Itasca State Park






Minnesota DNR logo




Minnesota DNR

Itasca Natural Area (National Park Service)




Itasca State Park is the jewel of Minnesota’s State Park system. In November, 1965, it was designated a National Natural Landmark. Within it’s borders are the headwaters of the Mississippi River, the former largest red pine in the state, and the Itasca Wilderness SNA.
















Summer Map


Printable Map(s) with GPS coordinates




33,235 acres statutory, 30,349 owned




Visitor Center
36750 Main Park Drive
Park Rapids, MN 56470

N47 11.677, W95 9.908




Daily from 8 a.m. until 10 p.m.




Daily park permit: $7

Annual park permit: $35


Driving Directions

  Area and County  

Get driving directions from Google Maps to this destination from any address, and send those directions to your phone.

          Clearwater, Hubbard, and Becker Counties  
          Northwest Minnesota  

Hiking Trails


49 miles
3.8 miles interpretive trail
1.5 miles handicapped accessible

11 mile wilderness drive




No hunting


Ecological Classification

  Ecological Classification  
  Ecological Province    

Laurentian Mixed Forest Province

  Ecological Section    

Northern Minnesota Drift & Lake Plains

  Ecological Subsection    

Chippewa Plains

Pine Moraines & Outwash Plains

  Land Type Association    

Alida Till Plain

Becida Till Plain

Itasca Moraine, Steep

Two Inlets Moraine


Native Plant Communities*



  * Source: The Minnesota Biological Survey, Minnesota Department of Natural Resources, Division of Ecological Resources      

Natural Features








Visitor Photos

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Wayne Rasmussen


More Itasca pics from Oct, 2009. We found very little fall color at Itasca in early October, but the hiking is great and the bugs are minimal. One afternoon is not enough time to explore this park. It snowed the next morning so we didn't return, however.

  Itasca State Park  
    Itasca State Park   Itasca State Park  
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Itasca State Park - 2013

    Itasca State Park   Itasca State Park  

Ed Oliveras


Mississippi River Headwaters

    Itasca State Park   Itasca State Park  
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Mississippi River Headwaters

    Itasca State Park      

Lake Itasca

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Dr. Robert’s Trail Loop Boardwalk

    Itasca State Park   Itasca State Park  
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Extremely Rich Tamarack Swamp

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  Itasca State Park
Brett Whaley
  Itasca State Park  

Arrived on a Thursday night Oct. 11, 2013. A lot of things closed earlier that week. If you camp you just have to register at the Welcome place. The weather wasn't great. Thunderstorms and lightning. Also be wary of hunting within the park at this time if you come. I surprised a guy and his young son on the Desoto trail while I was there. Some tense moments for me...

  Itasca State Park
Richard Sanders
  Itasca State Park  

Itasca State Park

  Itasca State Park, Minnesota

Published on Oct 29, 2013

Favorite Sites: 1, 3, 4, 9, 13, 19, 25, 28, 32, 40, 45, 53, 54, 69, 106, 121, 130, 136, 139, 144, 161, 163, 177, 189, 204, 208, 209, 217, 219, 225, 247

  Itasca State Park
Kevin Niehoff

Uploaded on Jan 3, 2009

Itasca State Park

  Itasca, Minnesota State Park, Douglas Lodge, Historic

Uploaded on Sep 19, 2011

"mikeminnesota" spent 3 days at Itasca State Park where the Mississippi starts. Here are some 500 photos to give you some idea what the park and Douglas Lodge is all about. According to Wikipedia, Itasca State Park, is a state park of Minnesota, United States, and is the headwaters of the Mississippi River. The park spans 32,690 acres of northern Minnesota, and is located about 21 miles (34 km) north of Park Rapids, Minnesota. Itasca State Park was established by the Minnesota Legislature on April 20, 1891, making it the first of Minnesota's state parks and second oldest in the United States, behind Niagara Falls State Park. Henry Schoolcraft explorer determined Lake Itasca as the river's source in 1832. Most of the area has a heavy growth of timber that includes virgin red pine, which is also Minnesota's state tree. It was named as a National Natural Landmark in 1965, and was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1973. About 500,000 people visit Itasca State Park annually.

  Lake Itascha State Park MN source of the Missippi
Chris Kratzke

Published on Feb 13, 2014

I created this video with the YouTube Slideshow Creator




Visitor Videos

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Wander Without Wifi

Jul 18, 2020

From the headwaters of the Mississippi River to being Minnesota's oldest state park, Itasca has lots of outdoor fun to offer for day visitors and campers alike. This video shows you why it's a favorite destination in Minnesota.
Video- Scott Bemman
Producer- Diana Pierce

Other Videos
  Itasca State Park
Prairie Public Broadcasting

Published on Feb 20, 2013

The headwaters of the Mississippi River near Bemidji, Minnesota have long been a major attraction for summer tourists in Northwestern Minnesota. At Itasca State Park, you can walk on the rocks and over the shallow stream that actually is the headwaters of the great Mississippi River.

About the Minnesota Arts and Cultural Heritage Fund
In 2008, Minnesota voters passed a landmark piece of legislation — the Minnesota Clean Water, Land, and Legacy Amendment — which provided funding to public television stations serving audiences in Minnesota. Its mission is to help preserve and document the treasures of culture, history, and heritage that make Minnesota special, and to increase access to the natural and cultural resources we all share.

Funded in part by the North Dakota Humanities Council, a nonprofit, independent state partner of the National Endowment for the Humanities. Any views, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in the website do not necessarily reflect those of the North Dakota Humanities Council or the National Endowment for the Humanities.

  Itasca State Park Named Top Park - Lakeland News at Ten - September 3, 2012

Published on Sep 3, 2012

No description available.

  Mississippi Spirit - Itasca State Park

Uploaded on May 6, 2009

Recorded live at the Mississippi headwaters at Lake Itasca State Park, May 1st 2009. An amazing place to see. The video hardly does it justice. The song repeats with a simple 30sec. delay trailing the first. The audio was extracted from the video for editing and remixed back into the video. This was just me sitting on the log bridge at the headwaters playing my Native American flute to the sound of the river headwaters in the background. I hope you enjoy.

  Itasca State Park Storm Damage - Lakeland News at Ten - July 3, 2012

Published on Jul 3, 2012

No description available.




Visitor Sightings

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Insects and Arachnids

  hunchback bee fly (Lepidophora lutea)   hunchback bee fly  

Itasca State Park Naturalists


Fungi and Lichens

  Dead Man’s Fingers (Xylaria polymorpha)   Dead Man’s Fingers  

Sonia Christensen


Fungi and Lichens

  Lilac Fibrecap (Inocybe lilacina)   Lilac Fibrecap  





  8/8/2016   7/31/2018   7/29/2019

Note: Itasca State Park spans three counties. All of the sightings below were made in Clearwater County.

Sightings in the Itasca Wilderness Sanctuary SNA, which is located entirely within Itasca State Park, are listed on the page for that site and are not included here.




Minnesota Biodiversity Atlas Amphibians and Reptiles List

  wood frog (Rana sylvatica)   wood frog  



Fourteen bird species with conservation status in Minnesota have been seen here:


Horned Grebe (Podiceps auritus)

Loggerhead Shrike (Lanius ludovicianus)


Common Tern (Sterna hirundo)

Wilson’s Phalarope (Phalaropus tricolor)

Special Concern

Forster’s Tern (Sterna forsteri)

Franklin’s Gull (Leucophaeus pipixcan)

Hooded Warbler (Setophaga citrina)

Marbled Godwit (Limosa fedoa)

Peregrine Falcon (Falco peregrinus)

Purple Martin (Progne subis)

Red-shouldered Hawk (Buteo lineatus)

Short-eared Owl (Asio flammeus)

Trumpeter Swan (Cygnus buccinator)

Yellow Rail (Coturnicops noveboracensis)


Minnesota Biodiversity Atlas Birds List

Minnesota DNR Bird checklist

Great River Birding Trail (Minnesota Trails)

eBird Field Checklist (Becker County 11 Road trail access)

eBird Field Checklist (Becker County East Access Trail)

eBird Field Checklist (Becker County North Country Trailhead SW and road)

eBird Field Checklist (Complete)

eBird Field Checklist (Merschman Thompson Cutoff Trail)

eBird Field Checklist (Schoolcraft Trail)

eBird Field Checklist (Two Spot Trail)

eBird Field Checklist (Visitor Center)


American Crow (Corvus brachyrhynchos)

Black-capped Chickadee (Poecile atricapillus)

Blue Jay (Cyanocitta cristata)

Common Loon (Gavia immer)

Hairy Woodpecker (Leuconotopicus villosus)

Hooded Merganser (Lophodytes cucullatus)

Red-breasted Nuthatch (Sitta canadensis)

Tundra Swan (Cygnus columbianus)

White-breasted Nuthatch (Sitta carolinensis)

Wood Duck (Aix sponsa)


Red-breasted Nuthatch

White-breasted Nuthatch




Minnesota Biodiversity Atlas Fishes List


Fungi and Lichens


Minnesota Biodiversity Atlas Fungi List

Minnesota Biodiversity Atlas Lichens List


American Starburst Lichen (Imshaugia placorodia)

Black Knot (Apiosporina morbosa)

Common Greenshield Lichen (Flavoparmelia caperata)

Field Dog Lichen (Peltigera rufescens)

Hoof Fungus (Fomes fomentarius)

Purple Bordered Leaf Spot (Phyllosticta minima)

Sunburst Lichen (Xanthoria sp.)

Vermilion Waxcap (Hygrocybe miniata)


Field Dog Lichen

Hoof Fungus


Insects and Arachnids


Minnesota Biodiversity Atlas Insects List


cabbage white (Pieris rapae)

Carolina grasshopper (Dissosteira carolina)

dog day cicada (Neotibicen canicularis)

end band net-winged beetle (Calopteron terminale)

gray comma (Polygonia progne)

lime nail gall mite (Eriophyes tiliae)

lupine bug (Megalotomus quinquespinosus)

orange sulphur (Colias eurytheme)

Say’s Cicada (Okanagana rimosa)

tricolored bumble bee (Bombus ternarius)

water strider (Family Gerridae)

whirligig beetle (Subfamily Gyrininae)


Carolina grasshopper

gray comma

whirligig beetle (Subfamily Gyrininae)




Three mammal species with conservation status in Minnesota have been seen here:

Special Concern

big brown bat (Eptesicus fuscus)

little brown bat (Myotis lucifugus)

moose (Alces americanus)


Minnesota Biodiversity Atlas Mammals List


American red squirrel (Tamiasciurus hudsonicus)

eastern chipmunk (Tamias striatus)

whitetail deer (Odocoileus virginianus)

  American red squirrel  



Eighteen plant species with conservation status in Minnesota are found here:


bog adder’s-mouth (Malaxis paludosa)

Missouri dewberry (Rubus missouricus)

Oakes’ pondweed (Potamogeton oakesianus)

spotted pondweed (Potamogeton pulcher)


blue mudplantain (Heteranthera limosa)

bright green spike-rush (Eleocharis flavescens var. olivacea)

Clinton’s bulrush (Trichophorum clintonii)

cuckoo flower (Cardamine pratensis)

little goblin moonwort (Botrychium mormo)

ram’s head lady’s slipper (Cypripedium arietinum)

Special Concern

least moonwort (Botrychium simplex)

Mingan moonwort (Botrychium minganense)

narrow-leaved water plantain (Alisma gramineum)

northern oak fern (Gymnocarpium robertianum)

pale false mannagrass (Torreyochloa pallida var. pallida)

slender waternymph (Najas gracillima)

white adder’s-mouth (Malaxis monophyllos var. brachypoda)

Wolf’s bluegrass (Poa wolfii)


Minnesota Biodiversity Atlas and Minnesota Biological Survey Vegetation Releves Plant List



Allegheny blackberry (Rubus allegheniensis)

Allegheny serviceberry (Amelanchier laevis)

alsike clover (Trifolium hybridum)

American basswood (Tilia americana var. americana)

American black currant (Ribes americanum)

American bugleweed (Lycopus americanus)

American cow parsnip (Heracleum maximum)

American elm (Ulmus americana)

American fly honeysuckle (Lonicera canadensis)

American highbush cranberry (Viburnum opulus var. americanum)

American hophornbeam (Ostrya virginiana var. virginiana)

American red raspberry (Rubus idaeus ssp. strigosus)

American spikenard (Aralia racemosa ssp. racemosa)

American stinging nettle (Urtica gracilis ssp. gracilis)

American vetch (Vicia americana ssp. americana)

American white waterlily (Nymphaea odorata ssp. tuberosa)

arrowleaf tearthumb (Persicaria sagittata)

balsam fir (Abies balsamea var. balsamea)

beaked hazelnut (Corylus cornuta var. cornuta)

Bebb’s willow (Salix bebbiana)

bigleaf aster (Eurybia macrophylla)

bigtooth aspen (Populus grandidentata)

bird’s-foot trefoil (Lotus corniculatus var. corniculatus)

black ash (Fraxinus nigra)

black medick (Medicago lupulina)

black spruce (Picea mariana)

black-seeded plantain (Plantago rugelii var. rugelii)

bland sweet cicely (Osmorhiza claytonii)

blue giant hyssop (Agastache foeniculum)

Blue Ridge carrionflower (Smilax lasioneura)

blue skullcap (Scutellaria lateriflora)

bluebead lily (Clintonia borealis)

bog birch (Betula pumila)

bog Labrador tea (Rhododendron groenlandicum)

bristly buttercup (Ranunculus hispidus var. nitidus)

brittlestem hempnettle (Galeopsis tetrahit)

broad-leaved arrowhead (Sagittaria latifolia)

broad-leaved cattail (Typha latifolia)

buckbean (Menyanthes trifoliata)

bulblet fern (Cystopteris bulbifera)

bulbet-bearing water hemlock (Cicuta bulbifera)

bunchberry (Cornus canadensis)

bur oak (Quercus macrocarpa)

calico aster (Symphyotrichum lateriflorum)

Canada anemone (Anemonastrum canadense)

Canada mayflower (Maianthemum canadense)

Canada thistle (Cirsium arvense)

Canadian honewort (Cryptotaenia canadensis)

Canadian wild ginger (Asarum canadense)

chokecherry (Prunus virginiana var. virginiana)

cinnamon fern (Osmundastrum cinnamomeum)

common agrimony (Agrimonia gryposepala)

common blue violet (Viola sororia)

common dandelion (Taraxacum officinale ssp. officinale)

common duckweed (Lemna minor)

common false Solomon’s seal (Maianthemum racemosum var. racemosum)

common plantain (Plantago major)

common self-heal (Prunella vulgaris ssp. vulgaris)

common strawberry (Fragaria virginiana)

common tansy (Tanacetum vulgare)

common yarrow (Achillea millefolium)

crested wood fern (Dryopteris cristata)

dark green bulrush (Scirpus atrovirens)

downy yellow violet (Viola pubescens var. pubescens)

dwarf raspberry (Rubus pubescens)

eastern leatherwood (Dirca palustris)

early meadow-rue (Thalictrum dioicum)

eastern white pine (Pinus strobus)

fireweed (Chamaenerion angustifolium ssp. circumvagum)

flat-topped aster (Doellingeria umbellata var. pubens)

fowl bluegrass (Poa palustris)

fragrant bedstraw (Galium triflorum)

fringed brome (Bromus ciliatus)

giant goldenrod (Solidago gigantea)

goldthread (Coptis trifolia)

grass-leaved goldenrod (Euthamia graminifolia)

great water dock (Rumex britannica)

greater duckweed (Spirodela polyrrhiza)

green ash (Fraxinus pennsylvanica)

ground ivy (Glechoma hederacea)

hairy goldenrod (Solidago hispida)

hairy-stem gooseberry (Ribes hirtellum)

harebell (Campanula rotundifolia)

hog peanut (Amphicarpaea bracteata var. bracteata)

Indian hemp (Apocynum cannabinum)

Indian wild rice (Zizania aquatica var. aquatica)

interrupted fern (Claytosmunda claytoniana)

jack-in-the-pulpit (Arisaema triphyllum)

Kentucky bluegrass (Poa pratensis ssp. pratensis)

large yellow lady’s slipper (Cypripedium parviflorum var. pubescens)

large-flowered bellwort (Uvularia grandiflora)

large-flowered trillium (Trillium grandiflorum)

large-leaved avens (Geum macrophyllum var. perincisum)

Lindley’s aster (Symphyotrichum ciliolatum)

long-leaved bluet (Houstonia longifolia)

long-stalk sedge (Carex pedunculata)

lowbush blueberry (Vaccinium angustifolium)

marsh bellflower (Campanula aparinoides)

marsh skullcap (Scutellaria galericulata)

meadow horsetail (Equisetum pratense)

mountain maple (Acer spicatum)

narrow-leaved hawkweed (Hieracium umbellatum)

nodding trillium (Trillium cernuum)

northern bedstraw (Galium boreale)

northern blue flag (Iris versicolor)

northern bog aster (Symphyotrichum boreale)

northern bugleweed (Lycopus uniflorus)

northern bush honeysuckle (Diervilla lonicera)

northern lady fern (Athyrium filix-femina var. angustum)

northern maidenhair (Adiantum pedatum)

northern pin oak (Quercus ellipsoidalis)

northern red oak (Quercus rubra)

northern starflower (Lysimachia borealis)

northern wild comfrey (Andersonglossum boreale)

northern wild rice (Zizania palustris var. palustris)

Norway spruce (Picea abies)

ostrich fern (Matteuccia struthiopteris var. pensylvanica)

pagoda dogwood (Cornus alternifolia)

palmate sweet coltsfoot (Petasites frigidus var. palmatus)

panicled aster (Symphyotrichum lanceolatum ssp. lanceolatum)

paper birch (Betula papyrifera var. papyrifera)

pearly everlasting (Anaphalis margaritacea)

Pennsylvania buttercup (Ranunculus pensylvanicus)

perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne)

pineapple-weed (Matricaria discoidea)

pink lady’s slipper (Cypripedium acaule)

pointed-leaved tick-trefoil (Hylodesmum glutinosum)

prairie lettuce (Lactuca ludoviciana)

prairie rose (Rosa arkansana)

prairie willow (Salix humilis var. humilis)

purple meadow-rue (Thalictrum dasycarpum)

purple-stem aster (Symphyotrichum puniceum var. puniceum)

pussy willow (Salix discolor)

quackgrass (Elymus repens)

quaking aspen (Populus tremuloides)

red baneberry (Actaea rubra ssp. rubra)

red clover (Trifolium pratense)

red elderberry (Sambucus racemosa var. racemosa)

red maple (Acer rubrum var. rubrum)

red osier dogwood (Cornus sericea ssp. sericea)

red pine (Pinus resinosa)

redtop (Agrostis gigantea)

reed canary grass (Phalaris arundinacea)

rose twisted-stalk (Streptopus lanceolatus var. longipipes)

rough bedstraw (Galium asprellum)

roughleaf ricegrass (Oryzopsis asperifolia)

round-leaved dogwood (Cornus rugosa)

round-lobed hepatica (Anemone americana)

sage-leaved willow (Salix candida)

Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris)

showy lady’s slipper (Cypripedium reginae)

slender willow (Salix petiolaris)

small cranberry (Vaccinium oxycoccos)

smooth brome (Bromus inermis)

smooth rose (Rosa blanda var. blanda)

smooth sumac (Rhus glabra)

speckled alder (Alnus incana ssp. rugosa)

spotted Joe Pye weed (Eutrochium maculatum)

spotted touch-me-not (Impatiens capensis)

spreading dogbane (Apocynum androsaemifolium)

sugar maple (Acer saccharum ssp. saccharum)

swamp red currant (Ribes triste)

swamp thistle (Cirsium muticum)

sweet Joe Pye weed (Eutrochium purpureum)

tall thimbleweed (Anemone virginiana)

tamarack (Larix laricina)

three-leaved false Solomon’s seal (Smilacina trifolia)

timothy (Phleum pratense ssp. pratense)

turion duckweed (Lemna turionifera)

variegated yellow pond lily (Nuphar variegata)

veiny pea (Lathyrus venosus var. intonsus)

Virginia creeper (Parthenocissus quinquefolia)

water horsetail (Equisetum fluviatile)

watermeal (Wolffia sp.)

western bracken fern (Pteridium aquilinum var. latiusculum)

western oak fern (Gymnocarpium dryopteris)

western poison ivy (Toxicodendron rydbergii)

white campion (Silene latifolia ssp. alba)

white clover (Trifolium repens ssp. repens)

white rattlesnake root (Nabalus albus)

white spruce (Picea glauca)

wild columbine (Aquilegia canadensis)

wild geranium (Geranium maculatum)

wild grape (Vitis riparia)

wild mint (Mentha arvensis)

wild sarsaparilla (Aralia nudicaulis)

willow herb (Epilobium sp.)

woodbine (Parthenocissus vitacea)

woodland horsetail (Equisetum sylvaticum)

wool grass (Scirpus cyperinus)

yellow avens (Geum aleppicum)

yellow marsh marigold (Caltha palustris var. palustris)

yellow sweet clover (Melilotus officinalis)

zigzag goldenrod (Solidago flexicaulis)


Abies balsamea var. balsamea (balsam fir)

Acer rubrum var. rubrum (red maple)

Acer saccharum ssp. saccharum (sugar maple)

Acer spicatum (mountain maple)

Achillea millefolium (common yarrow)

Actaea rubra ssp. rubra (red baneberry)

Adiantum pedatum (northern maidenhair)

Agastache foeniculum (blue giant hyssop)

Agrimonia gryposepala (common agrimony)

Agrostis gigantea (redtop)

Alnus incana ssp. rugosa (speckled alder)

Amelanchier laevis (Allegheny serviceberry)

Amphicarpaea bracteata var. bracteata (hog peanut)

Anaphalis margaritacea (pearly everlasting)

Andersonglossum boreale (northern wild comfrey)

Anemone americana (round-lobed hepatica)

Anemonastrum canadense (Canada anemone)

Anemone virginiana (tall thimbleweed)

Apocynum androsaemifolium (spreading dogbane)

Apocynum cannabinum (Indian hemp)

Aquilegia canadensis (wild columbine)

Aralia nudicaulis (wild sarsaparilla)

Aralia racemosa ssp. racemosa (American spikenard)

Arisaema triphyllum (Jack-in-the-pulpit)

Asarum canadense (Canadian wild ginger)

Athyrium filix-femina var. angustum (northern lady fern)

Betula papyrifera var. papyrifera (paper birch)

Betula pumila (bog birch)

Bromus ciliatus (fringed brome)

Bromus inermis (smooth brome)

Caltha palustris var. palustris (yellow marsh marigold)

Campanula aparinoides (marsh bellflower)

Campanula rotundifolia (harebell)

Carex pedunculata (long-stalk sedge)

Chamaenerion angustifolium ssp. circumvagum (fireweed)

Cicuta bulbifera (bulbet-bearing water hemlock)

Cirsium arvense (Canada thistle)

Cirsium muticum (swamp thistle)

Clintonia borealis (bluebead lily)

Coptis trifolia (goldthread)

Cornus alternifolia (pagoda dogwood)

Cornus canadensis (bunchberry)

Cornus rugosa (round-leaved dogwood)

Cornus sericea ssp. sericea (red osier dogwood)

Corylus cornuta var. cornuta (beaked hazelnut)

Cryptotaenia canadensis (Canadian honewort)

Cypripedium acaule (pink lady’s slipper)

Cypripedium parviflorum var. pubescens (large yellow lady’s slipper)

Cypripedium reginae (showy lady’s slipper)

Cystopteris bulbifera (bulblet fern)

Diervilla lonicera (northern bush honeysuckle)

Dirca palustris (eastern leatherwood)

Doellingeria umbellata var. pubens (flat-topped aster)

Dryopteris cristata (crested wood fern)

Elymus repens (quackgrass)

Epilobium sp. (willow herb)

Equisetum fluviatile (water horsetail)

Equisetum pratense (meadow horsetail)

Equisetum sylvaticum (woodland horsetail)

Eurybia macrophylla (bigleaf aster)

Euthamia graminifolia (grass-leaved goldenrod)

Eutrochium maculatum (spotted Joe Pye weed)

Eutrochium purpureum (sweet Joe Pye weed)

Fragaria virginiana (common strawberry)

Fraxinus nigra (black ash)

Fraxinus pennsylvanica (green ash)

Galeopsis tetrahit (brittlestem hempnettle)

Galium asprellum (rough bedstraw)

Galium boreale (northern bedstraw)

Galium triflorum (fragrant bedstraw)

Geranium maculatum (wild geranium)

Geum aleppicum (yellow avens)

Geum macrophyllum var. perincisum (large-leaved avens)

Glechoma hederacea (ground ivy)

Gymnocarpium dryopteris (western oak fern)

Heracleum maximum (American cow parsnip)

Hieracium umbellatum (narrow-leaved hawkweed)

Houstonia longifolia (long-leaved bluet)

Hylodesmum glutinosum (pointed-leaved tick-trefoil)

Impatiens capensis (spotted touch-me-not)

Iris versicolor (northern blue flag)

Lactuca ludoviciana (prairie lettuce)

Larix laricina (tamarack)

Lathyrus venosus var. intonsus) (veiny pea)

Lemna minor (common duckweed)

Lemna turionifera (turion duckweed)

Lolium perenne (perennial ryegrass)

Lonicera canadensis (American fly honeysuckle)

Lotus corniculatus var. corniculatus (bird’s-foot trefoil)

Lycopus americanus (American bugleweed)

Lycopus uniflorus (northern bugleweed)

Lysimachia borealis (northern starflower)

Maianthemum canadense (Canada mayflower)

Maianthemum racemosum var. racemosum (common false Solomon’s seal)

Matricaria discoidea (pineapple-weed)

Matteuccia struthiopteris var. pensylvanica (ostrich fern)

Medicago lupulina (black medick)

Melilotus officinalis (yellow sweet clover)

Mentha arvensis (wild mint)

Menyanthes trifoliata (buckbean)

Nabalus albus (white rattlesnake root)

Nuphar variegata (variegated yellow pond lily)

Nymphaea odorata ssp. tuberosa (American white waterlily)

Oryzopsis asperifolia (roughleaf ricegrass)

Osmorhiza claytonii (bland sweet cicely)

Claytosmunda claytoniana (interrupted fern)

Osmundastrum cinnamomeum (cinnamon fern)

Ostrya virginiana var. virginiana (American hophornbeam)

Parthenocissus quinquefolia (Virginia creeper)

Parthenocissus vitacea (woodbine)

Persicaria sagittata (arrowleaf tearthumb)

Petasites frigidus var. palmatus (palmate sweet coltsfoot)

Phalaris arundinacea (reed canary grass)

Phleum pratense ssp. pratense (timothy)

Picea abies (Norway spruce)

Picea glauca (white spruce)

Picea mariana (black spruce)

Pinus resinosa (red pine)

Pinus strobus (eastern white pine)

Pinus sylvestris (Scots pine)

Plantago major (common plantain)

Plantago rugelii var. rugelii (black-seeded plantain)

Poa palustris (fowl bluegrass)

Poa pratensis ssp. pratensis (Kentucky bluegrass)

Populus grandidentata (bigtooth aspen)

Populus tremuloides (quaking aspen)

Prunella vulgaris ssp. vulgaris (common self-heal)

Prunus virginiana var. virginiana (chokecherry)

Pteridium aquilinum var. latiusculum (western bracken fern)

Quercus ellipsoidalis (northern pin oak)

Quercus macrocarpa (bur oak)

Quercus rubra (northern red oak)

Ranunculus hispidus var. nitidus (bristly buttercup)

Ranunculus pensylvanicus (Pennsylvania buttercup)

Rhododendron groenlandicum (bog Labrador tea)

Rhus glabra (smooth sumac)

Ribes americanum (American black currant)

Ribes hirtellum (hairy-stem gooseberry)

Ribes triste (swamp red currant)

Rosa arkansana (prairie rose)

Rosa blanda var. blanda (smooth rose)

Rubus allegheniensis (Allegheny blackberry)

Rubus idaeus ssp. strigosus (American red raspberry)

Rubus pubescens (dwarf raspberry)

Rumex britannica (great water dock)

Sagittaria latifolia (broad-leaved arrowhead)

Salix bebbiana (Bebb’s willow)

Salix candida (sage-leaved willow)

Salix discolor (pussy willow)

Salix humilis var. humilis (prairie willow)

Salix petiolaris (slender willow)

Sambucus racemosa var. racemosa (red elderberry)

Scirpus atrovirens (dark green bulrush)

Scirpus cyperinus (wool grass)

Scutellaria galericulata (marsh skullcap)

Scutellaria lateriflora (blue skullcap)

Silene latifolia ssp. alba (white campion)

Smilacina trifolia (three-leaved false Solomon’s seal)

Smilax lasioneura (Blue Ridge carrionflower)

Solidago flexicaulis (zigzag goldenrod)

Solidago gigantea (giant goldenrod)

Solidago hispida (hairy goldenrod)

Spirodela polyrrhiza (greater duckweed)

Streptopus lanceolatus var. longipipes (rose twisted-stalk)

Symphyotrichum boreale (northern bog aster)

Symphyotrichum ciliolatum (Lindley’s aster)

Symphyotrichum lanceolatum ssp. lanceolatum (panicled aster)

Symphyotrichum lateriflorum (calico aster)

Symphyotrichum puniceum var. puniceum (purple-stem aster)

Tanacetum vulgare (common tansy)

Taraxacum officinale ssp. officinale (common dandelion)

Thalictrum dasycarpum (purple meadow-rue)

Thalictrum dioicum (early meadow-rue)

Tilia americana var. americana (American basswood)

Toxicodendron rydbergii (western poison ivy)

Trifolium hybridum (alsike clover)

Trifolium pratense (red clover)

Trifolium repens ssp. repens (white clover)

Trillium cernuum (nodding trillium)

Trillium grandiflorum (large-flowered trillium)

Typha latifolia (broad-leaved cattail)

Ulmus americana (American elm)

Urtica gracilis ssp. gracilis (American stinging nettle)

Uvularia grandiflora (large-flowered bellwort)

Vaccinium angustifolium (lowbush blueberry)

Vaccinium oxycoccos (small cranberry)

Viburnum opulus var. americanum (American highbush cranberry)

Vicia americana ssp. americana (American vetch)

Viola pubescens var. pubescens (downy yellow violet)

Viola sororia (common blue violet)

Vitis riparia (wild grape)

Wolffia sp. (watermeal)

Zizania aquatica var. aquatica (Indian wild rice)

Zizania palustris var. palustris (northern wild rice)


Allegheny blackberry

alsike clover

American highbush cranberry

American white waterlily (ssp. tuberosa)

balsam fir

bird’s-foot trefoil

bluebead lily

bristly buttercup

broad-leaved arrowhead


bur oak (var. macrocarpa)

Canada anemone


common blue violet

common tansy

downy yellow violet (var. pubescens)

fragrant bedstraw

grass-leaved goldenrod

ground ivy

hairy goldenrod


large yellow lady’s slipper

large-flowered bellwort

large-flowered trillium

Lindley’s aster

lowbush blueberry

northern blue flag

northern pin oak

northern starflower

pearly everlasting

pink lady’s slipper

prairie rose

red baneberry

red clover

red elderberry

round-lobed hepatica

Showy Lady’s Slipper

smooth rose

spotted Joe Pye weed

spotted touch-me-not

swamp thistle

purple meadow-rue

variegated yellow pond lily

Virginia creeper

white campion

white clover

wild columbine

wild geranium

wild mint

yellow marsh marigold




One reptile species with conservation status in Minnesota have been seen here:

Special Concern

plains hognose snake (Heterodon nasicus)


Minnesota Biodiversity Atlas Amphibians and Reptiles List







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