Leif Mountain

 

 

     
 
About
 
 

Ownership

 
 

The Nature Conservancy logo

 
     
 

Links

 
 

The Nature Conservancy

 
     
 

Overview

 
 

Leif Mountain is a The Nature Conservancy preserve in Kandiyohi County. Its 800 acres protect a diverse mix of habitats including wet, mesic, and dry prairies, oak forest, cattail marsh, and three lakes.

There are three parking areas on Leif Mountain (see map above) giving access to three very different areas, and visitors should consider exploring all three. The south parking area is on 47 acres that includes about 20 acres of wet and mesic prairie, a 1-acre pond and cattail marsh, and a 2-acre pond. The remainder of this section is cattail marsh. A narrow dry land bridge leads to a wooded peninsula jutting into the marsh south of Section Twelve Lake. Access from the south area to the rest of the preserve is blocked by the lake and by cattail marsh.

The southwest parking area is on 27 acres. It includes two native plant communities, 2½ acres of Dry Sand - Gravel Prairie (Southern) and 1½ acres of Mesic Prairie (Southern), and 5 acres of mixed woodland and wet and mesic prairies. The remainder of the area is cattail marsh.

The west parking area is on about 340 acres. It includes two unnamed lakes, 80 acres of Dry Sand - Gravel Prairie (Southern), 13½ acres of Basswood - Bur Oak - (Green Ash) Forest, and a mix of mesic prairie, wet prairie, and cattail marsh. The high quality forest has common and rare woodland species not found other places on the preserve.

Several species with conservation status in Minnesota have been seen on Leif Mountain, including American White Pelican, Bald Eagle, Red-shouldered Hawk, regal fritillary, and American ginseng.

 
     
 

History

 
 

 

 
     
 

Management

 
 

 

 
     
 

Comments

 
 

 

 
     
 
Location
 
 

Maps

 
 

 

 
         
 

Printable Map(s) with GPS coordinates

 
  Printable map      
         
 

Size

 
 

800.27 acres

 
         
 

Parking

 
 

South, 80th St. NW / 273rd Ave. NW (by preserve sign)
N45 23.239, W95 8.627

Southwest, 80th St. NW / 273rd Ave. NW
N45 23.237, W95 9.086

West, 285th Ave. N
N45 24.028, W95 10.073

 
         
 

Driving Directions

  Area and County  
 

Get driving directions from Google Maps to this destination from any address, and send those directions to your phone.

   
          Kandiyohi County  
          Central Minnesota  
     
 
Activities
 
 

Hiking Trails

 
 

No maintained trails

 
     
 

Hunting

 
 

No hunting

 
     
 
Ecology
 
 

Ecological Classification

  Ecological Classification  
  Ecological Province    

Prairie Parkland Province

   
  Ecological Section    

North Central Glaciated Plains

   
  Ecological Subsection    

Minnesota River Prairie

   
  Land Type Association    

Gilchrist Moraine

   
             
 

Native Plant Communities*

   
 

Basswood - Bur Oak - (Green Ash) Forest

Cattail Marsh (Prairie)

Dry Sand - Gravel Prairie (Southern)

Mesic Prairie (Southern)

Sedge Meadow

   
  * Source: The Minnesota Biological Survey, Minnesota Department of Natural Resources, Division of Ecological Resources      
         
 

Natural Features

     
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

           
 
Visitor Photos
 
           
 

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MinnesotaSeasons.com Photos
 
 

South Parking

 
    Leif Mountain   Leif Mountain  
           
    Leif Mountain   Leif Mountain  
           
 

The Nature Conservancy Sign

 
    Leif Mountain   Leif Mountain  
           
 

Prairie and Marsh

 
    Leif Mountain      
           
 

Pond

 
    Leif Mountain      
           
 

Section Twelve Lake from the South

 
    Leif Mountain   Leif Mountain  
           
 

Cattail Marsh from the South

 
    Leif Mountain      
           
 

Wooded Peninsula

 
    Leif Mountain      
           
 

Southwest Mixed Prairie

 
    Leif Mountain      
           
 

Section Twelve Lake from the Southwest

 
    Leif Mountain      
           
 

Cattail Marsh from the Southwest

 
    Leif Mountain      
           
 

West Parking

 
    Leif Mountain   Leif Mountain  
           
 

West Prairie

 
    Leif Mountain   Leif Mountain  
           
    Leif Mountain  

 

Camera

     
 
Slideshows
 
 
     
     

 

slideshow

       
 
Visitor Videos
 
       
 

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Visitor Sightings
 
           
 

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MinnesotaSeasons.com Sightings
 
 

Visits

8/3/2011

  9/3/2016            
 
 

Amphibians

 
  northern leopard frog (Rana pipiens)   northern leopard frog  
 

Bacteria, Viruses, and Other Pathogens

 
  apical chlorosis of Canada thistle (Pst) (Pseudomonas syringae pv. tagetis)   Pst  
 

Birds

 
 

Two bird species with conservation status in Minnesota have been seen here:

Special Concern

American White Pelican (Pelecanus erythrorhynchos)

Red-shouldered Hawk (Buteo lineatus)

 
 

eBird Field Checklist (27 species)

eBird Field Checklist (56 species)

 
 

American Goldfinch (Spinus tristis)

American White Pelican (Pelecanus erythrorhynchos)

Bald Eagle (Haliaeetus leucocephalus)

Bobolink (Dolichonyx oryzivorus)

Eastern Wood-peewee (Contopus virens)

Mourning Dove (Zenaida macroura)

Northern Flicker (Colaptes auratus)

Red-shouldered Hawk (Buteo lineatus)

Red-tailed Hawk (Buteo jamaicensis)

Sandhill Crane (Antigone canadensis tabida)

Sedge Wren (Cistothorus platensis)

White-breasted Nuthatch (Sitta carolinensis)

Wood Duck (Aix sponsa)

 

American Goldfinch

Mourning Dove

Red-tailed Hawk

Wood Duck

 
 

Fungi and Lichens

 
 

Black Knot (Apiosporina morbosa)

Common Greenshield Lichen (Flavoparmelia caperata)

Gold Dust Lichen (Chrysothrix candelaris)

Mossy Maze Polypore (Cerrena unicolor)

Star Rosette Lichen (Physcia stellaris)

Sunburst Lichen (Xanthoria sp.)

 

Black Knot

Common Greenshield Lichen

 
 

Insects and Arachnids

 
 

One insect and arachnid species with conservation status in Minnesota has been seen here:

Special Concern

regal fritillary (Speyeria idalia)

 
 

autumn meadowhawk (Sympetrum vicinum)

black swallowtail (Papilio polyxenes)

Carolina grasshopper (Dissosteira carolina)

common green darner (Anax junius)

dog day cicada (Neotibicen canicularis)

eastern tailed-blue (Cupido comyntas)

eastern tiger swallowtail (Papilio glaucus)

goldenrod bunch gall midge (Rhopalomyia solidaginis)

goldenrod gall fly (Eurosta solidaginis)

monarch (Danaus plexippus)

orange sulphur (Colias eurytheme)

sword-bearing conehead (Neoconocephalus ensiger)

viceroy (Limenitis archippus)

western honey bee (Apis mellifera)

white snakeroot leaf miner (Liriomyza eupatoriella)

willow pinecone gall midge (Rabdophaga strobiloides)

 

eastern tiger swallowtail

Carolina grasshopper

eastern tailed-blue

viceroy

 
 

Mammals

 
 

American beaver (Castor canadensis)

eastern chipmunk (Tamias striatus)

plains pocket gopher (Geomys bursarius)

whitetail deer (Odocoileus virginianus)

  plains pocket gopher  
 

Plants

 
 

Two plant species with conservation status in Minnesota are found here:

Special Concern

American ginseng (Panax quinquefolius)

prairie moonwort (Botrychium campestre)

 
 

Minnesota Biodiversity Atlas and Minnesota Biological Survey Vegetation Releves Plant List

 
 

Plants frequently found in:

Basswood - Bur Oak - (Green Ash) Forest MHs38b

Cattail Marsh (Prairie) MRp83b

Dry Sand - Gravel Prairie (Southern) UPs13b

Mesic Prairie (Southern) UPs23a

Sedge Meadow WMn82b

     
 

 

alfalfa (Medicago sativa ssp. sativa)

American bugleweed (Lycopus americanus)

American elm (Ulmus americana)

American ginseng (Panax quinquefolius)

American hog peanut (Amphicarpaea bracteata var. comosa)

American hophornbeam (Ostrya virginiana var. virginiana)

American lopseed (Phryma leptostachya)

American plum (Prunus americana)

American red raspberry (Rubus idaeus ssp. strigosus)

balsam poplar (Populus balsamifera)

Bebb’s willow (Salix bebbiana)

big bluestem (Andropogon gerardi)

Bigelow’s bottlebrush grass (Elymus hystrix var. bigeloviana)

black cherry (Prunus serotina var. serotina)

black locust (Robinia pseudoacacia)

black medick (Medicago lupulina)

black walnut (Juglans nigra)

black-seeded plantain (Plantago rugelii var. rugelii)

bland sweet cicely (Osmorhiza claytonii)

bloodroot (Sanguinaria canadensis)

blue cohosh (Caulophyllum thalictroides)

blue giant hyssop (Agastache foeniculum)

Blue Ridge carrionflower (Smilax lasioneura)

blue vervain (Verbena hastata var. hastata)

bottle gentian (Gentiana andrewsii)

boxelder (Acer negundo var. negundo)

bracted vervain (Verbena bracteata)

broad-leaved arrowhead (Sagittaria latifolia)

broad-leaved cattail (Typha latifolia)

bull thistle (Cirsium vulgare)

bur oak (Quercus macrocarpa var. macrocarpa)

Canada anemone (Anemone canadensis)

Canada mayflower (Maianthemum canadense)

Canadian honewort (Cryptotaenia canadensis)

Canadian horseweed (Conyza canadensis)

Canadian milkvetch (Astragalus canadensis var. canadensis)

Canadian tick-trefoil (Desmodium canadense)

candle anemone (Anemone cylindrica)

catnip (Nepeta cataria)

chokecherry (Prunus virginiana var. virginiana)

clammy groundcherry (Physalis heterophylla var. heterophylla)

clustered black snakeroot (Sanicula odorata)

common blue violet (Viola sororia)

common boneset (Eupatorium perfoliatum var. perfoliatum)

common burdock (Arctium minus)

common dandelion (Taraxacum officinale ssp. officinale)

common duckweed (Lemna minor)

common evening primrose (Oenothera biennis)

common false Solomon’s seal (Maianthemum racemosum var. racemosum)

common motherwort (Leonurus cardiaca ssp. cardiaca)

common mullein (Verbascum thapsus ssp. thapsus)

common plantain (Plantago major)

common ragweed (Ambrosia artemisiifolia)

common strawberry (Fragaria virginiana)

common yarrow (Achillea millefolium)

creeping bellflower (Campanula rapunculoides)

dark green bulrush (Scirpus atrovirens)

devil’s beggarticks (Bidens frondosa)

dotted blazing star (Liatris punctata var. punctata)

early figwort (Scrophularia lanceolata)

early meadow-rue (Thalictrum dioicum)

eastern redcedar (Juniperus virginiana var. virginiana)

field pussytoes (Antennaria neglecta)

field sagewort (Artemisia campestris ssp. caudata)

field sow thistle (Sonchus arvensis)

fireberry hawthorn (Crataegus chrysocarpa var. chrysocarpa)

flat-topped aster (Doellingeria umbellata)

Flodman’s thistle (Cirsium flodmanii)

fragrant bedstraw (Galium triflorum)

giant foxtail (Setaria faberi)

giant goldenrod (Solidago gigantea)

giant ragweed (Ambrosia trifida)

grass-leaved goldenrod (Euthamia graminifolia)

gray goldenrod (Solidago nemoralis)

gray-headed coneflower (Ratibida pinnata)

great blue lobelia (Lobelia siphilitica var. siphilitica)

Great Plains ladies’ tresses (Spiranthes magnicamporum)

green ash (Fraxinus pennsylvanica)

green foxtail (Setaria viridis var. viridis)

ground ivy (Glechoma hederacea)

hairy goldenrod (Solidago hispida)

heal-all (Prunella vulgaris var. vulgaris)

heart-leaved golden alexanders (Zizia aptera)

hedge bindweed (Calystegia sepium ssp. angulata)

hoary alyssum (Berteroa incana)

hoary vervain (Verbena stricta)

hybrid cattail (Typha x glauca)

Indian hemp (Apocynum cannabinum)

Indiangrass (Sorghastrum nutans)

jack-in-the-pulpit (Arisaema triphyllum)

Jerusalem artichoke (Helianthus tuberosus)

large yellow lady’s slipper (Cypripedium parviflorum var. pubescens)

large-flowered bellwort (Uvularia grandiflora)

large-leaved avens (Geum macrophyllum var. perincisum)

late goldenrod (Solidago altissima)

lesser clearweed (Pilea fontana)

little bluestem (Schizachyrium scoparium var. scoparium)

marsh muhly (Muhlenbergia racemosa)

mat muhly (Muhlenbergia richardsonis)

Maximilian’s sunflower (Helianthus maximiliani)

Morrow’s honeysuckle (Lonicera morrowii)

narrow-leaved cattail (Typha angustifolia)

narrow-leaved purple coneflower (Echinacea angustifolia)

New England aster (Symphyotrichum novae-angliae)

nodding bur marigold (Bidens cernua)

North American common reed (Phragmites australis ssp. americanus)

northern bedstraw (Galium boreale)

northern bugleweed (Lycopus uniflorus var. uniflorus)

northern plains blazing star (Liatris ligulistylis)

northern prickly ash (Zanthoxylum americanum)

northern water plantain (Alisma triviale)

Parlin’s pussytoes (Antennaria parlinii ssp. fallax)

peachleaf willow (Salix amygdaloides)

plains cottonwood (Populus deltoides ssp. molinifera)

plumeless thistle (Carduus acanthoides ssp. acanthoides)

pointed-leaved tick-trefoil (Desmodium glutinosum)

poke milkweed (Asclepias exaltata)

prairie blazing star (Liatris pycnostachya var. pycnostachya)

prairie cordgrass (Spartina pectinata)

prairie dropseed (Sporobolus heterolepis)

prairie fleabane (Erigeron strigosus)

prairie goldenrod (Solidago ptarmicoides)

prairie lettuce (Lactuca ludoviciana)

prairie rose (Rosa arkansana)

purple loosestrife (Lythrum salicaria)

purple meadow-rue (Thalictrum dasycarpum)

purple rattlesnake root (Nabalus racemosus)

purple-stem aster (Symphyotrichum puniceum var. puniceum)

quaking aspen (Populus tremuloides)

red baneberry (Actaea rubra ssp. rubra)

red clover (Trifolium pratense)

red osier dogwood (Cornus sericea ssp. sericea)

redtop (Agrostis gigantea)

reed canary grass (Phalaris arundinacea)

roadside agrimony (Agrimonia striata)

rough barnyard grass (Echinochloa muricata)

rough blazing star (Liatris aspera)

rough cinquefoil (Potentilla norvegica)

sandbar willow (Salix interior)

showy goldenrod (Solidago speciosa)

Siberian elm (Ulmus pumila)

sideoats grama (Bouteloua curtipendula var. curtipendula)

silky aster (Symphyotrichum sericeum)

silver maple (Acer saccharinum)

slender willow (Salix petiolaris)

slippery elm (Ulmus rubra)

smooth blue aster (Symphyotrichum laeve)

smooth brome (Bromus inermis)

smooth oxeye (Heliopsis helianthoides var. scabra)

smooth scouring rush (Equisetum laevigatum)

smooth Solomon’s seal (Polygonatum biflorum var. commutatum)

smooth sumac (Rhus glabra)

soft-stem bulrush (Schoenoplectus tabernaemontani)

spotted Joe Pye weed (Eutrochium maculatum)

spotted knapweed (Centaurea stoebe ssp. micranthos)

spotted lady’s thumb (Persicaria maculosa)

starry false Solomon’s seal (Maianthemum stellatum)

stiff goldenrod (Solidago rigida ssp. rigida)

stiff sunflower (Helianthus pauciflorus ssp. subrhomboideus)

stinging nettle (Urtica dioica ssp. gracilis)

sulphur cinquefoil (Potentilla recta)

swamp betony (Pedicularis lanceolata)

swamp milkweed (Asclepias incarnata ssp. incarnata)

timothy (Phleum pratense)

twoleaf miterwort (Mitella diphylla)

upright carrionflower (Smilax ecirrhata)

variegated yellow pond lily (Nuphar variegata)

Virginia groundcherry (Physalis virginiana var. virginiana)

Virginia stickseed (Hackelia virginiana)

Virginia waterleaf (Hydrophyllum virginianum var. virginianum)

water smartweed (Persicaria amphibia)

western marbleseed (Lithospermum occidentale)

western poison ivy (Toxicodendron rydbergii)

western ragweed (Ambrosia psilostachya)

white avens (Geum canadense)

white clover (Trifolium repens)

white heath aster (Symphyotrichum ericoides var. ericoides)

white panicled aster (Symphyotrichum lanceolatum)

white prairie clover (Dalea candida var. candida)

white sage (Artemisia ludoviciana ssp. ludoviciana)

white snakeroot (Ageratina altissima var. altissima)

white sweet clover (Melilotus albus)

white vervain (Verbena urticifolia)

whorled milkweed (Asclepias verticillata)

wild bergamot (Monarda fistulosa)

wild columbine (Aquilegia canadensis)

wild geranium (Geranium maculatum)

wild grape (Vitis riparia)

wild leek (Allium tricoccum)

wild licorice (Glycyrrhiza lepidota)

wild mint (Mentha arvensis)

wolfberry (Symphoricarpos occidentalis)

woodbine (Parthenocissus vitacea)

woodland strawberry (Fragaria vesca ssp. americana)

yellow foxtail (Setaria pumila ssp. pumila)

yellow goat’s beard (Tragopogon dubius)

yellow sweet clover (Melilotus officinalis)

yellow wood sorrel (Oxalis stricta)

zigzag goldenrod (Solidago flexicaulis)

 

Acer negundo var. negundo (boxelder)

Acer saccharinum (silver maple)

Achillea millefolium (common yarrow)

Actaea rubra ssp. rubra (red baneberry)

Agastache foeniculum (blue giant hyssop)

Ageratina altissima var. altissima (white snakeroot)

Agrimonia striata (roadside agrimony)

Agrostis gigantea (redtop)

Alisma triviale (northern water plantain)

Allium tricoccum (wild leek)

Ambrosia artemisiifolia (common ragweed)

Ambrosia psilostachya (western ragweed)

Ambrosia trifida (giant ragweed)

Amphicarpaea bracteata var. comosa (American hog peanut)

Andropogon gerardi (big bluestem)

Anemone canadensis (Canada anemone)

Anemone cylindrica (candle anemone)

Antennaria neglecta (field pussytoes)

Antennaria parlinii ssp. fallax (Parlin’s pussytoes)

Apocynum cannabinum (Indian hemp)

Aquilegia canadensis (wild columbine)

Arctium minus (common burdock)

Arisaema triphyllum (jack-in-the-pulpit)

Artemisia campestris ssp. caudata (field sagewort)

Artemisia ludoviciana ssp. ludoviciana (white sage)

Asclepias exaltata (poke milkweed)

Asclepias incarnata ssp. incarnata (swamp milkweed)

Asclepias verticillata (whorled milkweed)

Astragalus canadensis var. canadensis (Canadian milkvetch)

Berteroa incana (hoary alyssum)

Bidens cernua (nodding bur marigold)

Bidens frondosa (devil’s beggarticks)

Bouteloua curtipendula var. curtipendula (sideoats grama)

Bromus inermis (smooth brome)

Calystegia sepium. ssp. angulata (hedge bindweed)

Campanula rapunculoides (creeping bellflower)

Carduus acanthoides (plumeless thistle)

Caulophyllum thalictroides (blue cohosh)

Centaurea stoebe ssp. micranthos (spotted knapweed)

Cirsium flodmanii (Flodman’s thistle)

Cirsium vulgare (bull thistle)

Conyza canadensis (Canadian horseweed)

Cornus sericea ssp. sericea (red osier dogwood)

Crataegus chrysocarpa var. chrysocarpa (fireberry hawthorn)

Cryptotaenia canadensis (Canadian honewort)

Cypripedium parviflorum var. pubescens (large yellow lady’s slipper)

Dalea candida var. candida (white prairie clover)

Desmodium canadense (Canadian tick-trefoil)

Desmodium glutinosum (pointed-leaved tick-trefoil)

Doellingeria umbellata (flat-topped aster)

Echinacea angustifolia (narrow-leaved purple coneflower)

Echinochloa muricata (rough barnyard grass)

Elymus hystrix var. bigeloviana (Bigelow’s bottlebrush grass)

Equisetum laevigatum (smooth scouring rush)

Erigeron strigosus (prairie fleabane)

Eupatorium perfoliatum var. perfoliatum (common boneset)

Euthamia graminifolia (grass-leaved goldenrod)

Eutrochium maculatum (spotted Joe Pye weed)

Fragaria vesca ssp. americana (woodland strawberry)

Fragaria virginiana (common strawberry)

Fraxinus pennsylvanica (green ash)

Galium boreale (northern bedstraw)

Galium triflorum (fragrant bedstraw)

Gentiana andrewsii (bottle gentian)

Geranium maculatum (wild geranium)

Geum canadense (white avens)

Geum macrophyllum var. perincisum (large-leaved avens)

Glechoma hederacea (ground ivy)

Glycyrrhiza lepidota (wild licorice)

Hackelia virginiana (Virginia stickseed)

Helianthus maximiliani (Maximilian’s sunflower)

Helianthus pauciflorus ssp. subrhomboideus (stiff sunflower)

Helianthus tuberosus (Jerusalem artichoke)

Heliopsis helianthoides var. scabra (smooth oxeye)

Hydrophyllum virginianum var. virginianum (Virginia waterleaf)

Juglans nigra (black walnut)

Juniperus virginiana var. virginiana (eastern redcedar)

Lactuca ludoviciana (prairie lettuce)

Lemna minor (common duckweed)

Leonurus cardiaca ssp. cardiaca (common motherwort)

Liatris aspera (rough blazing star)

Liatris ligulistylis (northern plains blazing star)

Liatris punctata var. punctata (dotted blazing star)

Liatris pycnostachya var. pycnostachya (prairie blazing star)

Lithospermum occidentale (western marbleseed)

Lobelia siphilitica var. siphilitica (great blue lobelia)

Lonicera morrowii (Morrow’s honeysuckle)

Lycopus americanus (American bugleweed)

Lycopus uniflorus var. uniflorus (northern bugleweed)

Lythrum salicaria (purple loosestrife)

Maianthemum canadense (Canada mayflower)

Maianthemum racemosum var. racemosum (common false Solomon’s seal)

Maianthemum stellatum (starry false Solomon’s seal)

Medicago lupulina (black medick)

Medicago sativa ssp. sativa (alfalfa)

Melilotus albus (white sweet clover)

Melilotus officinalis (yellow sweet clover)

Mentha arvensis (wild mint)

Mitella diphylla (twoleaf miterwort)

Monarda fistulosa (wild bergamot)

Muhlenbergia racemosa (maidenhair spleenwort)

Muhlenbergia richardsonis (mat muhly)

Nabalus racemosus (purple rattlesnake root)

Nepeta cataria (catnip)

Nuphar variegata (variegated yellow pond lily)

Oenothera biennis (common evening primrose)

Osmorhiza claytonii (bland sweet cicely)

Ostrya virginiana var. virginiana (American hophornbeam)

Oxalis stricta (yellow wood sorrel)

Panax quinquefolius (American ginseng)

Parthenocissus vitacea (woodbine)

Pedicularis lanceolata (swamp betony)

Persicaria amphibia (water smartweed)

Persicaria maculosa (spotted lady’s thumb)

Phalaris arundinacea (reed canary grass)

Phleum pratense (timothy)

Phragmites australis ssp. americanus (North American common reed)

Phryma leptostachya (American lopseed)

Physalis heterophylla var. heterophylla (clammy groundcherry)

Physalis virginiana var. virginiana (Virginia groundcherry)

Pilea fontana (lesser clearweed)

Plantago major (common plantain)

Plantago rugelii var. rugelii (black-seeded plantain)

Polygonatum biflorum var. commutatum (smooth Solomon’s seal)

Populus balsamifera (balsam poplar)

Populus deltoides ssp. molinifera (plains cottonwood)

Populus tremuloides (quaking aspen)

Potentilla norvegica (rough cinquefoil)

Potentilla recta (sulphur cinquefoil)

Prunella vulgaris var. vulgaris (heal-all)

Prunus americana (American plum)

Prunus serotina var. serotina (black cherry)

Prunus virginiana var. virginiana (chokecherry)

Quercus macrocarpa var. macrocarpa (bur oak)

Ratibida pinnata (gray-headed coneflower)

Rhus glabra (smooth sumac)

Robinia pseudoacacia (black locust)

Rosa arkansana (prairie rose)

Rubus idaeus ssp. strigosus (American red raspberry)

Sagittaria latifolia (broad-leaved arrowhead)

Salix amygdaloides (peachleaf willow)

Salix bebbiana (Bebb’s willow)

Salix interior (sandbar willow)

Salix petiolaris (slender willow)

Sanguinaria canadensis (bloodroot)

Sanicula odorata (clustered black snakeroot)

Schizachyrium scoparium var. scoparium (little bluestem)

Schoenoplectus tabernaemontani (soft-stem bulrush)

Scirpus atrovirens (dark green bulrush)

Scrophularia lanceolata (early figwort)

Setaria faberi (giant foxtail)

Setaria pumila ssp. pumila (yellow foxtail)

Setaria viridis var. viridis (green foxtail)

Smilax ecirrhata (upright carrionflower)

Smilax lasioneura (Blue Ridge carrionflower)

Solidago altissima (late goldenrod)

Solidago flexicaulis (zigzag goldenrod)

Solidago gigantea (giant goldenrod)

Solidago hispida (hairy goldenrod)

Solidago nemoralis (gray goldenrod)

Solidago ptarmicoides (prairie goldenrod)

Solidago rigida ssp. rigida (stiff goldenrod)

Solidago speciosa (showy goldenrod)

Sonchus arvensis (field sow thistle)

Sorghastrum nutans (Indiangrass)

Spartina pectinata (prairie cordgrass)

Spiranthes magnicamporum (Great Plains ladies’ tresses)

Sporobolus heterolepis (prairie dropseed)

Symphoricarpos occidentalis (wolfberry)

Symphyotrichum ericoides var. ericoides (white heath aster)

Symphyotrichum laeve (smooth blue aster)

Symphyotrichum lanceolatum (white panicled aster)

Symphyotrichum novae-angliae (New England aster)

Symphyotrichum puniceum var. puniceum (purple-stem aster)

Symphyotrichum sericeum (silky aster)

Taraxacum officinale ssp. officinale (common dandelion)

Thalictrum dasycarpum (purple meadow-rue)

Thalictrum dioicum (early meadow-rue)

Toxicodendron rydbergii (western poison ivy)

Tragopogon dubius (yellow goat’s beard)

Trifolium pratense (red clover)

Trifolium repens (white clover)

Typha angustifolia (narrow-leaved cattail)

Typha latifolia (broad-leaved cattail)

Typha x glauca (hybrid cattail)

Ulmus americana (American elm)

Ulmus pumila (Siberian elm)

Ulmus rubra (slippery elm)

Urtica dioica ssp. gracilis (stinging nettle)

Uvularia grandiflora (large-flowered bellwort)

Verbascum thapsus ssp. thapsus (common mullein)

Verbena bracteata (bracted vervain)

Verbena hastata var. hastata (blue vervain)

Verbena stricta (hoary vervain)

Verbena urticifolia (white vervain)

Viola sororia (common blue violet)

Vitis riparia (wild grape)

Zanthoxylum americanum (northern prickly ash)

Zizia aptera (heart-leaved golden alexanders)

 

alfalfa

American elm

American plum

American red raspberry

black cherry

bloodroot

blue cohosh

blue vervain (var. hastata)

bottle gentian

Canada anemone

Canadian milkvetch

Canadian tick-trefoil

common blue violet

common boneset

common evening primrose

common strawberry

creeping bellflower

dotted blazing star

field pussytoes

Flodman’s thistle

Great Plains ladies’ tresses

heal-all

hedge bindweed

hoary vervain

large yellow lady’s slipper

large-flowered bellwort

Maximilian’s sunflower

Morrow’s honeysuckle

New England aster

northern bedstraw

northern prickly ash

poke milkweed

prairie cordgrass

prairie rose

purple loosestrife

red baneberry

red clover

rough cinquefoil

showy goldenrod (var. speciosa)

silky aster

spotted Joe Pye weed

spotted knapweed

stiff sunflower (ssp. subrhomboideus)

swamp milkweed

purple meadow-rue

variegated yellow pond lily

Virginia waterleaf

white prairie clover

white snakeroot

whorled milkweed

wild geranium

wild mint

woodland strawberry

yellow sweet clover

 

 

 

Binoculars


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