Dry Sand WMA






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Hunter Walking Trail map (MN DNR)


Printable Map(s) with GPS coordinates





  Printable map      

North Section

  South Section  
  Printable map   Printable map  



799.43 acres




Dry Sand WMA Access Road, Dry Sand Lake Access
N46 32.250, W94 46.647


Driving Directions

  Area and County  

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          Cass and Wadena Counties  
          Northwest Minnesota  

Hiking Trails


There are 2.9 miles of hunter walking trails on the WMA. This includes a 1.7 mile long DNR Minimum Maintenance Public Road that passes through the site from west to east, and a short spur that leads to the south shore of Dry Sand Lake.




All hunting and trapping. See Hunting and Trapping Regulations (MN DNR) for details.


Ecological Classification

  Ecological Classification  
  Ecological Province    

Laurentian Mixed Forest Province

  Ecological Section    

N. Minnesota Drift & Lake Plains

  Ecological Subsection    

Pine Moraines & Outwash Plains

  Land Type Association    

Swan Creek Sand Plain


Native Plant Communities*


Central Dry Pine Woodland

Central Rich Dry Pine Woodland

Northern Rich Alder Swamp

Northern Rich Fen (Basin)

Northern Rich Tamarack Swamp (Western Basin)

Northern Shrub Shore Fen

Northern Wet Meadow / Carr

Poor Black Spruce Swamp

  * Source: The Minnesota Biological Survey, Minnesota Department of Natural Resources, Division of Ecological Resources      

Natural Features


Dry Sand Lake, Turtle Shell impoundment, jack pine savannah. Over half of the site is emergent wetland or open water.








A Very Wet Site

Over half of this site is emergent wetland or open water.

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    Dry Sand WMA   Dry Sand WMA  

Dry Sand WMA Access Road

    Dry Sand WMA      

Open Field

    Dry Sand WMA      

Jack Pine Savanna

    Dry Sand WMA      

Jack Pine Savanna Restoration

    Dry Sand WMA      






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eBird Field Checklist


American Crow (Corvus brachyrhynchos)

American Robin (Turdus migratorius)

Black-capped Chickadee (Poecile atricapillus)

Blue Jay (Cyanocitta cristata)

Cedar Waxwing (Bombycilla cedrorum)

Clay-colored Sparrow (Spizella pallida)

Common Loon (Gavia immer)

Common Yellowthroat (Geothlypis trichas)

Eastern Kingbird (Tyrannus tyrannus)

Eastern Towhee (Pipilo erythrophthalmus)

Eastern Wood-peewee (Contopus virens)

Indigo Bunting (Passerina cyanea)

Red-winged Blackbird (Agelaius phoeniceus)


Blue Jay

Common Loon

Indigo Bunting

Red-winged Blackbird


Insects and Arachnids


common wood nymph (Cercyonis pegala)

deer fly (Chrysops sp.)

eastern tent caterpillar moth (Malacosoma americanum)

goldenrod gall fly (Eurosta solidaginis)

great spangled fritillary (Argynnis cybele)

tricolored bumble bee (Bombus ternarius)

  tricolored bumble bee  



One mammal species with conservation status in Minnesota have been seen here:

Special Concern

prairie vole (Microtus ochrogaster)


American red squirrel (Tamiasciurus hudsonicus)

plains pocket gopher (Geomys bursarius)

prairie vole (Microtus ochrogaster)

thirteen-lined ground squirrel (Ictidomys tridecemlineatus)

whitetail deer (Odocoileus virginianus)

  thirteen-lined ground squirrel  



One plant species with conservation status in Minnesota are found here:

Special Concern

squirrel corn (Dicentra canadensis)


Minnesota Biodiversity Atlas and Minnesota Biological Survey Vegetation Releves Plant List


Plants frequently found in:

Central Dry Pine Woodland FDc23

Central Rich Dry Pine Woodland FDc24

Northern Rich Alder Swamp FPn73

Northern Rich Tamarack Swamp (Western Basin) FPn82

Northern Shrub Shore Fen OPn81

Northern Wet Meadow/Carr WMn82

Poor Black Spruce Swamp APn81a



American hazelnut (Corylus americana)

American plum (Prunus americana)

American red raspberry (Rubus idaeus ssp. strigosus)

American vetch (Vicia americana ssp. americana)

arctic brome (Bromus kalmii)

balsam groundsel (Packera paupercula)

beaked hazelnut (Corylus cornuta var. cornuta)

bearded wheatgrass (Elymus trachycaulus ssp. subsecundus)

Bicknell’s cranesbill (Geranium bicknellii)

big bluestem (Andropogon gerardi)

bigtooth aspen (Populus grandidentata)

black bindweed (Fallopia convolvulus)

black-eyed Susan (Rudbeckia hirta var. pulcherrima)

bland sweet cicely (Osmorhiza claytonii)

broad-leaved cattail (Typha latifolia)

bur oak (Quercus macrocarpa var. macrocarpa)

Canada mayflower (Maianthemum canadense)

Canada thistle (Cirsium arvense)

Canadian tick-trefoil (Desmodium canadense)

common cinquefoil (Potentilla simplex)

common lambsquarters (Chenopodium album)

common milkweed (Asclepias syriaca)

common mullein (Verbascum thapsus ssp. thapsus)

common plantain (Plantago major)

common ragweed (Ambrosia artemisiifolia)

common snowberry (Symphoricarpos albus var. albus)

common yarrow (Achillea millefolium)

downy Parlin’s pussytoes (Antennaria parlinii ssp. fallax)

downy phlox (Phlox pilosa ssp. fulgida)

Dutchman’s breeches (Dicentra cucullaria)

early meadow-rue (Thalictrum dioicum)

eastern black nightshade (Solanum emulans)

false melic grass (Schizachne purpurascens)

giant goldenrod (Solidago gigantea)

grass-leaved goldenrod (Euthamia graminifolia)

gray goldenrod (Solidago nemoralis)

hairy goldenrod (Solidago hispida)

harebell (Campanula rotundifolia)

heart-leaved golden alexanders (Zizia aptera)

hoary alyssum (Berteroa incana)

hoary frostweed (Crocanthemum bicknellii)

hoary puccoon (Lithospermum canescens)

hoary vervain (Verbena stricta)

jack pine (Pinus banksiana)

June grass (Koeleria macrantha)

Kentucky bluegrass (Poa pratensis ssp. pratensis)

leadplant (Amorpha canescens)

lowbush blueberry (Vaccinium angustifolium)

Missouri goldenrod (Solidago missouriensis)

narrowleaf cow wheat (Melampyrum lineare)

narrow-leaved meadowsweet (Spiraea alba var. alba)

northern bedstraw (Galium boreale)

northern blue flag (Iris versicolor)

northern bush honeysuckle (Diervilla lonicera)

northern pin oak (Quercus ellipsoidalis)

northern red oak (Quercus rubra)

oval-leaf milkweed (Asclepias ovalifolia)

panicled aster (Symphyotrichum lanceolatum)

paper birch (Betula papyrifera var. papyrifera)

Pennsylvania sedge (Carex pensylvanica)

plumeless thistle (Carduus acanthoides ssp. acanthoides)

prairie blue-eyed grass (Sisyrinchium campestre)

prairie fleabane (Erigeron strigosus)

prairie onion (Allium stellatum)

prairie rose (Rosa arkansana)

prairie willow (Salix humilis var. humilis)

prickly rose (Rosa acicularis ssp. sayi)

purple lovegrass (Eragrostis spectabilis)

quackgrass (Elymus repens)

quaking aspen (Populus tremuloides)

rabbit’s foot clover (Trifolium arvense)

red maple (Acer rubrum var. rubrum)

red pine (Pinus resinosa)

rough blazing star (Liatris aspera)

roughleaf ricegrass (Oryzopsis asperifolia)

serviceberry (Amelanchier sp.)

showy goldenrod species complex (Solidago speciosa complex)

silvery cinquefoil (Potentilla argentea)

sky-blue aster (Symphyotrichum oolentangiense var. oolentangiense)

slender willow (Salix petiolaris)

smooth brome (Bromus inermis)

smooth rose (Rosa blanda var. blanda)

spreading dogbane (Apocynum androsaemifolium)

squirrel corn (Dicentra canadensis)

stiff sunflower (Helianthus pauciflorus)

tall cinquefoil (Drymocallis arguta)

timothy (Phleum pratense ssp. pratense)

tower mustard (Turritis glabra)

veiny pea (Lathyrus venosus var. intonsus)

western poison ivy (Toxicodendron rydbergii)

white campion (Silene latifolia ssp. alba)

white clover (Trifolium repens ssp. repens)

white prairie clover (Dalea candida var. candida)

white sage (Artemisia ludoviciana ssp. ludoviciana)

white sweet clover (Melilotus albus)

wild bergamot (Monarda fistulosa)

wild sarsaparilla (Aralia nudicaulis)

wild strawberry (Fragaria virginiana)

wood anemone (Anemone quinquefolia var. quinquefolia)

wood betony (Pedicularis canadensis ssp. canadensis)

wood lily (Lilium philadelphicum var. andinum)

woundwort (Stachys pilosa var. arenicola)

yellow goat’s beard (Tragopogon dubius)

yellow sweet clover (Melilotus officinalis)


Acer rubrum var. rubrum (red maple)

Achillea millefolium (common yarrow)

Allium stellatum (prairie onion)

Ambrosia artemisiifolia (common ragweed)

Amelanchier sp. (serviceberry)

Amorpha canescens (leadplant)

Andropogon gerardi (big bluestem)

Anemone quinquefolia var. quinquefolia (wood anemone)

Antennaria parlinii ssp. fallax (downy Parlin’s pussytoes)

Apocynum androsaemifolium (spreading dogbane)

Aralia nudicaulis (wild sarsaparilla)

Artemisia ludoviciana ssp. ludoviciana (white sage)

Asclepias ovalifolia (oval-leaf milkweed)

Asclepias syriaca (common milkweed)

Berteroa incana (hoary alyssum)

Betula papyrifera var. papyrifera (paper birch)

Bromus inermis (smooth brome)

Bromus kalmii (arctic brome)

Campanula rotundifolia (harebell)

Carduus acanthoides (plumeless thistle)

Carex pensylvanica (Pennsylvania sedge)

Chenopodium album (common lambsquarters)

Cirsium arvense (Canada thistle)

Corylus americana (American hazelnut)

Corylus cornuta var. cornuta (beaked hazelnut)

Crocanthemum bicknellii (hoary frostweed)

Dalea candida var. candida (white prairie clover)

Desmodium canadense (Canadian tick-trefoil)

Dicentra canadensis (squirrel corn)

Dicentra cucullaria (Dutchman’s breeches)

Diervilla lonicera (northern bush honeysuckle)

Drymocallis arguta (tall cinquefoil)

Elymus repens (quackgrass)

Elymus trachycaulus ssp. subsecundus (bearded wheatgrass)

Eragrostis spectabilis (purple lovegrass)

Erigeron strigosus (prairie fleabane)

Euthamia graminifolia (grass-leaved goldenrod)

Fallopia convolvulus (black bindweed)

Fragaria virginiana (wild strawberry)

Galium boreale (northern bedstraw)

Geranium bicknellii (Bicknell’s cranesbill)

Helianthus pauciflorus (stiff sunflower)

Iris versicolor (northern blue flag)

Koeleria macrantha (June grass)

Lathyrus venosus var. intonsus) (veiny pea)

Liatris aspera (rough blazing star)

Lilium philadelphicum var. andinum (wood lily)

Lithospermum canescens (hoary puccoon)

Maianthemum canadense (Canada mayflower)

Melampyrum lineare (narrowleaf cow wheat)

Melilotus albus (white sweet clover)

Melilotus officinalis (yellow sweet clover)

Monarda fistulosa (wild bergamot)

Oryzopsis asperifolia (roughleaf ricegrass)

Osmorhiza claytonii (bland sweet cicely)

Packera paupercula (balsam groundsel)

Pedicularis canadensis ssp. canadensis (wood betony)

Phleum pratense ssp. pratense (timothy)

Phlox pilosa ssp. fulgida (downy phlox)

Pinus banksiana (jack pine)

Pinus resinosa (red pine)

Plantago major (common plantain)

Poa pratensis ssp. pratensis (Kentucky bluegrass)

Populus grandidentata (bigtooth aspen)

Populus tremuloides (quaking aspen)

Potentilla argentea (silvery cinquefoil)

Potentilla simplex (common cinquefoil)

Prunus americana (American plum)

Quercus ellipsoidalis (northern pin oak)

Quercus macrocarpa var. macrocarpa (bur oak)

Quercus rubra (northern red oak)

Rosa acicularis ssp. sayi (prickly rose)

Rosa arkansana (prairie rose)

Rosa blanda var. blanda (smooth rose)

Rubus idaeus ssp. strigosus (American red raspberry)

Rudbeckia hirta var. pulcherrima (black-eyed Susan)

Salix humilis var. humilis (prairie willow)

Salix petiolaris (slender willow)

Schizachne purpurascens (false melic grass)

Silene latifolia ssp. alba (white campion)

Sisyrinchium campestre (prairie blue-eyed grass)

Solanum emulans (eastern black nightshade)

Solidago gigantea (giant goldenrod)

Solidago hispida (hairy goldenrod)

Solidago missouriensis (Missouri goldenrod)

Solidago nemoralis (gray goldenrod)

Solidago speciosa complex (showy goldenrod species complex)

Spiraea alba var. alba (narrow-leaved meadowsweet)

Stachys pilosa var. arenicola (woundwort)

Symphoricarpos albus var. albus (common snowberry)

Symphyotrichum lanceolatum (panicled aster)

Symphyotrichum oolentangiense var. oolentangiense (sky-blue aster)

Thalictrum dioicum (early meadow-rue)

Toxicodendron rydbergii (western poison ivy)

Tragopogon dubius (yellow goat’s beard)

Trifolium arvense (rabbit’s foot clover)

Trifolium repens ssp. repens (white clover)

Turritis glabra (tower mustard)

Typha latifolia (broad-leaved cattail)

Vaccinium angustifolium (lowbush blueberry)

Verbascum thapsus ssp. thapsus (common mullein)

Verbena stricta (hoary vervain)

Vicia americana ssp. americana (American vetch)

Zizia aptera (heart-leaved golden alexanders)


American hazelnut

American plum

American red raspberry

beaked hazelnut

black-eyed susan

Canadian tick-trefoil

common mullein

downy phlox

Dutchman’s breeches


hoary puccoon


lowbush blueberry

narrow-leaved meadowsweet

northern blue flag

prairie onion

prairie rose

prickly rose

rabbit’s foot clover

smooth rose

tall cinquefoil

white clover

white prairie clover

wild bergamot

wild strawberry

wood lily







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