large lace-border

(Scopula limboundata)

large lace-border
Photo by Greg Watson
  Hodges #

7159

 
 
Conservation Status
  IUCN Red List

not listed

 
  NatureServe

NNR - Unranked

SNR - Unranked

 
  Minnesota

not listed

 
           
           
           
 
Description
 
 

Large lace-border is a just medium-sized geometer moth but is the largest member of the genus Scopula in our area. It occurs in the United States and southern Canada east of the Rocky Mountains. Adults are found from early June to early September in forests, woodlands, swamps, and other wetlands. Larvae feed on the leaves of many woody and herbaceous plants, including apple, bedstraw, blackberry, blueberry, cherry, chokeberry, clover, dandelion, elm, smartweed, and shrubby cinquefoil.

Adults are ¾ to 1¼ (20 to 31 mm) in length and have a wingspan of 1 to 1316 (25 to 30 mm). They have slender bodies and relatively large wings. The wings are whitish or yellowish with variable markings. They are speckled with dark brown dots and are crossed by faint, yellowish-brown, wavy, antemedial (AM), median, and postmedial (PM) lines. There is a small black discal spot in the middle of each wing. There is usually dark shading on all wings in the subterminal area, and this shading sometimes forms a continuous band. This could appear lacy to an imaginative observer. This is the feature that gives the moth its common name. Individuals without this shading have been called Scopula limboundata f. enucleata. They were formerly considered a separate species. There is sometimes a large blackish blotch in the anal angle of the forewing.

The caterpillar, called an inchworm, is slender. It is extremely long relative to it thickness, but at maturity it is less than 1 in length. Early stage (instar) caterpillars are always green, while late instars are more often brown. There is often a dark longitudinal stripe in the middle on the upper side (middorsal) of the abdomen.

 
     
 

Size

 
 

Total Length: ¾ to 1¼ (20 to 31 mm)

Wingspan: 1 to 1316 (25 to 30 mm)

 
     
 

Similar Species

 
     
     
 
Habitat
 
 

Forests, woodlands, swamps, and other wetlands

 
     
 
Biology
 
 

Season

 
 

Two generations per year: early June to early September

 
     
 

Behavior

 
 

Adults rest with their wings spread wide.

 
     
 

Life Cycle

 
 

The fourth instar caterpillar overwinters.

 
     
 

Larva Hosts

 
 

Foliage of many woody and herbaceous plants, including apple, bedstraw, blackberry, blueberry, cherry, chokeberry, clover, dandelion, elm, smartweed, and shrubby cinquefoil.

 
     
 

Adult Food

 
 

Flower nectar

 
     
 
Distribution
 
 

Distribution Map

 

Sources

21, 24, 27, 29, 30, 71, 72, 75, 82.

 
  9/5/2021      
         
 

Occurrence

 
 

Common

 
         
 
Taxonomy
 
 

Order

Lepidoptera (butterflies and moths)  
 

Suborder

Glossata  
 

Infraorder

Neolepidoptera  
  Parvorder Heteroneura  
  No Rank Ditrysia  
  No Rank Obtectomera  
 

Superfamily

Geometroidea (geometrid and swallowtail moths)  
 

Family

Geometridae (geometer moths)  
 

Subfamily

Sterrhinae (waves and mochas)  
 

Tribe

Scopulini  
 

Genus

Scopula  
       
 

Synonyms

 
 

Acidalia continuaria

Acidalia enucleata

Acidalia mensurata

Acidalia reconditaria

Acidalia restricata

Leptomeris nigrodiscalis

Phalaena limboundata

Scopula continuaria

Synelys adornata

Synelys relevata

 
       
 

Common Names

 
 

large lace-border

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Glossary

Instar

The developmental stage of arthropods between each molt; in insects, the developmental stage of the larvae or nymph.

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
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Greg Watson

 
    large lace-border      
           
 
MinnesotaSeasons.com Photos
 
 

 

 
           
           

 

Camera

     
 
Slideshows
 
Large Lace-border Moth (Scopula limboundata)
Andree Reno Sanborn
  Large Lace-border Moth (Scopula limboundata)  
 
About

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slideshow

       
 
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Other Videos
 
  Large Lace-border Moth (Geometridae: Scopula limboundata?) Dorsal View
Carl Barrentine
 
   
 
About

Aug 8, 2011

Photographed at the Turtle River State Park, North Dakota (08 August 2011). Thank you to Jay Greenberg (@Bugguide.net) for identifying a similar specimen!

 
       

 

Camcorder

 
 
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  Greg Watson
7/6/2021

Location: Great River Bluffs State Park

large lace-border

 
           
 
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Created: 9/5/2021

Last Updated:

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