eastern redcedar

(Juniperus virginiana var. virginiana)

Conservation Status
eastern redcedar
  IUCN Red List

LC - Least Concern


N5 - Secure

SNR - Unranked


not listed

Wetland Indicator Status
  Great Plains

UPL - Obligate upland


FACU - Facultative upland

  Northcentral & Northeast

FACU - Facultative upland






25 to 50

In poor soil conditions eastern redcedar is a low shrub. In better conditions it is a tree up to 30' tall and 8" in diameter; rarely, a tree up to 62' in height and 20" in diameter.




The champion eastern redcedar in Minnesota is on private property near Winnebago, in Faribault County. In 1999 it was measured at 57 tall and 109.9 in circumference (35 in diameter), with a crown spread of 43


Similar Species








Pests and Diseases






Distribution Map



2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 8, 22, 24, 28, 29, 30.









  Kingdom Plantae (green algae and land plants)  
  Subkingdom Viridiplantae (green plants)  
  Infrakingdom Streptophyta (land plants and green algae)  
  Superdivision Embryophyta (land plants)  
  Division Tracheophyta (vascular plants)  
  Subdivision Spermatophytina (seed plants)  
  Class Pinopsida (conifers)  
  Subclass Pinidae  


Pinales (conifers)  


Cupressaceae (cypress)  


Cupressoideae (cypresses, cedars, junipers, and allies)  


Juniperus (junipers)  


Sabina (scale-leaf junipers)  
  Species Juniperus virginiana  

Subordinate Taxa






Juniperus virginiana ssp. crebra

Juniperus virginiana var. crebra

Sabina virginiana


Common Names


cedar apple

cedar tree

eastern red cedar

eastern red-cedar

eastern redcedar


pencil cedar

red cedar

red cedar juniper

red juniper


Virginia red cedar











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Eastern red cedar foliage and cones, 2017, Freeborn County, MN

    eastern redcedar      

Large, old, open grown eastern red cedar, South Central Minnesota, December 2017

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    eastern redcedar   eastern redcedar  

Eastern Redcedar, Freeborn County, MN, late November 2016, displaying characteristic winter rust hues.

    eastern redcedar   eastern redcedar  
    eastern redcedar      

Eastern Red Cedar in the woods, near MN/IA border, November 2016

    eastern redcedar   eastern redcedar  
    eastern redcedar      
MinnesotaSeasons.com Photos


    eastern redcedar   eastern redcedar  


    eastern redcedar   eastern redcedar  
    eastern redcedar      


    eastern redcedar   eastern redcedar  
    eastern redcedar   eastern redcedar  






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Other Videos
  Eastern Red Cedar
Untamed Science

Uploaded on Jun 9, 2011

The Eastern Red Cedar, is a tree with a considerable history, that few know about. It's also a bit of a misnamed plant. The Eastern Red Cedar isn't even a cedar at. Instead, it's a juniper.

  Trees with Don Leopold - eastern redcedar

Uploaded on Oct 21, 2011

No description available.

  Eastern Redcedar Research

Uploaded on Oct 21, 2011

SUNUP visits with researchers Don Turton and Rod Will, as they examine how Eastern Redcedar trees use water.




Visitor Sightings

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Location: Freeborn County, MN

Eastern red cedar foliage and cones

eastern redcedar  
December 2017

Location: South Central Minnesota

Large, old, open grown eastern red cedar

eastern redcedar  
late November 2016

Location: Freeborn County, MN

Eastern Redcedar… displaying characteristic winter rust hues.

eastern redcedar  
November 2016

Location: near IA/MN border

Eastern Red Cedar in the woods

eastern redcedar  
MinnesotaSeasons.com Sightings

Avon Hills Forest SNA, North Unit

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