St. Croix Savanna SNA

       
   

Area and County

    Washington County
    Metro Area
     
 

Driving Directions

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Size

154 acres

 
Maps

Detail map (MN DNR)

     

 Printable Map with GPS coordinates

 
Printable map    
 
parking

There are two designated parking locations for this SNA. The first is a hard-packed area at the end of Prairie Way S. near the northwest boundary (north parking).

North parking (Prairie Way S.)
N45 0.427, W92 47.169

The second parking spot is the shoulder of MN Hwy 95 near the southeast boundary (south parking). MN Hwy 95 is a busy highway. The guard rail that had prevented vehicles from pulling off of the pavement has been removed. Nevertheless, parking on MN Hwy 95 is not recommended.

South parking (paved shoulder of MN Hwy. 95)
N44 59.688, W92 46.673

 
Hiking Trails

According the the Minnesota DNR’s Website, “This site has no maintained trails or other recreational facilities.” There is an access road, basically two worn tire tracks in the grass, that leads from the north parking area, around the prairie reconstruction (see the Detail map [MN DNR] above), and through the oak woodlands, to the bluff near the southeast corner of the SNA. In June 2020 this road appeared to have been mowed (see photos below). The “road” skirts the west side of the prairie reconstruction, and a well-worn footpath skirts the east side, providing a loop around this part of the SNA.

 
Hunting

No hunting

 
Ecological Classification Province  

Eastern Broadleaf Forest Province

Ecological Classification
Section  

Minnesota & NE Iowa Morainal

Subsection(s)  

St. Paul-Baldwin Plains

Land Type Association(s)

Stillwater Alluvial Plain

 
Native Plant Communities1

Dry Sand - Gravel Oak Savanna (Southern)

 
Ownership Minnesota DNR logo        
 
Links

Minnesota DNR

 
Comments

Overview
This 148-acre Scientific and Natural Area offers a diversity of habitats just minutes away from the Twin Cities. On the south part of the site there is a high quality oak savanna on a steep, southwest facing hillside. An oak woodland bordering an intermittent stream forms the southwest boundary. On the west, an upland prairie is undergoing restoration on a former gravel pit. The isolated north sections are on an oak forested river bluff.

Management
In 2005 the Minnesota DNR began reestablishing prairie larkspur on the site. The effort has proved successful.

In 2013 volunteers participated in a day of buckthorn removal. In June 2014, and again in June 2020, leafy spurge was was treated with herbicide.

 
Visits

6/19/2005

  6/14/2006   6/17/2014   6/11/2020

 

 

 

 

       
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North parking

  St. Croix Savanna SNA   St. Croix Savanna SNA
       

Wood routed sign, north parking

  St. Croix Savanna SNA    
  This was in 2014. In 2020 the sign is hidden by a dense stand of smooth simac.
       

Interpretive sign, north parking

  St. Croix Savanna SNA    
       

South parking

  St. Croix Savanna SNA    
       

Wood routed sign, south parking

  St. Croix Savanna SNA    
       

Former gravel pit

  St. Croix Savanna SNA   St. Croix Savanna SNA
       
  St. Croix Savanna SNA
       
  St. Croix Savanna SNA    
       

Prairie reconstruction on former agricultral field

  St. Croix Savanna SNA   St. Croix Savanna SNA
       
  St. Croix Savanna SNA    
       

Oak woodland

  St. Croix Savanna SNA   St. Croix Savanna SNA
       

Dry Sand - Gravel Oak Savanna (Southern)

  St. Croix Savanna SNA   St. Croix Savanna SNA
       
  St. Croix Savanna SNA    
       

Bluff prairie

  St. Croix Savanna SNA   St. Croix Savanna SNA
       
       

 

Camera

     
Slideshows
   
  St. Croix Savanna SNA
minnesota_snas
 
  St. Croix Savanna SNA  
 
About

The St. Croix Savanna occurs along the top and side of a south-facing bluff, with views of the St. Croix River. Its slopes of loamy sand have eroded extensively, their soils now supporting an alluvial forest along the bottom. Scattered bur oak and pin oak on the open gravel prairie become increasingly dense toward the northeast and northwest, forming first oak woodland and then oak forest.

 
     

 

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MinnesotaSeasons.com Observations
   
Bacteria

apical chlorosis of Canada thistle (Pst) (Pseudomonas syringae pv. tagetis)

Pst

 
Birds

Three bird species with conservation status in Minnesota and one tracked species have been seen here:

 

Special concern

Lark Sparrow (Chondestes grammacus)

Purple Martin (Progne subis)

Red-shouldered Hawk (Buteo lineatus)

 

Tracked

Bald Eagle (Haliaeetus leucocephalus)

 
 

Minnesota DNR Bird checklist

eBird Field Checklist

 
 

American Crow (Corvus brachyrhynchos)

American Goldfinch (Carduelis tristis)

American Robin (Turdus migratorius)

Bald Eagle (Haliaeetus leucocephalus)

Bank Swallow (Riparia riparia)

Black-capped Chickadee (Poecile atricapillus)

Blue Jay (Cyanocitta cristata)

Brown Thrasher (Toxostoma rufum)

Brown-headed Cowbird (Molothrus ater)

Clay-colored Sparrow (Spizella pallida)

Common Nighthawk (Chordeiles minor)

Eastern Bluebird (Sialia sialis)

Eastern Kingbird (Tyrannus tyrannus)

Eastern Meadowlark (Sturnella magna)

Eastern Phoebe (Sayornis phoebe)

Eastern Towhee (Pipilo erythrophthalmus)

Eastern Wood-peewee (Contopus virens)

Field Sparrow (Spizella pusilla)

Gray Catbird (Dumetella carolinensis)

Great Horned Owl (Bubo virginianus)

Killdeer (Charadrius vociferus)

Mourning Dove (Zenaida macroura)

Northern Cardinal (Cardinalis cardinalis)

Northern Flicker (Colaptes auratus)

Osprey (Pandion haliaetus)

Ovenbird (Seiurus aurocapillus)

Pileated Woodpecker (Dryocopus pileatus)

Red-bellied Woodpecker (Melanerpes carolinus)

Red-tailed Hawk (Buteo jamaicensis)

Red-winged Blackbird (Agelaius phoeniceus)

Ring-necked Pheasant (Phasianus colchicus)

Rose-breasted Grosbeak (Pheucticus ludovicianus)

Ruby-throated Hummingbird (Archilochus colubris)

Sedge Wren (Cistothorus platensis)

Song Sparrow (Melospiza melodia)

Turkey Vulture (Cathartes aura)

Veery (Catharus fuscescens)

Wild Turkey (Meleagris gallopavo)

Yellow-throated Vireo (Vireo flavifrons)

American Goldfinch

Blue Jay

Brown-headed Cowbird

Mourning Dove

Northern Cardinal

Pileated Woodpecker

Rose-breasted Grosbeak

Ruby-throated Hummingbird

Song Sparrow

Wild Turkey

 
Fungi and Lichens

Minnesota Biodiversity Atlas Fungus List

Minnesota Biodiversity Atlas Lichen List

 
 

Artist’s Conk (Ganoderma applanatum)

False Turkey Tail (Stereum ostrea)

Oat Crown Rust (Puccinia coronata f. sp. avenae)

Oat Crown Rust

 
Insects and Arachnids

American dog tick (Dermacentor variabilis)

cabbage white (Pieris rapae)

chokecherry finger gall mite (Eriophyes emarginatae)

common eastern bumble bee (Bombus impatiens)

common green darner (Anax junius)

common ringlet (Coenonympha tullia)

common whitetail (Plathemis lydia)

common wood nymph (Cercyonis pegala)

coral-winged grasshopper (Pardalophora apiculata)

dot-tailed whiteface (Leucorrhinia intacta)

eastern tiger swallowtail (Papilio glaucus)

elm finger gall mite (Eriophyes parulmi)

four-spotted skimmer (Libellula quadrimaculata)

goldenrod bunch gall midge (Rhopalomyia solidaginis)

goldenrod gall fly (Eurosta solidaginis)

great spangled fritillary (Speyeria cybele)

least skipper (Ancyloxypha numitor)

little wood satyr (Megisto cymela)

monarch (Danaus plexippus)

mourning cloak (Nymphalis antiopa)

northern cloudywing (Thorybes pylades)

northern crescent (Phyciodes cocyta)

orange sulphur (Colias eurytheme)

pronghorn clubtail (Gomphus graslinellus)

racket-tailed emerald (Dorocordulia libera)

red saddlebags (Tramea onusta)

red-blue checkered beetle (Trichodes nutalli)

red-spotted purple (Limenitis arthemis astyanax)

silver-spotted skipper (Epargyreus clarus)

speckle-winged rangeland grasshopper (Arphia conspersa)

sumac stem borer (Oberea ocellata)

twelve-spotted skimmer (Libellula pulchella)

viceroy (Limenitis archippus)

white snakeroot leaf miner (Liriomyza eupatoriella)

widow skimmer (Libellula luctuosa)

willow pinecone gall midge (Rabdophaga strobiloides)

chokecherry finger gall mite

common green darner

common whitetail

four-spotted skimmer

monarch

northern crescent

viceroy

twelve-spotted skimmer

widow skimmer

willow pinecone gall midge

 

 
Mammals

American red squirrel (Tamiasciurus hudsonicus)

eastern cottontail (Sylvilagus floridanus)

plains pocket gopher (Geomys bursarius)

whitetail deer (Odocoileus virginianus)

American red squirrel

 
Plants

Three plant species with conservation status in Minnesota are found here:

 

Endangered

James’ polanisia (Polanisia jamesii)

narrow-leaved pinweed (Lechea tenuifolia)

 

Threatened

kitten-tails (Veronica bullii)

 
 

Minnesota Biodiversity Atlas Plant List

 
 

Plants frequently found in:

Dry Sand - Gravel Oak Savanna (Southern) UPs14b

 
 

 

Allegheny blackberry (Rubus allegheniensis)

alsike clover (Trifolium hybridum)

American basswood (Tilia americana var. americana)

American bittersweet (Celastrus scandens)

American elm (Ulmus americana)

American hazel (Corylus americana)

American hog peanut (Amphicarpaea bracteata var. bracteata)

American red raspberry (Rubus idaeus ssp. strigosus)

American vetch (Vicia americana ssp. americana)

Amur maple (Acer ginnala)

annual fleabane (Erigeron annuus)

asparagus (Asparagus officinalis)

Balkan catchfly (Silene csereii)

baneberry (Actaea sp.)

big bluestem (Andropogon gerardii)

bird’s-foot trefoil (Lotus corniculatus var. corniculatus)

black bindweed (Fallopia convolvulus)

black cherry (Prunus serotina var. serotina)

black locust (Robinia pseudoacacia)

black medick (Medicago lupulina)

black raspberry (Rubus occidentalis)

black walnut (Juglans nigra)

black-eyed Susan (Rudbeckia hirta var. pulcherrima)

black-seeded plantain (Plantago rugelii var. rugelii)

bland sweet cicely (Osmorhiza claytonii)

bloodroot (Sanguinaria canadensis)

boxelder (Acer negundo var. negundo)

bracted spiderwort (Tradescantia bracteata)

bull thistle (Cirsium vulgare)

bur oak (Quercus macrocarpa var. macrocarpa)

butterfly weed (Asclepias tuberosa ssp. interior)

Canada anemone (Anemone canadensis)

Canada mayflower (Maianthemum canadense)

Canada moonseed (Menispermum canadense)

Canada thistle (Cirsium arvense)

Canadian honewort (Cryptotaenia canadensis)

Canadian horseweed (Conyza canadensis)

Canadian tick-trefoil (Desmodium canadense)

Canadian woodnettle (Laportea canadensis)

candle anemone (Anemone cylindrica)

catnip (Nepeta cataria)

cheatgrass (Bromus tectorum)

chokecherry (Prunus virginiana var. virginiana)

clammy groundcherry (Physalis heterophylla var. heterophylla)

cleavers (Galium aparine)

common blue violet (Viola sororia)

common buckthorn (Rhamnus cathartica)

common burdock (Arctium minus)

common chickweed (Stellaria media ssp. media)

common cinquefoil (Potentilla simplex)

common dandelion (Taraxacum officinale ssp. officinale)

common evening primrose (Oenothera biennis)

common false Solomon’s seal (Maianthemum racemosum var. racemosum)

common milkweed (Asclepias syriaca)

common motherwort (Leonurus cardiaca ssp. cardiaca)

common mullein (Verbascum thapsus ssp. thapsus)

common plantain (Plantago major)

common ragweed (Ambrosia artemisiifolia)

common St. Johnswort (Hypericum perforatum)

common yarrow (Achillea millefolium)

crown vetch (Securigera varia)

Culver’s root (Veronicastrum virginicum)

curly dock (Rumex crispus)

dame’s rocket (Hesperis matronalis)

downy phlox (Phlox pilosa ssp. fulgida)

downy serviceberry (Amelanchier arborea)

early figwort (Scrophularia lanceolata)

early horse-gentian (Triosteum aurantiacum var. aurantiacum)

early meadow rue (Thalictrum dioicum)

eastern redcedar (Juniperus virginiana var. virginiana)

eastern star sedge (Carex radiata)

eastern white pine (Pinus strobus)

false sunflower (Heliopsis helianthoides var. occidentalis)

field chickweed (Cerastium arvense)

field pennycress (Thlaspi arvense)

field pussytoes (Antennaria neglecta)

field sagewort (Artemisia campestris ssp. caudata)

field thistle (Cirsium discolor)

fragrant bedstraw (Galium triflorum)

garlic mustard (Alliaria petiolata)

giant chickweed (Myosoton aquaticum)

giant goldenrod (Solidago gigantea)

giant ragweed (Ambrosia trifida var. trifida)

golden alexanders (Zizia aurea)

gray dogwood (Cornus racemosa)

gray-headed coneflower (Ratibida pinnata)

Great Plains flat sedge (Cyperus lupulinus ssp. lupulinus)

green milkweed (Asclepias viridiflora)

ground ivy (Glechoma hederacea)

hairy false goldenaster (Heterotheca villosa)

hairy puccoon (Lithospermum caroliniense var. croceum)

hairy vetch (Vicia villosa ssp. villosa)

harebell (Campanula rotundifolia)

heart-leaved four o’clock (Mirabilis nyctaginea)

hedge bindweed (Calystegia sepium)

hedge nettle (Stachys sp.)

hoary alyssum (Berteroa incana)

hoary frostweed (Crocanthemum bicknellii)

hoary puccoon (Lithospermum canescens)

hoary vervain (Verbena stricta)

Illinois tick-trefoil (Desmodium illinoense)

Indian hemp (Apocynum cannabinum)

Indiangrass (Sorghastrum nutans)

interrupted fern (Osmunda claytoniana)

ironwood (Ostrya virginiana var. virginiana)

jack-in-the-pulpit (Arisaema triphyllum)

Japanese hedge parsley (Torilis japonica)

June grass (Koeleria macrantha)

Kentucky bluegrass (Poa pratensis ssp. pratensis)

kidney-leaved buttercup (Ranunculus abortivus)

large-flowered beardtongue (Penstemon grandiflorus)

large-flowered bellwort (Uvularia grandiflora)

late goldenrod (Solidago altissima)

late horse-gentian (Triosteum perfoliatum)

leadplant (Amorpha canescens)

leafy spurge (Euphorbia virgata)

Leonard’s skullcap (Scutellaria parvula var. missouriensis)

little bluestem (Schizachyrium scoparium var. scoparium)

long-leaved bluet (Houstonia longifolia)

lyre-leaved rock cress (Arabidopsis lyrata ssp. lyrata)

marijuana (Cannabis sativa)

Maryland black snakeroot (Sanicula marilandica)

Mead’s sedge (Carex meadii)

Missouri gooseberry (Ribes missouriense)

Morrow’s honeysuckle (Lonicera morrowii)

mountain blue-eyed grass (Sisyrinchium montanum var. montanum)

musk thistle (Carduus nutans)

narrow-leaved hawk’s-beard (Crepis tectorum)

narrow-leaved hawkweed (Hieracium umbellatum)

northern bedstraw (Galium boreale)

northern lady fern (Athyrium filix-femina ssp. angustum)

northern maidenhair (Adiantum pedatum)

northern pin oak (Quercus ellipsoidalis)

northern prickly ash (Zanthoxylum americanum)

northern red oak (Quercus rubra)

orange hawkweed (Pilosella aurantiaca)

orchard grass (Dactylis glomerata ssp. glomerata)

ostrich fern (Matteuccia struthiopteris var. pensylvanica)

oxeye daisy (Leucanthemum vulgare)

pagoda dogwood (Cornus alternifolia)

palespike lobelia (Lobelia spicata)

paper birch (Betula papyrifera var. papyrifera)

Parlin’s pussytoes (Antennaria parlinii ssp. fallax)

path rush (Juncus tenuis)

pineapple-weed (Matricaria discoidea)

plains cottonwood (Populus deltoides ssp. molinifera)

pointed-leaved tick-trefoil (Desmodium glutinosum)

porcupine grass (Hesperostipa spartea)

prairie blazing star (Liatris pycnostachya var. pycnostachya)

prairie coreopsis (Coreopsis palmata)

prairie dropseed (Sporobolus heterolepis)

prairie fleabane (Erigeron strigosus)

prairie larkspur (Delphinium carolinianum ssp. virescens)

prairie rose (Rosa arkansana)

prairie smoke (Geum triflorum var. triflorum)

prairie violet (Viola pedatifida var. pedatifida)

prairie willow (Salix humilis)

purple prairie clover (Dalea purpurea var. purpurea)

quackgrass (Elymus repens)

quaking aspen (Populus tremuloides)

Queen Anne’s lace (Daucus carota ssp. carota)

recurved blackberry (Rubus recurvans)

red clover (Trifolium pratense)

red sorrel (Rumex acetosella)

reed canary grass (Phalaris arundinacea)

rough bentgrass (Agrostis scabra)

rough false pennyroyal (Hedeoma hispida)

rough-fruited cinquefoil (Potentilla recta)

round-headed bush clover (Lespedeza capitata)

sandbar willow (Salix interior)

Scribner’s panic grass (Dichanthelium oligosanthes ssp. scribnerianum)

Siberian elm (Ulmus pumila)

sideoats grama (Bouteloua curtipendula var. curtipendula)

silky aster (Symphyotrichum sericeum)

silvery cinquefoil (Potentilla argentea)

slender beardtongue (Penstemon gracilis var. gracilis)

slender willow (Salix petiolaris)

smooth brome (Bromus inermis)

smooth rose (Rosa blanda var. blanda)

smooth scouring rush (Equisetum laevigatum)

smooth sumac (Rhus glabra)

spotted St. Johnswort (Hypericum punctatum)

spreading dogbane (Apocynum androsaemifolium)

staghorn sumac (Rhus typhina)

stiff goldenrod (Solidago rigida ssp. rigida)

stiff sunflower (Helianthus pauciflorus)

stinging nettle (Urtica dioica ssp. gracilis)

switch grass (Panicum virgatum var. virgatum)

tall cinquefoil (Drymocallis arguta)

tall meadow rue (Thalictrum dasycarpum)

tall thimbleweed (Anemone virginiana)

tarragon (Artemisia dracunculus)

Tartarian honeysuckle (Lonicera tatarica)

timothy (Phleum pratense)

touch-me-not (Impatiens sp.)

tower mustard (Turritis glabra)

trailing wild bean (Strophostyles helvola)

twoflower dwarfdandelion (Krigia biflora)

upright carrionflower (Smilax ecirrhata)

veiny pea (Lathyrus venosus)

violet wood sorrel (Oxalis violacea)

Virginia creeper (Parthenocissus quinquefolia)

Virginia groundcherry (Physalis virginiana var. virginiana)

Virginia pepper grass (Lepidium virginicum var. virginicum)

Virginia stickseed (Hackelia virginiana)

Virginia waterleaf (Hydrophyllum virginianum var. virginianum)

western marbleseed (Lithospermum occidentale)

western panic grass (Dichanthelium acuminatum var. fasciculatum)

western poison ivy (Toxicodendron rydbergii)

western ragweed (Ambrosia psilostachya)

white campion (Silene latifolia ssp. alba)

white clover (Trifolium repens)

white prairie clover (Dalea candida var. candida)

white sage (Artemisia ludoviciana ssp. ludoviciana)

white snakeroot (Ageratina altissima var. altissima)

wild bergamot (Monarda fistulosa)

wild cucumber (Echinocystis lobata)

wild geranium (Geranium maculatum)

wild grape (Vitis riparia)

wild mint (Mentha arvensis)

wild sarsaparilla (Aralia nudicaulis)

wild yam (Dioscorea villosa)

winter cress (Barbarea vulgaris)

wood anemone (Anemone quinquefolia var. quinquefolia)

woodbine (Parthenocissus vitacea)

woodland strawberry (Fragaria vesca ssp. americana)

woolly plantain (Plantago patagonica)

yellow goat’s beard (Tragopogon dubius)

yellow star grass (Hypoxis hirsuta)

yellow sweet clover (Melilotus officinalis)

yellow wood sorrel (Oxalis stricta)

zigzag goldenrod (Solidago flexicaulis)

 

Acer ginnala (Amur maple)

Acer negundo var. negundo (boxelder)

Achillea millefolium (common yarrow)

Actaea sp. (baneberry)

Adiantum pedatum (northern maidenhair)

Ageratina altissima var. altissima (white snakeroot)

Agrostis scabra (rough bentgrass)

Alliaria petiolata (garlic mustard)

Ambrosia artemisiifolia (common ragweed)

Ambrosia psilostachya (western ragweed)

Ambrosia trifida var. trifida (giant ragweed)

Amelanchier arborea (downy serviceberry)

Amorpha canescens (leadplant)

Amphicarpaea bracteata var. bracteata (American hog peanut)

Andropogon gerardii (big bluestem)

Anemone canadensis (Canada anemone)

Anemone cylindrica (candle anemone)

Anemone quinquefolia var. quinquefolia (wood anemone)

Anemone virginiana (tall thimbleweed)

Antennaria neglecta (field pussytoes)

Antennaria parlinii ssp. fallax (Parlin’s pussytoes)

Apocynum androsaemifolium (spreading dogbane)

Apocynum cannabinum (Indian hemp)

Arabidopsis lyrata ssp. lyrata (lyre-leaved rock cress)

Aralia nudicaulis (wild sarsaparilla)

Arctium minus (common burdock)

Arisaema triphyllum (Jack-in-the-pulpit)

Artemisia campestris ssp. caudata (field sagewort)

Artemisia dracunculus (tarragon)

Artemisia ludoviciana ssp. ludoviciana (white sage)

Asclepias syriaca (common milkweed)

Asclepias tuberosa ssp. interior (butterfly weed)

Asclepias viridiflora (green milkweed)

Asparagus officinalis (asparagus)

Athyrium filix-femina ssp. angustum (northern lady fern)

Barbarea vulgaris (winter cress)

Berteroa incana (hoary alyssum)

Betula papyrifera var. papyrifera (paper birch)

Bouteloua curtipendula var. curtipendula (sideoats grama)

Bromus inermis (smooth brome)

Bromus tectorum (cheatgrass)

Calystegia sepium (hedge bindweed)

Campanula rotundifolia (harebell)

Cannabis sativa (marijuana)

Carduus nutans (musk thistle)

Carex meadii (Mead’s sedge)

Carex radiata (eastern star sedge)

Celastrus scandens (American bittersweet)

Cerastium arvense (field chickweed)

Cirsium arvense (Canada thistle)

Cirsium discolor (field thistle)

Cirsium vulgare (bull thistle)

Conyza canadensis (Canadian horseweed)

Coreopsis palmata (prairie coreopsis)

Cornus alternifolia (pagoda dogwood)

Cornus racemosa (gray dogwood)

Corylus americana (American hazel)

Crepis tectorum (narrow-leaved hawk’s-beard)

Crocanthemum bicknellii (hoary frostweed)

Cryptotaenia canadensis (Canadian honewort)

Cyperus lupulinus ssp. lupulinus (Great Plains flat sedge)

Dactylis glomerata ssp. glomerata (orchard grass)

Dalea candida var. candida (white prairie clover)

Dalea purpurea var. purpurea (purple prairie clover)

Daucus carota ssp. carota (Queen Anne’s lace)

Delphinium carolinianum ssp. virescens (prairie larkspur)

Desmodium canadense (Canadian tick-trefoil)

Desmodium glutinosum (pointed-leaved tick-trefoil)

Desmodium illinoense (Illinois tick-trefoil)

Dichanthelium acuminatum var. fasciculatum (western panic grass)

Dichanthelium oligosanthes ssp. scribnerianum (Scribner’s panic grass)

Dioscorea villosa (wild yam)

Drymocallis arguta (tall cinquefoil)

Echinocystis lobata (wild cucumber)

Elymus repens (quackgrass)

Equisetum laevigatum (smooth scouring rush)

Erigeron annuus (annual fleabane)

Erigeron strigosus (prairie fleabane)

Euphorbia virgata (leafy spurge)

Fallopia convolvulus (black bindweed)

Fragaria vesca ssp. americana (woodland strawberry)

Galium aparine (cleavers)

Galium boreale (northern bedstraw)

Galium triflorum (fragrant bedstraw)

Geranium maculatum (wild geranium)

Geum triflorum var. triflorum (prairie smoke)

Glechoma hederacea (ground ivy)

Hackelia virginiana (Virginia stickseed)

Hedeoma hispida (rough false pennyroyal)

Helianthus pauciflorus (stiff sunflower)

Heliopsis helianthoides var. occidentalis (false sunflower)

Hesperis matronalis (dame’s rocket)

Hesperostipa spartea (porcupine grass)

Heterotheca villosa (hairy false goldenaster)

Hieracium umbellatum (narrow-leaved hawkweed)

Houstonia longifolia (long-leaved bluet)

Hydrophyllum virginianum var. virginianum (Virginia waterleaf)

Hypericum perforatum (common St. Johnswort)

Hypericum punctatum (spotted St. Johnswort)

Hypoxis hirsuta (yellow star grass)

Impatiens sp. (touch-me-not)

Juglans nigra (black walnut)

Juncus tenuis (path rush)

Juniperus virginiana var. virginiana (eastern redcedar)

Koeleria macrantha (June grass)

Krigia biflora (twoflower dwarfdandelion)

Laportea canadensis (Canadian woodnettle)

Lathyrus venosus (veiny pea)

Leonurus cardiaca ssp. cardiaca (common motherwort)

Lepidium virginicum var. virginicum (Virginia pepper grass)

Lespedeza capitata (round-headed bush clover)

Leucanthemum vulgare (oxeye daisy)

Liatris pycnostachya var. pycnostachya (prairie blazing star)

Lithospermum canescens (hoary puccoon)

Lithospermum caroliniense var. croceum (hairy puccoon)

Lithospermum occidentale (western marbleseed)

Lobelia spicata (palespike lobelia)

Lonicera morrowii (Morrow’s honeysuckle)

Lonicera tatarica (Tartarian honeysuckle)

Lotus corniculatus var. corniculatus (bird’s-foot trefoil)

Maianthemum canadense (Canada mayflower)

Maianthemum racemosum var. racemosum (common false Solomon’s seal)

Matricaria discoidea (pineapple-weed)

Matteuccia struthiopteris var. pensylvanica (ostrich fern)

Medicago lupulina (black medick)

Melilotus officinalis (yellow sweet clover)

Menispermum canadense (Canada moonseed)

Mentha arvensis (wild mint)

Mirabilis nyctaginea (heart-leaved four o’clock)

Monarda fistulosa (wild bergamot)

Myosoton aquaticum (giant chickweed)

Nepeta cataria (catnip)

Oenothera biennis (common evening primrose)

Osmorhiza claytonii (bland sweet cicely)

Osmunda claytoniana (interrupted fern)

Ostrya virginiana var. virginiana (ironwood)

Oxalis stricta (yellow wood sorrel)

Oxalis violacea (violet wood sorrel)

Panicum virgatum var. virgatum (switch grass)

Parthenocissus quinquefolia (Virginia creeper)

Parthenocissus vitacea (woodbine)

Penstemon gracilis var. gracilis (slender beardtongue)

Penstemon grandiflorus (large-flowered beardtongue)

Phalaris arundinacea (reed canary grass)

Phleum pratense (timothy)

Phlox pilosa ssp. fulgida (downy phlox)

Physalis heterophylla var. heterophylla (clammy groundcherry)

Physalis virginiana var. virginiana (Virginia groundcherry)

Pilosella aurantiaca (orange hawkweed)

Pinus strobus (eastern white pine)

Plantago major (common plantain)

Plantago patagonica (woolly plantain)

Plantago rugelii var. rugelii (black-seeded plantain)

Poa pratensis ssp. pratensis (Kentucky bluegrass)

Populus deltoides ssp. molinifera (plains cottonwood)

Populus tremuloides (quaking aspen)

Potentilla argentea (silvery cinquefoil)

Potentilla recta (rough-fruited cinquefoil)

Potentilla simplex (common cinquefoil)

Prunus serotina var. serotina (black cherry)

Prunus virginiana var. virginiana (chokecherry)

Quercus ellipsoidalis (northern pin oak)

Quercus macrocarpa var. macrocarpa (bur oak)

Quercus rubra (northern red oak)

Ranunculus abortivus (kidney-leaved buttercup)

Ratibida pinnata (gray-headed coneflower)

Rhamnus cathartica (common buckthorn)

Rhus glabra (smooth sumac)

Rhus typhina (staghorn sumac)

Ribes missouriense (Missouri gooseberry)

Robinia pseudoacacia (black locust)

Rosa arkansana (prairie rose)

Rosa blanda var. blanda (smooth rose)

Rubus allegheniensis (Allegheny blackberry)

Rubus idaeus ssp. strigosus (American red raspberry)

Rubus occidentalis (black raspberry)

Rubus recurvans (recurved blackberry)

Rudbeckia hirta var. pulcherrima (black-eyed Susan)

Rumex acetosella (red sorrel)

Rumex crispus (curly dock)

Salix humilis (prairie willow)

Salix interior (sandbar willow)

Salix petiolaris (slender willow)

Sanguinaria canadensis (bloodroot)

Sanicula marilandica (Maryland black snakeroot)

Schizachyrium scoparium var. scoparium (little bluestem)

Scrophularia lanceolata (early figwort)

Scutellaria parvula var. missouriensis (Leonard’s skullcap)

Securigera varia (crown vetch)

Silene csereii (Balkan catchfly)

Silene latifolia ssp. alba (white campion)

Sisyrinchium montanum var. montanum (mountain blue-eyed grass)

Smilax ecirrhata (upright carrionflower)

Solidago altissima (late goldenrod)

Solidago flexicaulis (zigzag goldenrod)

Solidago gigantea (giant goldenrod)

Solidago rigida ssp. rigida (stiff goldenrod)

Sorghastrum nutans (Indiangrass)

Sporobolus heterolepis (prairie dropseed)

Stachys sp. (hedge nettle)

Stellaria media ssp. media (common chickweed)

Strophostyles helvola (trailing wild bean)

Symphyotrichum sericeum (silky aster)

Taraxacum officinale ssp. officinale (common dandelion)

Thalictrum dasycarpum (tall meadow rue)

Thalictrum dioicum (early meadow rue)

Thlaspi arvense (field pennycress)

Tilia americana var. americana (American basswood)

Torilis japonica (Japanese hedge parsley)

Toxicodendron rydbergii (western poison ivy)

Tradescantia bracteata (bracted spiderwort)

Tragopogon dubius (yellow goat’s beard)

Trifolium hybridum (alsike clover)

Trifolium pratense (red clover)

Trifolium repens (white clover)

Triosteum aurantiacum var. aurantiacum (early horse-gentian)

Triosteum perfoliatum (late horse-gentian)

Turritis glabra (tower mustard)

Ulmus americana (American elm)

Ulmus pumila (Siberian elm)

Urtica dioica ssp. gracilis (stinging nettle)

Uvularia grandiflora (large-flowered bellwort)

Verbascum thapsus ssp. thapsus (common mullein)

Verbena stricta (hoary vervain)

Veronicastrum virginicum (Culver’s root)

Vicia americana ssp. americana (American vetch)

Vicia villosa ssp. villosa (hairy vetch)

Viola pedatifida var. pedatifida (prairie violet)

Viola sororia (common blue violet)

Vitis riparia (wild grape)

Zanthoxylum americanum (northern prickly ash)

Zizia aurea (golden alexanders)

alsike clover

American hazel

American vetch

annual fleabane

black raspberry

black-eyed susan

bloodroot

bracted spiderwort

bur oak

Canada anemone

Canadian tick-trefoil

Canadian woodnettle

common blue violet

common evening primrose

common milkweed

common mullein

common St. Johnswort

common yarrow

dame’s rocket

downy phlox

early meadow rue

false sunflower

field pussytoes

giant goldenrod

golden alexanders

green milkweed

hairy puccoon

hairy puccoon

jack-in-the-pulpit

large-flowered beardtongue

large-flowered bellwort

leadplant

Missouri gooseberry

Morrow’s honeysuckle

musk thistle

northern bedstraw

orange hawkweed

oxeye daisy

prairie coreopsis

prairie larkspur

prairie rose

prairie smoke

purple prairie clover

Queen Anne’s lace

rough-fruited cinquefoil

silky aster

slender beardtongue

smooth rose

stiff sunflower (ssp. subrhomboideus)

tall cinquefoil

Tartarian honeysuckle

violet wood sorrel

Virginia groundcherry

Virginia waterleaf

wild bergamot

wild geranium

wild mint

wood anemone

woolly plantain

yellow star grass

yellow sweet clover

     

 

 

Binoculars


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