northern flower moth

(Schinia septentrionalis)

northern flower moth
Photo by Dan W. Andree
  Hodges #

11110

 
 
Conservation Status
  IUCN Red List

not listed

     
  NatureServe

NNR - Unranked

SNR - Unranked

     
  Minnesota

not listed

     
           
 
Description
 
 

Northern flower moth is a small moth but a large flower moth (genus Schinia). It occurs in North America east of the Rock Mountains, mostly in sandy areas on the East Coast and Gulf Coast, and in prairie remnants in the upper Midwest. It was much more common in the 1950s but its range has severely contracted. It is now uncommon throughout its range.

The forewings are beautifully patterned. The basal area is chestnut brown to dark brown. The antemedial and postmedial lines are narrow and white. The area between these lines may be mostly light or dark brown but the orbicular spot is always pale and yellowish, and the reniform spot is always dark. The subapical area, just beyond the postmedian line, is dark. The terminal area and the fringe are light.

On the front legs the fourth segment (tibia) has five claws, two inner and three outer.

 
     
 

Size

 
 

Wingspan: to 1 (20 to 25 mm)

 
     
 

Similar Species

 
     
     
 
Habitat
 
 

Prairie remnants in the Midwest

 
     
 
Biology
 
 

Season

 
 

One generation per year: late August and September

 
     
 

Behavior

 
 

Adults are active both day and night.

 
     
 

Life Cycle

 
 

Pupa overwinter in the soil and emerge as adults in late summer

 
     
 

Larva Hosts

 
 

Leaves of asters (Symphyotrichum spp.), including aromatic aster, New England aster, and smooth blue aster

 
     
 

Adult Food

 
 

 

 
     
 
Distribution
 
 

Distribution Map

 

Sources

21, 24, 29, 30, 71, 72, 75.

 
  9/4/2019      
         
 

Occurrence

 
 

Uncommon and declining

 
         
 
Taxonomy
 
 

Order

Lepidoptera (butterflies and moths)  
 

Suborder

Glossata  
 

Infraorder

Neolepidoptera  
  Parvorder Heteroneura  
  No Rank Ditrysia  
  No Rank Obtectomera  
 

Superfamily

Noctuoidea (noctuid moths)  
 

Family

Noctuidae (owlet moths)  
 

Subfamily

Heliothinae  
 

Genus

Schinia  
       
 

Synonyms

 
 

 

 
       
 

Common Names

 
 

northern flower moth

 
       

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Glossary

Tibia

The fourth segment of an insect leg, after the femur and before the tarsus (foot). The fifth segment of a spider leg or palp.

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
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Dan W. Andree

 
  It was very small. I think it is a moth though it liked prairie flowers.   northern flower moth  
        northern flower moth  
           
 
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  Dan W. Andree
8/22/2019

Location: Frenchman’s Bluff SNA

It was very small. I think it is a moth though it liked prairie flowers.

northern flower moth  
           
 
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Created: 9/4/2019

Last Updated:

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