wild bergamot

(Monarda fistulosa)

wild bergamot

Wild bergamot is a common and widespread, late season wildflower. It is found in prairies, fields, upland woods, and thickets. It grows under full to partial sun in dry, moderately moist, or wet soil. Flowers appear from July to September.

Like other plants in the mint (Lamiaceae) family, wild bergamot leaves are fragrant. The pleasant scent has been described as “like oregano” or “minty”. Tear a leaf and breathe in the scent one time, and you will be strongly tempted to do it again whenever you encounter this plant.


Wild bergamot is a 2 to 4 tall, erect perennial. The stems are square, frequently branched near the top, and hairy near the top. The opposite leaves are lance-shaped, sparsely hairy above, and hairy along the veins below. The inflorescence is a single lavender, pale purple, or pink flower head at the end of the stem and and some of the branches.


Distribution Map



2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 24, 28, 30.

  Kingdom Plantae (green algae and land plants)  
  Subkingdom Viridiplantae (green plants)  
  Infrakingdom Streptophyta (land plants and green algae)  
  Superdivision Embryophyta (land plants)  
  Division Tracheophyta (vascular plants)  
  Subdivision Spermatophytina (seed plants)  
  Class Magnoliopsida (flowering plants)  
  Superorder Asteranae  


Lamiales (mints, plantains, olives, and allies)  


Lamiaceae (mint)  
  Subfamily Nepetoideae  
  Tribe Mentheae  


  Genus Monarda (beebalms and bergamots)  

Subordinate Taxa


mint-leaved bergamot (Monarda fistulosa var. menthifolia)

soft wild bergamot (Monarda fistulosa var. mollis)

wild bergamot (Monarda fistulosa var. brevis)

wild bergamot (Monarda fistulosa var. fistulosa)

wild bergamot (Monarda fistulosa var. longepetiolata)

wild bergamot (Monarda fistulosa var. mahuexii)

wild bergamot (Monarda fistulosa var. rubra)






Common Names



bee balm

purple bee balm


wild bergamot

wild bergamot beebalm

wildbergamot beebalm











Visitor Photos

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Nancy Falkum


Tall Cinquefoil with Bergamot both blooming

    tall cinquefoil      

Alfredo Colon

    wild bergamot      

Wayne Rasmussen

    wild bergamot      

Eastern tiger swallowtail on wild bergamot

    eastern tiger swallowtail      

Joy Park summer wildflowers and insects are available for viewing

    wild bergamot      
MinnesotaSeasons.com Photos
    wild bergamot   wild bergamot  

Rare white flowers

    wild bergamot   wild bergamot  



  Monarda fistulosa
Susanne Wiik
  Monarda fistulosa  

Wild bergamot, Rørhestemynte

  Monarda fistulosa (Wild Bergamot)
Allen Chartier
  Monarda fistulosa (Wild Bergamot)  
  Monarda fistulosa WILD BERGAMOT
Frank Mayfield
  Monarda fistulosa WILD BERGAMOT  



Visitor Videos

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Other Videos
  Bee Balm herb, Monarda fistulosa

Uploaded on Feb 28, 2010

http://FreeHerbCourse.com Featuring the Bee Balm herb, Monarda fistulosa, in this how to grow Bee Balm video. Also learn how to harvest Bee Balm as well as harvesting herbs and growing herbs.

  Monarda Varieties in Minnesota
minnesotaflower's channel

Uploaded on Aug 12, 2011

Monarda Varieties in Minnesota. Ron DeBrule from Minnesota explains.

Pictured in video: Monarda, ConeFlower, Bee Balm flowers in bloom.

  Wild Bergamot (Monarda fistulosa)
Wandering Sole TV

Published on Jul 18, 2013

Wild Bergamot (Monarda fistulosa) (aka as bee balm or horse mint) growing in the East Kootenays of British Columbia. It grows throughout most of North America. Many First Nations and Native Americans recognized wild bergamot as a medicinal plant. It was often used to make tea by the Ktunaxa and many other peoples.

  Wild Bergamot - Monarda fistulosa in bloom at Ion Exchange

Uploaded on Aug 4, 2011

Earthyman views Wild Bergamot (Monarda fistulosa) in bloom at Ion Exchange, Native Seed & Plant Nursery in northeast Iowa. http://www.ionxchange.com

  Minnesota Native Plant - Wild Bergamot (Monarda Fistulosa)

Published on Jul 15, 2013

Rich talks about the Minnesota native, Wild Bergamot (Monarda Fistulosa).




Visitor Sightings

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  Alfredo Colon

Location: Woodbury, Minnesota

wild bergamot  
  Wayne Rasmussen

Location: Joy Park

wild bergamot  
  Wayne Rasmussen

Location: Joy Park

Joy Park summer wildflowers and insects are available for viewing

wild bergamot  
  Wayne Rasmussen

Location: Joy Park

eastern tiger swallowtail  
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