Iron Springs Bog SNA


Area and County

    Clearwater County
    Northwest Minnesota

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231 acres


 Printable Maps with GPS coordinates

Printable map    

Turnoff to Parking
N47 15.136, W95 14.035

To get to the site from MN Hwy 200, turn north onto the unmarked two-track road at the location shown above. Proceed north for 150 yards. Turn left (west) and drive 400 yards (0.23 miles). Park on the shoulder.

Parking (on shoulder)
N47 15.206, W95 14.340

Hiking Trails

No maintained trails


Deer only. See Hunting and Trapping Regulations (MN DNR) for details.

Ecological Classification Province  

Laurentian Mixed Forest Province

Ecological Classification

Northern Minnesota Drift & Lake Plains


Chippewa Plains

Land Type Association(s)

Alida Till Plain

Native Plant Communities1

Not mapped (2/2/2018)

Preliminary List:

Alder - (Maple - Loosestrife) Swamp

Extremely Rich Tamarack Swamp

Northern Wet Ash Swamp

Sedge Meadow

Willow - Dogwood Shrub Swamp

Ownership Minnesota DNR logo        

Minnesota DNR


This SNA was designated 3/1/1983. In 2017, a 16-acre parcel was added, connecting the SNA to MN Hwy 200.








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Getting There

  Iron Springs Bog SNA   Iron Springs Bog SNA
  Iron Springs Bog SNA    

Wood Routed Sign

  Iron Springs Bog SNA    

Forest Opening

  Iron Springs Bog SNA    

Conifer Swamp

  Iron Springs Bog SNA    






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Other Videos
  Angela Shogren
Take a Walk with Me thru Iron Springs Bog SNA



Visitor Sightings

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wood frog (Rana sylvatica)

wood frog


One tracked bird species has been seen here:



Bald Eagle (Haliaeetus leucocephalus)


Minnesota DNR Bird checklist

eBird Field Checklist


American Robin (Turdus migratorius)

Blue Jay (Cyanocitta cristata)

Common Yellowthroat (Geothlypis trichas)

Northern Parula (Setophaga americana)

White-throated Sparrow (Zonotrichia albicollis)

Blue Jay

Fungi and Lichens

Black Knot (Apiosporina morbosa)

Black Knot

Insects and Arachnids

alder beadgall mite (Phytoptus laevis)

deer fly (Chrysops sp.)

eastern tent caterpillar moth (Malacosoma americanum)

goldenrod gall fly (Eurosta solidaginis)

mustard white (Pieris oleracea)

northern crescent (Phyciodes cocyta)

northern pearly eye (Lethe anthedon)

twelve-spotted skimmer (Libellula pulchella)

twice-stabbed stink bug (Cosmopepla lintneriana)

mustard white

northern pearly eye


American red squirrel (Tamiasciurus hudsonicus)

whitetail deer (Odocoileus virginianus)

American red squirrel


Four plant species with conservation status in Minnesota are found here:



bog adder’s-mouth (Malaxis paludosa)

winter bentgrass (Agrostis hyemalis)



ram’s head lady’s slipper (Cypripedium arietinum)


Special concern

northern oak fern (Gymnocarpium robertianum)

white adder’s-mouth (Malaxis monophyllos var. brachypoda)


Minnesota Biodiversity Atlas Plant List


Plants frequently found in:

Alder - (Maple - Loosestrife) Swamp FPn73a

Extremely Rich Tamarack Swamp FPn82b

Northern Wet Ash Swamp WFn55

Sedge Meadow WMn82b

Willow - Dogwood Shrub Swamp WMn82a



alder-leaved buckthorn (Rhamnus alnifolia)

alfalfa (Medicago sativa ssp. sativa)

Allegheny monkeyflower (Mimulus ringens var. ringens)

alpine enchanter’s-nightshade (Circaea alpina ssp. alpina)

alsike clover (Trifolium hybridum)

American bugleweed (Lycopus americanus)

American cow parsnip (Heracleum sphondylium ssp. montanum)

American elm (Ulmus americana)

American hazel (Corylus americana)

American highbush cranberry (Viburnum opulus var. americanum)

American red raspberry (Rubus idaeus ssp. strigosus)

American starflower (Lysimachia borealis)

American vetch (Vicia americana ssp. americana)

arctic sweet coltsfoot (Petasites frigidus)

balsam fir (Abies balsamea var. balsamea)

bigleaf aster (Eurybia macrophylla)

bigtooth aspen (Populus grandidentata)

black ash (Fraxinus nigra)

black cherry (Prunus serotina var. serotina)

black medick (Medicago lupulina)

black spruce (Picea mariana)

bland sweet cicely (Osmorhiza claytonii)

blue giant hyssop (Agastache foeniculum)

blue vervain (Verbena hastata var. scabra)

bluebead lily (Clintonia borealis)

blunt-leaved orchid (Platanthera obtusata)

bog birch (Betula pumila)

bog Labrador tea (Rhododendron groenlandicum)

broad-leaved cattail (Typha latifolia)

buckbean (Menyanthes trifoliata)

bunchberry (Cornus canadensis)

bur oak (Quercus macrocarpa var. macrocarpa)

Canada anemone (Anemone canadensis)

Canada lettuce (Lactuca canadensis)

Canada mayflower (Maianthemum canadense)

Canada thistle (Cirsium arvense)

chokecherry (Prunus virginiana var. virginiana)

clustered black snakeroot (Sanicula odorata)

common agrimony (Agrimonia gryposepala)

common hop (Humulus lupulus)

common milkweed (Asclepias syriaca)

common mullein (Verbascum thapsus ssp. thapsus)

common plantain (Plantago major)

common snowberry (Symphoricarpos albus var. albus)

common strawberry (Fragaria virginiana)

common tansy (Tanacetum vulgare)

common yarrow (Achillea millefolium)

creeping snowberry (Gaultheria hispidula)

crested wood fern (Dryopteris cristata)

crown vetch (Securigera varia)

cut-leaved coneflower (Rudbeckia laciniata var. laciniata)

dwarf raspberry (Rubus pubescens)

early goldenrod (Solidago juncea)

early meadow-rue (Thalictrum dioicum)

eastern marsh fern (Thelypteris palustris var. pubescens)

field chickweed (Cerastium arvense)

fragrant bedstraw (Galium triflorum)

giant goldenrod (Solidago gigantea)

goldthread (Coptis trifolia)

grass-leaved goldenrod (Euthamia graminifolia)

great water dock (Rumex britannica)

green adder’s-mouth (Malaxis unifolia)

green alder (Alnus viridis ssp. crispa)

green ash (Fraxinus pennsylvanica)

green keeled cottongrass (Eriophorum viridicarinatum)

heart-leaved twayblade (Neottia cordata)

hoary alyssum (Berteroa incana)

Huron green orchid (Platanthera huronensis)

liverleaf wintergreen (Pyrola asarifolia ssp. asarifolia)

longbract frog orchid (Dactylorhiza viridis)

marsh bellflower (Campanula aparinoides)

marsh horsetail (Equisetum palustre)

marsh skullcap (Scutellaria galericulata)

marsh vetchling (Lathyrus palustris)

meadow horsetail (Equisetum pratense)

narrow-leaved cattail (Typha angustifolia)

northern bedstraw (Galium boreale)

northern blue flag (Iris versicolor)

northern bog aster (Symphyotrichum boreale)

northern bog bedstraw (Galium labradoricum)

northern green orchid (Platanthera aquilonis)

northern oak fern (Gymnocarpium robertianum)

northern small yellow lady’s slipper (Cypripedium parviflorum var. makasin)

northern wild comfrey (Cynoglossum virginianum var. boreale)

one-flowered wintergreen (Moneses uniflora)

one-sided wintergreen (Orthilia secunda)

oxeye daisy (Leucanthemum vulgare)

pearly everlasting (Anaphalis margaritacea)

Philadelphia fleabane (Erigeron philadelphicus var. philadelphicus)

porcupine sedge (Carex hystericina)

prairie rose (Rosa arkansana)

prickly rose (Rosa acicularis ssp. sayi)

prairie willow (Salix humilis)

northern purple pitcherplant (Sarracenia purpurea ssp. purpurea)

purple-stem aster (Symphyotrichum puniceum var. puniceum)

pussy willow (Salix discolor)

quackgrass (Elymus repens)

quaking aspen (Populus tremuloides)

rattlesnake fern (Botrypus virginianus)

red baneberry (Actaea rubra ssp. rubra)

red clover (Trifolium pratense)

red elderberry (Sambucus racemosa var. racemosa)

red maple (Acer rubrum var. rubrum)

red osier dogwood (Cornus sericea ssp. sericea)

red pine (Pinus resinosa)

reed canary grass (Phalaris arundinacea)

rose twisted-stalk (Streptopus lanceolatus var. longipipes)

rough bedstraw (Galium asprellum)

round-leaved sundew (Drosera rotundifolia)

roundleaf orchid (Galearis rotundifolia)

scarlet Indian paintbrush (Castilleja coccinea f. coccinea)

showy lady’s slipper (Cypripedium reginae)

silvery cinquefoil (Potentilla argentea)

slender willow (Salix petiolaris)

slim-stem reedgrass (Calamagrostis stricta)

small cranberry (Vaccinium oxycoccos)

smooth brome (Bromus inermis)

smooth rose (Rosa blanda var. blanda)

smooth scouring rush (Equisetum laevigatum)

speckled alder (Alnus incana ssp. rugosa)

spotted Joe Pye weed (Eutrochium maculatum)

spotted knapweed (Centaurea stoebe ssp. micranthos)

spotted touch-me-not (Impatiens capensis)

spotted water hemlock (Cicuta maculata)

spreading dogbane (Apocynum androsaemifolium)

starry false Solomon’s seal (Maianthemum stellatum)

striped coralroot (Corallorhiza striata)

swamp candles (Lysimachia terrestris)

swamp fly honeysuckle (Lonicera oblongifolia)

swamp milkweed (Asclepias incarnata ssp. incarnata)

swamp red currant (Ribes triste)

swamp thistle (Cirsium muticum)

tall meadow-rue (Thalictrum dasycarpum)

tall thimbleweed (Anemone virginiana)

tamarack (Larix laricina)

three-leaved false Solomon’s seal (Smilacina trifolia)

timothy (Phleum pratense)

twoleaf miterwort (Mitella diphylla)

veiny pea (Lathyrus venosus var. intonsus)

velvet-leaf blueberry (Vaccinium myrtilloides)

water horsetail (Equisetum fluviatile)

western bracken fern (Pteridium aquilinum var. latiusculum)

western poison ivy (Toxicodendron rydbergii)

white bog orchid (Platanthera dilatata var. dilatata)

white campion (Silene latifolia ssp. alba)

white clover (Trifolium repens)

white spruce (Picea glauca)

white sweet clover (Melilotus albus)

wild ginger (Asarum canadense)

wild sarsaparilla (Aralia nudicaulis)

wolfberry (Symphoricarpos occidentalis)

wood forget-me-not (Myosotis sylvatica)

woodland strawberry (Fragaria vesca ssp. americana)

woundwort (Stachys pilosa var. arenicola)

yellow avens (Geum aleppicum)

yellow goat’s beard (Tragopogon dubius)

yellow marsh marigold (Caltha palustris var. palustris)

yellow sweet clover (Melilotus officinalis)


Abies balsamea var. balsamea (balsam fir)

Acer rubrum var. rubrum (red maple)

Achillea millefolium (common yarrow)

Actaea rubra ssp. rubra (red baneberry)

Agastache foeniculum (blue giant hyssop)

Agrimonia gryposepala (common agrimony)

Alnus incana ssp. rugosa (speckled alder)

Alnus viridis ssp. crispa (green alder)

Anaphalis margaritacea (pearly everlasting)

Anemone canadensis (Canada anemone)

Anemone virginiana (tall thimbleweed)

Apocynum androsaemifolium (spreading dogbane)

Aralia nudicaulis (wild sarsaparilla)

Asarum canadense (wild ginger)

Asclepias incarnata ssp. incarnata (swamp milkweed)

Asclepias syriaca (common milkweed)

Berteroa incana (hoary alyssum)

Betula pumila (bog birch)

Botrypus virginianus (rattlesnake fern)

Bromus inermis (smooth brome)

Calamagrostis stricta (slim-stem reedgrass)

Caltha palustris var. palustris (yellow marsh marigold)

Campanula aparinoides (marsh bellflower)

Carex hystericina (porcupine sedge)

Castilleja coccinea f. coccinea (scarlet Indian paintbrush)

Centaurea stoebe ssp. micranthos (spotted knapweed)

Cerastium arvense (field chickweed)

Cicuta maculata (spotted water hemlock)

Circaea alpina ssp. alpina (alpine enchanter’s-nightshade)

Cirsium arvense (Canada thistle)

Cirsium muticum (swamp thistle)

Clintonia borealis (bluebead lily)

Coptis trifolia (goldthread)

Corallorhiza striata (striped coralroot)

Cornus canadensis (bunchberry)

Cornus sericea ssp. sericea (red osier dogwood)

Corylus americana (American hazel)

Cynoglossum virginianum var. boreale (northern wild comfrey)

Cypripedium parviflorum var. makasin (northern small yellow lady’s slipper)

Cypripedium reginae (showy lady’s slipper)

Dactylorhiza viridis (longbract frog orchid)

Drosera rotundifolia (round-leaved sundew)

Dryopteris cristata (crested wood fern)

Elymus repens (quackgrass)

Equisetum fluviatile (water horsetail)

Equisetum laevigatum (smooth scouring rush)

Equisetum palustre (marsh horsetail)

Equisetum pratense (meadow horsetail)

Erigeron philadelphicus var. philadelphicus (Philadelphia fleabane)

Eriophorum viridicarinatum (green keeled cottongrass)

Eurybia macrophylla (bigleaf aster)

Euthamia graminifolia (grass-leaved goldenrod)

Eutrochium maculatum (spotted Joe Pye weed)

Fragaria vesca ssp. americana (woodland strawberry)

Fragaria virginiana (common strawberry)

Fraxinus nigra (black ash)

Fraxinus pennsylvanica (green ash)

Galearis rotundifolia (roundleaf orchid)

Galium asprellum (rough bedstraw)

Galium boreale (northern bedstraw)

Galium labradoricum (northern bog bedstraw)

Galium triflorum (fragrant bedstraw)

Gaultheria hispidula (creeping snowberry)

Geum aleppicum (yellow avens)

Gymnocarpium robertianum (northern oak fern)

Heracleum sphondylium ssp. montanum (American cow parsnip)

Humulus lupulus (common hop)

Impatiens capensis (spotted touch-me-not)

Iris versicolor (northern blue flag)

Lactuca canadensis (Canada lettuce)

Larix laricina (tamarack)

Lathyrus palustris (marsh vetchling)

Lathyrus venosus var. intonsus) (veiny pea)

Leucanthemum vulgare (oxeye daisy)

Lonicera oblongifolia (swamp fly honeysuckle)

Lycopus americanus (American bugleweed)

Lysimachia borealis (American starflower)

Lysimachia terrestris (swamp candles)

Maianthemum canadense (Canada mayflower)

Maianthemum stellatum (starry false Solomon’s seal)

Malaxis unifolia (green adder’s-mouth)

Medicago lupulina (black medick)

Medicago sativa ssp. sativa (alfalfa)

Melilotus albus (white sweet clover)

Melilotus officinalis (yellow sweet clover)

Menyanthes trifoliata (buckbean)

Mimulus ringens var. ringens (Allegheny monkeyflower)

Mitella diphylla (twoleaf miterwort)

Moneses uniflora (one-flowered wintergreen)

Myosotis sylvatica (wood forget-me-not)

Neottia cordata (heart-leaved twayblade)

Orthilia secunda (one-sided wintergreen)

Osmorhiza claytonii (bland sweet cicely)

Petasites frigidus (arctic sweet coltsfoot)

Phalaris arundinacea (reed canary grass)

Phleum pratense (timothy)

Picea glauca (white spruce)

Picea mariana (black spruce)

Pinus resinosa (red pine)

Plantago major (common plantain)

Platanthera aquilonis (northern green orchid)

Platanthera dilatata var. dilatata (white bog orchid)

Platanthera huronensis (Huron green orchid)

Platanthera obtusata (blunt-leaved orchid)

Populus grandidentata (bigtooth aspen)

Populus tremuloides (quaking aspen)

Potentilla argentea (silvery cinquefoil)

Prunus serotina var. serotina (black cherry)

Prunus virginiana var. virginiana (chokecherry)

Pteridium aquilinum var. latiusculum (western bracken fern)

Pyrola asarifolia ssp. asarifolia (liverleaf wintergreen)

Quercus macrocarpa var. macrocarpa (bur oak)

Rhamnus alnifolia (alder-leaved buckthorn)

Rhododendron groenlandicum (bog Labrador tea)

Ribes triste (swamp red currant)

Rosa acicularis ssp. sayi (prickly rose)

Rosa arkansana (prairie rose)

Rosa blanda var. blanda (smooth rose)

Rubus idaeus ssp. strigosus (American red raspberry)

Rubus pubescens (dwarf raspberry)

Rudbeckia laciniata var. laciniata (cut-leaved coneflower)

Rumex britannica (great water dock)

Salix discolor (pussy willow)

Salix humilis (prairie willow)

Salix petiolaris (slender willow)

Sambucus racemosa var. racemosa (red elderberry)

Sanicula odorata (clustered black snakeroot)

Sarracenia purpurea ssp. purpurea (northern purple pitcherplant)

Scutellaria galericulata (marsh skullcap)

Securigera varia (crown vetch)

Silene latifolia ssp. alba (white campion)

Smilacina trifolia (three-leaved false Solomon’s seal)

Solidago gigantea (giant goldenrod)

Solidago juncea (early goldenrod)

Stachys pilosa var. arenicola (woundwort)

Streptopus lanceolatus var. longipipes (rose twisted-stalk)

Symphoricarpos albus var. albus (common snowberry)

Symphoricarpos occidentalis (wolfberry)

Symphyotrichum boreale (northern bog aster)

Symphyotrichum puniceum var. puniceum (purple-stem aster)

Tanacetum vulgare (common tansy)

Thalictrum dasycarpum (tall meadow-rue)

Thalictrum dioicum (early meadow-rue)

Thelypteris palustris var. pubescens (eastern marsh fern)

Toxicodendron rydbergii (western poison ivy)

Tragopogon dubius (yellow goat’s beard)

Trifolium hybridum (alsike clover)

Trifolium pratense (red clover)

Trifolium repens (white clover)

Typha angustifolia (narrow-leaved cattail)

Typha latifolia (broad-leaved cattail)

Ulmus americana (American elm)

Vaccinium myrtilloides (velvet-leaf blueberry)

Vaccinium oxycoccos (small cranberry)

Verbascum thapsus ssp. thapsus (common mullein)

Verbena hastata var. scabra (blue vervain)

Viburnum opulus var. americanum (American highbush cranberry)

Vicia americana ssp. americana (American vetch)

alsike clover

American cow parsnip

American highbush cranberry

American red raspberry

American starflower

black cherry

blue vervain (var. scabra)

bluebead lily


Canada anemone


common mullein

common strawberry

common yarrow

crown vetch

early meadow-rue

fragrant bedstraw

grass-leaved goldenrod

hoary alyssum

marsh skullcap

northern bedstraw

northern blue flag

small yellow lady’s slipper

oxeye daisy

pearly everlasting

prairie fleabane (var. strigosus)

prickly rose

red baneberry

red clover

red elderberry

scarlet Indian paintbrush (f. coccinea)

Showy Lady’s Slipper

smooth rose

spotted touch-me-not

swamp milkweed

swamp thistle

tall meadow-rue

tall thimbleweed

western poison ivy

woodland strawberry

yellow avens

yellow marsh marigold




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