field pussytoes

(Antennaria neglecta)

Conservation Status
field pussytoes
 
  IUCN Red List

not listed

     
  NatureServe

N5 - Secure

SNR - Unranked

     
  Minnesota

not listed

     
           
Wetland Indicator Status
     
  Great Plains

FACU - Facultative upland

     
  Midwest

UPL - Obligate upland

     
  Northcentral & Northeast

UPL - Obligate upland

     
           
 
Description
 
 

Field pussytoes is an erect, perennial forb that rises on a basal rosette of leaves and a flowering stem from fibrous roots and stolons. It often forms colonies.

The stolons are 1 to 7 long, slender, densely wooly, and leafy. They recline on the ground with the tips ascending. They root at the nodes, forming new plants.

Basal leaves are narrowly inversely lance-shaped to narrowly inversely egg-shaped or narrowly spoon-shaped, 1 to 2½ long, and ¼ to 11 16 wide. They are rounded or broadly pointed at the tip, and have an abrupt, short, sharp point at the tip. They taper gradually to the leaf stalk at the base. The upper surface is gray and moderately to densely covered with short, matted or tangled, soft, woolly hairs. It becomes green and hairless or nearly hairless with age. The lower surface is densely covered with short, matted or tangled, soft, woolly hairs. The hairiness of the lower surface persists at maturity. There is 1 prominent vein extending from the base to the tip, visible at least on the underside. Occasionally there is also a faint pair of parallel lateral veins. The margins are untoothed.

Stem leaves are alternate, linear to narrowly oblong lance-shaped, and 5 16 to 1 long. They taper to a sharp point at the tip and attach to the stem at the base without a leaf stalk. The lowermost leaves are often narrowly inversely lance-shaped. Middle and upper leaves have a short, hairlike extension of the midvein at the tip. The upper and lower surfaces are densely covered with short, matted or tangled, soft, woolly hairs.

The flowering stem can be 1½ to 12 tall, though it usually reaches no more than 8 in height. It is erect, sparsely leafy, and densely covered with white woolly hairs. It sometimes becomes hairless in patches with age. There are no purple glandular hairs near the top of the stem.

The inflorescence is a dense cluster of 2 to 8 flower heads at the end of the stem. Male and female flowers are borne on separate plants. A colony of plants may have all male plants or all female plants.

The whorl of bracts (involucre) subtending a male flower head is to ¼ long. The involucre subtending a female flower head is ¼ to long. The tips on the involucral bracts are white.

The flower head is ¼ to ½ in diameter. It has 20 to 100 or more white or yellow, tubular disk florets and no ray florets. Male florets are to 3 16 long. They have 5 stamens with white filaments and brownish-purple anthers. The corollas are obscured by the numerous stamens. Female florets are to ¼ long. They have one style with a forked, purplish tip. The corollas are obscured by the numerous styles. There is no floral scent.

The fruit is a small achene with hairs at the tip.

 
     
 

Height

 
 

1½ to 8

 
     
 

Flower Color

 
 

White or yellow

 
     
 

Similar Species

 
 

Parlin’s pussytoes (Antennaria parlinii) has a taller flowering stalk, up to 6 tall. The basal leaves are longer and wider. They have 3 to 5 main, parallel veins that are prominent at least on the underside to the broadest part of the leaf.

Plantain-leaved pussytoes (Antennaria plantaginifolia) has shorter, wider, spoon-shaped basal leaves, each with 3 to 5 conspicuous veins. It's range in Minnesota is restricted to the southeast corner of the state.

 
     
 
Habitat
 
 

Dry to moderate moisture. Fields, woods, prairies.

 
     
 
Biology
 
 

Flowering

 
 

April to June

 
     
 
Use
 
 

 

 
     
 
Distribution
 
 

Distribution Map

 

Sources

2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 28, 30.

 
  9/12/2021      
         
 

Nativity

 
 

Native

 
         
 

Occurrence

 
 

Common

 
         
 
Taxonomy
 
  Kingdom Plantae (green algae and land plants)  
  Subkingdom Viridiplantae (green plants)  
  Infrakingdom Streptophyta (land plants and green algae)  
  Superdivision Embryophyta (land plants)  
  Division Tracheophyta (vascular plants)  
  Subdivision Spermatophytina (seed plants)  
  Class Magnoliopsida (dicots)  
  Superorder Asteranae  
 

Order

Asterales (sunflowers, bellflowers, fanflowers, and allies)  
 

Family

Asteraceae (sunflowers, daisies, asters, and allies)  
  Subfamily Asteroideae  
  Supertribe Asterodae  
  Tribe Gnaphalieae (paper daisies)  
  Genus Antennaria (pussytoes)  
       
 

Subordinate Taxa

 
     
       
 

Synonyms

 
 

Antennaria angustiarum

Antennaria athabascensis

Antennaria campestris

Antennaria campestris var. athabascensis

Antennaria chelonica

Antennaria erosa

Antennaria howellii var. athabascensis

Antennaria howellii var. campestris

Antennaria longifolia

Antennaria lunellii

Antennaria nebraskensis

Antennaria neglecta var. athabascensis

Antennaria neglecta var. campestris

Antennaria parvula

Antennaria rousseaui

Antennaria wilsonii

 
       
 

Common Names

 
 

cat’s foot

field pussytoes

 
       

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Glossary

Bract

Modified leaf at the base of a flower stalk, flower cluster, or inflorescence.

 

Glandular hairs

Hairs spread over aerial vegetation that secrete essential oils. The oils act to protect against herbivores and pathogens or, when on a flower part, attract pollinators. The hairs have a sticky or oily feel.

 

Involucre

A whorl of bracts beneath or surrounding a flower or flower cluster.

 

Linear

Long, straight, and narrow, with more or less parallel sides, like a blade of grass.

 

Node

The small swelling of the stem from which one or more leaves, branches, or buds originate.

 

Stolon

An above-ground, creeping stem that grows along the ground and produces roots and sometimes new plants at its nodes. A runner.

 
 
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Camera

     
 
Slideshows
 
Pussytoes (Anthennaria neglecta)
Andree Reno Sanborn
  Pussytoes (Anthennaria neglecta)  
Antennaria neglecta CAT'S PAW
Frank Mayfield
  Antennaria neglecta CAT'S PAW  
     
     

 

slideshow

       
 
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Other Videos
 
  Field Pussytoes (Antennaria neglecta)
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About

Published on Dec 3, 2014

Field Pussytoes (Antennaria neglecta) of the Asteraceae (Aster, Sunflower) family growing in the East Kootenays of British Columbia.

   
  MyNature Apps; Identifying Field Pussytoes, Antennaria neglecta
MyNatureApps
 
   
 
About

Uploaded on May 29, 2011

How to identify Field Pussytoes, Antennaria neglecta. Also known as Pointed Little-leaf Pussytoes, Cat's Foot. www.mynatureapps.com

   
  How to identify Antennaria neglecta, field pussytoes
NY Flora
 
   
 
About

Published on Apr 14, 2012

Plant characters to look for when identifying this species. Narrated by Steve Young.

   
       

 

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