white sage

(Artemisia ludoviciana ssp. ludoviciana)

               
Conservation Status

IUCN Red List

not listed

white sage

NatureServe

N5 - Secure

SNR - Unranked

Minnesota

not listed

Wetland
Indicator
Status

Great Plains

UPL - Obligate upland

Midwest

UPL - Obligate upland

Northcentral & Northeast

UPL - Obligate upland

Nativity

Native

Occurrence

Common

Habitat

Dry. Prairies, disturbed sites.

Flowering

July to October

     
Flower Color

Yellow or yellow-green

     
Height

1 to 3

     
 
Identification

This is a 1 to 3 tall, erect, perennial forb that rises on multiple stems from a slender, horizontal rhizome. It often forms colonies. The leaves and stem are highly fragrant with a sage-like aroma.

The stems are unbranched below the inflorescence. They are covered with white, short, soft, matted, woolly hairs, at least near the top.

The leaves are alternate, gray, inversely lance-shaped with the attachment at the narrow end. They are 1 to 4 long and up to ½ wide at the base, getting progressively smaller as they ascend the stem. They are untoothed and unlobed or may have a few lobes or large, coarse teeth toward the tips. The margins are flat, not rolled under. The upper and lower surfaces are densely covered with white, short, soft, matted, woolly hairs, the lower surface more so than the upper.

The inflorescence is an erect, dense, 2 to 12 long, spike-like cluster at the top of some of the stems.

The flowers are yellow or yellow-green, small, round, and inconspicuous. They are composed of 6 to 12 very short ray florets and 5 to 12 disk florets. There is no floral scent.

The fruit is a tiny achene.

 
Similar
Species

Subspecies ludoviciana is the most widespread, common, and the most varied in appearance. It is the only subspecies that occurs in Minnesota.

The gray color of the stems and leaves and the relatively broad, lance-shaped leaf distinguish this plant from other Artemisia species that occur in the state.

 
Distribution Distribution Map   Sources: 2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 24, 28.
 
Comments

 

 
Taxonomy

Family:

Asteraceae (aster)

 

Subfamily:

Asteroideae

 

Supertribe:

Asterodae

 

Tribe:

Anthemideae (camomile)

 

Subtribe:

Artemisiinae

 
Synonyms

Artemisia brittonii

Artemisia cuneata

Artemisia diversifolia

Artemisia falcata

Artemisia gnaphalodes

Artemisia herriotii

Artemisia lindheimeriana

Artemisia ludoviciana var. americana

Artemisia ludoviciana var. brittonii

Artemisia ludoviciana var. gnaphalodes

 

Artemisia ludoviciana var. latifolia

Artemisia ludoviciana var. pabularis

Artemisia ludoviciana ssp. typica

Artemisia pabularis

Artemisia paucicephala

Artemisia pudica

Artemisia purshiana

Artemisia rhizomata

Artemisia vulgaris var. ludoviciana

Artemisia vulgaris ssp. ludoviciana

 
Common
Names

cudweed

cudweed sagewort

gray sagewort

Louisiana sage

Louisiana sagebrush

Louisiana sage-wort

Louisiana wormwood

mugwort wormwood

 

pasture sage

prairie sage

silver wormwood

western mugwort

western sage

white sage

white sagebrush

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Glossary

Achene

A dry, one-chambered, single-seeded fruit, formed from a single carpel, with the seed attached to the membranous outer layer (wall) only by the seed stalk; the wall, formed entirely from the wall of the superior ovary, does not split open at maturity, but relies on decay or predation to release the contents.

 

Rhizome

A horizontal, usually underground stem. It serves as a reproductive structure, producing roots below and shoots above at the nodes.

       
Visitor Photos
   
Share your photo of this plant.
 

This button not working for you?
Simply email us at info@MinnesotaSeasons.com.
Attach one or more photos and, if you like, a caption.

       
Tom T.
       

White Sage & Smooth Sumac

  white sage    
       
Charity Saxum
       
  white sage   white sage
       
MinnesotaSeasons.com Photos
   

Habitat

  white sage   white sage
       

Plant

  white sage   white sage
       
  white sage    
       
       

 

Camera

     
Slideshows
   
  Artemisia ludoviciana
Matt Lavin
 
  Artemisia ludoviciana  
 
About

Native rhizomatous herb to 90 cm tall, often in disturbed settings including overgrazed rangeland and roadsides. The stems leaves are often very variable in width, length, and degree of lobing and dentition (from entire leaves to dentate at the tip or lobed along the margins).

 
     

 

slideshow

       
Visitor Videos
       
Share your video of this plant.
   

This button not working for you?
Simply email us at info@MinnesotaSeasons.com.
Attach one or more videos or YouTube links and, if you like, a caption.

       
       
Other Videos
 
       
       
       
       

 

Camcorder

         
Visitor Sightings
   
Report a sighting of this plant.
 
This button not working for you?
Simply email us at info@MinnesotaSeasons.com.
Be sure to include a location.

Tom T.
9/7/2020

Location: Seven Sisters Prairie

White Sage & Smooth Sumac

white sage


Charity Saxum
8/6/2018

Location: rural Parkers Prairie, MN

white sage


     
     
 
MinnesotaSeasons.com Sightings
         

Agassiz Dunes SNA

Badoura Jack Pine Woodland SNA

Belgium Prairie

Bertram Chain of Lakes Regional Park

Blaine Preserve SNA

Blanket Flower Prairie SNA

Blazing Star Prairie

Blazing Star Prairie Addition, South Unit

Blue Mounds State Park

Bonanza Prairie SNA

Boot Lake SNA

Buffalo River State Park

Bunker Hills Regional Park

Butternut Valley Prairie SNA

Cambria WMA

Camden State Park

Carpenter St. Croix Valley Nature Center

Carver Highlands WMA, South Unit

Cedar Creek Ecosystem Science Reserve

Cedar Mountain SNA

Cedar Rock SNA

Charles A. Lindbergh State Park

Chippewa Prairie

Clinton Prairie SNA

Compass Prairie SNA

Cottonwood River Prairie SNA

Crosby Farm Regional Park

Crow Wing State Park

Crow-Hassan Park Reserve

Des Moines River SNA

Dodge Nature Center

Dry Sand WMA

Felton Prairie SNA, Bicentennial Unit

Flandrau State Park

Fort Ridgely State Park

Frontenac State Park

Glacial Lakes State Park

Glendalough State Park

Glynn Prairie SNA

Grey Cloud Dunes SNA

Hastings Sand Coulee SNA

Helen Allison Savanna SNA

Hole-in-the-Mountain Prairie

Holthe Prairie SNA

Hyland Lake Park Reserve

Hythecker Prairie SNA

Iron Horse Prairie SNA

Jensen Memorial WMA

Kasota Prairie

Kasota Prairie SNA

Kellogg Weaver Dunes SNA, Kellogg Weaver Unit

Kellogg Weaver Dunes SNA, Weaver Dunes Unit

Kettledrummer Prairie

Kilen Woods State Park

Lake Bronson State Park

Lake Carlos State Park

Lake Louise State Park

Langhei Prairie SNA

Leif Mountain

Lost Valley Prairie SNA

Lundblad Prairie SNA

Malmberg Prairie SNA

Margherita Preserve-Audubon Prairie

McKnight Prairie

Mille Lacs Kathio State Park

Miller Prairie, West Unit

Minneopa State Park

Minnesota Valley NWR, Louisville Swamp Unit

Mound Spring Prairie SNA, North Unit

Mound Spring Prairie SNA, South Unit

Myre-Big Island State Park

Neal WMA

Northern Tallgrass Prairie NWR, Hoffman Unit

Northern Tallgrass Prairie NWR, Rengstorf Unit

Northern Tallgrass Prairie NWR, Spieker Unit

Northern Tallgrass Prairie NWR, Touch the Sky Prairie Unit

Old Mill State Park

Ordway Prairie

Oronoco Prairie SNA

Osmundson Prairie SNA

Ottawa Bluffs Preserve

Otter Tail Prairie SNA

Pankratz Memorial Prairie, North Unit

Paul Bunyan Savanna

Pembina Trail Preserve SNA, Crookston Prairie Unit

Pin Oak Prairie SNA

Pine Bend Bluffs SNA

Pipestone National Monument

Plover Prairie, East Unit

Prairie Coteau SNA

Prairie Creek WMA, Koester Prairie Unit

Prairie Smoke Dunes SNA

Racine Prairie SNA

Red Rock Prairie

Rice Lake Savanna SNA

Rice Lake State Park

Richard M. & Mathilde Rice Elliott SNA

Ripley Esker SNA

River Terrace Prairie SNA

Rock Ridge Prairie SNA

Roscoe Prairie SNA

Rushford Sand Barrens SNA

St. Croix Savanna SNA

Sand Prairie Wildlife Management and Environmental Education Area

Sandpiper Prairie SNA

Santee Prairie SNA

Savage Fen SNA

Scenic State Park

Schaefer Prairie

Sedan Brook Prairie SNA

Seven Sisters Prairie

Sheepberry Fen

Shooting Star Prairie SNA

Sibley State Park

Split Rock Creek State Park

Spring Creek Prairie SNA

Spring Lake Park Reserve

Springbrook Nature Center

Staffanson Prairie

Strandness Prairie

Swedes Forest SNA

Tamarack Nature Center

Thorson Prairie WMA

Town Hall Prairie

Tribute WMA

Twin Lakes SNA

Twin Valley Prairie Addition

Twin Valley Prairie SNA

Tympanuchus Prairie

Uncas Dunes SNA

Upper Sioux Agency State Park

Valley View Park

Verlyn Marth Memorial Prairie SNA

Vermillion Highlands Research Recreation and WMA

Western Prairie SNA

Whitetail Woods Regional Park

Wild Indigo SNA

Wild River State Park

William O’Brien State Park

Woodbury WMA

Yellow Bank Hills SNA

Zimmerman Prairie

 

 

Binoculars


Last Updated:

About Us | Privacy Policy | Contact Us | © 2020 MinnesotaSeasons.com. All rights reserved.