Oxbow Park & Zollman Zoo


Area and County

    Olmsted County
    Southeast Minnesota

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620 acres


Oxbow Park Trails Map


N44 4.958, W92 39.060

Hiking Trails

About 12.5 miles


No hunting

Ecological Classification Province  

Eastern Broadleaf Forest Province

Ecological Classification

Paleozoic Plateau


Rochester Plateau

Land Type Association(s)

Chester Ridge

Stewartville Plain

Native Plant Communities1

Oak - Shagbark Hickory Woodland

Southern Mesic Maple-Basswood Forest

Ownership Oxbow Park & Zollman Zoo logo County of Olmsted logo

County of Olmsted

Oxbow Main Brochure 2016


Oxbow Park & Zollman Zoo is a County of Olmsted park less than 20 minutes west of Rochester. The 620 acres of mostly woodland span both sides of a bend in the Zumbro River, South Branch, Middle Fork. It includes about 12½ miles of hiking trails. The trails pass through moist oak-hickory forest along the river, through drier oak forest along the crests and upper slopes of the river bluffs, and around a restored or recreated prairie carved out of the woods at the bluff top. Some of the trails are narrow footpaths through dense forest, some are two-track seldom used utility roads through more open woodlands, some are wide mowed paths skirting the prairie.

Oxbow Park contains two native plant communities. Three plants with conservation status in Minnesota are found here: handsome sedge, an endangered species; and rattlesnake master and white wild indigo, both special concern species. The Nature Center and Zollman Zoo are open from 10:00 am to 4:00 pm. They may not be open yet when you arrive early in the morning, and may be already closed when you finish your hike in the late afternoon.








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Wayne Rasmussen

Oxbow Co Park & Zoo, Olmstead County

The idea of a new park for Olmsted County was fostered by the Olmsted County Park Board and residents of the ark area. The initial 465 acres of land were purchased in 1967. Located in the Zumbro River Valley, the area offered ideal recreational opportunities. A large bend in the river, called an "oxbow" because of its resemblance to an ox yoke, gave the park its name. This "oxbow" has been preserved through bank stabilization and now surrounds the main picnic area.

During the years since 1967, the park has been transformed from farm fields into a beautifully preserved area. A zoo was established in 1969 with the donation of native Minnesota animals from John Gilbertson, the regional game warden at that time. This zoo is now an integral part of park activities. In 1974, an additional 107 acres north of the park were purchased, protecting the park from future development. This brought the total size of the park to 572 acres. A nature center, completed in December, 1981, is located near the zoo. This facility expands both programming potential and work capabilities at the park and offers additional exhibit areas for public use.

The uniqueness of Oxbow Park is found in the amount of public participation and support it has received since its founding. The dedication of park visitors to its well-being has made Oxbow a favorite spot for many in southeastern Minnesota.

—from Olmstead Co site

  Oxbow Park & Zollman Zoo   Oxbow Park & Zollman Zoo
  Oxbow Park & Zollman Zoo   Oxbow Park & Zollman Zoo
  Oxbow Park & Zollman Zoo    
MinnesotaSeasons.com Photos

Park Entrance

  Oxbow Park & Zollman Zoo   Oxbow Park & Zollman Zoo

Parking Lot and Federal Signal Modulator

  Oxbow Park & Zollman Zoo    

Visitor Center

  Oxbow Park & Zollman Zoo    

Zumbro River, South Branch, Middle Fork

  Oxbow Park & Zollman Zoo   Oxbow Park & Zollman Zoo

Oak - Shagbark Hickory Woodland

  Oxbow Park & Zollman Zoo   Oxbow Park & Zollman Zoo

Zumbro Trail

  Oxbow Park & Zollman Zoo   Oxbow Park & Zollman Zoo

North Meadow Trail

  Oxbow Park & Zollman Zoo   Oxbow Park & Zollman Zoo

Bluff Top Prairie

  Oxbow Park & Zollman Zoo    

1st Bridge

  Oxbow Park & Zollman Zoo    



  Oxbow Park
Richard Sanders
  Oxbow Park  

No description




Visitor Videos
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Other Videos
  Oxbow Park Hike, Byron , MN
Wilter's World

Published on May 18, 2015

Savannah and I go on a hike in Oxbow Park, Byron, MN. Peaceful nature trail. Enjoy and get out there! Wilter's World.

  Oxbow Park Promo
Olmsted County

Published on Jun 2, 2014

A short promo video about Oxbow Park and what it has to offer.

  Federal Signal Modulator 6024 Oxbow Park, Minnesota
Aaron Nepstad

Published on Aug 6, 2014

Here is my video another county park modulator. I have recored this one couple time but I wanted to get it 1080p and have the two voice messages. it was great to watch all of the parents and kids reactions to the FSK and The test

  An Autumn Walk at Oxbow Park

Published on Oct 17, 2015

Come along with me as I walk through Autumn Splendor. Filmed at Oxbow County Park, Byron, MN on October 14, 2015.

  Oxbow Park.m4v
Kyle D Traynor

Published on May 19, 2012

Oxbow Park Trail, Byron, MN. Saturday, May 19, 2012




Visitor Observations
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Simply email us at info@MinnesotaSeasons.com.

Wayne Rasmussen


Red-tailed Hawk (Buteo jamaicensis)

Wild Turkey (Meleagris gallopavo)

Red-tailed Hawk


American badger (Taxidea taxus)

American bison (Bison bison)

American badger

black-eyed Susan (Rudbeckia hirta var. pulcherrima)

narrow-leaved purple coneflower (Echinacea angustifolia)

narrow-leaved purple coneflower

MinnesotaSeasons.com Observations

The list below does not include birds and mammals seen only in the zoo or in animal pens. The plant list does include a few plants seen only at the “Restored Prairie” demonstration plot next to the Visitor Center parking lot.


eBird Field Checklist


American Crow (Corvus brachyrhynchos)

American Goldfinch (Carduelis tristis)

American Robin (Turdus migratorius)

Belted Kingfisher (Megaceryle alcyon)

Black-capped Chickadee (Poecile atricapillus)

Blue Jay (Cyanocitta cristata)

Common Yellowthroat (Geothlypis trichas)

Downy Woodpecker (Picoides pubescens)

Eastern Bluebird (Sialia sialis)

Eastern Wood-peewee (Contopus virens)

Field Sparrow (Spizella pusilla)

Hermit Thrush (Catharus guttatus)

Indigo Bunting (Passerina cyanea)

Killdeer (Charadrius vociferus)

Northern Cardinal (Cardinalis cardinalis)

Northern Flicker (Colaptes auratus)

Ovenbird (Seiurus aurocapillus)

Pileated Woodpecker (Dryocopus pileatus)

Red-winged Blackbird (Agelaius phoeniceus)

Song Sparrow (Melospiza melodia)

White-breasted Nuthatch (Sitta carolinensis)

American Goldfinch

Blue Jay

Indigo Bunting

Northern Cardinal

Song Sparrow

White-breasted Nuthatch

Fungi and Lichens

American Hawthorn Rust (Gymnosporangium globosum)

Artist’s Conk (Ganoderma applanatum)

Black Knot (Apiosporina morbosa)

Crown-tipped Coral (Artomyces pyxidatus)

Dryad’s Saddle (Polyporus squamosus)

Elderberry Rust (Puccinia bolleyana)

False Turkey Tail (Stereum ostrea)

Mica Cap (Coprinellus micaceus)

Purple Bordered Leaf Spot (Phyllosticta minima)

Scaly Rustgill (Gymnopilus sapineus)

White Jelly Fungus (Ductifera pululahuana)

Artist’s Conk

Dryad’s Saddle

White Jelly Fungus

Insects and Arachnids

ash bead gall mite (Aceria fraxini)

common wood nymph (Cercyonis pegala)

convergent lady beetle (Hippodamia convergens)

ebony jewelwing (Calopteryx maculata)

elm finger gall mite (Eriophyes parulmi)

elm leafminer (Fenusa ulmi)

firefly (Photuris sp.)

goldenrod bunch gall midge (Rhopalomyia solidaginis)

goldenrod gall fly (Eurosta solidaginis)

hackberry nipplegall maker (Pachypsylla celtidismamma)

Leconte’s haploa (Haploa lecontei)

linden wart gall midge (Contarinia verrucicola)

maple spindle-gall mite (Vasates aceriscrumena)

phylloxera gall of hickory (Phylloxera sp.)

red admiral (Vanessa atalanta)

white snakeroot leaf miner (Liriomyza eupatoriella)

widow skimmer (Libellula luctuosa)

wood nettle gall midge (Dasineura investita)

common wood nymph

elm finger gall mite

Leconte’s haploa

red admiral


American red squirrel (Tamiasciurus hudsonicus)

eastern chipmunk (Tamias striatus)

eastern cottontail (Sylvilagus floridanus)

eastern gray squirrel (Sciurus carolinensis)

plains pocket gopher (Geomys bursarius)

whitetail deer (Odocoileus virginianus)

American red squirrel

eastern chipmunk


Four plant species with conservation status in Minnesota and one species on the watch list are found here:



handsome sedge (Carex formosa)


Special concern

large-fruited black snakeroot (Sanicula trifoliata)

rattlesnake master (Eryngium yuccifolium var. yuccifolium)

white wild indigo (Baptisia lactea var. lactea)


Watch list

foxglove beard tongue (Penstemon digitalis)


Minnesota Biodiversity Atlas Plant List


Plants frequently found in:

Oak - Shagbark Hickory Woodland FDs38a

Southern Mesic Maple-Basswood Forest MHs39



Allegheny blackberry (Rubus allegheniensis)

American basswood (Tilia americana var. americana)

American cow parsnip (Heracleum sphondylium ssp. montanum)

American elm (Ulmus americana)

American hog peanut (Amphicarpaea bracteata var. comosa)

American starflower (Lysimachia borealis)

Amur maple (Acer ginnala)

annual fleabane (Erigeron annuus)

balsam fir (Abies balsamea var. balsamea)

Bell’s honeysuckle (Lonicera × bella)

big bluestem (Andropogon gerardii)

Bigelow’s bottlebrush grass (Elymus hystrix var. bigeloviana)

bigleaf aster (Eurybia macrophylla)

bigtooth aspen (Populus grandidentata)

bitternut hickory (Carya cordiformis)

bittersweet nightshade (Solanum dulcamara)

black ash (Fraxinus nigra)

black bindweed (Fallopia convolvulus)

black cherry (Prunus serotina var. serotina)

black maple (Acer saccharum ssp. nigrum)

black medick (Medicago lupulina)

black mustard (Brassica nigra)

black raspberry (Rubus occidentalis)

black walnut (Juglans nigra)

black-eyed Susan (Rudbeckia hirta var. pulcherrima)

black-seeded plantain (Plantago rugelii var. rugelii)

bland sweet cicely (Osmorhiza claytonii)

bloodroot (Sanguinaria canadensis)

blue cohosh (Caulophyllum thalictroides)

boxelder (Acer negundo var. negundo)

bristly greenbrier (Smilax tamnoides)

bull thistle (Cirsium vulgare)

bur oak (Quercus macrocarpa var. macrocarpa)

butterfly weed (Asclepias tuberosa ssp. interior)

Canada mayflower (Maianthemum canadense)

Canada moonseed (Menispermum canadense)

Canada thistle (Cirsium arvense)

Canada wildrye (Elymus canadensis)

Canadian clearweed (Pilea pumila)

Canadian honewort (Cryptotaenia canadensis)

Canadian woodnettle (Laportea canadensis)

catnip (Nepeta cataria)

cereal rye (Secale cereale)

chokecherry (Prunus virginiana var. virginiana)

clammy groundcherry (Physalis heterophylla var. heterophylla)

cleavers (Galium aparine)

common agrimony (Agrimonia gryposepala)

common blue violet (Viola sororia)

common buckthorn (Rhamnus cathartica)

common burdock (Arctium minus)

common dandelion (Taraxacum officinale ssp. officinale)

common evening primrose (Oenothera biennis)

common false Solomon’s seal (Maianthemum racemosum var. racemosum)

common milkweed (Asclepias syriaca)

common motherwort (Leonurus cardiaca ssp. cardiaca)

common mullein (Verbascum thapsus ssp. thapsus)

common ragweed (Ambrosia artemisiifolia)

common strawberry (Fragaria virginiana)

common tansy (Tanacetum vulgare)

common yarrow (Achillea millefolium)

curly dock (Rumex crispus)

cut-leaved coneflower (Rudbeckia laciniata var. laciniata)

dame’s rocket (Hesperis matronalis)

dotted hawthorn (Crataegus punctata)

downy yellow violet (Viola pubescens var. pubescens)

early figwort (Scrophularia lanceolata)

early meadow rue (Thalictrum dioicum)

eastern purple coneflower (Echinacea purpurea)

eastern white pine (Pinus strobus)

false sunflower (Heliopsis helianthoides var. occidentalis)

field pennycress (Thlaspi arvense)

foxglove beard tongue (Penstemon digitalis)

fragrant bedstraw (Galium triflorum)

garlic mustard (Alliaria petiolata)

giant chickweed (Myosoton aquaticum)

giant goldenrod (Solidago gigantea)

giant ragweed (Ambrosia trifida var. trifida)

golden alexanders (Zizia aurea)

gray-headed coneflower (Ratibida pinnata)

Greek valerian (Polemonium reptans var. reptans)

green ash (Fraxinus pennsylvanica)

ground ivy (Glechoma hederacea)

hedge bindweed (Calystegia sepium)

hemlock water-parsnip (Sium suave)

interrupted fern (Osmunda claytoniana)

ironwood (Ostrya virginiana var. virginiana)

jack-in-the-pulpit (Arisaema triphyllum)

kidney-leaved buttercup (Ranunculus abortivus)

large-flowered bellwort (Uvularia grandiflora)

large-fruited black snakeroot (Sanicula trifoliata)

late horse-gentian (Triosteum perfoliatum)

long-leaved bluet (Houstonia longifolia)

marijuana (Cannabis sativa)

Maryland black snakeroot (Sanicula marilandica)

May-apple (Podophyllum peltatum)

Missouri gooseberry (Ribes missouriense)

Morrow’s honeysuckle (Lonicera morrowii)

narrow-leaved purple coneflower (Echinacea angustifolia)

northern hackberry (Celtis occidentalis)

northern lady fern (Athyrium filix-femina ssp. angustum)

northern maidenhair (Adiantum pedatum)

northern pin oak (Quercus ellipsoidalis)

northern prickly ash (Zanthoxylum americanum)

northern red oak (Quercus rubra)

northern shagbark hickory (Carya ovata)

northern white cedar (Thuja occidentalis)

Norway spruce (Picea abies)

ostrich fern (Matteuccia struthiopteris var. pensylvanica)

pagoda dogwood (Cornus alternifolia)

Philadelphia fleabane (Erigeron philadelphicus var. philadelphicus)

pineapple-weed (Matricaria discoidea)

plains cottonwood (Populus deltoides ssp. molinifera)

plumeless thistle (Carduus acanthoides)

pointed-leaved tick-trefoil (Desmodium glutinosum)

prairie dropseed (Sporobolus heterolepis)

prairie fleabane (Erigeron strigosus)

purple prairie clover (Dalea purpurea var. purpurea)

purple-stem angelica (Angelica atropurpurea)

quaking aspen (Populus tremuloides)

rattlesnake master (Eryngium yuccifolium var. yuccifolium) *

red clover (Trifolium pratense)

red elderberry (Sambucus racemosa var. racemosa)

red pine (Pinus resinosa)

reed canary grass (Phalaris arundinacea)

rock elm (Ulmus thomasii)

rose twisted-stalk (Streptopus lanceolatus var. longipipes)

rough bedstraw (Galium asprellum)

rough cocklebur (Xanthium strumarium)

rough-fruited cinquefoil (Potentilla recta)

round-headed bush clover (Lespedeza capitata)

sandbar willow (Salix interior)

scouring rush horsetail (Equisetum hyemale var. affine)

sensitive fern (Onoclea sensibilis)

sharp-lobed hepatica (Anemone acutiloba)

shorthair goldenrod (Solidago altissima ssp. gilvocanescens)

showy partridge pea (Chamaecrista fasciculata var. fasciculata)

silver maple (Acer saccharinum)

slippery elm (Ulmus rubra)

smooth brome (Bromus inermis)

smooth sumac (Rhus glabra)

spinulose wood fern (Dryopteris carthusiana)

spotted lady’s thumb (Persicaria maculosa)

staghorn sumac (Rhus typhina)

stiff goldenrod (Solidago rigida ssp. rigida)

stinging nettle (Urtica dioica ssp. gracilis)

sugar maple (Acer saccharum ssp. saccharum)

tall thimbleweed (Anemone virginiana)

timothy (Phleum pratense)

touch-me-not (Impatiens sp.)

upright carrionflower (Smilax ecirrhata)

virgin’s bower (Clematis virginiana)

Virginia creeper (Parthenocissus quinquefolia)

Virginia stickseed (Hackelia virginiana)

Virginia waterleaf (Hydrophyllum virginianum var. virginianum)

western poison ivy (Toxicodendron rydbergii)

white avens (Geum canadense)

white bear sedge (Carex albursina)

white campion (Silene latifolia ssp. alba)

white clover (Trifolium repens)

white oak (Quercus alba)

white prairie clover (Dalea candida var. candida)

white rattlesnake root (Nabalus albus)

white snakeroot (Ageratina altissima var. altissima)

white spruce (Picea glauca)

white wild indigo (Baptisia lactea var. lactea)

white-flowered leaf-cup (Polymnia canadensis)

wild bergamot (Monarda fistulosa)

wild columbine (Aquilegia canadensis)

wild cucumber (Echinocystis lobata)

wild geranium (Geranium maculatum)

wild ginger (Asarum canadense)

wild grape (Vitis riparia)

wild leek (Allium tricoccum)

wild parsnip (Pastinaca sativa)

wild yam (Dioscorea villosa)

winter cress (Barbarea vulgaris)

woodbine (Parthenocissus vitacea)

woodland strawberry (Fragaria vesca ssp. americana)

woundwort (Stachys pilosa var. arenicola)

yellow sweet clover (Melilotus officinalis)

yellow wood sorrel (Oxalis stricta)

zigzag goldenrod (Solidago flexicaulis)


Abies balsamea var. balsamea (balsam fir)

Acer ginnala (Amur maple)

Acer negundo var. negundo (boxelder)

Acer saccharinum (silver maple)

Acer saccharum ssp. nigrum (black maple)

Acer saccharum ssp. saccharum (sugar maple)

Achillea millefolium (common yarrow)

Adiantum pedatum (northern maidenhair)

Ageratina altissima var. altissima (white snakeroot)

Agrimonia gryposepala (common agrimony)

Alliaria petiolata (garlic mustard)

Allium tricoccum (wild leek)

Ambrosia artemisiifolia (common ragweed)

Ambrosia trifida var. trifida (giant ragweed)

Amphicarpaea bracteata var. comosa (American hog peanut)

Andropogon gerardii (big bluestem)

Anemone acutiloba (sharp-lobed hepatica)

Anemone virginiana (tall thimbleweed)

Angelica atropurpurea (purple-stem angelica)

Aquilegia canadensis (wild columbine)

Arctium minus (common burdock)

Arisaema triphyllum (jack-in-the-pulpit)

Asarum canadense (wild ginger)

Asclepias syriaca (common milkweed)

Asclepias tuberosa ssp. interior (butterfly weed)

Athyrium filix-femina ssp. angustum (northern lady fern)

Baptisia lactea var. lactea (white wild indigo)

Barbarea vulgaris (winter cress)

Brassica nigra (black mustard)

Bromus inermis (smooth brome)

Calystegia sepium (hedge bindweed)

Cannabis sativa (marijuana)

Carduus acanthoides (plumeless thistle)

Carex albursina (white bear sedge)

Carya cordiformis (bitternut hickory)

Carya ovata (northern shagbark hickory)

Caulophyllum thalictroides (blue cohosh)

Celtis occidentalis (northern hackberry)

Chamaecrista fasciculata var. fasciculata (showy partridge pea)

Cirsium arvense (Canada thistle)

Cirsium vulgare (bull thistle)

Clematis virginiana (virgin’s bower)

Cornus alternifolia (pagoda dogwood)

Crataegus punctata (dotted hawthorn)

Cryptotaenia canadensis (Canadian honewort)

Dalea candida var. candida (white prairie clover)

Dalea purpurea var. purpurea (purple prairie clover)

Desmodium glutinosum (pointed-leaved tick-trefoil)

Dioscorea villosa (wild yam)

Dryopteris carthusiana (spinulose wood fern)

Echinacea angustifolia (narrow-leaved purple coneflower)

Echinacea purpurea (eastern purple coneflower)

Echinocystis lobata (wild cucumber)

Elymus canadensis (Canada wildrye)

Elymus hystrix var. bigeloviana (Bigelow’s bottlebrush grass)

Equisetum hyemale var. affine (scouring rush horsetail)

Erigeron annuus (annual fleabane)

Erigeron philadelphicus var. philadelphicus (Philadelphia fleabane)

Erigeron strigosus (prairie fleabane)

Eryngium yuccifolium var. yuccifolium (rattlesnake master) *

Eurybia macrophylla (bigleaf aster)

Fallopia convolvulus (black bindweed)

Fragaria vesca ssp. americana (woodland strawberry)

Fragaria virginiana (common strawberry)

Fraxinus nigra (black ash)

Fraxinus pennsylvanica (green ash)

Galium aparine (cleavers)

Galium asprellum (rough bedstraw)

Galium triflorum (fragrant bedstraw)

Geranium maculatum (wild geranium)

Geum canadense (white avens)

Glechoma hederacea (ground ivy)

Hackelia virginiana (Virginia stickseed)

Heliopsis helianthoides var. occidentalis (false sunflower)

Heracleum sphondylium ssp. montanum (American cow parsnip)

Hesperis matronalis (dame’s rocket)

Houstonia longifolia (long-leaved bluet)

Hydrophyllum virginianum var. virginianum (Virginia waterleaf)

Impatiens sp. (touch-me-not)

Juglans nigra (black walnut)

Laportea canadensis (Canadian woodnettle)

Leonurus cardiaca ssp. cardiaca (common motherwort)

Lespedeza capitata (round-headed bush clover)

Lonicera × bella (Bell’s honeysuckle)

Lonicera morrowii (Morrow’s honeysuckle)

Lysimachia borealis (American starflower)

Maianthemum canadense (Canada mayflower)

Maianthemum racemosum var. racemosum (common false Solomon’s seal)

Matricaria discoidea (pineapple-weed)

Matteuccia struthiopteris var. pensylvanica (ostrich fern)

Medicago lupulina (black medick)

Melilotus officinalis (yellow sweet clover)

Menispermum canadense (Canada moonseed)

Monarda fistulosa (wild bergamot)

Myosoton aquaticum (giant chickweed)

Nabalus albus (white rattlesnake root)

Nepeta cataria (catnip)

Oenothera biennis (common evening primrose)

Onoclea sensibilis (sensitive fern)

Osmorhiza claytonii (bland sweet cicely)

Osmunda claytoniana (interrupted fern)

Ostrya virginiana var. virginiana (ironwood)

Oxalis stricta (yellow wood sorrel)

Parthenocissus quinquefolia (Virginia creeper)

Parthenocissus vitacea (woodbine)

Pastinaca sativa (wild parsnip)

Penstemon digitalis (foxglove beard tongue)

Persicaria maculosa (spotted lady’s thumb)

Phalaris arundinacea (reed canary grass)

Phleum pratense (timothy)

Physalis heterophylla var. heterophylla (clammy groundcherry)

Picea abies (Norway spruce)

Picea glauca (white spruce)

Pilea pumila (Canadian clearweed)

Pinus resinosa (red pine)

Pinus strobus (eastern white pine)

Plantago rugelii var. rugelii (black-seeded plantain)

Podophyllum peltatum (May-apple)

Polemonium reptans var. reptans (Greek valerian)

Polymnia canadensis (white-flowered leaf-cup)

Populus deltoides ssp. molinifera (plains cottonwood)

Populus grandidentata (bigtooth aspen)

Populus tremuloides (quaking aspen)

Potentilla recta (rough-fruited cinquefoil)

Prunus serotina var. serotina (black cherry)

Prunus virginiana var. virginiana (chokecherry)

Quercus alba (white oak)

Quercus ellipsoidalis (northern pin oak)

Quercus macrocarpa var. macrocarpa (bur oak)

Quercus rubra (northern red oak)

Ranunculus abortivus (kidney-leaved buttercup)

Ratibida pinnata (gray-headed coneflower)

Rhamnus cathartica (common buckthorn)

Rhus glabra (smooth sumac)

Rhus typhina (staghorn sumac)

Ribes missouriense (Missouri gooseberry)

Rubus allegheniensis (Allegheny blackberry)

Rubus occidentalis (black raspberry)

Rudbeckia hirta var. pulcherrima (black-eyed Susan)

Rudbeckia laciniata var. laciniata (cut-leaved coneflower)

Rumex crispus (curly dock)

Salix interior (sandbar willow)

Sambucus racemosa var. racemosa (red elderberry)

Sanguinaria canadensis (bloodroot)

Sanicula marilandica (Maryland black snakeroot)

Sanicula trifoliata (large-fruited black snakeroot)

Scrophularia lanceolata (early figwort)

Secale cereale (cereal rye)

Silene latifolia ssp. alba (white campion)

Sium suave (hemlock water-parsnip)

Smilax ecirrhata (upright carrionflower)

Smilax tamnoides (bristly greenbrier)

Solanum dulcamara (bittersweet nightshade)

Solidago altissima ssp. gilvocanescens (shorthair goldenrod)

Solidago flexicaulis (zigzag goldenrod)

Solidago gigantea (giant goldenrod)

Solidago rigida ssp. rigida (stiff goldenrod)

Sporobolus heterolepis (prairie dropseed)

Stachys pilosa var. arenicola (woundwort)

Streptopus lanceolatus var. longipipes (rose twisted-stalk)

Tanacetum vulgare (common tansy)

Taraxacum officinale ssp. officinale (common dandelion)

Thalictrum dioicum (early meadow rue)

Thlaspi arvense (field pennycress)

Thuja occidentalis (northern white cedar)

Tilia americana var. americana (American basswood)

Toxicodendron rydbergii (western poison ivy)

Trifolium pratense (red clover)

Trifolium repens (white clover)

Triosteum perfoliatum (late horse-gentian)

Ulmus americana (American elm)

Ulmus rubra (slippery elm)

Ulmus thomasii (rock elm)

Urtica dioica ssp. gracilis (stinging nettle)

Uvularia grandiflora (large-flowered bellwort)

Verbascum thapsus ssp. thapsus (common mullein)

Viola pubescens var. pubescens (downy yellow violet)

Viola sororia (common blue violet)

Vitis riparia (wild grape)

Xanthium strumarium (rough cocklebur)

Zanthoxylum americanum (northern prickly ash)

Zizia aurea (golden alexanders)

Allegheny blackberry

American cow parsnip

American starflower

annual fleabane

bittersweet nightshade

black cherry

black raspberry

black-eyed susan


butterfly weed

Canada anemone

Canada wildrye



common blue violet

common evening primrose

common mullein

common yarrow

downy yellow violet

eastern purple coneflower

false sunflower

golden alexanders

gray-headed coneflower

Greek valerian

hedge bindweed

large-flowered bellwort


Morrow’s honeysuckle

narrow-leaved purple coneflower

northern pin oak

plumeless thistle

prairie fleabane (var. strigosus)

purple prairie clover

rattlesnake master

red elderberry

rough-fruited cinquefoil

sharp-lobed hepatica

showy partridge pea

stiff goldenrod

tall thimbleweed

upright carrionflower

virgin’s bower

Virginia waterleaf

white clover

white prairie clover

white snakeroot

white wild indigo

wild columbine

wild geranium

yellow sweet clover



























* On a visit in June, 2016, rattlesnake master was seen in the “Restored Prairie” demonstration plot next to the Visitor Center parking lot but was not seen elsewhere in the park.





Created: 7/1/2016

Last Updated:

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