Oronoco Prairie SNA

 

 

     
 
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Minnesota DNR

 
     
 

Overview

 
 

 

 
     
 

History

 
 

 

 
     
 

Management

 
 

 

 
     
 

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Location
 
 

Maps

 
 

Detail map (MN DNR)

 
         
 

Printable Map(s) with GPS coordinates

 
  Printable map      
         
 

Size

 
 

80 acres

 
         
 

Parking

 
 

N44 8.381, W92 29.320

 
         
 

Driving Directions

  Olmsted County  
 

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          Olmsted County  
          Southeast Minnesota  
     
 
Activities
 
 

Hiking Trails

 
 

No maintained trails

 
     
 

Hunting

 
 

No hunting

 
     
 
Ecology
 
 

Ecological Classification

  Ecological Classification  
  Ecological Province    

Eastern Broadleaf Forest Province

   
  Ecological Section    

Paleozoic Plateau

   
  Ecological Subsection    

Rochester Plateau

   
  Land Type Association    

Lewiston Plain

   
             
 

Native Plant Communities*

   
 

Dry Bedrock Bluff Prairie (Southern)

   
  * Source: The Minnesota Biological Survey, Minnesota Department of Natural Resources, Division of Ecological Resources      
         
 

Natural Features

     
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

           
 
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MinnesotaSeasons.com Photos
 
 

Parking

 
    Oronoco Prairie SNA   Oronoco Prairie SNA  
           
    Oronoco Prairie SNA      
           
 

Wood Routed Sign

 
    Oronoco Prairie SNA   Oronoco Prairie SNA  
           
 

Interpretive Sign

 
    Oronoco Prairie SNA   Oronoco Prairie SNA  
           
 

Old Field/PrairieReconstruction

 
    Oronoco Prairie SNA   Oronoco Prairie SNA  
           
    Oronoco Prairie SNA   Oronoco Prairie SNA  
           
    Oronoco Prairie SNA      
           
 

Prairie Restoration

 
    Oronoco Prairie SNA      
    2010 – Most of the trees were later removed    
           
 

Dry Bedrock Bluff Prairie (Southern)

 
    Oronoco Prairie SNA      
           
 

Unnamed Creek - Stream (Intermittent)

 
    Oronoco Prairie SNA      

 

Camera

     
 
Slideshows
 
  Oronoco Prairie
Joshua Mayer
 
  Oronoco Prairie  
 
About

Olmstead Co.

 
  Oronoco Prairie SNA
minnesota_snas
 
  Oronoco Prairie SNA  
 
About

No fewer than five rare plant species occur on the dry prairies of Oronoco Prairie SNA. An 80-acre kame and its gravelly outwash make up the west end of the site, perfect for the oak savanna found there. Dry gravel prairie and bedrock bluff prairie make up the eastern portion of the site, with shards of limestone bedrock mixed abundantly through the soil.

 

 

slideshow

       
 
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MinnesotaSeasons.com Sightings
 
 

Visits

8/12/2000   9/18/2004   5/16/2005   7/25/2010   7/16/2020
 
 

Amphibians

 
 

Minnesota Biodiversity Atlas Amphibians and Reptiles List

 
  green frog (Rana clamitans)   green frog  
 

Bacteria, Viruses, and Other Pathogens

 
  apical chlorosis of Canada thistle (Pst) (Pseudomonas syringae pv. tagetis)   Pst  
 

Birds

 
 

American Crow (Corvus brachyrhynchos)

American Goldfinch (Spinus tristis)

American Robin (Turdus migratorius)

Baltimore Oriole (Icterus galbula)

Barn Swallow (Hirundo rustica)

Black-capped Chickadee (Poecile atricapillus)

Blue Jay (Cyanocitta cristata)

Common Yellowthroat (Geothlypis trichas)

Dickcissel (Spiza americana)

Eastern Bluebird (Sialia sialis)

Eastern Kingbird (Tyrannus tyrannus)

Field Sparrow (Spizella pusilla)

Gray Catbird (Dumetella carolinensis)

Mourning Dove (Zenaida macroura)

Northern Cardinal (Cardinalis cardinalis)

Red-tailed Hawk (Buteo jamaicensis)

Red-winged Blackbird (Agelaius phoeniceus)

Sedge Wren (Cistothorus platensis)

Song Sparrow (Melospiza melodia)

Tree Swallow (Tachycineta bicolor)

Turkey Vulture (Cathartes aura)

Wild Turkey (Meleagris gallopavo)

 

American Goldfinch

American Robin

Baltimore Oriole Nest

Mourning Dove

Northern Cardinal

Wild Turkey

 
 

Fungi and Lichens

 
 

Black Knot (Apiosporina morbosa)

Cherry Leaf Spot (Blumeriella jaapii)

  Black Knot  
 

Insects and Arachnids

 
 

American dog tick (Dermacentor variabilis)

Aphrodite fritillary (Speyeria aphrodite)

band-winged meadowhawk (Sympetrum semicinctum)

black and yellow argiope (Argiope aurantia)

black saddlebags (Tramea lacerata)

black swallowtail (Papilio polyxenes)

cabbage white (Pieris rapae)

Carolina grasshopper (Dissosteira carolina)

common green darner (Anax junius)

common whitetail (Plathemis lydia)

common wood nymph (Cercyonis pegala)

convergent lady beetle (Hippodamia convergens)

dog day cicada (Neotibicen canicularis)

eastern tent caterpillar moth (Malacosoma americanum)

eastern tiger swallowtail (Papilio glaucus)

ebony jewelwing (Calopteryx maculata)

eyed brown (Lethe eurydice)

goldenrod bunch gall midge (Rhopalomyia solidaginis)

goldenrod gall fly (Eurosta solidaginis)

goldenrod soldier beetle (Chauliognathus pennsylvanicus)

great black digger wasp (Sphex pensylvanicus)

great spangled fritillary (Speyeria cybele)

Halloween pennant (Celithemis eponina)

Japanese beetle (Popillia japonica)

monarch (Danaus plexippus)

neighbor moth (Haploa contigua)

northern crescent (Phyciodes cocyta)

orange sulphur (Colias eurytheme)

pearl crescent (Phyciodes tharos)

red admiral (Vanessa atalanta)

twelve-spotted skimmer (Libellula pulchella)

variegated fritillary (Euptoieta claudia)

viceroy (Limenitis archippus)

western honey bee (Apis mellifera)

western thatching ant (Formica obscuripes)

white slant-line (Tetracis cachexiata)

widow skimmer (Libellula luctuosa)

 

band-winged meadowhawk

Carolina grasshopper

common green darner

common whitetail

ebony jewelwing

Halloween pennant

Japanese beetle

twelve-spotted skimmer

western honey bee

widow skimmer

 
 

Mammals

 
 

plains pocket gopher (Geomys bursarius)

whitetail deer (Odocoileus virginianus)

  whitetail deer  
 

Plants

 
 

Five plant species with conservation status in Minnesota are found here:

Threatened

edible valerian (Valeriana edulis var. ciliata)

tuberous Indian plantain (Arnoglossum plantagineum)

Special Concern

Hill’s thistle (Cirsium pumilum var. hillii)

prairie moonwort (Botrychium campestre)

rattlesnake master (Eryngium yuccifolium var. yuccifolium)

white wild indigo (Baptisia alba var. macrophylla)

 
 

Minnesota Biodiversity Atlas and Minnesota Biological Survey Vegetation Releves Plant List

 
 

Plants frequently found in:

Dry Bedrock Bluff Prairie (Southern) UPs13c

     
 

 

alfalfa (Medicago sativa ssp. sativa)

alsike clover (Trifolium hybridum)

American bugleweed (Lycopus americanus)

American cow parsnip (Heracleum sphondylium ssp. montanum)

American elderberry (Sambucus canadensis)

American elm (Ulmus americana)

American germander (Teucrium canadense)

American red raspberry (Rubus idaeus ssp. strigosus)

American stickseed (Hackelia deflexa var. americana)

annual fleabane (Erigeron annuus)

arctic brome (Bromus kalmii)

big bluestem (Andropogon gerardi)

bird’s-foot trefoil (Lotus corniculatus var. corniculatus)

black cherry (Prunus serotina var. serotina)

black medick (Medicago lupulina)

black oak (Quercus velutina)

black raspberry (Rubus occidentalis)

black-eyed Susan (Rudbeckia hirta var. pulcherrima)

black-seeded plantain (Plantago rugelii var. rugelii)

bland sweet cicely (Osmorhiza claytonii)

boxelder (Acer negundo var. negundo)

broadleaf enchanter’s nightshade (Circaea canadensis)

bull thistle (Cirsium vulgare)

butterfly weed (Asclepias tuberosa ssp. interior)

Canada anemone (Anemone canadensis)

Canada bluegrass (Poa compressa)

Canada thistle (Cirsium arvense)

Canada wildrye (Elymus canadensis)

Canadian black snakeroot (Sanicula canadensis)

Canadian clearweed (Pilea pumila)

Canadian honewort (Cryptotaenia canadensis)

candle anemone (Anemone cylindrica)

catnip (Nepeta cataria)

chokecherry (Prunus virginiana var. virginiana)

clammy groundcherry (Physalis heterophylla var. heterophylla)

cleavers (Galium aparine)

common blue violet (Viola sororia)

common buckthorn (Rhamnus cathartica)

common burdock (Arctium minus)

common dandelion (Taraxacum officinale ssp. officinale)

common duckweed (Lemna minor)

common evening primrose (Oenothera biennis)

common milkweed (Asclepias syriaca)

common motherwort (Leonurus cardiaca ssp. cardiaca)

common mullein (Verbascum thapsus ssp. thapsus)

common ragweed (Ambrosia artemisiifolia)

common yarrow (Achillea millefolium)

compass plant (Silphium laciniatum)

crown vetch (Securigera varia)

curly dock (Rumex crispus)

cylindric blazing star (Liatris cylindracea)

Deptford pink (Dianthus armeria ssp. armeria)

desert goosefoot (Chenopodium pratericola)

downy phlox (Phlox pilosa ssp. fulgida)

early figwort (Scrophularia lanceolata)

eastern redcedar (Juniperus virginiana var. virginiana)

field horsetail (Equisetum arvense)

field pussytoes (Antennaria neglecta)

field sow thistle (Sonchus arvensis ssp. uliginosus)

field thistle (Cirsium discolor)

flowering spurge (Euphorbia corollata)

giant chickweed (Myosoton aquaticum)

giant foxtail (Setaria faberi)

giant goldenrod (Solidago gigantea)

giant ragweed (Ambrosia trifida)

giant sunflower (Helianthus giganteus)

golden alexanders (Zizia aurea)

gray goldenrod (Solidago nemoralis)

gray-headed coneflower (Ratibida pinnata)

great St. Johnswort (Hypericum ascyron ssp. pyramidatum)

green ash (Fraxinus pennsylvanica)

green foxtail (Setaria viridis)

hairy cupgrass (Eriochloa villosa)

hairy vetch (Vicia villosa ssp. villosa)

harebell (Campanula rotundifolia)

common self-heal (Prunella vulgaris)

heart-leaved golden alexanders (Zizia aptera)

hedge bindweed (Calystegia sepium ssp. angulata)

hoary alyssum (Berteroa incana)

hoary puccoon (Lithospermum canescens)

hoary vervain (Verbena stricta)

Indian hemp (Apocynum cannabinum)

Indiangrass (Sorghastrum nutans)

interrupted fern (Claytosmunda claytoniana)

June grass (Koeleria macrantha)

Kentucky bluegrass (Poa pratensis ssp. pratensis)

kidney-leaved buttercup (Ranunculus abortivus)

late horse gentian (Triosteum perfoliatum)

leadplant (Amorpha canescens)

little bluestem (Schizachyrium scoparium var. scoparium)

Morrow’s honeysuckle (Lonicera morrowii)

northern lady fern (Athyrium filix-femina var. angustum)

northern prickly ash (Zanthoxylum americanum)

northern red oak (Quercus rubra)

orchard grass (Dactylis glomerata ssp. glomerata)

ostrich fern (Matteuccia struthiopteris var. pensylvanica)

pale dock (Rumex altissimus)

paleleaf woodland sunflower (Helianthus strumosus)

plantain-leaved pussytoes (Antennaria plantaginifolia)

plumeless thistle (Carduus acanthoides ssp. acanthoides)

prairie blue-eyed grass (Sisyrinchium campestre)

prairie cordgrass (Spartina pectinata)

prairie coreopsis (Coreopsis palmata)

prairie dropseed (Sporobolus heterolepis)

prairie fleabane (Erigeron strigosus)

prairie rose (Rosa arkansana)

purple meadow-rue (Thalictrum dasycarpum)

purple prairie clover (Dalea purpurea var. purpurea)

quackgrass (Elymus repens)

quaking aspen (Populus tremuloides)

Queen Anne’s lace (Daucus carota ssp. carota)

rattlesnake master (Eryngium yuccifolium var. yuccifolium)

red clover (Trifolium pratense)

red osier dogwood (Cornus sericea ssp. sericea)

redtop (Agrostis gigantea)

reed canary grass (Phalaris arundinacea)

rough bentgrass (Agrostis scabra)

rough blazing star (Liatris aspera)

rough cinquefoil (Potentilla norvegica)

round-headed bush clover (Lespedeza capitata)

sensitive fern (Onoclea sensibilis)

shining bedstraw (Galium concinnum)

showy goldenrod (Solidago speciosa)

Siberian elm (Ulmus pumila)

sideoats grama (Bouteloua curtipendula var. curtipendula)

smooth brome (Bromus inermis)

smooth hedge nettle (Stachys tenuifolia)

smooth scouring rush (Equisetum laevigatum)

smooth oxeye (Heliopsis helianthoides var. scabra)

smooth sumac (Rhus glabra)

soft agrimony (Agrimonia pubescens)

spotted lady’s thumb (Persicaria maculosa)

spotted touch-me-not (Impatiens capensis)

starry campion (Silene stellata)

stiff goldenrod (Solidago rigida ssp. rigida)

stiff sunflower (Helianthus pauciflorus ssp. subrhomboideus)

stinging nettle (Urtica dioica ssp. gracilis)

straw-colored flatsedge (Cyperus strigosus)

sulphur cinquefoil (Potentilla recta)

switch grass (Panicum virgatum var. virgatum)

tall bellflower (Campanulastrum americanum)

tall goldenrod (Solidago altissima ssp. altissima)

Tatarian honeysuckle (Lonicera tatarica)

timothy (Phleum pratense)

toothed evening primrose (Oenothera serrulata)

tower mustard (Turritis glabra)

tuberous Indian plantain (Arnoglossum plantagineum)

velvet-leaf (Abutilon theophrasti)

virgin’s bower (Clematis virginiana)

Virginia groundcherry (Physalis virginiana var. virginiana)

Virginia stickseed (Hackelia virginiana)

water smartweed (Persicaria amphibia)

white avens (Geum canadense)

white campion (Silene latifolia ssp. alba)

white heath aster (Symphyotrichum ericoides var. ericoides)

white prairie clover (Dalea candida var. candida)

white sage (Artemisia ludoviciana ssp. ludoviciana)

white snakeroot (Ageratina altissima var. altissima)

white sweet clover (Melilotus albus)

white vervain (Verbena urticifolia)

white wild indigo (Baptisia alba var. macrophylla)

whorled milkweed (Asclepias verticillata)

wild bergamot (Monarda fistulosa)

wild cucumber (Echinocystis lobata)

wild grape (Vitis riparia)

wild parsnip (Pastinaca sativa)

winter cress (Barbarea vulgaris)

wolfberry (Symphoricarpos occidentalis)

wood betony (Pedicularis canadensis ssp. canadensis)

woodbine (Parthenocissus vitacea)

yellow avens (Geum aleppicum)

yellow foxtail (Setaria pumila ssp. pumila)

yellow goat’s beard (Tragopogon dubius)

yellow sweet clover (Melilotus officinalis)

yellow wood sorrel (Oxalis stricta)

yellowish gentian (Gentiana alba)

 

Abutilon theophrasti (velvet-leaf)

Acer negundo var. negundo (boxelder)

Achillea millefolium (common yarrow)

Ageratina altissima var. altissima (white snakeroot)

Agrimonia pubescens (soft agrimony)

Agrostis gigantea (redtop)

Agrostis scabra (rough bentgrass)

Ambrosia artemisiifolia (common ragweed)

Ambrosia trifida (giant ragweed)

Amorpha canescens (leadplant)

Andropogon gerardi (big bluestem)

Anemone canadensis (Canada anemone)

Anemone cylindrica (candle anemone)

Antennaria neglecta (field pussytoes)

Antennaria plantaginifolia (plantain-leaved pussytoes)

Apocynum cannabinum (Indian hemp)

Arctium minus (common burdock)

Arnoglossum plantagineum (tuberous Indian plantain)

Artemisia ludoviciana ssp. ludoviciana (white sage)

Asclepias syriaca (common milkweed)

Asclepias tuberosa ssp. interior (butterfly weed)

Asclepias verticillata (whorled milkweed)

Athyrium filix-femina var. angustum (northern lady fern)

Baptisia alba var. macrophylla (white wild indigo)

Barbarea vulgaris (winter cress)

Berteroa incana (hoary alyssum)

Bouteloua curtipendula var. curtipendula (sideoats grama)

Bromus inermis (smooth brome)

Bromus kalmii (arctic brome)

Calystegia sepium. ssp. angulata (hedge bindweed)

Campanula rotundifolia (harebell)

Campanulastrum americanum (tall bellflower)

Carduus acanthoides (plumeless thistle)

Chenopodium pratericola (desert goosefoot)

Circaea canadensis (broadleaf enchanter’s nightshade)

Cirsium arvense (Canada thistle)

Cirsium discolor (field thistle)

Cirsium vulgare (bull thistle)

Clematis virginiana (virgin’s bower)

Coreopsis palmata (prairie coreopsis)

Cornus sericea ssp. sericea (red osier dogwood)

Cryptotaenia canadensis (Canadian honewort)

Cyperus strigosus (straw-colored flatsedge)

Dactylis glomerata ssp. glomerata (orchard grass)

Dalea candida var. candida (white prairie clover)

Dalea purpurea var. purpurea (purple prairie clover)

Daucus carota ssp. carota (Queen Anne’s lace)

Dianthus armeria ssp. armeria (Deptford pink)

Echinocystis lobata (wild cucumber)

Elymus canadensis (Canada wildrye)

Elymus repens (quackgrass)

Equisetum arvense (field horsetail)

Equisetum laevigatum (smooth scouring rush)

Erigeron annuus (annual fleabane)

Erigeron strigosus (prairie fleabane)

Eriochloa villosa (hairy cupgrass)

Eryngium yuccifolium var. yuccifolium (rattlesnake master)

Euphorbia corollata (flowering spurge)

Fraxinus pennsylvanica (green ash)

Galium aparine (cleavers)

Galium concinnum (shining bedstraw)

Gentiana alba (yellowish gentian)

Geum aleppicum (yellow avens)

Geum canadense (white avens)

Hackelia deflexa var. americana (American stickseed)

Hackelia virginiana (Virginia stickseed)

Helianthus giganteus (giant sunflower)

Helianthus pauciflorus ssp. subrhomboideus (stiff sunflower)

Helianthus strumosus (paleleaf woodland sunflower)

Heliopsis helianthoides var. scabra (smooth oxeye)

Heracleum sphondylium ssp. montanum (American cow parsnip)

Hypericum ascyron ssp. pyramidatum (great St. Johnswort)

Impatiens capensis (spotted touch-me-not)

Juniperus virginiana var. virginiana (eastern redcedar)

Koeleria macrantha (June grass)

Lemna minor (common duckweed)

Leonurus cardiaca ssp. cardiaca (common motherwort)

Lespedeza capitata (round-headed bush clover)

Liatris aspera (rough blazing star)

Liatris cylindracea (cylindric blazing star)

Lithospermum canescens (hoary puccoon)

Lonicera morrowii (Morrow’s honeysuckle)

Lonicera tatarica (Tatarian honeysuckle)

Lotus corniculatus var. corniculatus (bird’s-foot trefoil)

Lycopus americanus (American bugleweed)

Matteuccia struthiopteris var. pensylvanica (ostrich fern)

Medicago lupulina (black medick)

Medicago sativa ssp. sativa (alfalfa)

Melilotus albus (white sweet clover)

Melilotus officinalis (yellow sweet clover)

Monarda fistulosa (wild bergamot)

Myosoton aquaticum (giant chickweed)

Nepeta cataria (catnip)

Oenothera biennis (common evening primrose)

Oenothera biennis (common evening primrose)

Oenothera serrulata (toothed evening primrose)

Onoclea sensibilis (sensitive fern)

Osmorhiza claytonii (bland sweet cicely)

Claytosmunda claytoniana (interrupted fern)

Oxalis stricta (yellow wood sorrel)

Panicum virgatum var. virgatum (switch grass)

Parthenocissus vitacea (woodbine)

Pastinaca sativa (wild parsnip)

Pedicularis canadensis ssp. canadensis (wood betony)

Persicaria amphibia (water smartweed)

Persicaria maculosa (spotted lady’s thumb)

Phalaris arundinacea (reed canary grass)

Phleum pratense (timothy)

Phlox pilosa ssp. fulgida (downy phlox)

Physalis heterophylla var. heterophylla (clammy groundcherry)

Physalis virginiana var. virginiana (Virginia groundcherry)

Pilea pumila (Canadian clearweed)

Plantago rugelii var. rugelii (black-seeded plantain)

Poa compressa (Canada bluegrass)

Poa pratensis ssp. pratensis (Kentucky bluegrass)

Populus tremuloides (quaking aspen)

Potentilla norvegica (rough cinquefoil)

Potentilla recta (sulphur cinquefoil)

Prunella vulgaris (common self-heal)

Prunus serotina var. serotina (black cherry)

Prunus virginiana var. virginiana (chokecherry)

Quercus rubra (northern red oak)

Quercus velutina (black oak)

Ranunculus abortivus (kidney-leaved buttercup)

Ratibida pinnata (gray-headed coneflower)

Rhamnus cathartica (common buckthorn)

Rhus glabra (smooth sumac)

Rosa arkansana (prairie rose)

Rubus idaeus ssp. strigosus (American red raspberry)

Rubus occidentalis (black raspberry)

Rudbeckia hirta var. pulcherrima (black-eyed Susan)

Rumex altissimus (pale dock)

Rumex crispus (curly dock)

Sambucus canadensis (American elderberry)

Sanicula canadensis (Canadian black snakeroot)

Schizachyrium scoparium var. scoparium (little bluestem)

Scrophularia lanceolata (early figwort)

Securigera varia (crown vetch)

Setaria faberi (giant foxtail)

Setaria pumila ssp. pumila (yellow foxtail)

Setaria viridis (green foxtail)

Silene latifolia ssp. alba (white campion)

Silene stellata (starry campion)

Silphium laciniatum (compass plant)

Sisyrinchium campestre (prairie blue-eyed grass)

Solidago altissima ssp. altissima (tall goldenrod)

Solidago gigantea (giant goldenrod)

Solidago nemoralis (gray goldenrod)

Solidago rigida ssp. rigida (stiff goldenrod)

Solidago speciosa (showy goldenrod)

Sonchus arvensis ssp. uliginosus (field sow thistle)

Sorghastrum nutans (Indiangrass)

Spartina pectinata (prairie cordgrass)

Sporobolus heterolepis (prairie dropseed)

Stachys tenuifolia (smooth hedge nettle)

Symphoricarpos occidentalis (wolfberry)

Symphyotrichum ericoides var. ericoides (white heath aster)

Taraxacum officinale ssp. officinale (common dandelion)

Teucrium canadense (American germander)

Thalictrum dasycarpum (purple meadow-rue)

Tragopogon dubius (yellow goat’s beard)

Trifolium hybridum (alsike clover)

Trifolium pratense (red clover)

Triosteum perfoliatum (late horse gentian)

Turritis glabra (tower mustard)

Ulmus americana (American elm)

Ulmus pumila (Siberian elm)

Urtica dioica ssp. gracilis (stinging nettle)

Verbascum thapsus ssp. thapsus (common mullein)

Verbena stricta (hoary vervain)

Verbena urticifolia (white vervain)

Vicia villosa ssp. villosa (hairy vetch)

Viola sororia (common blue violet)

Vitis riparia (wild grape)

Zanthoxylum americanum (northern prickly ash)

Zizia aptera (heart-leaved golden alexanders)

Zizia aurea (golden alexanders)

 

alfalfa

alsike clover

American elderberry

American germander

black cherry

black raspberry

black-eyed susan

butterfly weed

Canada anemone

chokecherry

common blue violet

common evening primrose

common milkweed

common mullein

common yarrow

Deptford pink

downy phlox

field pussytoes

field sow thistle

golden alexanders

field sow thistle

harebell

heart-leaved golden alexanders

hoary puccoon

leadplant

Morrow’s honeysuckle

paleleaf woodland sunflower

prairie fleabane (var. strigosus)

prairie rose

purple prairie clover

Queen Anne’s lace

rattlesnake master

rough cinquefoil

sulphur cinquefoil

showy goldenrod (var. speciosa)

spotted touch-me-not

stiff goldenrod

tall bellflower

Tatarian honeysuckle

toothed evening primrose

tuberous Indian plantain

virgin’s bower

Virginia groundcherry

white snakeroot

white wild indigo

whorled milkweed

wild bergamot

 

 

 

Binoculars


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