Tree Swallow

(Tachycineta bicolor)

Conservation Status
Tree Swallow
Photo by Wayne Rasmussen
  IUCN Red List

LC - Least Concern


N5B, N5N - Secure Breeding and Nonbreeding

SNRB - Unranked Breeding


not listed


The upper parts are iridescent blue-black in the summer, iridescent green-black in the fall prior to migration. The underparts are white with no markings on the chin or breast. The tail is shallowly forked.




5½ in length

14½ wingspan




Similar Species


Open areas usually near water, marshes, lake shores, beaver ponds, field fencelines




Late March to late October












Common to abundant migrant and breeder




The Minnesota Ornithologists’ Union All Seasons Species Occurrence Map

  Class Aves (birds)  


Passeriformes (perching birds)  


Hirundinidae (swallows and martins)  


Tachycineta (tree swallows)  

Subordinate Taxa






Iridoprocne bicolor











Visitor Photos

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Cynthia Cavanaugh

    Tree Swallow      

Wayne Rasmussen


Urban parks host a large variety of wildlife if you really spend some time observing.

    Tree Swallow   Tree Swallow  

Maplewood, MN - Maplewood Hts Park

    Tree Swallow      

Bill Reynolds


a clutch of Tree Swallow chicks

    Tree Swallow      

Tree Swallow chicks

    Tree Swallow      

These swallows love using my Blue Bird houses that I have posted about the property.

    Tree Swallow      






  Tree Swallow
Andy Reago & Chrissy McClarren
  Tree Swallow  
  Tree Swallow
JMC Nature Photos
  Tree Swallow  
  Tree Swallow
  Tree Swallow  



Visitor Videos

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Cynthia Cavanaugh

  Tree Swallow 1
Jul 4, 2022

Tree Swallow (Tachycineta bicolor)


Photo by Cynthia Cavanaugh

  Tree Swallow 2

Tree Swallow (Tachycineta bicolor)


Photo by Cynthia Cavanaugh

Other Videos
  Tree Swallow Singing
Wandering Sole TV

Published on May 10, 2013

A tree swallow (Tachycineta bicolor) singing in Creston Valley, British Columbia. I added an extra clip at the end of a swallow that became very alert and animated after hearing the call of another nearby swallow.

Tags: "tree swallow song" "tree swallow call" "tree swallow calling" "bird calls tree swallow" "Wandering Sole TV" "tree swallow chatter call" "territorial call"

  Tree Swallow Portrait

Published on Aug 19, 2013

The Tree Swallow is common across North America. It can be seen in open areas near water and woods. It has dark, iridescent blue-green above, which may be greener in fall, and is clear white below. The white of cheek does not extend above the eye or higher up on rump as in Violet-green Swallow. Immature is gray-brown above, white below with a grayish diffuse breast band; similar Bank Swallow has distinct breast band. It nests in tree cavities and bird houses. The song is a cheerful series of liquid twitters.

  Tree Swallows and Eastern Bluebird
WIld Bird Video Productions

Uploaded on Feb 26, 2011

Tree swallows and a male eastern bluebird from Maine. © Garth McElroy

License at

  Tree Swallow Monitoring in Wisconsin's Areas of Concern

Published on Jul 3, 2012­/swallows.pdf.

Scientists are monitoring pollutant levels in the tree swallow to keep track of progress as clean-up and restoration work continues in the Great Lakes Areas of Concern. Five Areas of Concern occur in Wisconsin along the shores of Lake Michigan and Lake Superior.

Partial funding for this video was provided by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency through the Great Lakes Restoration Initiative.

  Amazing Tree Swallow Roost - A Must Watch! - (Tachycineta bicolor)
Mark Vance

Uploaded on Jan 4, 2012

Amazing Tree Swallow Roost - A Must Watch! (Tachycineta bicolor)By: Mark H. Vance Over 3 millions Tree Swallows come down to roost for the night. You don't see many videos like this one because it is very dark when they come down. It doesn't look like it, but at the end of the video it is soo dark the camera can see what I can't with my own eyes.

This was in Sarasota, Florida on Jan 1st 2012 - a great day!

I shot this with a Canon 7D with a 100-400mm lens. At the end I had a 50mm f/1.4 lens.

Mark Vance
5342 Clark Rd #144
Sarasota, Fl 34233

The Celery Fields - Sarasota, Florida Facebook Page -




Visitor Sightings

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Location: Beaver lake, Saint Paul

There are thousands here in the trees ever year.  They are very loud and constantly make this crowish call well they perch at night.  When I examined them with my flashlight they are what appears to be solid bright green?  They are about the size of a ping pong ball if not smaller.  If they possess any other markings it's hard to tell since they have their heads under the wing. 

  Wayne Rasmussen

Location: Maplewood Heights Park

Urban parks host a large variety of wildlife if you really spend some time observing.

Tree Swallow  
  Wayne Rasmussen

Location: Maplewood, MN - Maplewood Hts Park

Wayne's World of Graphics

Tree Swallow  
  Bill Reynolds

Location: Pennington Co.

Tree Swallow  
  Bill Reynolds

Location: Numedal Township, Pennington Co., Minnesota

a clutch of Tree Swallow chicks

Tree Swallow  
  Bill Reynolds

Location: Pennington Co.

The environment here is prairie and farm land, no to very little open water at all. These swallows love using my Blue Bird houses that I have posted about the property.

Tree Swallow  

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Blue Mounds State Park

Bonanza Prairie SNA

Boot Lake SNA

Bur Oak WMA

Camden State Park

Cedar Mountain SNA

Chippewa Prairie

Clinton Prairie SNA

Des Moines River SNA

Edward Velishek Memorial WMA

Felton Prairie SNA, Bicentennial Unit

Frontenac State Park

Glendalough State Park

Great River Bluffs State Park

Glynn Prairie SNA

Grey Cloud Dunes SNA

Hamden Slough National Wildlife Refuge

Hastings Sand Coulee SNA

Hole-in-the-Mountain Prairie

Holthe Prairie SNA

Kasota Prairie

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Kellogg Weaver Dunes SNA, Kellogg Weaver Unit

Lake Louise State Park

Lake Maria State Park

Langhei Prairie SNA

Lawrence Creek SNA

Lost Valley Prairie SNA

Maplewood Heights Park

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Minnesota Valley NWR, Black Dog Unit

Minnesota Valley State Recreation Area, Lawrence Unit

Moose Lake State Park

Murphy-Hanrehan Park Reserve

Myre-Big Island State Park

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Otter Tail Prairie SNA

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Richard M. & Mathilde Rice Elliott SNA

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Robert Ney Memorial Park Reserve

Rockville County Park

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Tamarack Nature Center

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