fringed loosestrife

(Lysimachia ciliata)

Conservation Status
fringed loosestrife
 
  IUCN Red List

not listed

     
  NatureServe

N5 - Secure

SNR - Unranked

     
  Minnesota

not listed

     
           
Wetland Indicator Status
     
  Great Plains

FACW - Facultative wetland

     
  Midwest

FACW - Facultative wetland

     
  Northcentral & Northeast

FACW - Facultative wetland

     
           
 
Description
 
 

Fringed loosestrife is a 10 to 50 tall, erect, perennial forb that rises from from a long, slender, horizontal, creeping, underground stem (rhizome).

The stems are more or less erect and usually unbranched, sometimes sparingly branched above the middle. They are hairless and may be round or square.

There are no basal leaves. Stem leaves are opposite, lance-shaped to egg-shaped, 1½ to 5½ long, and to 2 wide. They are on 3 16 to 2 long, conspicuously hairy leaf stalks. The leaf blades taper to a point at the tip and are rounded, wedge-shaped, or slightly heart-shaped at the base. The upper surface is dark green or bright green and hairless. The lower surface is pale green and hairless. The leaf surfaces are not dotted. The margins are untoothed and have a fringe of long hairs along their entire length.

The inflorescence is a single flower nodding at the end of a hairless, to 2 long stalk that rises from middle and upper leaf axils.

The flowers are to 1 wide. There are 5 green sepals united into a tube (calyx) with 5 narrowly lance-shaped, to long lobes. The calyx lobes have 3 to 5 parallel, often reddish-brown veins. There are 5 widely spreading, egg-shaped to round, 3 16 to ½ long, to wide petals. The petals are yellow and sometimes reddish at the base. They taper abruptly at the tip to a long, slender point. There are 5 erect stamens with yellowish anthers and a single green style.

The fruit is a hairless, green, shiny, spherical to egg-shaped, 3 16 to ¼ in diameter capsule containing 25 to 40 seeds.

 
     
 

Height

 
 

10 to 50

 
     
 

Flower Color

 
 

Yellow

 
     
 

Similar Species

 
  Four-flowered yellow loosestrife (Lysimachia quadriflora) is a smaller plant. The leaves are narrow, linear, no more than ¼ wide.  
     
 
Habitat
 
 

Wet to moist. Deciduous woodlands, swamps, thickets, wet prairies, marshes, stream banks. Full sun to light shade.

 
     
 
Ecology
 
 

Flowering

 
 

June to July

 
     
 
Use
 
 

 

 
     
 
Distribution
 
 

Distribution Map

 

Sources

2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 28.

 
  1/8/2014      
         
 

Nativity

 
 

Native

 
         
 

Occurrence

 
 

Common

 
         
 
Taxonomy
 
  Kingdom Plantae (green algae and land plants)  
  Subkingdom Viridiplantae (green plants)  
  Infrakingdom Streptophyta (land plants and green algae)  
  Superdivision Embryophyta (land plants)  
  Division Tracheophyta (vascular plants)  
  Subdivision Spermatophytina (seed plants)  
  Class Magnoliopsida (dicots)  
  Superorder Asteranae  
 

Order

Ericales (heathers, balsams, primroses, and allies)  
 

Family

Primulaceae (primrose)  
  Subfamily Myrsinoideae  
 

Genus

Lysimachia (loosestrife)  
       
 

Subordinate Taxa

 
       
       
 

Synonyms

 
 

Steironema ciliatum

Steironema pumilum

 
       
 

Common Names

 
 

fringed loosestrife

fringed yellow-loosestrife

 
       

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Glossary

Axil

The upper angle where a branch, stem, leaf stalk, or vein diverges.

 

Calyx

The group of outer floral leaves (sepals) below the petals, occasionally forming a tube.

 

Rhizome

A horizontal, usually underground stem. It serves as a reproductive structure, producing roots below and shoots above at the nodes.

 

Sepal

An outer floral leaf, usually green but sometimes colored, at the base of a flower.

       
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Plant

  fringed loosestrife   fringed loosestrife
       

Inflorescence

  fringed loosestrife   fringed loosestrife
       

Flower

  fringed loosestrife   fringed loosestrife
       

Leaves

  fringed loosestrife    
       
       

 

Camera

     
Slideshows
   
  Fringed Loosestrife
DianesDigitals
 
  Fringed Loosestrife  
 
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slideshow

       
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Other Videos
 
  MyNature Apps; Identifying Fringed Loosestrife, Lysimachia ciliata
MyNatureApps
 
   
 
About

Uploaded on Jul 13, 2011

How to identify Fringed Loosestrife, Lysimachia ciliata. www.mynatureapps.com

   
       
  Fringed Loosestrife - Lysimachia ciliata
Ionxchange
 
   
 
About

Uploaded on Sep 11, 2011

Earthyman views Fringed Loosestrife (Lysimachia ciliata) in bloom on Mississippi River wetland in Wisconsin . Seed and plant sold at Ion Exchange native seed and plant nursery in Iowa. http://www.ionxchange.com

   
       

 

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