common motherwort

(Leonurus cardiaca ssp. cardiaca)

Conservation Status
common motherwort
  IUCN Red List

not listed


NNA - Not applicable

SNA - Not applicable


not listed


Small, dense clusters of basal leaves emerge from an otherwise bare forest floor in the early spring. The wrinkled appearance of the basal leaves makes this plant one of the first to be identified in the new year.




18 to 60


Flower Color


White or pale pink


Similar Species


Disturbed Sites.




June to August


Pests and Diseases






Distribution Map



2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 22, 28, 29, 30.




Native to Western Asia and Europe. Introduced, naturalized.




Very common

  Kingdom Plantae (green algae and land plants)  
  Subkingdom Viridiplantae (green plants)  
  Infrakingdom Streptophyta (land plants and green algae)  
  Superdivision Embryophyta (land plants)  
  Division Tracheophyta (vascular plants)  
  Subdivision Spermatophytina (seed plants)  
  Class Magnoliopsida (flowering plants)  
  Superorder Asteranae  


Lamiales (mints, plantains, olives, and allies)  


Lamiaceae (mint)  
  Subfamily Lamioideae  
  Tribe Leonureae  
  Genus Leonurus (motherworts)  
  Species Leonurus cardiaca (common motherwort)  

Some sources, including ITIS, GBIF, NatureServe, and USDA PLANTS, recognize two subspecies of Leonurus cardiaca. Of these, only ssp. cardiaca has been introduced into North America. Most sources, including GRIN, NCBI, iNaturalist, World Flora Online, and Plants of the World Online, do not recognize any varieties.




Common Names


common motherwort

lion’s tail












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    common motherwort   common motherwort  
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Early Spring

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Copyright DianesDigitals

  Leonurus cardiaca

Published on Jul 23, 2012

Presentation of Leonurus cardiaca of the Lamiaceae family. University of Arkansas at Little Rock. Summer 2012

  Leonurus cardiaca (with translation text)

Uploaded on Jun 17, 2011

Plants of future: Leonurus cardiaca-

GRIN taxonomic information: Leonurus cardiaca-




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Other Videos
  Motherwort herb: Leonurus cardiaca, Calming Herbs

Uploaded on Mar 14, 2009 The Motherwort herb, leonurus cardiaca, is one of the calming herbs. This video shows how to make herbal tincture. Learn about tincture making, such as making motherwort tincture and more about motherwort uses. The Motherwort herb is also one of the herbs for stress.


Uploaded on Jun 28, 2009

Courtesy of

Herbalist Susun Weed harvests Motherwort aka Leonurus cardiaca. Motherwort. Harvesting flowers and tops. Healthy heart tonic for women and men. 3-5 drops at the onset of menses for cramps. Regulates blood pressure.

Herbal Medicine is People's Medicine, please visit

  Motherwort - Identification

Uploaded on Sep 1, 2009

Motherwort identification. Tincture. Vinegar. Leaves and stalk and flowers are all used. Great for cramping and menopause. Heart health. Number one anti anxiety herb.

Courtesy of

Herbal Medicine is People's Medicine, please visit




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Avon Hills Forest SNA, North Unit

Baker Park Reserve

Beaver Creek Valley State Park

Bertram Chain of Lakes Regional Park

Blaine Wetland Sanctuary

Blue Devil Valley SNA

Blue Mounds State Park

Bunker Hills Regional Park

Bur Oak WMA

Camden State Park

Carley State Park

Carpenter St. Croix Valley Nature Center

Carver Highlands WMA, South Unit

Carver Park Reserve

Cedar Mountain SNA

Cedar Rock SNA

Chamberlain Woods SNA

Charles A. Lindbergh State Park

Cherry Grove Blind Valley SNA

Chimney Rock SNA

Clear Lake SNA

Cleary Lake Regional Park

Clinton Falls Dwarf Trout Lily SNA

Cottonwood River Prairie SNA

Crosby Farm Regional Park

Crow-Hassan Park Reserve

Des Moines River SNA

Dodge Nature Center

Edward Velishek Memorial WMA

Elm Creek Park Reserve

Flandrau State Park

Forestville/Mystery Cave State Park

Fort Ridgely State Park

Franconia Bluffs SNA

Frontenac State Park

Glacial Lakes Preserve

Glacial Lakes State Park

Gneiss Outcrops SNA

Grey Cloud Dunes SNA

Hampton Woods WMA

Hastings Sand Coulee SNA

Hastings SNA

Holthe Prairie SNA

Hyland Lake Park Reserve

Iron Horse Prairie SNA

John Murtaugh Memorial WMA

John Peter Hoffman Spring Brook Valley WMA

Kasota Prairie

Keller Regional Park

Kilen Woods State Park

Lake Byllesby Regional Park

Lake Carlos State Park

Lake Louise State Park

Lake Maria State Park

Lake Rebecca Park Reserve

Lebanon Hills Regional Park

Leif Mountain

Lost Valley Prairie SNA

Maplewood State Park

Minneopa State Park

Minnesota Valley NWR, Rapids Lake Unit

Minnesota Valley NWR, Wilkie Unit

Minnesota Valley State Recreation Area, Lawrence Unit

Mississippi River County Park

Mound Spring Prairie SNA, North Unit

Murphy-Hanrehan Park Reserve

Myre-Big Island State Park

Ney Nature Center

Old Mill State Park

Oronoco Prairie SNA

Oxbow Park & Zollman Zoo

P.N. and G.M. Nelson Wildlife Sanctuary

Pin Oak Prairie SNA

Pine Bend Bluffs SNA

Prairie Creek WMA, Koester Prairie Unit

Red Rock Prairie

Rice Lake State Park

Ritter Farm Park

River Terrace Prairie SNA

River Warren Outcrops SNA

Robert Ney Memorial Park Reserve

Rushford Sand Barrens SNA

St. Croix Savanna SNA

Sand Prairie Wildlife Management and Environmental Education Area

Savage Fen SNA

Seminary Fen SNA

Seven Mile Creek County Park

Seven Springs WMA

Sheepberry Fen

Sibley State Park

Split Rock Creek State Park

Spring Creek Prairie SNA

Spring Lake Park Reserve

Spring Lake Regional Park

Springbrook Nature Center

Staffanson Prairie

Stanley Eddy Memorial Park Reserve

Swedes Forest SNA

Tamarack Nature Center

Townsend Woods SNA

Upper Sioux Agency State Park

Vermillion Highlands Research Recreation and WMA

Westwood Hills Nature Center

Whitetail Woods Regional Park

Whitewater State Park

Whitney Island SNA

Wild Indigo SNA

Wild River State Park

William O’Brien State Park

Wood-Rill SNA

Woodbury WMA

Woodland Trails Regional Park

Zumbro Falls Woods SNA





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