (leadplant flower moth)

Schinia rivulosa (ragweed flower moth)

Schinia septentrionalis (northern flower moth)

Schizura unicornis (unicorn prominent)

Sciota basilaris (yellow-shouldered leafroller)

Sciota celtidella (hackberry leafroller moth)

Sciota subcaesiella (locust leafroller moth)

Sciota virgatella (belted leafroller moth)

Sciota virgatella (black-spotted leafroller moth)

Scopula junctaria (simple wave)

Scopula limboundata (large lace-border)

Scrobipalpula artemisiella (twirler moth)

Scrobipalpula manierreorum (twirler moth)

Sitochroa palealis (carrot seed moth)

Smerinthus cerisyi (one-eyed sphinx)

Smerinthus jamaicensis (twin-spotted sphinx)

Sphecodina abbottii (Abbott’s sphinx)

Family Sphingidae (sphinx moth)

Sphinx canadensis (Canadian sphinx)

Sphinx chersis (great ash sphinx)

Sphinx drupiferarum (wild cherry sphinx)

Sphinx gordius (apple sphinx)

Sphinx kalmiae (laurel sphinx)

Sphinx poecila (northern apple sphinx)

Sphinx vashti (vashti sphinx)

Spilosoma congrua (agreeable tiger moth)

Spilosoma virginica (Virginian tiger moth)

Spodoptera ornithogalli (yellow-striped armyworm moth)

Synanthedon acerni (maple callus borer)

Synanthedon acerrubri (red maple borer)

Synanthedon bolteri (northern willow clearwing)

Synanthedon exitiosa (peachtree borer)

Synanthedon fatifera (lesser viburnum clearwing moth)

Synanthedon pictipes (lesser peachtree borer)

Synanthedon pini (pitch mass borer)

Synanthedon scitula (dogwood borer)

Synanthedon tipuliformis (currant clearwing borer)

Synanthedon viburni (viburnum clearwing)

Tetracis cachexiata (white slant-line)

Tetracis crocallata (yellow slant-line)

Thyris sepulchris (mournful thyris)

Trichodezia albovittata (white-striped black)

Tricholita signata (signate quaker)

Trichoplusia ni (cabbage looper)

Utetheisa ornatrix (ornate moth)

Vitula edmandsii (dried fruit moth)

Xanthotype sospeta (crocus geometer moth)

Xanthotype spp. (geometer moth)

Xanthotype urticaria (false crocus geometer moth)

Xestia badicollis (northern variable dart)

Xestia c-nigrum (lesser black-letter dart)

Xestia dilucida (dull reddish dart)

Xestia dolosa (greater black-letter dart)

Xestia normaniana (Norman’s dart)

Xestia smithii (Smith’s dart)

Xylophanes tersa (tersa sphinx)

Xestia dolosa (greater black-letter dart)

Zerene cesonia (southern dogface)


afflicted dagger moth

agreeable tiger moth

American dagger moth

arcigera flower moth


asteroid moth

banded tussock moth

Bethune’s pinion




blackberry looper

blinded sphinx







carrot seed moth

cecropia moth

celery looper

chestnut-marked pondweed moth

chickweed geometer

clearwing moth (Carmenta ithacae)

common eupithecia

common grass-veneer

common tan wave

copper underwing

dark-banded owlet

dark-spotted palthis

darling underwing

dingy cutworm moth

dogbane saucrobotys moth

eastern tent caterpillar

elegant grass-veneer

forage looper moth

forest tent caterpillar

galium sphinx

geometer moth (Family Geometridae)

geometer moth (Xanthotype sp.)

giant leopard moth

golden borer

grapeleaf skeletonizer

grapevine epimenis

great brocade

greater black-letter dart

hitched arches

knot-horn moth (Tribe Phycitini)

hummingbird clearwing

io moth

Isabella tiger moth

large lace-border

laurel sphinx

leafy spurge hawkmoth

Leconte’s haploa

lesser appleworm moth

lesser maple spanworm moth

little white lichen moth

lucerne moth

maple twig borer moth

milkweed tussock moth

metarranthis moth (Metarranthis sp.)

neighbor moth

nessus sphinx

Norman’s quaker

northern flower moth

oak besma

olive-shaded bird-dropping moth

omnivorous leafroller

one-eyed sphinx

pandorus sphinx

pink underwing

plume moth (Hellinsia glenni)

polyphemus moth

ragwort stem borer moth

reversed haploa

Robin’s carpenterworm

rosy maple moth

Schlaeger’s fruitworm moth

sigmoid prominent

signate quaker

simple wave

small mocis

smeared dagger

snowberry clearwing

speckled green fruitworm moth

spotted grass moth

squash vine borer

stout spanworm moth

three-lined leafroller moth

toothed somberwing

twirler moth (Scrobipalpula manierreorum)

ursula wainscot

vagabond crambus

virgin tiger moth

Virginia ctenucha

Virginian tiger moth

white slant-line

white underwing

white-lined sphinx

white-marked tussock moth

white-striped black

xylenine sallow (Eupsilia sp.)

yarrow plume moth

yellow slant-line

yellow-collared scape moth

yellow-dusted cream moth




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Capitalization of Common Names

Insect scientific names are governed by the International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature (ICZN). Vernacular (common) names are not. In an attempt to “assure the uniformity of (common) names of common insects” the Entomological Society of America (ESA) published Common Names of Insects and Related Organisms. ESA has no rule or guideline that addresses capitalization of common names. However, the database of common names published by ESA does not capitalize common names. National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) also uses uncapitalized common names. Most other sources, including ITIS, BAMONA, Odonata Central, and the Peterson Field Guides, capitalize common insect names. MinnesotaSeasons.com will adhere to the convention followed by ESA and NCBI.


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