bunchberry

(Cornus canadensis)

Conservation Status
bunchberry
 
  IUCN Red List

not listed

     
  NatureServe

N5? - Secure

SNR - Unranked

     
  Minnesota

not listed

     
           
Wetland Indicator Status
     
  Great Plains

FACU - Facultative upland

     
  Midwest

FAC - Facultative

     
  Northcentral & Northeast

FAC - Facultative

     
           
 
Description
 
 

Bunchberry is a 4 to 8 tall, erect, perennial, herbaceous shrub that rises from a creeping, slender, woody rhizome. It often forms colonies.

The stems are erect, slender, unbranched, and hairless.

There are 2 or 3 pairs of opposite leaves at the top, and 1 or 2 pairs of tiny, vestigial, scale-like leaves lower on the stem. The space between the nodes of the leaves at the top is short, causing the leaves to appear as a whorl of 4 or 6 at the end of the stem. The leaves are 1½ to 3 long, on short, 1 16 to long leaf stalks. The leaf blade is papery, inversely egg-shaped, with the attachment at the narrow end, or diamond-shaped. They taper to a point at the tip and taper at the base to the leaf stalk. They have 2 or 3 pairs of conspicuous lateral veins arising from the midvein in the lower third of the leaf and curving into an arch. The upper surface is dark green and shiny. The lower surface is paler green. The margins are untoothed. The leaves turn red in the fall.

The inflorescence is a solitary, compact cluster of many small flowers rising on a to 1 long stalk at the end of the stem. Below the cluster are 4 white to purplish, petal-like bracts, giving the overall appearance of a single, terminal, ¾ to 1½ wide flower.

The individual flowers are about 1 16 wide.

The fruit is a bright red, globular drupe, 3 16 to ¼ in diameter, borne in a dense cluster.

 
     
 

Height

 
 

4 to 8

 
     
 

Flower Color

 
 

White to purplish

 
     
 

Similar Species

 
     
     
 
Habitat
 
 

Moist. Woods, bogs.

 
     
 
Biology
 
 

Flowering

 
 

May to July

 
     
 
Use
 
 

 

 
     
 
Distribution
 
 

Distribution Map

 

Sources

2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 28.

 
  12/29/2011      
         
 

Nativity

 
 

Native

 
         
 

Occurrence

 
 

Common

 
         
 
Taxonomy
 
  Kingdom Plantae (green algae and land plants)  
  Subkingdom Viridiplantae (green plants)  
  Infrakingdom Streptophyta (land plants and green algae)  
  Superdivision Embryophyta (land plants)  
  Division Tracheophyta (vascular plants)  
  Subdivision Spermatophytina (seed plants)  
  Class Magnoliopsida (flowering plants)  
  Superorder Asteranae  
 

Order

Cornales (dogwoods, hydrangeas, and allies)  
 

Family

Cornaceae (dogwood)  
  Subfamily Cornoideae  
 

Genus

Cornus (dogwood)  
  Subgenus    
       
 

Subordinate Taxa

 
 

 

 
       
 

Synonyms

 
 

Chamaepericlymenum canadense

Cornella canadensis

Cornus canadensis var. dutillyi

 
       
 

Common Names

 
 

bunchberry

bunchberry dogwood

Canadian bunchberry

cracker-berry

dwarf cornel

pudding-berry

 
       

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Glossary

Bract

Modified leaf at the base of a flower stalk, flower cluster, or inflorescence.

 

Drupe

A fleshy fruit with a single hard, stone-like core, like a cherry or peach.

 

Herbaceous

A plant without a persistent, above-ground, woody stem, with the leaves and stems dying back to the ground at the end of the growing season.

 

Node

The small swelling of the stem from which one or more leaves, branches, or buds originate.

 

Rhizome

A horizontal, usually underground stem. It serves as a reproductive structure, producing roots below and shoots above at the nodes.

 

Vestigial

An organ or part that is much reduced in size, imperfectly formed, and nonfunctional, that may have been larger, perfectly formed, and functional at one time.

       
Visitor Photos
   

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MinnesotaSeasons.com Photos
   

Habitat

  bunchberry    
       

Flowering Plant

  bunchberry   bunchberry
       

Fruiting Plant

  bunchberry   bunchberry
       
  bunchberry    
       

Leaves

  bunchberry    
  Four-leaved plant and six-leaved plant    
       

Infructescence

  bunchberry    
       
       

 

Camera

     
Slideshows
   
  Bunchberry
DianesDigitals
 
  Bunchberry  
 
About

Copyright DianesDigitals

 
     
  Bunchberry (Cornus canadensis)
Andree Reno Sanborn
 
  Bunchberry (Cornus canadensis)  
     
  Bunchberry Dogwood (Cornus canadensis)
Bill Keim
 
  Bunchberry Dogwood (Cornus canadensis)  

 

slideshow

       
Visitor Videos
       

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Other Videos
 
  MyNature Apps; Identifying Bunchberry, Cornus canadensis
MyNatureApps
 
   
 
About

Uploaded on May 31, 2011

How to identify Bunchberry, Cornus canadensis also known as Bunchberry Dogwood, Dwarf Dogwood, Canadian Bunchberry or Dogwood Bunchberry. www.mynatureapps.com

   
       
  Cornus canadensis
wetvideocamera
 
   
 
About

Published on Jun 12, 2013

Bunchberry , Ground Dogwood , Dwarf Dogwood , a low ground-cover plant with small flowers enclosed within four petal-like bracts. The bright red cluster of berries are sweet though pulpy. Found in moist, coniferous forests in the Pacific Northwest.

   
       
  Exploding Bunchberry Video at 10,000 FPS
DELimaging
 
   
 
About

Uploaded on Aug 1, 2011

DEL Imaging Systems video of a bunchberry, a type of Dogwood, pollen explosion. the world's fastest plant, taken with an IDT Redlake high-speed video camera system at 10,000 FPS (frames per second).

   
       

 

Camcorder


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