common plantain

(Plantago major)

Conservation Status

 

No image available

 
  IUCN Red List

not listed

     
  NatureServe

NNR - Unranked

SNA - Not applicable

     
  Minnesota

not listed

     
           
Wetland Indicator Status
     
  Great Plains

FAC - Facultative

     
  Midwest

FAC - Facultative

     
  Northcentral & Northeast

FACU - Facultative upland

     
           
 
Description
 
 

Common plantain is a 3 to 12 tall, erect, perennial forb that rises on a rosette of leaves and 1 or more flowering stalks (scapes) from fibrous roots.

The leaves are all basal and form a rosette. They are broadly elliptic to broadly egg-shaped, 1½ to 7 long, and to 4 wide, 1.3 to usually 2 times as long as wide. They have 3 or more prominent veins that separate at the base and are parallel to the margins. They are abruptly contracted at the base to the leaf stalk. The leaf stalk is hairless and green, even at the base. The margins are untoothed or irregularly toothed.

The scapes are leafless and 2 to 10 tall.

The inflorescence is an unbranched, cylindrical spike of tiny green flowers at the end of the scape. The spikes narrow, tapering, hairless, 2 to 11¾ tall, and less than wide.

The flowers are 1 16 to long. There are 4 green to white petals, 4 sepals, and 4 stamens. They are subtended by 1 16 to long, keeled, broadly egg-shaped, leaf-like bracts. Pollination is by wind.

The fruit is a capsule containing 6 to 30 seeds.

 
     
 

Height

 
 

3 to 12

 
     
 

Flower Color

 
 

Green to white

 
     
 

Similar Species

 
  Black-seeded plantain (Plantago rugelii var. rugelii) has leaf stalks that are reddish at the base. The bracts are lance-shaped to triangular.  
     
 
Habitat
 
 

Disturbed sites, gardens, lawns.

 
     
 
Biology
 
 

Flowering

 
 

June to August

 
     
 
Use
 
 

 

 
     
 
Distribution
 
 

Distribution Map

 

Sources

2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 22, 28.

 
  5/29/2019      
         
 

Nativity

 
 

Native to Eurasia. Naturalized worldwide.

 
         
 

Occurrence

 
 

 

 
         
 
Taxonomy
 
  Kingdom Plantae (green algae and land plants)  
  Subkingdom Viridiplantae (green plants)  
  Infrakingdom Streptophyta (land plants and green algae)  
  Superdivision Embryophyta (land plants)  
  Division Tracheophyta (vascular plants)  
  Subdivision Spermatophytina (seed plants)  
  Class Magnoliopsida (flowering plants)  
  Superorder Asteranae  
 

Order

Lamiales (mints, plantains, olives, and allies)  
 

Family

Plantaginaceae (plantain)  
  Tribe Plantagineae  
  Genus Plantago (plantain)  
  Subgenus Plantago  
       
 

Synonyms

 
 

Plantago asiatica

Plantago halophila

Plantago major var. asiatica

Plantago major ssp. intermedi

Plantago major var. intermedia

Plantago major var. major

Plantago major var. pachyphylla

Plantago major var. pilgeri

Plantago major var. scopulorum

 
       
 

Common Names

 
 

broad-leaved plantain

buckhorn plantain

common plantain

grand plantain

greater plantain

plantain

rippleseed plant

 
       

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

       
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Slideshows
   
  Greater Plantain
Wez Smith
 
  Greater Plantain  
 
About

Greater Plantain (Plantago major).

 
     
  Plantago major
albertnadal92
 
   
 
About

Uploaded on May 17, 2011

· Plants of future (http://www.pfaf.org)· GRIN - Taxonomic information (http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/taxfam.pl?language=es)

 
     

 

slideshow

       
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Other Videos
 
  Broadleaf Plantain (Plantago major) ~ LuminEarth's How to Identify Wild Edible & Medicinal Plants
Becki Baumgartner
   
   
 
About

Uploaded on Sep 17, 2010

Broadleaf Plantain grows from a short, tough rootstock or rhizome, which has a large number of long, straight, yellowish roots, is a basal, rosette of large, broadly oval, dark green, leaves. The 4 to 10 inch long smooth, thick, strong and fibrous leaves have 3 to 7 or more ribbed veins, abruptly contracting into a long, petiole (leaf stalk) which is reddish at the base. The leaf margin of Broadleaf Plantain is entire, or unevenly toothed. The flower stalks, are erect, long, slender, densely-flowered spikes. Each tiny flower is brownish and bell-shaped with four stamens and purple anthers. Flowers bloom most of the summer. The fruit is a two-celled capsule and containing four to sixteen seeds. Gather young edible Broadleaf Plantain leaves in spring. Gather Plantain after flower spike forms, dry for later herb use. The young leaves of the Broadleaf Plantain plant are edible as a raw salad or cooked as spinach. Broadleaf Plantain contains Acubin which is reported to be a powerful anti-toxin. The leaves and the seed are medicinal used as an antibacterial, antidote, astringent, anti-inflammatory, antiseptic, antitussive, cardiac, demulcent, diuretic, expectorant, haemostatic, laxative, ophthalmic, poultice, refrigerant, and vermifuge. Medical evidence exists to confirm uses as an alternative medicine for asthma, emphysema, bladder problems, bronchitis, fever, hypertension, rheumatism and blood sugar control.

For the most current and detailed information on this plant, please visit our FREE Online Guide to Wild Edible & Medicinal Plants at http://www.luminearth.com/luminearthsguide/ .

Disclaimer: The statements in these videos are for educational purposes only and have not been evaluated by or sanctioned by the FDA. Only your doctor can properly diagnose and treat any disease or disorder. The remedies discussed herein are not meant to treat or cure any type of disease. The user understands that the above information is NOT intended as a substitute for the advice of a physician or a pharmacist. Make sure you can positively identify a plant before ingesting it. Some plants are poisonous, and misidentification could possibly result in serious illness or death.

   
       
  Greater Broadleaf Plantain (Plantago Major subsp. Major) - 2012-07-15
W3stlander
 
   
 
About

Published on Jul 18, 2012

Plantago major ("broadleaf plantain" or "greater plantain") is a species of Plantago, family Plantaginaceae.

---------------------
De grote weegbree (Plantago major subsp. major) is een 10-50 cm grote plant uit de weegbreefamilie (Plantaginaceae).

   
       
  Day Hike ( part 3 ) Common Plantain
MiWilderness
 
   
 
About

Uploaded on Jul 28, 2010

It is suggested by many authors and online resources that Common plantain is a good cure for poison ivy and insect bites. I have not found that to be the case. the young leaves are edible, but can be stringy. I personally don't like the flavor, but it is a good plant to become familiar with.

   
       

 

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