ground ivy

(Glechoma hederacea)

Conservation Status
ground ivy
  IUCN Red List

LC - Least Concern


NNA - Not applicable

SNA - Not applicable


not listed

Weed Status

Ground ivy is an agressive invader of lawns in the eastern half of the United States. It is listed as an invasive terrestrial plant by the Minnesota Department of Natural Resources under the name creeping Charlie. However, it is not currently regulated in Minnesota.

Wetland Indicator Status
  Great Plains

FACU - Facultative upland


FACU - Facultative upland

  Northcentral & Northeast

FACU - Facultative upland






1 to 16


Flower Color




Similar Species


Moderate moisture. Woods, trails, lawns, disturbed sites.




April to June


Pests and Diseases






Distribution Map



2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 22, 28, 29, 30.




Native to Asia and Europe. Introduced and naturalized in North America.





  Kingdom Plantae (green algae and land plants)  
  Subkingdom Viridiplantae (green plants)  
  Infrakingdom Streptophyta (land plants and green algae)  
  Superdivision Embryophyta (land plants)  
  Division Tracheophyta (vascular plants)  
  Subdivision Spermatophytina (seed plants)  
  Class Magnoliopsida (flowering plants)  
  Superorder Asteranae  


Lamiales (mints, plantains, olives, and allies)  


Lamiaceae (mint)  
  Subfamily Nepetoideae  
  Tribe Mentheae  


Nepetinae (catmints, ground ivies, and hyssops)  
  Genus Glechoma (ground-ivies)  



Glechoma hederacea var. micrantha

Glechoma hederacea var. parviflora

Nepeta hederacea


Common Names


creeping Charlie

hay maids


ground ivy











Visitor Photos

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    ground ivy      


    ground ivy   ground ivy  
    ground ivy      



  Glechoma hederacea
Susanne Wiik
  Glechoma hederacea  

Korsknapp, Ground-ivy

  Ground Ivy
Wez Smith
  Ground Ivy  

Ground Ivy (Glechoma hederacea).

  Creeping Charlie
  Creeping Charlie  

Copyright DianesDigitals

  Glechoma hederacea CREEPING CHARLIE
Frank Mayfield
  Glechoma hederacea CREEPING CHARLIE  



Visitor Videos

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Other Videos
  Ground Ivy (Glechoma hederacea) ~'s How to Identify Wild Edible & Medicinal Plants
Becki Baumgartner

Uploaded on Sep 16, 2010

Ground Ivy leaves are heart shaped, opposite, scalloped, and dark green, sometimes tinted purple. The main root is thick and matted it sends out runners as long as 36 inches. Flowers appear in march and are purplish to blue, two lipped and grow in axillary whorls of six. Ground Ivy leaves, flowers and stems can be gathered year round and dried foe later herb use. Ground Ivy can be used as a spring tonic, appetite stimulant. Contains a volatile oil which aids in relieving congestion and inflammation of mucous membranes associated with colds, flu, and sinusitis. It is Anti-allergenic, Antibacterial, Anti-flu, Antihistaminic, Anti-inflammatory, Antioxidant, Antiseptic, Antispasmodic, Antiviral, Cancer-Preventive, Expectorant, Immuno-stimulant, and Sedative. Ground ivy tea or juice is well tolerated and can be given to small children. The fresh juice or a medicinal tea is used to treat digestive disorders, gastritis, acid indigestion, and diarrhea. It is also beneficial for liver and kidney function, said to relieve gravel and stones. Added to bath as an emollient to soften skin and has a sedative effect.

For the most current and detailed information on this plant, please visit our FREE Online Guide to Wild Edible & Medicinal Plants at .

Disclaimer: The statements in these videos are for educational purposes only and have not been evaluated by or sanctioned by the FDA. Only your doctor can properly diagnose and treat any disease or disorder. The remedies discussed herein are not meant to treat or cure any type of disease. The user understands that the above information is NOT intended as a substitute for the advice of a physician or a pharmacist. Make sure you can positively identify a plant before ingesting it. Some plants are poisonous, and misidentification could possibly result in serious illness or death.

  Gardening in the Zone: Controlling Ground Ivy
Iowa State University Extension and Outreach

Published on Oct 12, 2012

Richard Jauron, Iowa State University Extension & Outreach Horticulture specialist, discusses ways to control ground ivy (aka Creeping Charlie) in your yard.

  Weed of the Week #652-Creeping Charlie (Air Date 10/3/10)
AgPhD's channel

Uploaded on Oct 20, 2010

It's invading your lawns and shelterbelts. It's our Weed of the Week, Creeping Charlie.

  Creeping Charlie

Published on Apr 30, 2012

Becker County Master Gardeners 4-30-12

  Controlling Creeping Charlie

Uploaded on Jul 2, 2010

Homeowners spend more time trying to control Creeping Charlie than perhaps any other lawn weed. U of I Extension horticulturist Greg Stack discusses methods of controlling this weed.




Visitor Sightings

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  A/C Christian Church of Minneapolis

Location: Westwood Hills Nature Center

At the Westwood Hills Nature Center, we saw some life on July 22 this year.

This was all found by the A/C Christian Church of Minneapolis.

  Crystal Boyd

Location: Pine Bend Bluffs SNA


Baker Park Reserve

Beaver Creek Valley State Park

Bertram Chain of Lakes Regional Park

Big Stone Lake State Park

Blaine Preserve SNA

Blue Devil Valley SNA

Boot Lake SNA

Brownsville Bluff SNA

Buffalo River State Park

Bunker Hills Regional Park

Bur Oak WMA

Camden State Park

Canon River Trout Lily SNA

Cannon River Turtle Preserve SNA

Cannon River Wilderness Area

Carley State Park

Carpenter St. Croix Valley Nature Center

Cedar Rock SNA

Chamberlain Woods SNA

Cherry Grove Blind Valley SNA

Clear Lake SNA

Cleary Lake Regional Park

Clifton E. French Regional Park

Clinton Falls Dwarf Trout Lily SNA

Crosby Farm Regional Park

Crow Wing State Park

Crow-Hassan Park Reserve

Dodge Nature Center

Edward Velishek Memorial WMA

Elm Creek Park Reserve

Falls Creek SNA

Flandrau State Park

Forestville/Mystery Cave State Park

Franconia Bluffs SNA

Frontenac State Park

Glacial Lakes State Park

Gneiss Outcrops SNA

Great River Bluffs State Park

Grey Cloud Dunes SNA

Hayes Lake State Park

Hyland Lake Park Reserve

Iron Horse Prairie SNA

Itasca State Park

John Murtaugh Memorial WMA

John Peter Hoffman Spring Brook Valley WMA

Kasota Prairie

Keller Regional Park

Kilen Woods State Park

Laible Woods

Lake Bemidji State Park

Lake Carlos State Park

Lake Elmo Park Reserve

Lake Louise State Park

Lake Maria State Park

Lake Rebecca Park Reserve

Lebanon Hills Regional Park

Leif Mountain

Lost 40 SNA

Lost Valley Prairie SNA

Miesville Ravine Park Reserve

Mille Lacs Kathio State Park

Minneopa State Park

Minnesota Valley NWR, Chaska Unit

Minnesota Valley NWR, Louisville Swamp Unit

Minnesota Valley State Recreation Area, Lawrence Unit

Mississippi River County Park

Moose Lake State Park

Morton Outcrops SNA

Murphy-Hanrehan Park Reserve

Myre-Big Island State Park

Nerstrand Big Woods State Park

Oxbow Park & Zollman Zoo

Phelps Lake WMA

Pigeon River Cliffs

Pilot Knob

Pin Oak Prairie SNA

Prairie Creek Woods SNA

Ritter Farm Park

River Terrace Prairie SNA

River Warren Outcrops SNA

Robert Ney Memorial Park Reserve

Rockville County Park

Roscoe Prairie SNA

St. Croix Savanna SNA

Sakatah Lake State Park

Savage Fen SNA

Seven Mile Creek County Park

Seven Springs WMA

Sibley State Park

Split Rock Creek State Park

Spring Beauty Northern Hardwoods SNA

Spring Creek Prairie SNA

Spring Lake Park Reserve

Spring Lake Regional Park

Springbrook Nature Center

Stanley Eddy Memorial Park Reserve

Sunfish Lake Park

Swedes Forest SNA

Tamarack Nature Center

Thompson County Park

Townsend Woods SNA

Tribute WMA

Twin Lakes SNA

Uncas Dunes SNA

Valley View Park

Vermillion Highlands Research Recreation and WMA

Vermillion River WMA

Westwood Hills Nature Center

Whitewater State Park

Wild Indigo SNA

Wild River State Park

William O’Brien State Park

Wolsfeld Woods SNA

Wood-Rill SNA

Woodland Trails Regional Park

Zumbro Falls Woods SNA







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