creeping bellflower

(Campanula rapunculoides)

Conservation Status
creeping bellflower
  IUCN Red List

not listed


NNA - Not applicable

SNA - Not applicable


not listed


Creeping bellflower is a 16 to 40 tall, erect, perennial forb that rises from a long, creeping rhizome.

The stems are erect, slender, and usually unbranched. They are usually hairless, sometimes sparsely hairy above the middle. When broken, the stem exudes a milky sap.

Basal leaves are, broadly egg-shaped to heart-shaped, ¾ to 2¾ long, and 1 to 1 wide. They are on 19 16 to 4 long leaf stalks. They are rounded or heart-shaped at the base and tapered or angled to a sharp point at the tip. The upper surface is dark green. The lower surface is light green and sparsely hairy. The margins are coarsely toothed with uneven, sharp, forward-pointing teeth.

Lower stem leaves are alternate, egg-shaped to triangular egg-shaped, ¾ to 2 long, and otherwise similar to basal leaves. The leaves become progressively narrower and on shorter leaf stalks as they ascend the stem. Upper stem leaves are narrowly lance-shaped and nearly stalkless.

The inflorescence is a relatively dense, unbranched, up to 12 long, spike-like array (raceme) at the end of the stem. The flowers are mostly along one side of the central axis. They nod downward on short stalks rising from the axils of bracts, one flower per axil. Lower bracts are the size and shape of the upper leaves. As they ascend the raceme they quickly become much shorter, narrower, and less leaf-like.

The flowers are bell-shaped and ¾ to 13 16 long. There are 5 green, hairy sepals (calyx), fused at their base into a to 3 16 long tube, then separated into 5 lance-shaped, 3 16 to ¼ long lobes. The calyx lobes are widely spreading or bent backward at maturity. There are 5 bluish-violet petals, fused at their base for about half of their length into a to ½ long tube, then separated into 5 lance-shaped, ¼ to long lobes. The lobes of the corolla may be ascending, spreading, or bent backward. The calyx and corolla are each radially symmetrical so that if bisected vertically on any plane each half would be identical. There are 5 stamens that do not protrude from the corolla tube. There is a single white or pale style that ends in a stigma with 3 spreading lobes. The style protrudes from the corolla tube but is not as long as the petals.

The fruit is a nearly spherical, 3-chambered capsule containing many seeds. The capsule is 3 16 to 5 16 long, 3 16 to ¼ wide, and is covered with downward curved, bristly hairs.




16 to 40


Flower Color




Similar Species


Harebell (Campanula rotundifolia) is a much less robust plant. It has linear leaves usually less than wide. The inflorescence is an open cluster of 3 to 8 flowers.


Lawns, roadsides, disturbed areas.




June to October


Pests and Diseases






Distribution Map



2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 22, 28, 29, 30.




Native to Europe and Asia. Introduced, cultivated, and naturalized in North America.





  Kingdom Plantae (green algae and land plants)  
  Subkingdom Viridiplantae (green plants)  
  Infrakingdom Streptophyta (land plants and green algae)  
  Superdivision Embryophyta (land plants)  
  Division Tracheophyta (vascular plants)  
  Subdivision Spermatophytina (seed plants)  
  Class Magnoliopsida (flowering plants)  
  Superorder Asteranae  


Asterales (sunflowers, bellflowers, fanflowers, and allies)  


Campanulaceae (bellflower)  
  Subfamily Campanuloideae  


Campanula (bellflowers)  

Subordinate Taxa


creeping bellflower (Campanula rapunculoides ssp. cordifolia)

creeping bellflower (Campanula rapunculoides ssp. rapunculoides)


One subspecies of creeping bellflower, not including the nominate subspecies, is recognized. It does not occur in North America.




Campanula rapunculoides var. ucranica


Common Names




creeping bellflower

European bellflower

Lygurian bellflower

purple bell

rampion bellflower

rapion bellflower

rover bellflower

roving bellflower










The upper angle where a branch, stem, leaf stalk, or vein diverges.



Modified leaf at the base of a flower stalk, flower cluster, or inflorescence.



The group of outer floral leaves (sepals) below the petals, occasionally forming a tube.



A collective name for all of the petals of a flower.



Long, straight, and narrow, with more or less parallel sides, like a blade of grass.



An unbranched, elongated inflorescence with stalked flowers. The flowers mature from the bottom up.



A horizontal, usually underground stem. It serves as a reproductive structure, producing roots below and shoots above at the nodes.



The male reproductive organ of a flower consisting of an pollen-producing anther on a supporting filament.



The portion of the female part of the flower that is receptive to pollen.



Part of the pistil, usually a slender stalk, connecting the ovary to the stigma(s).

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    creeping bellflower      


    creeping bellflower      


    creeping bellflower      



  Campanula rapunculoides
Susanne Wiik
  Campanula rapunculoides  

Ugressklokke, Creeping Bellflower

  Creeping Bellflower
Andree Reno Sanborn
  Creeping Bellflower  

Campanula rapunculoides




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Other Videos
  Creeping Bellflower, identification of the Wisconsin Invasive Species Campanula rapunculoides

Uploaded on Jan 31, 2011

This is part of a series of videos providing key characteristics for the identification of invasive plants listed in Wisconsin's invasive species administrative rule NR 40. These videos are produced by Dr. Mark Renz of the University of Wisconsin-Madison. For more information on invasive plants and invasive plant management in Wisconsin visit

  Creeping Bellflower (Campanula Rapunculoides) - 2012-07-14

Published on Jul 16, 2012

Campanula rapunculoides, common names Creeping Bellflower or Rampion Bellflower, is a perennial herbaceous plant of the genus Campanula, belonging to the family Campanulaceae.

Het akkerklokje (Campanula rapunculoides) is een vaste plant, die behoort tot de klokjesfamilie (Campanulaceae)




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Created 12/27/2011

Last Updated:

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