hairy-banded mining bee

(Andrena hirticincta)

Conservation Status
hairy-banded mining bee
Photo by Alfredo Colon
  IUCN Red List

not listed


NNR - Unranked

SNR - Unranked


not listed


Hairy-banded mining bee is an easily recognized, late season, mining bee. It occurs in the United States from Maine to Idaho south to Tennessee and New Mexico, and in Nova Scotia, Quebec, and Ontario, Canada. It is common in Minnesota. It appears in late summer when its preferred pollen sources, Solidago and Euthamia, are in bloom.

Hairy-banded mining bee is often mistaken for a bumble bee. Females are 716 to ½ (11 to 13 mm) long. Males are more slender and a little smaller, 516 to (8.5 to 10 mm) long. Both sexes are densely covered with long hairs that are lemon-yellow with a slight greenish tinge.

There are two large compound eyes on the sides of the head and three simple eyes (ocelli) in a triangle on top of the head. The compound eyes are distinctly vertical. The inner margins are straight up and down and close to parallel. Next to the inner margin of each compound eye there is a slight depression (fovia) out of which emerges a dense band of pale hairs. The face is wider than long. The tongue is short and pointed. The finger-like sensory organs (labial palps) attached to the mouth have four segments. All of the segments are cylindrical and about the same length. The antennae of the male have 11 segments (flagellomeres) beyond the scape and pedicel. The female antennae have 10 flagellomeres. There are two grooves (subantennal sutures) below the base of each antenna, though these cannot be seen without careful handling and possibly also a microscope.

The exoskeletal plate covering the first segment of the thorax (pronotum) is short and collar-like. There is a rounded lobe on each side of the pronotum that does not reach the small plate covering the wing base (tegula). The plate on the upperside of the large middle segment (mesonotum) is entirely black with no yellow markings.

The female has six abdominal segments, the male has seven. The abdomen of both sexes is black with no yellow markings but with a dense band of erect yellow hairs at the rear margin of each segment.

The forewings are mostly clear but moderately darkened toward the tip. The marginal cell is relatively long and is pointed (narrowly rounded) at the tip. There are three submarginal cells. The second submarginal cell is much shorter than the first and third. The basal vein is nearly straight. The broad lobe at the base of the hindwing (jugal lobe) is longer than the narrow cell adjacent to it (submedian cell).




Female: 716 to ½ (11 to 13 mm)

Male: 516 to (8.5 to 10 mm)


Similar Species


Prairies, weedy fields




One generation per year: August to October






Life Cycle


The female creates a vertical tunnel in the ground with side tunnels branching off. Each side tunnel is a cell containing a single egg and provisioned with a ball of pollen mixed with nectar.


Larva Food


Pollen mixed with nectar


Adult Food


Pollen of goldenrods in the genera Solidago and Euthamia.


Distribution Map



24, 27, 29, 30, 82, 83.







Hymenoptera (ants, bees, wasps, and sawflies)  


Apocrita (narrow-waisted wasps, ants, and bees)  


Aculeata (ants, bees, and stinging wasps)  


Apoidea (bees and apoid wasps)  
  Epifamily Anthophila (bees)  


Andrenidae (mining bees)  


Andreninae (typical mining bees)  




Andrena (mining bees)  
  Subgenus Cnemidandrena  



Anthrena americana

Andrena fimbriata


Common Names


hairy-banded andrena

hairy-banded mining bee

hairy-belted mining bee

shaggy golden rod mining bee












A segment of the whip-like third section of an insect antenna (flagellum).



Simple eye; an eye with a single lens. Plural: ocelli.



Short for pedipalp. A segmented, finger-like process of an arthropod; one is attached to each maxilla and two are attached to the labium. They function as sense organs in spiders and insects, and as weapons in scorpions. Plural: palpi.



On plants: An erect, leafless stalk growing from the rootstock and supporting a flower or a flower cluster. On insects: The basal segment of the antenna.



A brush-like tuft of hairs on the legs or underside of the abdomen of a bee used to collect pollen.



A small, hardened, plate, scale, or flap-like structure that overlaps the base of the forewing of insects in the orders Lepidoptera, Hymenoptera, Diptera, and Homoptera. Plural: tegulae.






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Alfredo Colon

    hairy-banded mining bee      





Andrena hirticincta
USGS Bee Inventory and Monitoring Lab
  Andrena hirticincta  

Shaggy Golden Rod Mining Bee

Andrena hirticincta
Isaacs Lab at MSU
  Andrena hirticincta  



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  Alfredo Colon

Location: Woodbury, Minnesota

hairy-banded mining bee  






Created: 2/19/2020

Last Updated:

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