Pembina Trail Preserve SNA

Crookston Prairie Unit

 

 

     
 
About
 
 

Ownership

 
 

Minnesota DNR logo

 
     
 

Links

 
 

Minnesota DNR

 
     
 

Overview

 
 

Pembina Trail Preserve SNA is composed of three units, two owned by the Minnesota DNR, one by The Nature Conservancy.

 
     
 

History

 
 

 

 
     
 

Management

 
 

 

 
     
 

Comments

 
 

 

 
     
 
Location
 
 

Maps

 
 

Detail map (MN DNR)

 
         
 

Printable Map(s) with GPS coordinates

 
 

Complete

 

Crookston Prairie Unit

 
  Printable map   Printable map  
         
         
 

Size

 
 

530 acres

 
         
 

Parking

 
 

From County Road 45 (320th St. SW) turn north onto a gravel road. The road crosses the railroad tracks and ends after 70 yards at a small parking area, where there is an interpretive sign.

N47 42.171, W96 20.533

 
         
 

Driving Directions

  Area and County  
 

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          Polk County  
          Northwest Minnesota  
     
 
Activities
 
 

Hiking Trails

 
 

No maintained trails

 
     
 

Hunting

 
 

No hunting

 
     
 
Ecology
 
 

Ecological Classification

  Ecological Classification  
  Ecological Province    

Tallgrass Aspen Parklands

   
  Ecological Section    

Lake Agassiz, Aspen Parklands

   
  Ecological Subsection    

Aspen Parklands

   
  Land Type Association    

Beach Ridges

Gentilly Lake Plain

   
             
 

Native Plant Communities*

   
 

Agassiz Interbeach Prairie Complex

Calcareous Fen (Northwestern)

Cattail - Sedge Marsh (Prairie)

Dry Sand - Gravel Prairie (Northern)

Mesic Prairie (Northern)

Northwestern Wet-Mesic Aspen Woodland

Wet Brush-Prairie (Northern)

   
  * Source: The Minnesota Biological Survey, Minnesota Department of Natural Resources, Division of Ecological Resources      
         
 

Natural Features

     
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

           
 
Visitor Photos
 
           
 

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MinnesotaSeasons.com Photos
 
 

Parking

 
    Pembina Trail Preserve SNA, Crookston Prairie Unit   Pembina Trail Preserve SNA, Crookston Prairie Unit  
           
    Pembina Trail Preserve SNA, Crookston Prairie Unit      
           
 

Wood Routed Sign

 
    Pembina Trail Preserve SNA, Crookston Prairie Unit      
           
 

Dry Sand - Gravel Prairie (Northern)

 
    Pembina Trail Preserve SNA, Crookston Prairie Unit   Pembina Trail Preserve SNA, Crookston Prairie Unit  
           
    Pembina Trail Preserve SNA, Crookston Prairie Unit      
           
 

Agassiz Interbeach Prairie Complex

 
    Pembina Trail Preserve SNA, Crookston Prairie Unit   Pembina Trail Preserve SNA, Crookston Prairie Unit  
           
    Pembina Trail Preserve SNA, Crookston Prairie Unit   Pembina Trail Preserve SNA, Crookston Prairie Unit  

 

Camera

     
 
Slideshows
 
 
     
     

 

slideshow

       
 
Visitor Videos
 
       
 

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Other Videos
 
     
     
     

 

Camcorder

           
 
Visitor Sightings
 
           
 

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MinnesotaSeasons.com Sightings
 
 

Visits

8/16/2011

  8/21/2012            
 
 

Amphibians

 
  northern leopard frog (Rana pipiens)   northern leopard frog  
 

Bacteria, Viruses, and Other Pathogens

 
         
 

Birds

 
 

Eleven bird species with conservation status in Minnesota have been seen on at least one of the units of this SNA:

Endangered

Baird’s Sparrow (Ammodramus bairdii)

Threatened

Wilson’s Phalarope (Phalaropus tricolor)

Special Concern

American White Pelican (Pelecanus erythrorhynchos)

Franklin’s Gull (Leucophaeus pipixcan)

Greater Prairie-chicken (Tympanuchus cupido)

Lark Sparrow (Chondestes grammacus)

Marbled Godwit (Limosa fedoa)

Nelson’s Sparrow (Ammospiza nelsoni)

Short-eared Owl (Asio flammeus)

Trumpeter Swan (Cygnus buccinator)

Yellow Rail (Coturnicops noveboracensis)

 
 

Minnesota Biodiversity Atlas Birds List

Minnesota DNR Bird checklist

Pine to Prairie Birding Trail

eBird Field Checklist (All units)

 
 

American Goldfinch (Spinus tristis)

Barn Swallow (Hirundo rustica)

Eastern Kingbird (Tyrannus tyrannus)

House Wren (Troglodytes aedon)

Northern Flicker (Colaptes auratus)

Sandhill Crane (Antigone canadensis)

Turkey Vulture (Cathartes aura)

 

American Goldfinch

Barn Swallow

 
 

Fungi and Lichens

 
 

Minnesota Biodiversity Atlas Fungi List

 
         
 

Insects and Arachnids

 
 

Two insect and arachnid species with conservation status in Minnesota have been seen on at least one of the units of this SNA:

Endangered

Dakota skipper (Hesperia dacotae)

Poweshiek skipperling (Oarisma poweshiek)

 
 

Minnesota Biodiversity Atlas Insects List

 
 

banded argiope (Argiope trifasciata)

band-winged meadowhawk (Sympetrum semicinctum)

cabbage white (Pieris rapae)

Carolina grasshopper (Dissosteira carolina)

common green darner (Anax junius)

goldenrod bunch gall midge (Rhopalomyia solidaginis)

goldenrod gall fly (Eurosta solidaginis)

monarch (Danaus plexippus)

orange sulphur (Colias eurytheme)

 

common green darner

goldenrod bunch gall midge

 
 

Mammals

 
 

One mammal species with conservation status in Minnesota has been seen on at least one of the units of this SNA:

Special Concern

moose (Alces americanus)

 
 

Minnesota Biodiversity Atlas Mammals List

 
 

plains pocket gopher (Geomys bursarius)

whitetail deer (Odocoileus virginianus)

woodchuck (Marmota monax)

  whitetail deer  
 

Plants

 
 

Thirteen plant species with conservation status in Minnesota are found on at least one of the units of this SNA:

Endangered

jointed rush (Juncus articulatus)

slender moonwort (Botrychium lineare)

western prairie fringed orchid (Platanthera praeclara)

Threatened

hair-like beak-rush (Rhynchospora capillacea)

short ray fleabane (Erigeron lonchophyllus)

sterile sedge (Carex sterilis)

Special Concern

blanket flower (Gaillardia aristata)

deer sedge (Carex hallii)

northern singlespike sedge (Carex scirpoidea ssp. scirpoidea)

pleated gentian (Gentiana affinis)

prairie moonwort (Botrychium campestre)

pygmy-flower rock-jasmine (Androsace septentrionalis)

small white lady’s slipper (Cypripedium candidum)

 
 

Minnesota Biodiversity Atlas and Minnesota Biological Survey Vegetation Releves Plant List

 
 

Plants frequently found in:

Calcareous Fen (Northwestern) OPp93a

Cattail - Sedge Marsh (Prairie) MRp83a

Dry Sand - Gravel Prairie (Northern) UPn12b

Mesic Prairie (Northern) UPn23b

Northwestern Wet-Mesic Aspen Woodland FDw44

Wet Brush-Prairie (Northern) WPn53b

     
 

 

absinth wormwood (Artemisia absinthium)

alfalfa (Medicago sativa ssp. sativa)

American red raspberry (Rubus idaeus ssp. strigosus)

arctic brome (Bromus kalmii)

balsam poplar (Populus balsamifera)

big bluestem (Andropogon gerardi)

bird’s-foot trefoil (Lotus corniculatus var. corniculatus)

black bindweed (Fallopia convolvulus)

blue giant hyssop (Agastache foeniculum)

blue grama (Bouteloua gracilis)

bog birch (Betula pumila)

bottle gentian (Gentiana andrewsii)

broad-leaved cattail (Typha latifolia)

Canada anemone (Anemone canadensis)

Canada thistle (Cirsium arvense)

Canadian horseweed (Conyza canadensis)

Canadian milkvetch (Astragalus canadensis var. canadensis)

candle anemone (Anemone cylindrica)

chicory (Cichorium intybus)

common milkweed (Asclepias syriaca)

common mullein (Verbascum thapsus ssp. thapsus)

common ragweed (Ambrosia artemisiifolia)

common sneezeweed (Helenium autumnale)

common yarrow (Achillea millefolium)

Culver’s root (Veronicastrum virginicum)

curly dock (Rumex crispus)

curly-cup gumweed (Grindelia squarrosa)

dotted blazing star (Liatris punctata var. punctata)

fen grass of Parnassus (Parnassia glauca)

field sagewort (Artemisia campestris ssp. caudata)

field sow thistle (Sonchus arvensis)

Flodman’s thistle (Cirsium flodmanii)

foxtail barley (Hordeum jubatum ssp. jubatum)

fringed loosestrife (Lysimachia ciliata)

giant goldenrod (Solidago gigantea)

giant sunflower (Helianthus giganteus)

golden alexanders (Zizia aurea)

grass-leaved goldenrod (Euthamia graminifolia)

gray goldenrod (Solidago nemoralis)

great blue lobelia (Lobelia siphilitica)

green ash (Fraxinus pennsylvanica)

green foxtail (Setaria viridis var. viridis)

hairy sunflower (Helianthus hirsutus)

harebell (Campanula rotundifolia)

heart-leaved golden alexanders (Zizia aptera)

hoary alyssum (Berteroa incana)

Indian hemp (Apocynum cannabinum)

Indiangrass (Sorghastrum nutans)

Kalm’s lobelia (Lobelia kalmii)

leadplant (Amorpha canescens)

lesser fringed gentian (Gentianopsis virgata ssp. virgata)

little bluestem (Schizachyrium scoparium var. scoparium)

marsh hedge nettle (Stachys palustris)

Maximilian’s sunflower (Helianthus maximiliani)

mint-leaved bergamot (Monarda fistulosa var. menthifolia)

narrow-leaved cattail (Typha angustifolia)

narrow-leaved hawkweed (Hieracium umbellatum)

narrow-leaved purple coneflower (Echinacea angustifolia)

narrow-leaved willow herb (Epilobium leptophyllum)

New England aster (Symphyotrichum novae-angliae)

northern bugleweed (Lycopus uniflorus var. uniflorus)

northern plains blazing star (Liatris ligulistylis)

plains cottonwood (Populus deltoides ssp. molinifera)

plumeless thistle (Carduus acanthoides ssp. acanthoides)

prairie blazing star (Liatris pycnostachya var. pycnostachya)

prairie cordgrass (Spartina pectinata)

prairie dropseed (Sporobolus heterolepis)

prairie goldenrod (Solidago ptarmicoides)

prairie onion (Allium stellatum)

prairie rose (Rosa arkansana)

prairie sagewort (Artemisia frigida)

purple lovegrass (Eragrostis spectabilis)

purple meadow-rue (Thalictrum dasycarpum)

purple prairie clover (Dalea purpurea var. purpurea)

quaking aspen (Populus tremuloides)

red clover (Trifolium pratense)

red osier dogwood (Cornus sericea ssp. sericea)

Riddell’s goldenrod (Solidago riddellii)

rough blazing star (Liatris aspera)

rough bugleweed (Lycopus asper)

rough cinquefoil (Potentilla norvegica)

shrubby cinquefoil (Dasiphora fruticosa ssp. floribunda)

silverberry (Elaeagnus commutata)

silverleaf scurfpea (Pediomelum argophyllum)

smooth oxeye (Heliopsis helianthoides var. scabra)

smooth scouring rush (Equisetum laevigatum)

spotted Joe Pye weed (Eutrochium maculatum)

spotted knapweed (Centaurea stoebe ssp. micranthos)

stiff goldenrod (Solidago rigida ssp. rigida)

stiff sunflower (Helianthus pauciflorus ssp. subrhomboideus)

swamp betony (Pedicularis lanceolata)

swamp milkweed (Asclepias incarnata ssp. incarnata)

swamp thistle (Cirsium muticum)

tall cinquefoil (Drymocallis arguta)

Virginia mountain mint (Pycnanthemum virginianum)

water smartweed (Persicaria amphibia)

western marbleseed (Lithospermum occidentale)

western ragweed (Ambrosia psilostachya)

white heath aster (Symphyotrichum ericoides var. ericoides)

white panicled aster (Symphyotrichum lanceolatum)

white prairie clover (Dalea candida var. candida)

white rattlesnake root (Nabalus albus)

white sage (Artemisia ludoviciana ssp. ludoviciana)

white sweet clover (Melilotus albus)

wild licorice (Glycyrrhiza lepidota)

wild mint (Mentha arvensis)

wolfberry (Symphoricarpos occidentalis)

yellow goat’s beard (Tragopogon dubius)

yellow sweet clover (Melilotus officinalis)

yellow wood sorrel (Oxalis stricta)

 

Achillea millefolium (common yarrow)

Agastache foeniculum (blue giant hyssop)

Allium stellatum (prairie onion)

Ambrosia artemisiifolia (common ragweed)

Ambrosia psilostachya (western ragweed)

Amorpha canescens (leadplant)

Andropogon gerardi (big bluestem)

Anemone canadensis (Canada anemone)

Anemone cylindrica (candle anemone)

Apocynum cannabinum (Indian hemp)

Artemisia absinthium (absinth wormwood)

Artemisia campestris ssp. caudata (field sagewort)

Artemisia frigida (prairie sagewort)

Artemisia ludoviciana ssp. ludoviciana (white sage)

Asclepias incarnata ssp. incarnata (swamp milkweed)

Asclepias syriaca (common milkweed)

Astragalus canadensis var. canadensis (Canadian milkvetch)

Berteroa incana (hoary alyssum)

Betula pumila (bog birch)

Bouteloua gracilis (blue grama)

Bromus kalmii (arctic brome)

Campanula rotundifolia (harebell)

Carduus acanthoides (plumeless thistle)

Centaurea stoebe ssp. micranthos (spotted knapweed)

Cichorium intybus (chicory)

Cirsium arvense (Canada thistle)

Cirsium flodmanii (Flodman’s thistle)

Cirsium muticum (swamp thistle)

Conyza canadensis (Canadian horseweed)

Cornus sericea ssp. sericea (red osier dogwood)

Dalea candida var. candida (white prairie clover)

Dalea purpurea var. purpurea (purple prairie clover)

Dasiphora fruticosa ssp. floribunda (shrubby cinquefoil)

Drymocallis arguta (tall cinquefoil)

Echinacea angustifolia (narrow-leaved purple coneflower)

Elaeagnus commutata (silverberry)

Epilobium leptophyllum (narrow-leaved willow herb)

Equisetum laevigatum (smooth scouring rush)

Eragrostis spectabilis (purple lovegrass)

Euthamia graminifolia (grass-leaved goldenrod)

Eutrochium maculatum (spotted Joe Pye weed)

Fallopia convolvulus (black bindweed)

Fraxinus pennsylvanica (green ash)

Gentiana andrewsii (bottle gentian)

Gentianopsis virgata ssp. virgata (lesser fringed gentian)

Glycyrrhiza lepidota (wild licorice)

Grindelia squarrosa (curly-cup gumweed)

Helenium autumnale (common sneezeweed)

Helianthus giganteus (giant sunflower)

Helianthus hirsutus (hairy sunflower)

Helianthus maximiliani (Maximilian’s sunflower)

Helianthus pauciflorus ssp. subrhomboideus (stiff sunflower)

Heliopsis helianthoides var. scabra (smooth oxeye)

Hieracium umbellatum (narrow-leaved hawkweed)

Hordeum jubatum ssp. jubatum (foxtail barley)

Liatris aspera (rough blazing star)

Liatris ligulistylis (northern plains blazing star)

Liatris punctata var. punctata (dotted blazing star)

Liatris pycnostachya var. pycnostachya (prairie blazing star)

Lithospermum occidentale (western marbleseed)

Lobelia kalmii (Kalm’s lobelia)

Lobelia siphilitica (great blue lobelia)

Lotus corniculatus var. corniculatus (bird’s-foot trefoil)

Lycopus asper (rough bugleweed)

Lycopus uniflorus var. uniflorus (northern bugleweed)

Lysimachia ciliata (fringed loosestrife)

Medicago sativa ssp. sativa (alfalfa)

Melilotus albus (white sweet clover)

Melilotus officinalis (yellow sweet clover)

Mentha arvensis (wild mint)

Monarda fistulosa var. menthifolia (mint-leaved bergamot)

Nabalus albus (white rattlesnake root)

Solidago riddellii (Riddell’s goldenrod)

Oxalis stricta (yellow wood sorrel)

Parnassia glauca (fen grass of Parnassus)

Pedicularis lanceolata (swamp betony)

Pediomelum argophyllum (silverleaf scurfpea)

Persicaria amphibia (water smartweed)

Populus balsamifera (balsam poplar)

Populus deltoides ssp. molinifera (plains cottonwood)

Populus tremuloides (quaking aspen)

Potentilla norvegica (rough cinquefoil)

Pycnanthemum virginianum (Virginia mountain mint)

Rosa arkansana (prairie rose)

Rubus idaeus ssp. strigosus (American red raspberry)

Rumex crispus (curly dock)

Schizachyrium scoparium var. scoparium (little bluestem)

Setaria viridis var. viridis (green foxtail)

Solidago gigantea (giant goldenrod)

Solidago nemoralis (gray goldenrod)

Solidago ptarmicoides (prairie goldenrod)

Solidago rigida ssp. rigida (stiff goldenrod)

Sonchus arvensis (field sow thistle)

Sorghastrum nutans (Indiangrass)

Spartina pectinata (prairie cordgrass)

Sporobolus heterolepis (prairie dropseed)

Stachys palustris (marsh hedge nettle)

Symphoricarpos occidentalis (wolfberry)

Symphyotrichum ericoides var. ericoides (white heath aster)

Symphyotrichum lanceolatum (white panicled aster)

Symphyotrichum novae-angliae (New England aster)

Thalictrum dasycarpum (purple meadow-rue)

Tragopogon dubius (yellow goat’s beard)

Trifolium pratense (red clover)

Typha angustifolia (narrow-leaved cattail)

Typha latifolia (broad-leaved cattail)

Verbascum thapsus ssp. thapsus (common mullein)

Veronicastrum virginicum (Culver’s root)

Zizia aptera (heart-leaved golden alexanders)

Zizia aurea (golden alexanders)

 

absinth wormwood

big bluestem

bottle gentian

Canada anemone

Canadian milkvetch

chicory

Culver’s root

field sow thistle

fringed loosestrife

golden alexanders

heart-leaved golden alexanders

leadplant

lesser fringed gentian (ssp. virgata)

Maximilian’s sunflower

New England aster

plumeless thistle

prairie cordgrass

prairie onion

prairie rose

purple prairie clover

shrubby cinquefoil

silverberry

swamp betony

swamp milkweed

tall cinquefoil

Virginia mountain mint

wild mint

yellow goat’s beard

yellow sweet clover

 

 

 

Binoculars


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